Understanding Games: Fiction, Rules, and Genre
    Cursory History of Electronic Gaming in 20th – 21st Centuries




Matth...
Explore the idea of a “game”

    Contemplate games as both fiction and rules

    Set forth some basic vocabulary and
...
Entertainment?

    According to the Oxford English Dictionary

      ▪   “Amusement,
      ▪   delight,
      ▪   fun,
...
“The main argument

    of this book, that
    video games are rules
    and fiction”
    Half-Real: Video Games between ...
“It is a basic paradox of games that while the

    rules themselves are generally definite,
    unambiguous, and easy to...
“Fiction plays a different role in different

    games and game genres, and while some
    players may be thrilled by th...
“… two basic ways in which

    games are structured and
    provide challenges for players:
    that of emergence (a num...
“Emergence is the primordial game structure,

    where a game is specified as a small number
    of rules that combine a...
“In progression games, the player has to

    perform a predefined set of actions in order
    to complete the game. One ...
The next section presents categories

    Ask yourself two sets of questions

     Set A: Rules or Fiction?
      ▪ Doe...
Arcade

    Adventure

    Board

    Console

    First Person Shooter (FPS)

    MMORPG

    PC

    Real Time St...
“a (mechanical or

    electronic) game of a
    type orig.
    popularized in
    amusement
    arcades.”

    Pac-Man
...
“Designating a role-playing or computer game in which the

    participant plays a fantasy role in an episodic adventure ...
Games played on a

    physical board where
    players take turns.

    Chess

    Monopoly

“an electronic

    device (usually
    requiring
    connection to a
    television) on which
    computer games
    may...
“Designating a

    computer game in
    which the player's
    view of the action is
    as though through
    the eyes ...
Massively

    Multiplayer On-Line
    Role Playing Game

    Lord of the Rings On-Line

    Dark Age of Camelot

Any video game

    played on a
    personal
    computer.


    Civilization

    King’s Quest

Video game that takes

    place in real time and
    general involves
    resource
    management,
    territory
    man...
Players act out the role of

    characters. Closely
    approximates free form
    drama, and generally
    involve a gr...
“The technique of imitating

    the behaviour of some
    situation or process
    (whether economic, military,
    mech...
Video game that

    simulates the play of
    traditional sports

    FIFA Soccer

    Madden

Oxford English Dictionary

    Oxford Concise Dictionary of Literary Terms



    Wikipedia

    Video Games: www.mobyg...
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Understanding Games

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Understanding Games: Fiction, Rules, and Genre -- part of the chronology and history of games in 20th and 21st Century. Part of English 115F: The Worlds of Wordcraft

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Transcript of "Understanding Games"

  1. 1. Understanding Games: Fiction, Rules, and Genre Cursory History of Electronic Gaming in 20th – 21st Centuries Matthew Jett Hall – worldsofwordcraft.wordpress.com
  2. 2. Explore the idea of a “game”  Contemplate games as both fiction and rules  Set forth some basic vocabulary and  categories to assure a common language during our discourse Journey through a time line of facts related to  gaming
  3. 3. Entertainment?  According to the Oxford English Dictionary  ▪ “Amusement, ▪ delight, ▪ fun, ▪ mirth, ▪ Sport” 17 entries exist for the word “game” in the  OED
  4. 4. “The main argument  of this book, that video games are rules and fiction” Half-Real: Video Games between Real Rules and  Fictional Worlds by Jesper Juul
  5. 5. “It is a basic paradox of games that while the  rules themselves are generally definite, unambiguous, and easy to use, the enjoyment of a game depends on these easy-to-use rules presenting challenges that cannot be easily overcome. Playing a game is an activity of improving skills in order to overcome these challenges, and playing a game is therefore fundamentally a learning experience.” (Juul, p.5)
  6. 6. “Fiction plays a different role in different  games and game genres, and while some players may be thrilled by the fiction of a game, others may dismiss it as unimportant decoration of the game rules.” (Juul, p.6)
  7. 7. “… two basic ways in which  games are structured and provide challenges for players: that of emergence (a number of simple rules combining to form interesting variations) and that of progression (separate challenges presented serially).” (p.6) Half-Real: Video Games between Real Rules and Fictional  Worlds by Jesper Juul
  8. 8. “Emergence is the primordial game structure,  where a game is specified as a small number of rules that combine and yield large numbers of game variations for which the players must design strategies to handle.” (Juul, p.5)
  9. 9. “In progression games, the player has to  perform a predefined set of actions in order to complete the game. One feature of the progression game is that it yields strong control to the game designer: since the designer controls the sequence of events, progression games are also where we find most games with storytelling ambitions.” (Juul, p.5)
  10. 10. The next section presents categories  Ask yourself two sets of questions   Set A: Rules or Fiction? ▪ Does the category illustrate games as fiction? ▪ Does the category illustrate games as rules?  Set B: Progression or Emergence? ▪ Does the category illustrate progression? ▪ Does the category illustrate emeregence?
  11. 11. Arcade  Adventure  Board  Console  First Person Shooter (FPS)  MMORPG  PC  Real Time Strategy (RTS)  Role Playing  Simulation  Sports 
  12. 12. “a (mechanical or  electronic) game of a type orig. popularized in amusement arcades.” Pac-Man  Pinball 
  13. 13. “Designating a role-playing or computer game in which the  participant plays a fantasy role in an episodic adventure story.” (OED) Zork  Myst 
  14. 14. Games played on a  physical board where players take turns. Chess  Monopoly 
  15. 15. “an electronic  device (usually requiring connection to a television) on which computer games may be loaded and played. “ (OED) Dead or Alive  Dance Dance  Revolution
  16. 16. “Designating a  computer game in which the player's view of the action is as though through the eyes of the protagonist.” (OED) Doom  Return to Castle  Wolfenstein
  17. 17. Massively  Multiplayer On-Line Role Playing Game Lord of the Rings On-Line  Dark Age of Camelot 
  18. 18. Any video game  played on a personal computer. Civilization  King’s Quest 
  19. 19. Video game that takes  place in real time and general involves resource management, territory management, and unit placement. Sim City  Age of Empires 
  20. 20. Players act out the role of  characters. Closely approximates free form drama, and generally involve a group of players together in a room or around a table. Dungeons & Dragons  d20 modern 
  21. 21. “The technique of imitating  the behaviour of some situation or process (whether economic, military, mechanical, etc.) by means of a suitably analogous situation or apparatus, esp. for the purpose of study or personnel training.” (OED) Flight Simulator  M1A1 Tank Simulator 
  22. 22. Video game that  simulates the play of traditional sports FIFA Soccer  Madden 
  23. 23. Oxford English Dictionary  Oxford Concise Dictionary of Literary Terms  Wikipedia  Video Games: www.mobygames.com  Zork: www.infocomm.com  Atari: www.atari.com  Movies: http://imdb.com 

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