Graphic Novels: from Action Comics to Zenda (Prisoner of)


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An introduction to and exploration of graphic novels

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Graphic Novels: from Action Comics to Zenda (Prisoner of)

  1. 1. Graphic Novels From Action Comics to Zenda (Prisoner of)
  2. 2. The first appearance of Superman
  3. 3. What are Comics? • “The printed arrangement of art and balloons in sequence, particularly in comic books." Will Eisner • “Juxtaposed pictorial and other images in deliberate sequence, intended to convey information and/or to produce an aesthetic response in the viewer." Scott Mcloud
  4. 4. What are Graphic Novels? • No strict definition, although the term is often used to allow people who would not admit to reading comics to actually read comics. • A narrative work in which the story is conveyed to the reader using the comics form. The term is employed in a broad manner, encompassing non-fiction works and thematically linked short stories as well as fictional stories across a number of genres. • Albums? A general term for collections of European comics e.g. Asterix, Tintin and Blueberry.
  5. 5. A (brief) Comics History Timeline Cave Paintings The Bayeux Tapestry 1867 Ally Slopers first appearance in Judy Magazine 1895 The Yellow Kid 1905 Little Nemo in Slumberland, by Winsor McCay 1913 Krazy Kat 1937 The Dandy 1937 Detective Comics 1938 The Beano
  6. 6. 1938 1939 1941 1950 1951 1954 1958 1961 Action Comics (Superman) Batman appears in Detective Comics Captain America Wonder Woman Archie Comics The Eagle (Dan Dare) Girl Tiger (Roy of the Rovers) Comics Code Authority Formed to cut down on (perceived) homosexuality and crime aggrandisement in comics Bunty Fantastic Four
  7. 7. 1962 1963 1964 1978 1977 1986 1988 1989 Spiderman X Men Jackie Publication of A Contract with God by Will Eisner (first official use of the term ‘graphic novel’) 2000 AD Maus The Dark Knight Returns The Watchmen Batman: The Killing Joke The Sandman (Neil Gaiman)
  8. 8. Publishers • DC • Marvel (now part of the House of Mouse) • Image • Dark Horse • Fleetway (2000 AD) • Markosia • Dalen
  9. 9. Why have Graphic Novels?
  10. 10. Comics are Educational! Example from Macbeth published by Classical Comics
  11. 11. Comics deal with real situations
  12. 12. Comics get people reading • At the end of the day that is what counts. Comics encourage people who wouldn’t normally read, to pick up a book. • Therefore, stocking a selection of Graphic Novels adds greatly to the number of people taking out library materials. In fact, Graphic Novels have some of the highest issues in many collections.
  13. 13. How to use Graphic Novels • Start a GN reading group. • Introduce reluctant readers to the Classics (Classical Comics, Classics Illustrated & Self Made Hero Press). • Attract more young readers to your library – get them to suggest stock items.
  14. 14. Graphic Novels that you MUST read! • Batman: the Dark Knight Returns the Killing Joke • Watchmen • The Sandman • Bone • The League of Extraordinary Gentlemen • Understanding Comics
  15. 15. Writers that will be read • • • • • • • Alan Moore Neil Gaiman Warren Ellis Garth Ennis Jason Aaron Grant Morrison Brian K. Vaughan
  16. 16. Dalen Dalen primarily publishes Welsh adaptations of works previously developed and published in other languages. In particular, they specialise in adaptations of comic strips and graphic novels. • Every good cartoon strip needs three equal constituents: a good story good writing good illustration All of Dalen’s books exceed these benchmarks in an attractive reading medium for pupils whose first language is Welsh, who are learning Welsh as a second language, for students of modern languages, as well as students of art and design.
  17. 17. Starting & Displaying a Collection • If in doubt seek advice from local professionals (dealers, readers or publishers) • Be aware of age appropriate materials • Start with superheroes & mainstream titles before looking at esoteric titles • Display face on if possible • Shelve related titles together • Keep adult & teen collections separate from children’s collections
  18. 18. The Prisoner of Zenda