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Task Examine each other’s table on how de-Stalinisation affected different sectors in society. Add any information you did not include in your own.
The Cuban Missile Crisis and relations with China
Background to the Crisis Castro had become leader of Cuba after leading a Communist revolution in the country. Cuban exiles, trained and assisted by the US, tried to invade Cuba and usurp Castro. However, the Cuban exiles were defeated and Castro asked Khrushchev for help in defending the island. Castro (with the beard) at the Bay of Pigs invasion
Cuban Missile Crisis Khrushchev agreed to place nuclear missiles on the island of Cuba in 1962. This was deemed unacceptable by the US, who declared that an attack by Cuba would be seen as an attack from the USSR. President Kennedy set up a naval blockade of the island to stop anymore missiles from entering Cuba. Eventually, Khrushchev backed down which was seen as weakness and humiliation by the Soviet Union.
Overall Khrushchev foreign policy was contradictory. On the one hand he advocated “peaceful coexistence” with the US but on the other he intended to place nuclear missiles on their back door (in Cuba) The step down during the Cuban Missile Crisis was a contributing factor to Khruschev’s ousting.
Relations with China China did not agree with Khrushchev's de-Stalinisation. The leader of China, Mao, believed: Stalin had been a great “revolutionary” De-Stalinisation meant domestic liberalisation within the USSR, where he was an advocate of strict conformity. Relations between the two countries deteriorated weakening the potential unity of the Communist movement in international affairs. Some commentators (Filtzer, 1993) have said that opponents of Khrushchev criticised de-Stalinisation as the source of the problems between the two countries. Chairman Tse-Tung Mao
Task You are going to have a debate on the following topic: “Khrushchev was a Stalinist in all but name” You will have 20-30 minutes to develop arguments supporting your point of view as well as developing counter-arguments to refute anything the other side might say.