Task<br />Examine each other’s table on how de-Stalinisation affected different sectors in society. <br />Add any information you did not include in your own.<br />
The Cuban Missile Crisis and relations with China<br />
Background to the Crisis<br />Castro had become leader of Cuba after leading a Communist revolution in the country.<br />Cuban exiles, trained and assisted by the US, tried to invade Cuba and usurp Castro.<br />However, the Cuban exiles were defeated and Castro asked Khrushchev for help in defending the island.<br />Castro (with the beard) at the Bay of Pigs invasion<br />
Cuban Missile Crisis<br />Khrushchev agreed to place nuclear missiles on the island of Cuba in 1962.<br />This was deemed unacceptable by the US, who declared that an attack by Cuba would be seen as an attack from the USSR.<br />President Kennedy set up a naval blockade of the island to stop anymore missiles from entering Cuba.<br />Eventually, Khrushchev backed down which was seen as weakness and humiliation by the Soviet Union.<br />
Overall<br />Khrushchev foreign policy was contradictory.<br />On the one hand he advocated “peaceful coexistence” with the US but on the other he intended to place nuclear missiles on their back door (in Cuba)<br />The step down during the Cuban Missile Crisis was a contributing factor to Khruschev’s ousting.<br />
Relations with China<br />China did not agree with Khrushchev's de-Stalinisation.<br />The leader of China, Mao, believed:<br />Stalin had been a great “revolutionary”<br />De-Stalinisation meant domestic liberalisation within the USSR, where he was an advocate of strict conformity.<br />Relations between the two countries deteriorated weakening the potential unity of the Communist movement in international affairs.<br />Some commentators (Filtzer, 1993) have said that opponents of Khrushchev criticised de-Stalinisation as the source of the problems between the two countries.<br />Chairman Tse-Tung Mao<br />
Task<br />You are going to have a debate on the following topic:<br />“Khrushchev was a Stalinist in all but name”<br />You will have 20-30 minutes to develop arguments supporting your point of view as well as developing counter-arguments to refute anything the other side might say. <br />
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