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  1. 1. By: Matthew Buchan 12
  2. 2. • The Great Kanto Earthquake was a 7.9 magnitude earthquake inTokyo, Japan. • This earthquake happened on September 1, 1923 at 11:58 A.M. • Because it was lunch time, many people were cooking lunch over open fires • Earthquake resulted in massive spread of fire, and then a fire tornado • This was the most destructive earthquake in the history of Japan up until 2011. • The focus of the earthquake was on the borders of the Philippine Sea plate and the Okhotsk plate. • The earthquake lasted for over 4 minutes. Site of earthquake
  3. 3. Around or in the area of Tokyo BIG Earth Quake I asked a Japanese adult to translate the characters for me.
  4. 4. • 7.0 – 7.9 on the Richter Scale means: • Causes damage to most buildings, and often they completely collapse. • Well-designed structures are likely to receive damage. • The earthquake is felt across great distances with major damage mostly limited to 250 km from epicenter. • Death toll ranges from none to 250,000. • Considered to be a MAJOR earthquake • In the Great Kanto Earthquake, the city of Tokyo went through total destruction and massive damage! • There 105,385 deaths and over 40,000 went missing. • The earthquake even caused a typhoon, tsunami, and a fire tornado!
  5. 5. • Over 570,000 homes were destroyed • Causing 1.9 million people to be homeless. • Tokyo’s buildings, roads, and infrastructure (hospitals, railroads, businesses, communications) were destroyed • The earthquake made a fire tornado that resulted in the greatest loss of life • The fire tornado hit the Army Clothing Depot where people were taking shelter form the earthquake. • 38,000 people were killed there. • The earthquake broke water mains all over the city, causing the fire to burn for two days. • An estimated 6,400 more people were killed • A total of 381,000 houses were destroyed by the fire alone. • Large outbreak of typhoid fever due to unsanitary conditions. Fire burns throughout the city Massive destruction from earthquake and fire
  6. 6. Buildings destroyed Metro Police Department burning Aftermath
  7. 7. • As an effect of this massive earthquake,Tokyo also had some benefits. • People built stronger buildings, so they would hopefully sway instead of crash down in future earthquakes. • Goto Shinpei, who was a JapaneseCabinet Minister, organized a reconstruction plan ofTokyo with networks of roads, trains and public services. • Establishment of anti-typhoid measures to help prevent unsanitary conditions in future disasters. • Beginning in 1960, every September 1 is designated as Disaster Prevention Day in Japan • Commemorates the earthquake and those that died • Reminds people of the importance of preparation
  8. 8. • This earthquake was inTokyo, Japan. • The earthquake hit on September 1, 1923 • The two plates involved were the Philippine Sea plate and the Okhotsk plate. • This was a 7.9 earthquake on the Richter Scale. • The earthquake caused a typhoon, a tsunami, and a fire tornado. • There was total destruction and 105,385 deaths. • After the earthquake, people built stronger buildings and improvedTokyo for future earthquakes. • It was the most destructive earthquake in Japan’s history up until 2011.
  9. 9. Hope you learned something new!