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  • 1. By: Matthew Buchan 12
  • 2. • The Great Kanto Earthquake was a 7.9 magnitude earthquake inTokyo, Japan. • This earthquake happened on September 1, 1923 at 11:58 A.M. • Because it was lunch time, many people were cooking lunch over open fires • Earthquake resulted in massive spread of fire, and then a fire tornado • This was the most destructive earthquake in the history of Japan up until 2011. • The focus of the earthquake was on the borders of the Philippine Sea plate and the Okhotsk plate. • The earthquake lasted for over 4 minutes. Site of earthquake
  • 3. Around or in the area of Tokyo BIG Earth Quake I asked a Japanese adult to translate the characters for me.
  • 4. • 7.0 – 7.9 on the Richter Scale means: • Causes damage to most buildings, and often they completely collapse. • Well-designed structures are likely to receive damage. • The earthquake is felt across great distances with major damage mostly limited to 250 km from epicenter. • Death toll ranges from none to 250,000. • Considered to be a MAJOR earthquake • In the Great Kanto Earthquake, the city of Tokyo went through total destruction and massive damage! • There 105,385 deaths and over 40,000 went missing. • The earthquake even caused a typhoon, tsunami, and a fire tornado!
  • 5. • Over 570,000 homes were destroyed • Causing 1.9 million people to be homeless. • Tokyo’s buildings, roads, and infrastructure (hospitals, railroads, businesses, communications) were destroyed • The earthquake made a fire tornado that resulted in the greatest loss of life • The fire tornado hit the Army Clothing Depot where people were taking shelter form the earthquake. • 38,000 people were killed there. • The earthquake broke water mains all over the city, causing the fire to burn for two days. • An estimated 6,400 more people were killed • A total of 381,000 houses were destroyed by the fire alone. • Large outbreak of typhoid fever due to unsanitary conditions. Fire burns throughout the city Massive destruction from earthquake and fire
  • 6. Buildings destroyed Metro Police Department burning Aftermath
  • 7. • As an effect of this massive earthquake,Tokyo also had some benefits. • People built stronger buildings, so they would hopefully sway instead of crash down in future earthquakes. • Goto Shinpei, who was a JapaneseCabinet Minister, organized a reconstruction plan ofTokyo with networks of roads, trains and public services. • Establishment of anti-typhoid measures to help prevent unsanitary conditions in future disasters. • Beginning in 1960, every September 1 is designated as Disaster Prevention Day in Japan • Commemorates the earthquake and those that died • Reminds people of the importance of preparation
  • 8. • This earthquake was inTokyo, Japan. • The earthquake hit on September 1, 1923 • The two plates involved were the Philippine Sea plate and the Okhotsk plate. • This was a 7.9 earthquake on the Richter Scale. • The earthquake caused a typhoon, a tsunami, and a fire tornado. • There was total destruction and 105,385 deaths. • After the earthquake, people built stronger buildings and improvedTokyo for future earthquakes. • It was the most destructive earthquake in Japan’s history up until 2011.
  • 9. Hope you learned something new!