Open Education: The University and the Commons
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Open Education: The University and the Commons

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A talk given at the MobilityShifts conference (http://mobilityshifts.org/) at the New School in New York City on October 11, 2001. A nice description of the session is here: ...

A talk given at the MobilityShifts conference (http://mobilityshifts.org/) at the New School in New York City on October 11, 2001. A nice description of the session is here: http://dangerouslyirrelevant.org/2011/10/mobility-shifts-day-2-privacy-surveillence-and-the-academic-commons-guest-post.html . Audio to be added at a later date.

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    Open Education: The University and the Commons Open Education: The University and the Commons Presentation Transcript

    • CC-licensed photo: “Sharing” http://www.flickr.com/photos/furiousgeorge81/177926979/Sunday, October 16, 11
    • The CUNY Academic Commons Conception, Strategy, Process, Use The Commons Histories, Theories, Models New Models for the Networked Commons Challenges, Publics, PossibilitiesSunday, October 16, 11
    • The CUNY Academic Commons Conception, Strategy, Process, Use The Commons Histories, Theories, Models New Models for the Networked Commons Challenges, Publics, PossibilitiesSunday, October 16, 11
    • Sunday, October 16, 11
    • Sunday, October 16, 11
    • source: cuny.eduSunday, October 16, 11
    • source: cuny.eduSunday, October 16, 11
    • source: cuny.eduSunday, October 16, 11
    • Alexandra W. Logue Executive Vice Chancellor and University Provost George Otte University Director of Academic TechnologySunday, October 16, 11
    • CUNY Committee on Academic Technology (CAT) George Otte, Chair Two members from each CUNY campus Established September 2008Sunday, October 16, 11
    • “AN ACADEMIC TECHNOLOGY COMMONS”Sunday, October 16, 11
    • $0Sunday, October 16, 11
    • photo by FredR http://www.flickr.com/photos/fredr/262344284/ THE INSTITUTIONAL REPOSITORYSunday, October 16, 11
    • Photo by myguerrilla http://www.flickr.com/photos/myguerrilla/1303099901/ THE PERFECT TAXONOMYSunday, October 16, 11
    • Source: bernat... http://www.flickr.com/photos/bernatcg/509261808/ ORGANICSunday, October 16, 11
    • Source: akashgoyal http://www.flickr.com/photos/a_goyal/2169624754/ OPENSunday, October 16, 11
    • Source: jbushnell http://www.flickr.com/photos/jbushnell/569748609/ DECENTEREDSunday, October 16, 11
    • Source: Medieval Helpdesk http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pQHX-SjgQvQ TRADITIONAL MODELS OF TECH SUPPORTSunday, October 16, 11
    • Source: Abby flat-coat http://www.flickr.com/photos/22912005@N06/4104714854/Sunday, October 16, 11 THE HARD SELL
    • Source: jcn http://www.flickr.com/photos/jcn/4568432782/ OPEN SOURCESunday, October 16, 11
    • Sunday, October 16, 11
    • source: MikeLeSombre http://is.gd/gAb9RSunday, October 16, 11
    • source: Newman Library, Baruch College http://newman.baruch.cuny.edu/digital/2001/history/book/chap_07/nyt_75_11_16.htmSunday, October 16, 11
    • CUNY IS OPEN SOURCESunday, October 16, 11
    • rough prototypesSunday, October 16, 11
    • word of mouthSunday, October 16, 11
    • tech savvySunday, October 16, 11
    • DIYSunday, October 16, 11
    • engaging open-source communitiesSunday, October 16, 11
    • “ we judge our tools by one key metric above all others: use. Successful tools ” are tools that are used. Tom Scheinfeldt “Lessons from One Week | One Tool – Part 2, Use.” Found History. 2 August 2010. <http://www.foundhistory.org/2010/08/02/lessons- from-one-week-one-tool-part-2-use/>Sunday, October 16, 11
    • Sunday, October 16, 11
    • 104,664 (and counting) downloadsSunday, October 16, 11
    • Sunday, October 16, 11
    • Sunday, October 16, 11
    • Sunday, October 16, 11
    • Sunday, October 16, 11
    • Sunday, October 16, 11
    • Sunday, October 16, 11
    • Sunday, October 16, 11
    • CUNY PIE DiFara’s!Sunday, October 16, 11
    • the SOCIAL universitySunday, October 16, 11
    • Sunday, October 16, 11
    • Sunday, October 16, 11
    • Sunday, October 16, 11
    • Sunday, October 16, 11
    • Sunday, October 16, 11
    • Sunday, October 16, 11
    • Sunday, October 16, 11
    • Sunday, October 16, 11
    • The CUNY Academic Commons Conception, Strategy, Process, Use The Commons Histories, Theories, Models New Models for the Networked Commons Challenges, Publics, PossibilitiesSunday, October 16, 11
    • What is a commons?Sunday, October 16, 11
    • What is a commons? a shared resourceSunday, October 16, 11
    • Traditional Commons Natural resource -- plot of land CC-licensed photo: “Cow in Niederbauen” http://www.flickr.com/photos/akane86/182443256//Sunday, October 16, 11
    • 3 Phases of English Common Land Tenure 1. Saxon Age before Norman conquest most village lands held and worked in common. 2. After Norman conquest village lands belong to local manor, rights of the common granted on condition of fealty to manor lord 3. Age of enclosure - early 18th century - end of 19th century common land divided up, fenced, converted to private property in modern sense.Sunday, October 16, 11
    • Tragedy of the Commons :’(Sunday, October 16, 11
    • “ A t r u e c o m m o n s i s a s t i n t e d t h i n g .” -- Lewis Hyde , Common as AirSunday, October 16, 11
    • Knowledge as a CommonsSunday, October 16, 11
    • Design principles of robust, long-enduring, common-pool resource institutions (Ostrom 1990, 90–102): • Clearly defined boundaries should be in place. • Rules in use are well matched to local needs and conditions. • Individuals affected by these rules can usually participate in modifying the rules. • The right of community members to devise their own rules is respected by external authorities. • A system for self-monitoring members’ behavior has been established. • A graduated system of sanctions is available. • Community members have access to low-cost conflict-resolution mechanisms.Sunday, October 16, 11
    • Libertarian vs. Associational CommonsSunday, October 16, 11
    • 2011 vs. 2007Sunday, October 16, 11
    • social networks middle-state publishing emphasis on processSunday, October 16, 11
    • “The common is not to be construed, therefore, asa particular kind of thing, asset or even socialprocess, but as an unstable and malleable socialrelation between a particular self-defined socialgroup and those aspects of its actually existing oryet-to-be-created social and/or physicalenvironment deemed crucial to its life andlivelihood. There is, in effect, a socialpractice of commoning.” -- David HarveySunday, October 16, 11
    • What is a commons? a shared space for creating resources with a communitySunday, October 16, 11
    • What is a commons? a shared space for creating resources with (and within) a communitySunday, October 16, 11
    • CUNY PIE DiFara’s!Sunday, October 16, 11
    • “the process of creating public knowledge [is] an additional good, because such work builds social capital, strengthens communities, and gives people skills that they need for effective citizenship.” -- Peter LevineSunday, October 16, 11
    • “the cornucopia of the commons”: more value is created as more people use the resource and join the social community. The operative principle is “the more, the merrier.”Sunday, October 16, 11
    • modelsSunday, October 16, 11
    • Sunday, October 16, 11
    • Sunday, October 16, 11
    • Sunday, October 16, 11
    • Sunday, October 16, 11
    • Sunday, October 16, 11
    • Sunday, October 16, 11
    • Sunday, October 16, 11
    • The Academy and Its PublicsSunday, October 16, 11
    • Scholarly communication and the CRISISin higher edSunday, October 16, 11
    • Sunday, October 16, 11
    • Sunday, October 16, 11
    • Sunday, October 16, 11
    • Sunday, October 16, 11
    • Sunday, October 16, 11
    • Sunday, October 16, 11
    • Sunday, October 16, 11
    • Sunday, October 16, 11
    • The CUNY Academic Commons Conception, Strategy, Process, Use The Commons Histories, Theories, Models New Models for the Networked Commons Challenges, Publics, PossibilitiesSunday, October 16, 11
    • ChallengesSunday, October 16, 11
    • Sunday, October 16, 11
    • Challenges A GROUP OF SILOED COMMONSSunday, October 16, 11
    • Challenges INTERACTION FATIGUESunday, October 16, 11
    • Challenges ENTERPRISE-LEVEL LEARNING MANAGEMENT SYSTEMSSunday, October 16, 11
    • Challenges PROPRIETARY PLATFORMSSunday, October 16, 11
    • Challenges SECONDARY ENCLOSURES, THREATS TO COLLABORATION: PATENTS, TRADEMARKS, COPYRIGHT “MONOPOLIES OF INVENTION”Sunday, October 16, 11
    • Challenges TRACKING, SURVEILLANCESunday, October 16, 11
    • Possibilities BUILD RECURSIVE PUBLICSSunday, October 16, 11
    • “Free Software . . . is not simply a technical pursuit but also the creation of a ‘public,’ a collective that asserts itself as a check on other constituted forms of power—like states, the church, and corporations—but which remains independent of these domains of power. Free Software is a response to this reorientation that has resulted in a novel form of democratic political action, a means by which publics can be created and maintained in forms not at all familiar to us from the past. Free Software is a public of a particular kind: a recursive public. Recursive publics are publics concerned with the ability to build, control, modify, and maintain the infrastructure that allows them to come into being in the first place and which, in turn, constitutes their everyday practical commitments and the identities of the participants as creative and autonomous individuals.” – Christopher Kelty, Two Bits:The Cultural Significance of Free Software (2008)Sunday, October 16, 11
    • Possibilities BUILD GENERATIVE SPACESSunday, October 16, 11
    • “Generativity is a system’s capacity to produce unanticipated change through unfiltered contributions from broad and varied audiences. . . . Generativity pairs an input consisting of unfiltered contributions from diverse people and groups, who may or may not be working in concert, with the output of unanticipated change.” – Jonathan Zittrain, The Future of the Internet - And How to Stop It (2008)Sunday, October 16, 11
    • Build generative commons that talk to one anotherSunday, October 16, 11
    • Federated modelsSunday, October 16, 11
    • Open APIsSunday, October 16, 11
    • Possibilities OUR COMMUNITIES ARE OUR RESOURCESSunday, October 16, 11
    • Sunday, October 16, 11
    • What is a commons? a shared space for creating resources with a communitySunday, October 16, 11
    • What is a commons? Not (just) the park, but the human microphoneSunday, October 16, 11
    • Fostering communitySunday, October 16, 11
    • Sunday, October 16, 11
    • Possibilities Responsibilities LOVE FEEDBACK BEING THERESunday, October 16, 11
    • October 11, 2011 CC-licensed photo: “Sharing” http://www.flickr.com/photos/furiousgeorge81/177926979/Sunday, October 16, 11