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Making your washing machine talk with a power plant
Making your washing machine talk with a power plant
Making your washing machine talk with a power plant
Making your washing machine talk with a power plant
Making your washing machine talk with a power plant
Making your washing machine talk with a power plant
Making your washing machine talk with a power plant
Making your washing machine talk with a power plant
Making your washing machine talk with a power plant
Making your washing machine talk with a power plant
Making your washing machine talk with a power plant
Making your washing machine talk with a power plant
Making your washing machine talk with a power plant
Making your washing machine talk with a power plant
Making your washing machine talk with a power plant
Making your washing machine talk with a power plant
Making your washing machine talk with a power plant
Making your washing machine talk with a power plant
Making your washing machine talk with a power plant
Making your washing machine talk with a power plant
Making your washing machine talk with a power plant
Making your washing machine talk with a power plant
Making your washing machine talk with a power plant
Making your washing machine talk with a power plant
Making your washing machine talk with a power plant
Making your washing machine talk with a power plant
Making your washing machine talk with a power plant
Making your washing machine talk with a power plant
Making your washing machine talk with a power plant
Making your washing machine talk with a power plant
Making your washing machine talk with a power plant
Making your washing machine talk with a power plant
Making your washing machine talk with a power plant
Making your washing machine talk with a power plant
Making your washing machine talk with a power plant
Making your washing machine talk with a power plant
Making your washing machine talk with a power plant
Making your washing machine talk with a power plant
Making your washing machine talk with a power plant
Making your washing machine talk with a power plant
Making your washing machine talk with a power plant
Making your washing machine talk with a power plant
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Making your washing machine talk with a power plant

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  • 1. Making your Washing Machine Talk with a Power Plant @matteocollina
  • 2. What was the greatest invention of the Industrial Revolution?
  • 3. Washing Machines http://www.flickr.com/photos/gnarlsmonkey/260809150
  • 4. • We all need laundry • 10% jobs destroyed • Women were freed from their laundry, and can now have a job • Watch this awesome TED talk by Hans Rosling.
  • 5. What form of energy would you choose? http://www.flickr.com/photos/jalte/1687116108 http://www.flickr.com/photos/mikeweston/1462086624 http://www.flickr.com/photos/tommy-ironic/3437613067
  • 6. Would you postpone your laundry to use a different energy source? http://500px.com/photo/47496528
  • 7. How
  • 8. Let’s connect all the things!
  • 9. Pidgeons are not a communication protocol See RFC1149 http://500px.com/photo/32895129
  • 10. A new communication paradigm ??? Pop-up Dialog This message come from the thing! Cancel OK We code a program that reacts to real-world events
  • 11. A new communication paradigm ??? Pop-up Dialog This message come from the thing! Cancel We want to receive live data from the things OK
  • 12. A new communication paradigm Publi sh ??? Pop-up Dialog ish bl This message come from the thing! Cancel Pu OK ! How can we know which user should be notified?
  • 13. A new communication paradigm Subsc Tap ribe Publish ??? Pop-up Dialog ish bl This message come from the thing! Cancel Pu OK
  • 14. Problems 1. Application Protocols Developing IoT applications is hard for the developer. Why? 2. Data Formats 3. Device Identification and Privacy
  • 15. Problems Application Open Protocols Pattern Live Updates Format Transport HTTP REST with custom protocol over Websocket textual with binary support TCP CoAP REST with observe spec binary UDP MQTT Pub/Sub Yes binary TCP
  • 16. .ORG CoAP • Developed by IBM, in standardization at OASIS • In standardization by the IETF as Constrained Application Protocol (CoAP) Optional confirmable messages • Various levels of QoS 0, 1, 2 • • Offline support • Partial offline support through a proxy • Retained Messages • Multicast support
  • 17. .ORG Client/Server Architecture CoAP P2P Architecture
  • 18. Problems Data Formats Encdoding Tipology XML textual Tree-Based, values as strings EXI binary Tree-Based, different data types N3/RDF textual Graph-Based, values as strings JSON textual Object-Oriented, values as strings MsgPack binary Object-Oriented, different data types ProtoBuf binary Object-Oriented, different data types Bysant binary Object-Oriented, different data types BSON binary Object-Oriented, different data types
  • 19. Problems Device Identification & Privacy • What devices can a user monitor? • What devices can 'listen' to the state of other devices? • Who can access the devices state? • Is the communication secure?
  • 20. http://eclipse.org/ponte
  • 21. We want to bring developers to the (real) world. http://500px.com/photo/26425201
  • 22. API http(s)://<your ponte>/resources/<your thing> ! coap://<your ponte>/r/<your thing> ! mqtt(s)://<your ponte>/<your thing> Use retained messages in MQTT
  • 23. Internals 1. key-value store for latest data lookup 2. publish-subscribe with wildcards 3. storing and forwarding offline updates
  • 24. Data Formats • How? Binary • Textual • Semantic Automatic conversion with semantic
  • 25. One format to rule them all
  • 26. JSON-LD • Full support for RDF and graph data • Developer friendly • Convertible to XML, MsgPack, Bysant, BSON. • schema.org initiative for the IoT?
  • 27. ponte’s pillars • • Ascoltatori, the pub/sub library for node backed by every broker out there! npm.im/ ascoltatori • Mosca, the multi-transport MQTT broker for node.js. npm.im/mosca • MQTT.js, the MQTT library for node: npm.im/mqtt • Node-CoAP, the CoAP library for node: npm.im/coap
  • 28. 6000 4000 5000 CoAP.to.MQTT HTTP.to.MQTT MQTT.to.MQTT Mosquitto 3000 milliseconds 4000 3000 0 1000 2000 1000 0 milliseconds 5000 CoAP.to.CoAP HTTP.to.CoAP MQTT.to.CoAP 2000 6000 One to 10k clients 0 2000 4000 6000 clients 8000 10000 0 2000 4000 6000 clients 8000 10000
  • 29. 10k clients to One 10000 15000 CoAP.to.MQTT HTTP.to.MQTT MQTT.to.MQTT Mosquitto 0 5000 milliseconds 10000 5000 0 milliseconds 15000 CoAP.to.CoAP HTTP.to.CoAP MQTT.to.CoAP 0 2000 4000 6000 messages 8000 10000 0 2000 4000 6000 messages 8000 10000
  • 30. Todo List • Develop a multiprocol broker and bridge • Official Eclipse Release • JSON-LD based data format • Device Identification & Privacy
  • 31. DEMO! http://www.flickr.com/photos/oneaustin/1261907803
  • 32. http://eclipse.org/ponte
  • 33. Install it: ! $ npm install ponte bunyan -g Run it: ! $ ponte -v | bunyan
  • 34. …but why?
  • 35. IoT development happens in silos http://www.flickr.com/photos/10775233@N00/4370646/
  • 36. Build a Ponte between them! (Ponte means Bridge in Italian :)) http://500px.com/photo/31083423

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