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Towards the Renaissance

Towards the Renaissance






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    Towards the Renaissance Towards the Renaissance Presentation Transcript

    • Towards the Renaissance
    • Late Medieval Towns
      • Physical distinction and legal designation
      • Social differences:
        • “ Town air makes one free”
        • “ The Devil made the merchants”
      • Regions of Urbanization:
        • Italy
        • Flanders
        • The Hanseatic League cities
    • Commercial Capitalism
      • Techniques of Commercial Capitalism
        • Bills of Fair and Exchange
        • Double-entry bookkeeping
        • Capital pooling (Compagnia and Commenda)
      • Guilds
      • The Wool trade
      • Technological innovation
    • Medieval Architecture: Romanesque and Gothic
    • Gothic: a Closer Look
    • Medieval Universities
      • The “Knowledge Guilds”
      • Faculty divisions
      • Early Universities: Naples, Bologna, Paris, Oxford
      • The Degree: guildmark of knowledge
      • Curriculum
      • Lectures and disputations
    • Catholic Philosophy
      • Scholasticism: the secular and the sacred
      • Anselm of Canterbury: the Ontological Argument
      • Peter Abelard: Sic et Non
      • Peter Lombard: Sentences
      • Thomas Aquinas: Summa Theologica
    • Background to the Crusades
      • Battle of Manzikert and the Byzantine distress call
      • 1095: the Clermont Plan
      • Motives for the Crusades
      • The First Crusade (1097-1099
      • The Latin Principalities
    • The Decline of the Crusading Spirit
      • The Fall of the Latin States
      • The Kings’ Crusade and Robin Hood
      • The Fourth Crusade and the Sack of Constantinople
      • Lasting effects of the Crusades
    • The Plague
      • Patterns of Plagues in history
      • Pre-plague conditions
      • Symptoms and transmission of the disease
      • Explanations for the plague
    • Social Consequences of the Plague
      • De-population
      • Reforestation and ghost villages
      • Riot and Repentance
      • Economic Transformations and the End of Serfdom in the West
    • The Crisis of the Late Middle Ages
      • Laboratores: popular rebellion and millenarianism
      • The Jacquerie
      • The Ciompi
      • The Peasants’ Revolt
      • “ When Adam delved and Eve span, who was then the gentleman?”
      • Peasant taxation
    • The Great Schism
      • France and Rome
      • Avignonese Papacy and the Babylonian Captivity of the Church
      • The Great Schism: Pope and anti-Pope
      • Conciliarism
        • The Failure of Pisa
        • Council of Konstanz
        • Haec Sancta
        • Execrabilis
    • Medieval Heresy
      • Anti-clericalism
      • Mysticism
      • Lay spirituality: the Pilgrimage
      • The Devotio Moderna
      • John Wycliffe and the Lollards
      • John Huss and Utraquism
    • The Death of Chivalry
      • War and Money
        • Indentures
        • Condottieri
        • Tax-supported national armies
      • Infantry
        • Falkirk and the Longbow
        • Courtrai and the Pike
        • Crecy and Footmen
      • Artillery
        • The Bohemian Revolt
        • The End of the Castle
    • Technological Innovations
      • Advanced metallurgy (artillery, armor, etc.)
      • Optics and the miracle of glasses
      • Maritime Technology
      • Mechanical Clock
      • Printing: a composite technology
    • Humanism
      • Literary and Artistic Criticism
      • Criticism of Scholasticism
      • Byzantium’s Fall
      • Francesco Petrarch: Father of Humanism
    • Humanism vs. Scholasticism
      • Literature subject matter Philosophy
      • Imitation method Disputation
      • Philology* tools Syllogism
      • Critical Ed. product Summa
      • *Philology: study of meaning of words and how they change over time
      • Lorenzo Valla and the Donation of Constantine
    • Ramifications of Humanism
      • Education for a new elite: Castiglione’s The Courtier
      • Neoplatonism and free will
        • Ficino and the new Academy
        • Pico Della Mirandola and human dignity
      • Civic Humanism
        • Leonardo Bruni and the City State
        • Machiavelli and virtus
      • Erasmus and Christian Humanism
    • Renaissance Art
      • Classical Subject Matter
      • Idealized Realism
      • Chiaroscuro and Perspective
      • The Roman Architectural Revival
    • Classicism
    • Sculptural Realism
    • Chiaroscuro and Perspective
    • The Roman Revival