Towards the Renaissance
Late Medieval Towns <ul><li>Physical distinction and legal designation </li></ul><ul><li>Social differences: </li></ul><ul...
Commercial Capitalism <ul><li>Techniques of Commercial Capitalism </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Bills of Fair and Exchange </li></...
Medieval Architecture: Romanesque and Gothic
Gothic: a Closer Look
Medieval Universities <ul><li>The “Knowledge Guilds” </li></ul><ul><li>Faculty divisions </li></ul><ul><li>Early Universit...
Catholic Philosophy <ul><li>Scholasticism: the secular and the sacred </li></ul><ul><li>Anselm of Canterbury: the Ontologi...
Background to the Crusades <ul><li>Battle of Manzikert and the Byzantine distress call </li></ul><ul><li>1095: the Clermon...
The Decline of the Crusading Spirit <ul><li>The Fall of the Latin States </li></ul><ul><li>The Kings’ Crusade and Robin Ho...
The Plague <ul><li>Patterns of Plagues in history </li></ul><ul><li>Pre-plague conditions </li></ul><ul><li>Symptoms and t...
Social Consequences of the Plague <ul><li>De-population </li></ul><ul><li>Reforestation and ghost villages </li></ul><ul><...
The Crisis of the Late Middle Ages <ul><li>Laboratores: popular rebellion and millenarianism </li></ul><ul><li>The Jacquer...
The Great Schism <ul><li>France and Rome </li></ul><ul><li>Avignonese Papacy and the Babylonian Captivity of the Church </...
Medieval Heresy <ul><li>Anti-clericalism </li></ul><ul><li>Mysticism </li></ul><ul><li>Lay spirituality: the Pilgrimage </...
The Death of Chivalry <ul><li>War and Money </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Indentures </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Condottieri </li><...
Technological Innovations <ul><li>Advanced metallurgy (artillery, armor, etc.) </li></ul><ul><li>Optics and the miracle of...
Humanism <ul><li>Literary and Artistic Criticism </li></ul><ul><li>Criticism of Scholasticism </li></ul><ul><li>Byzantium’...
Humanism vs. Scholasticism <ul><li>Literature   subject matter Philosophy </li></ul><ul><li>Imitation   method Disputation...
Ramifications of Humanism <ul><li>Education for a new elite: Castiglione’s  The Courtier </li></ul><ul><li>Neoplatonism an...
Renaissance Art <ul><li>Classical Subject Matter </li></ul><ul><li>Idealized Realism </li></ul><ul><li>Chiaroscuro and Per...
Classicism
Sculptural Realism
Chiaroscuro and Perspective
The Roman Revival
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Towards the Renaissance

1,464

Published on

Published in: Spiritual, Health & Medicine
2 Comments
3 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • in you are interested on clocks that has an art, you are in the right track because we are serving and entertaining people who are looking for artistic clocks. So, come and visit us at http://artisticclocks.com thank you.
       Reply 
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
    Your message goes here
  • asfdvvb
       Reply 
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
    Your message goes here
No Downloads
Views
Total Views
1,464
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
0
Comments
2
Likes
3
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Transcript of "Towards the Renaissance"

  1. 1. Towards the Renaissance
  2. 2. Late Medieval Towns <ul><li>Physical distinction and legal designation </li></ul><ul><li>Social differences: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Town air makes one free” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ The Devil made the merchants” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Regions of Urbanization: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Italy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Flanders </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Hanseatic League cities </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Commercial Capitalism <ul><li>Techniques of Commercial Capitalism </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Bills of Fair and Exchange </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Double-entry bookkeeping </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Capital pooling (Compagnia and Commenda) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Guilds </li></ul><ul><li>The Wool trade </li></ul><ul><li>Technological innovation </li></ul>
  4. 4. Medieval Architecture: Romanesque and Gothic
  5. 5. Gothic: a Closer Look
  6. 6. Medieval Universities <ul><li>The “Knowledge Guilds” </li></ul><ul><li>Faculty divisions </li></ul><ul><li>Early Universities: Naples, Bologna, Paris, Oxford </li></ul><ul><li>The Degree: guildmark of knowledge </li></ul><ul><li>Curriculum </li></ul><ul><li>Lectures and disputations </li></ul>
  7. 7. Catholic Philosophy <ul><li>Scholasticism: the secular and the sacred </li></ul><ul><li>Anselm of Canterbury: the Ontological Argument </li></ul><ul><li>Peter Abelard: Sic et Non </li></ul><ul><li>Peter Lombard: Sentences </li></ul><ul><li>Thomas Aquinas: Summa Theologica </li></ul>
  8. 8. Background to the Crusades <ul><li>Battle of Manzikert and the Byzantine distress call </li></ul><ul><li>1095: the Clermont Plan </li></ul><ul><li>Motives for the Crusades </li></ul><ul><li>The First Crusade (1097-1099 </li></ul><ul><li>The Latin Principalities </li></ul>
  9. 9. The Decline of the Crusading Spirit <ul><li>The Fall of the Latin States </li></ul><ul><li>The Kings’ Crusade and Robin Hood </li></ul><ul><li>The Fourth Crusade and the Sack of Constantinople </li></ul><ul><li>Lasting effects of the Crusades </li></ul>
  10. 10. The Plague <ul><li>Patterns of Plagues in history </li></ul><ul><li>Pre-plague conditions </li></ul><ul><li>Symptoms and transmission of the disease </li></ul><ul><li>Explanations for the plague </li></ul>
  11. 11. Social Consequences of the Plague <ul><li>De-population </li></ul><ul><li>Reforestation and ghost villages </li></ul><ul><li>Riot and Repentance </li></ul><ul><li>Economic Transformations and the End of Serfdom in the West </li></ul>
  12. 12. The Crisis of the Late Middle Ages <ul><li>Laboratores: popular rebellion and millenarianism </li></ul><ul><li>The Jacquerie </li></ul><ul><li>The Ciompi </li></ul><ul><li>The Peasants’ Revolt </li></ul><ul><li>“ When Adam delved and Eve span, who was then the gentleman?” </li></ul><ul><li>Peasant taxation </li></ul>
  13. 13. The Great Schism <ul><li>France and Rome </li></ul><ul><li>Avignonese Papacy and the Babylonian Captivity of the Church </li></ul><ul><li>The Great Schism: Pope and anti-Pope </li></ul><ul><li>Conciliarism </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Failure of Pisa </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Council of Konstanz </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Haec Sancta </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Execrabilis </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Medieval Heresy <ul><li>Anti-clericalism </li></ul><ul><li>Mysticism </li></ul><ul><li>Lay spirituality: the Pilgrimage </li></ul><ul><li>The Devotio Moderna </li></ul><ul><li>John Wycliffe and the Lollards </li></ul><ul><li>John Huss and Utraquism </li></ul>
  15. 15. The Death of Chivalry <ul><li>War and Money </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Indentures </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Condottieri </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tax-supported national armies </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Infantry </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Falkirk and the Longbow </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Courtrai and the Pike </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Crecy and Footmen </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Artillery </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Bohemian Revolt </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The End of the Castle </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. Technological Innovations <ul><li>Advanced metallurgy (artillery, armor, etc.) </li></ul><ul><li>Optics and the miracle of glasses </li></ul><ul><li>Maritime Technology </li></ul><ul><li>Mechanical Clock </li></ul><ul><li>Printing: a composite technology </li></ul>
  17. 17. Humanism <ul><li>Literary and Artistic Criticism </li></ul><ul><li>Criticism of Scholasticism </li></ul><ul><li>Byzantium’s Fall </li></ul><ul><li>Francesco Petrarch: Father of Humanism </li></ul>
  18. 18. Humanism vs. Scholasticism <ul><li>Literature subject matter Philosophy </li></ul><ul><li>Imitation method Disputation </li></ul><ul><li>Philology* tools Syllogism </li></ul><ul><li>Critical Ed. product Summa </li></ul><ul><li>*Philology: study of meaning of words and how they change over time </li></ul><ul><li>Lorenzo Valla and the Donation of Constantine </li></ul>
  19. 19. Ramifications of Humanism <ul><li>Education for a new elite: Castiglione’s The Courtier </li></ul><ul><li>Neoplatonism and free will </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ficino and the new Academy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pico Della Mirandola and human dignity </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Civic Humanism </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Leonardo Bruni and the City State </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Machiavelli and virtus </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Erasmus and Christian Humanism </li></ul>
  20. 20. Renaissance Art <ul><li>Classical Subject Matter </li></ul><ul><li>Idealized Realism </li></ul><ul><li>Chiaroscuro and Perspective </li></ul><ul><li>The Roman Architectural Revival </li></ul>
  21. 21. Classicism
  22. 22. Sculptural Realism
  23. 23. Chiaroscuro and Perspective
  24. 24. The Roman Revival

×