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The Rise of Rome

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The Rise of Rome The Rise of Rome Presentation Transcript

  • The Rise of Rome
  • Foundations of Rome
    • Myths of Roman origin: Romulus, Remus, and Aeneas
    • The Rape of the Sabine Women
    • Etruria and the Rule of the Tarquins
    • The conquest of Italy: assimilation
    • Urbs and civitas
  • The Struggle of the Orders
    • Patricians
      • Consuls, dictators, and imperium
      • The Senate
      • The Comitia Centuriata
    • Plebeians
      • The Comitia Tribuna and the Tribunes
      • The Twelve Tables
      • Novi Homine
  • The Roman Dream
    • Virtus
    • Cincinattus
    • Paterfamilias
    • Early Roman religion: numen , lares , and pentares
    • Territorial Expansion and Citizenship
  • The Republic at War
    • Carthage and the First Punic War
    • The Second Punic War
    • Battle of Cannae
    • Hannibal and Scipio
    • Cato the Elder
    • The Third Punic War
    • Conquest of the Hellenistic World
  • The Republic in Crisis
    • Effects of conquest
      • Slavery and underemployment
      • The Roman identity crisis
      • Roman rule and the flight from commerce
    • The Gracchian Crisis
    • The Agrarian Law
  • Towards Civil War
    • Populares vs. Optimates
    • Marius and Sulla
    • The First Triumvirate: Pompey, Caesar, and Crassus
    • The Conquest of Gaul
    • Caesar crosses the Rubicon
    • The Dictatorship of Julius Caesar
  • The Collapse of the Republic
    • “ Et tu, Brutus?”
    • The Second Triumvirate: Antony, Octavian, and Lepidus
    • The Murder of Cicero
    • The Battle of Actium
  • The Augustan Principate
    • Caesar Augustus
    • Augustan reforms
      • Meritocracy
      • Provincial re-organization
      • Patronage
    • The Julio-Claudian and Flavian Dynasties
  • The Pax Romana
    • The Five Good Emperors: Nerva, Trajan, Hadrian, Antonius Pious, and Marcus Aurelius
    • Stoicism
    • Roman Law: Ius Civile, Ius Gentium, Ius Naturale
    • Religious syncretism and state apotheosis
    • Bread and Circuses
  • Rome in the time of Hadrian
  • Material Culture: the Arch
  • Material Culture: Vaults Barrel Vault – arches in a row Groin Vault – intersecting barrel vaults
  • Material Culture: Domes
  • Material Culture: Aqueducts
  •  
  • Summary
    • Rome evolved its own unique political structures as a result of both internal and external threats. During its ascendancy, it managed to contain social disorders and control the ambition of powerful individuals bent on subjecting the state to their wills. However, a series of crises undermined the Republic, and the political instability of late republican Rome provided the impetus for the creation of a more centralized form of power associated with the imperial throne. Thus the apex of Roman power coincided with a shift in its socio-political organization.