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In the Shadows of Giants
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In the Shadows of Giants

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  • 1. In the Shadows of Giants: Japan, Korea, and the Indochinese Peninsula
  • 2. Japan:
    • Kyushu, Shikoku, Honshu, Hokkaido
    • Temperate climate
    • Mountains and valleys
    • Ethnic Homogeneity: Japanese and Ainu
  • 3. Foundations of Japanese Society
    • Our source material:
      • Archaeology
      • Chinese observers
      • Mythological accounts
    • Wei chronicles of Japan
    • Jimmu-tenno: First Human Emperor
  • 4. Shintoism
    • Cosmogonical deities
    • Ameratsu and the Land of the Rising Sun
    • Kami and the uncanny in nature
    • Shrines and ritual observance
    • Tsumi and ritual improproety
  • 5. The Asuka Period
    • Uji and Yamato leadership
    • Buddhism and Soga patronage
    • Shotoku Taishi and Tang models
    • The Rise of the Fujiwaras
    • The Taika Reforms
      • Imperial land ownership
      • Tax assessments
      • State Shintoism
  • 6. Imperial Culture
    • The Nara Period:
      • Diffusion of Buddhism
      • Codification of Shinto
      • The Fujiwaras and indirect rule
    • The Heian Period
      • Pure Land Buddhism
      • The Tale of Genji
      • The Northern Tribes and the Shogun
  • 7. The Crisis of Late Heian Society
    • Aristocratic landlords and tax-exemption
    • Voluntary land concentration
    • Cloister government
    • The Gempei War (1180-1185): the Taira and the Minamoto
  • 8. The Kamakura Period
    • From courtier to samurai
    • Bushido
    • Zen and the Art of War
    • The Shogunate: indirect rule at its zenith
    • Bakufu in action
    • Repulsion of the Mongols (1268-81)
  • 9. Towards Modernity: The Ashikaga Shogunate
    • Northern and Southern divisions
    • Ikkis
    • The Onin War (1467-77)
    • The Economic Transformation of Japan:
      • Transportation
      • Economies of scale
      • Noble demands and merchant organization
      • Chinese trade
    • The Golden Age of Japanese Art (1378-1490)
  • 10. Korea
    • The Land in-between
    • Arable land and demographic distribution
    • Neolithic and Bronze Age Korea
    • Enter the Han
    • Cultural Conduit
  • 11. The Three Kingdoms
    • Koguryo, Paekche, and Silla
    • Wood-block and the Tripitaka Koreana
    • Shamanism and Chinese religion
    • Unified Silla and tributary status
  • 12. Later Korean History
    • Collapse of Silla
    • Foundation of the Koryo
    • Culture: celadon, for example
    • Social patterns:
      • Codification
      • Buddhism as center of life
      • Manorialism
  • 13. The Indochinese Peninsula
    • Vietnam, Laos, Cambodia, Thailand, Myanmar
    • Climatic patterns
    • The Giants: India and China
  • 14. Vietnam
    • Red River delta culture
    • Chinese domination (111 BC – 938 AD)
    • The Trung Sisters’ Rebellion
    • Dai-Viet independence
    • The Golden Age of the Ly Dynasty
  • 15. Cambodia and Thailand
    • The Khmer and Indian borrowings
    • The Khmer Empire
    • Angkor Wat
    • The fall of the Khmers
    • The Thai migration
  • 16. Summary
    • Societies in East and Southeast Asia grew up in the shadows of the larger nations of China and India. China especially cast a long shadow over the history of its neighbors, whose rulers were conceived of as “little brothers” of the great Chinese emperor, regardless of dynasty. Nevertheless, reflection on the history of these lands reveals a considerable degree of autonomous cultural identity, perhaps none so fierce as that of Japan.

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