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English North America 1-17-2007
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English North America 1-17-2007

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  • can i have this for my history class please. its very well put together. my email is surferchickma@aim.com thanks a bunch
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  • 1. English North America Colonists, Natives, and Slaves
  • 2. Forerunners of English Exploration
    • John Cabot (~1450-1499)
    • Exploration of N. American coast
    • The Northwest Passage
  • 3. England’s Rivals
    • 1494 Treaty of Tordesillas
    • New Spain and the Treasure Fleet
    • The encomienda system
    • African slavery
  • 4. Pirates
    • John Hawkins and Francis Drake
    • Illegal slave trade
    • 1573: Nombre de Dios raid and the Cimarrons
    • “ They that risk for small things are pyratts…”
  • 5. … of the Caribbean
    • Intensive plantation system
    • Sugar as a major cash crop
    • Non-self-sustaining in food
    • Increasing economic importance
    • Barbados (1627)
  • 6. The Roanoke Plan
    • The Hakluyts’ plans
    • “ good” Indians and “bad” Indians
    • Sir Humphrey Gilbert’s Newfoundland disaster
    • Raleigh’s plans
  • 7. The Lost Colony
    • Settled in Outer Banks, NC
    • Drake’s diversionary raids
    • Grenville’s silver cup
    • Harriott: A briefe and true report …
    • Croatoan
  • 8. The Accession of James I
    • 1603 coronation
    • The True Law of Free Monarchies
    • National prejudices
    • Religious policy
  • 9. Jamestown
    • Charter of the Virginia Company 1606
    • Joint stock financing
    • “ Civilizing Mission”
    • Early relations with natives
    • Failure to establish self-sufficiency
    Jamestown, located on a peninsula for defensive purposes, faced threats potentially from both the natives and the Spanish.
  • 10. The Powhatan Confederacy
    • Powhatan and the Pamunkeys
    • Tributary system
    • Agricultural system and English demands
    • “ uncultivated” lands
    • Uneasy truce
  • 11. The Starving Time
    • Attacks on Indians
    • Punishments for desertion
    • Coronation of Powhatan (alliance)
    • John Smith and forced labor
  • 12. The Persistent Vision
    • Specialized Economy
    • Urbanization
    • Return on investments
    • The integrated community
  • 13. Indentured Servitude
    • Immigrants get:
      • Passage to New World
      • Food and Shelter
      • Departing Provisions
    • Planters receive:
      • Guaranteed labor
      • Headright lands
    Labor is the controlling aspect for wealth, given the abundance of land. However, the problem is the high death rate. Seasoning is the term given to the period where new immigrants acclimated themselves to the malarial environment of Virginia.
  • 14. Tobacco
    • John Rolfe introduces tobacco 1612
    • 1620s: tobacco boom
    • Cash crop farming
    • Profitability and social taboos
  • 15. The First Slaves?
    • African slavery in the Caribbean
    • Dutch slave traders – 1619
    • Servants or slaves?
    • Pre-conditions for slavery
  • 16. Politics in Virginia
    • House of Burgesses 1619
    • Dissolution of the Virginia Company 1624
    • Division of counties
    • Creation of civil society
  • 17. Social Life in the Chesapeake
    • High death rate
    • Lack of women
    • Temporary residence
    • Rural population
    • Surplus of idle persons
    • Tobacco as a form of exchange
  • 18. Charles I
    • Coronated in 1625
    • Conflicts with Parliament
    • The Petition of Right
    • Personal Rule 1628-1640
    • Strafford, Laud, and Star Chamber
  • 19. Archbishop Laud
    • Arminianism
    • The Episcopacy
    • The Puritan challenge
    • Bastwick, Burton, and Prynne
  • 20. The Plymouth Plantation
    • Religious separatism
    • 1620 Mayflower expedition
    • Plymouth Rock
    • Squanto and native support
  • 21. The Mayflower Compact
    • Lack of official jurisdiction
    • Separatist vs. “stranger” tension
    • Civil Body politic
  • 22. Massachusetts Bay Company
    • Chartered by Puritans in England in response to Charles I
    • Freemanship
    • Transferrence of the company
    • A bloodless revolution?
  • 23. John Winthrop
    • Governorship, 1629
    • A Model of Christian Charity , 1630
    • Hiding the Revolution
    • Dealing with Anne Hutchinson
  • 24. The Pequot War
    • Capt. Stone
    • Mystic massacre
    • Indian divisions
    • Consolidation of Connecticut area
  • 25. Roger Williams
    • Expulsion from Massachusetts
    • Foundation of Rhode Island, 1636
    • The Bloudy Tenent of Persecution , 1644
    • Treatment of natives
  • 26. Social Life in Early New England
    • Nucleated villages
    • Family patterns
    • Health and Welfare
    • Were the Puritans puritanical?
  • 27. Puritan Ideology
    • Belief in the covenant (contract) between God and the elect
    • Salvation anxiety
    • Moral uprightness
    • Voluntary, self-starting churches
    • Depravity of man
  • 28. The English Civil War
    • The Short and Long Parliaments, 1640
    • Cromwell and the New Model Army, 1645-7
    • Radicalism and the Press, 1647-9
    • The Execution of Charles I, 1649
  • 29. The Interregnum
    • The Protectorate, 1649-1660
    • The Dutch Wars
    • The Navigation Acts
    • Rule of the Saints
  • 30. The Restoration
    • Charles II returns to the throne, 1660
    • The decline of English Puritanism
    • Royal oversight over colonies urged
  • 31. The Restoration Colonies
    • Carolina (1663)
    • New York (1664)
    • New Jersey (1664)
    • Pennsylvania (1681)
  • 32. From New Netherlands to New York
    • Dutch settlement, 1614
    • Peter Stuyvesant and patroonship
    • James, Duke of York
    • Diverse population
    • Creation of New Jersey – rapid growth
  • 33. The Carolinas
    • Strategic Location
    • Two centers of gravity
    • “ Fundamental Constitutions of Carolina”
    • Charles Town, 1670
  • 34. Penn’s Woods
    • Quakers
    • William Penn
    • Religious toleration
    • Relations with the natives
  • 35. New France
    • Cartier 1534
    • The St. Lawrence and the fur trade
    • 1608 Champlain and the founding of Quebec
    • Expansion into the Mississippi valley
    • New Orleans
  • 36. King Phillip’s War
    • English fears of united confederacy
    • Metacom (King Phillip)
    • The Narragansetts
    • English assistance
  • 37. Bacon’s Rebellion
    • Indian raids
    • Gov. Berkeley
    • Backwoods vs. tidewater
    • Nathaniel Bacon
    • “ persons of mean and vile condition”
  • 38. From Servitude to Slavery
    • Aftermath of Bacon’s rebellion
    • Early methods of resistance
    • Social life under slavery
    • Slavery as an instance of “The Great Confinement”
    • Theories of labor