A New World The Americas before European Arrival
The Hunters <ul><li>Crossing the Bering Land Bridge </li></ul><ul><li>Clovis Hunters and the Pleistocene Extinctions </li>...
The Development of Agriculture <ul><li>Mesoamerica and the “Mexican Trinity” </li></ul><ul><li>The Andes and potatoes </li...
Mesoamerica <ul><li>The Olmecs: foundations of Mesoamerican society </li></ul><ul><li>Teotihuacan: the lost city </li></ul...
Andean Culture <ul><li>The Incas </li></ul><ul><li>Cuzco and Macchu Picchu </li></ul><ul><li>A Silver Empire </li></ul><ul...
North America <ul><li>Climate Zones and cultural diversity </li></ul><ul><li>Agriculture in the Eastern Woodlands </li></u...
Native American Culture <ul><li>Linguistic Families of the Atlantic Seaboard </li></ul><ul><li>Controlled burn agriculture...
Summary <ul><li>The history of the Americas before European arrival center around a major paradox: some of the world’s mos...
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A New World

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A New World

  1. 1. A New World The Americas before European Arrival
  2. 2. The Hunters <ul><li>Crossing the Bering Land Bridge </li></ul><ul><li>Clovis Hunters and the Pleistocene Extinctions </li></ul><ul><li>Hunter-gathering societies </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Nomadism </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Band structure </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Egalitarianism </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Population diffusion </li></ul>
  3. 3. The Development of Agriculture <ul><li>Mesoamerica and the “Mexican Trinity” </li></ul><ul><li>The Andes and potatoes </li></ul><ul><li>Challenges to agricultural diffusion </li></ul><ul><li>Domestication: a comparison with Eurasia </li></ul><ul><li>The strange case of California </li></ul>
  4. 4. Mesoamerica <ul><li>The Olmecs: foundations of Mesoamerican society </li></ul><ul><li>Teotihuacan: the lost city </li></ul><ul><li>The Maya: Scientists of the American World </li></ul><ul><li>The Aztecs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ritual sacrifice </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Flower Wars </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Stratification </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tenochtitlan: An American Venice </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Andean Culture <ul><li>The Incas </li></ul><ul><li>Cuzco and Macchu Picchu </li></ul><ul><li>A Silver Empire </li></ul><ul><li>Urban society </li></ul>
  6. 6. North America <ul><li>Climate Zones and cultural diversity </li></ul><ul><li>Agriculture in the Eastern Woodlands </li></ul><ul><li>Moundbuilders </li></ul><ul><li>Cahokia and Mississipian Culture </li></ul><ul><li>The Anasazi </li></ul>
  7. 7. Native American Culture <ul><li>Linguistic Families of the Atlantic Seaboard </li></ul><ul><li>Controlled burn agriculture </li></ul><ul><li>Technology and disease </li></ul><ul><li>Social patterns </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Matrilineal culture and female participation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Animism and nature veneration </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tribal political rule and warfare </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Summary <ul><li>The history of the Americas before European arrival center around a major paradox: some of the world’s most fertile agricultural land was never brought into cultivation by its native inhabitants. The development of the societies of the Americas in many ways hinges upon the crucial elements lacking for a more technologically developed society. Nevertheless, this should not blind us to the achievements in statecraft and social organization of Native American societies. </li></ul>
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