Protestanism & Catholic Reformation

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Protestanism & Catholic Reformation

  1. 1. Spread of Protestantism
  2. 2. Switzerland - Reformed Church <ul><li>Salvation by faith alone </li></ul><ul><li>Denounced many Catholic traditions such as purgatory and indulgences </li></ul><ul><li>Wanted a complete separation from Catholicism </li></ul><ul><li>Theocracy - church-run state in Zurich </li></ul>
  3. 3. John Calvin <ul><li>Grew up in Catholic France </li></ul><ul><li>Humanist </li></ul><ul><li>Studied the bible </li></ul><ul><li>Wrote The Institutes of the Christian Religion </li></ul>
  4. 4. Switzerland - Calvinism <ul><li>John Calvin - theocracy in Geneva </li></ul><ul><li>God was all-knowing and all-powerful </li></ul><ul><li>Predestination - God determines the fate of every person </li></ul><ul><li>All citizens had to attend church and could have their homes inspected </li></ul>
  5. 5. Calvinism <ul><li>Spread throughout Europe because local ministers and elected church members - very democratic </li></ul><ul><li>Had a very loyal following </li></ul><ul><li>Followers encouraged people to overthrow “ungodly” rulers </li></ul><ul><li>Led to rise of revolutionary movements in 1600s and 1700s </li></ul>
  6. 6. Anabaptists <ul><li>Baptized new adult members only </li></ul><ul><li>Only people who could make free and informed choices </li></ul><ul><li>Did not listen to government authority and refused to participate in society </li></ul><ul><li>Radical groups led to their downfall even though most groups were peaceful </li></ul><ul><li>Future Baptists, Mennonites, and Amish </li></ul><ul><li>Religious liberty and separation of church and state </li></ul>
  7. 7. King Henry VIII
  8. 8. Church of England <ul><li>Separated from Catholic Church because Pope would not allow King Henry VII to divorce and marry again </li></ul><ul><li>Henry wanted a son to succeed him </li></ul><ul><li>Parliament passed laws making the King the head of the church </li></ul><ul><li>Kept catholic faith and traditions </li></ul>
  9. 9. Dispute over Church of England <ul><li>Devout Catholics refused to acknowledge authority of King </li></ul><ul><li>He closed monasteries, seized land, and used money for personal gain </li></ul><ul><li>Henry finally got a son with his 6th marriage </li></ul>
  10. 10. I’m Henry the Eighth, I Am Herman’s Hermits (1965) <ul><li>I'm Henry the Eighth, I am! </li></ul><ul><li>Henry the Eighth I am! I am! </li></ul><ul><li>I got married to the widow next door, </li></ul><ul><li>She's been married seven times before. </li></ul><ul><li>Every one was an Henry </li></ul><ul><li>She wouldn't have a William or a Sam </li></ul><ul><li>I'm her eighth old man named Henry </li></ul><ul><li>Henry the Eighth I am. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Succession to Throne <ul><li>Edward VI - died in his teens </li></ul><ul><li>Mary - tried to restore Catholicism, burned many Protestants at the stake - became known as “Bloody Mary” </li></ul><ul><li>Elizabeth I - tried to blend Protestant and Catholic traditions - Anglicanism </li></ul>
  12. 12. Edward, Mary, Elizabeth
  13. 13. Puritanism <ul><li>Protestants in England that wanted to “purify” the church of Catholic rituals </li></ul>
  14. 14. Catholic Reformation OR THE Counter-Reformation
  15. 15. Goals <ul><li>Church eliminated abuses </li></ul><ul><li>Clarified its theology </li></ul><ul><li>Reestablished the pope’s authority over church member </li></ul>
  16. 16. Council of Trent <ul><li>Pope Paul III and Bishops meet in Italy </li></ul><ul><li>1545-1563 </li></ul>
  17. 17. Council of Trent <ul><li>Salvation comes through faith and good works </li></ul><ul><li>Church tradition and the bible are equals as sources for religious truth </li></ul><ul><li>Forbid the selling of indulgences </li></ul><ul><li>Clergy had strict rules </li></ul><ul><li>Each diocese had to create a seminary </li></ul>
  18. 18. Other Items of Catholic Reformation <ul><li>Introduced censorship to stop humanist and Protestant thinking </li></ul><ul><li>Forbidden book list </li></ul><ul><li>Kept masses elaborate and in Latin </li></ul>
  19. 19. Divided Europe <ul><li>Holy Roman Empire - middle European countries governed by one emporer </li></ul><ul><li>Allowed each prince to choose its religion </li></ul><ul><li>Divided Europe into Protestant north and Catholic south </li></ul>
  20. 20. Why support Protestantism? <ul><li>Religious conviction (your beliefs) </li></ul><ul><li>Allowed princes to expand power </li></ul><ul><li>Supported the business side of the economy </li></ul><ul><li>Way to defy the Italian-controlled Catholic Church </li></ul>

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