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Protestanism & Catholic Reformation
 

Protestanism & Catholic Reformation

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    Protestanism & Catholic Reformation Protestanism & Catholic Reformation Presentation Transcript

    • Spread of Protestantism
    • Switzerland - Reformed Church
      • Salvation by faith alone
      • Denounced many Catholic traditions such as purgatory and indulgences
      • Wanted a complete separation from Catholicism
      • Theocracy - church-run state in Zurich
    • John Calvin
      • Grew up in Catholic France
      • Humanist
      • Studied the bible
      • Wrote The Institutes of the Christian Religion
    • Switzerland - Calvinism
      • John Calvin - theocracy in Geneva
      • God was all-knowing and all-powerful
      • Predestination - God determines the fate of every person
      • All citizens had to attend church and could have their homes inspected
    • Calvinism
      • Spread throughout Europe because local ministers and elected church members - very democratic
      • Had a very loyal following
      • Followers encouraged people to overthrow “ungodly” rulers
      • Led to rise of revolutionary movements in 1600s and 1700s
    • Anabaptists
      • Baptized new adult members only
      • Only people who could make free and informed choices
      • Did not listen to government authority and refused to participate in society
      • Radical groups led to their downfall even though most groups were peaceful
      • Future Baptists, Mennonites, and Amish
      • Religious liberty and separation of church and state
    • King Henry VIII
    • Church of England
      • Separated from Catholic Church because Pope would not allow King Henry VII to divorce and marry again
      • Henry wanted a son to succeed him
      • Parliament passed laws making the King the head of the church
      • Kept catholic faith and traditions
    • Dispute over Church of England
      • Devout Catholics refused to acknowledge authority of King
      • He closed monasteries, seized land, and used money for personal gain
      • Henry finally got a son with his 6th marriage
    • I’m Henry the Eighth, I Am Herman’s Hermits (1965)
      • I'm Henry the Eighth, I am!
      • Henry the Eighth I am! I am!
      • I got married to the widow next door,
      • She's been married seven times before.
      • Every one was an Henry
      • She wouldn't have a William or a Sam
      • I'm her eighth old man named Henry
      • Henry the Eighth I am.
    • Succession to Throne
      • Edward VI - died in his teens
      • Mary - tried to restore Catholicism, burned many Protestants at the stake - became known as “Bloody Mary”
      • Elizabeth I - tried to blend Protestant and Catholic traditions - Anglicanism
    • Edward, Mary, Elizabeth
    • Puritanism
      • Protestants in England that wanted to “purify” the church of Catholic rituals
    • Catholic Reformation OR THE Counter-Reformation
    • Goals
      • Church eliminated abuses
      • Clarified its theology
      • Reestablished the pope’s authority over church member
    • Council of Trent
      • Pope Paul III and Bishops meet in Italy
      • 1545-1563
    • Council of Trent
      • Salvation comes through faith and good works
      • Church tradition and the bible are equals as sources for religious truth
      • Forbid the selling of indulgences
      • Clergy had strict rules
      • Each diocese had to create a seminary
    • Other Items of Catholic Reformation
      • Introduced censorship to stop humanist and Protestant thinking
      • Forbidden book list
      • Kept masses elaborate and in Latin
    • Divided Europe
      • Holy Roman Empire - middle European countries governed by one emporer
      • Allowed each prince to choose its religion
      • Divided Europe into Protestant north and Catholic south
    • Why support Protestantism?
      • Religious conviction (your beliefs)
      • Allowed princes to expand power
      • Supported the business side of the economy
      • Way to defy the Italian-controlled Catholic Church