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Italian Renaissance
Humanism <ul><li>Intellectual movement focusing on secular themes rather than religious ideas </li></ul><ul><li>Greek and ...
Class System <ul><li>Upper class - merchants and bankers </li></ul><ul><li>Middle class - shopkeepers who employeed large ...
City-State Government <ul><li>Ruled by wealthy families - trading and banking </li></ul><ul><li>Tried to suppress workers ...
City-State Government <ul><li>Conflicts led to turning power over to a single ruler (signori) </li></ul><ul><li>Some had t...
 
Italy <ul><li>Not truly a single entity </li></ul><ul><li>City-states ruled over their own territory </li></ul><ul><li>Cit...
Florence <ul><li>Ruled by Medici family </li></ul><ul><li>Cosimo - introduced income tax and made improvement such as sewe...
Girolamo Savonarola
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Rome <ul><li>The wealthy and powerful of Rome = the Pope and his Cardinals </li></ul><ul><li>Renaissance Popes often focus...
Venice <ul><li>Important trade link between Asia and western Europe </li></ul><ul><li>Government headed by a doge, who was...
Spread of the Renaissance <ul><li>War – France invaded Italy in 1494 </li></ul><ul><li>Trading – Northern Italian traders ...
Johannes Gutenberg
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Italian Renaissance

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Transcript of "Italian Renaissance"

  1. 1. Italian Renaissance
  2. 2. Humanism <ul><li>Intellectual movement focusing on secular themes rather than religious ideas </li></ul><ul><li>Greek and Latin </li></ul><ul><li>Individualism </li></ul><ul><li>Human improvement </li></ul><ul><li>Education </li></ul><ul><li>Challenge tradition (Pope’s supremacy) </li></ul>
  3. 3. Class System <ul><li>Upper class - merchants and bankers </li></ul><ul><li>Middle class - shopkeepers who employeed large numbers of poor workers </li></ul><ul><li>Lower class - workers from urban areas and peasants (farm workers) </li></ul>
  4. 4. City-State Government <ul><li>Ruled by wealthy families - trading and banking </li></ul><ul><li>Tried to suppress workers wanting equal rights and lower taxes </li></ul><ul><li>Usually had many social conflicts among the classes </li></ul>
  5. 5. City-State Government <ul><li>Conflicts led to turning power over to a single ruler (signori) </li></ul><ul><li>Some had to rule as dictators to stop uprisings </li></ul><ul><li>Some gained popularity by offering services to people and holding public festivals </li></ul>
  6. 7. Italy <ul><li>Not truly a single entity </li></ul><ul><li>City-states ruled over their own territory </li></ul><ul><li>City-states often fought with one another </li></ul><ul><li>City states hired professional soldiers (condottieri) so as to not interrupt business </li></ul><ul><li>Eventually city-states signed agreements not to threaten one another </li></ul>
  7. 8. Florence <ul><li>Ruled by Medici family </li></ul><ul><li>Cosimo - introduced income tax and made improvement such as sewers and paved streets </li></ul><ul><li>Lorenzo - supported artists and held public festivals </li></ul>
  8. 9. Girolamo Savonarola
  9. 10. ???
  10. 11. Rome <ul><li>The wealthy and powerful of Rome = the Pope and his Cardinals </li></ul><ul><li>Renaissance Popes often focused on political goals (power and land) rather than religious goals. </li></ul>
  11. 12. Venice <ul><li>Important trade link between Asia and western Europe </li></ul><ul><li>Government headed by a doge, who was elected by a committee of the wealthiest merchants. </li></ul>
  12. 13. Spread of the Renaissance <ul><li>War – France invaded Italy in 1494 </li></ul><ul><li>Trading – Northern Italian traders spread information and showed their new wealth </li></ul><ul><li>Travel – Europeans travelled to Italy to learn from them. </li></ul><ul><li>Kings and Queens called Italian scholars to their own countries </li></ul>
  13. 14. Johannes Gutenberg
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