9.2 powerpoint

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9.2 powerpoint

  1. 1. The United States and Foreign Policy Who are our friends? Who are our enemies?
  2. 2. The French Revolution (1789-1799) <ul><li>Enlightenment - age of reason </li></ul><ul><li>Lower classes paying high taxes </li></ul><ul><li>Overthrow of King Louis XVI </li></ul><ul><li>Reign of Terror </li></ul><ul><li>Constitution written </li></ul>
  3. 3. 1. What position did the United States take during the French Revolution?
  4. 4. Division in the U.S. Gov’t. <ul><li>Jefferson </li></ul><ul><li>Supported revolution but condemned executions </li></ul><ul><li>Violence could be used to win freedom </li></ul><ul><li>Adams, Hamilton </li></ul><ul><li>Denounced the revolution </li></ul><ul><li>Democracy cannot be created through widespread violence </li></ul>
  5. 5. Which side to take? <ul><li>France, England, Spain, and Russia all involved with wars </li></ul><ul><li>France had been our ally during the American Revolution </li></ul><ul><li>France wanted to use American ports to launch attacks on British ships </li></ul><ul><li>U.S. already had a treaty with France, but could it remain neutral????? </li></ul>
  6. 6. Neutrality Proclamation <ul><li>Neutral - not taking sides in a conflict </li></ul><ul><li>Easier said than done. </li></ul><ul><li>Americans wanted to trade with both countries. </li></ul><ul><li>Both countries seized American ships heading toward the other’s ports. </li></ul>
  7. 7. 2. What was Jay’s Treaty and why were people upset with it?
  8. 8. Jay’s Treaty (1795) <ul><li>John Jay - Supreme Court chief justice </li></ul><ul><li>Sent to England </li></ul><ul><li>England would pay damages </li></ul><ul><li>U.S. would pay debts </li></ul><ul><li>Did nothing to protect neutral ships </li></ul>
  9. 9. 3. What effect did Washington’s Farewell Address have on future foreign policy?
  10. 10. Farewell Address, 1796 <ul><li>“ Tis our true policy to steer clear of permanent Alliances, with any portion of the foreign World…The great rule of conduct for us, in regard to foreign nations is…to have with them as little political connection as possible.” </li></ul>
  11. 11. His advice guided foreign policy for many years.

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