The United States and Foreign Policy Who are our friends? Who are our enemies?
The French Revolution (1789-1799)
Enlightenment - age of reason
Lower classes paying high taxes
Overthrow of King Louis XVI
Reign of Terror
1. What position did the United States take during the French Revolution?
Division in the U.S. Gov’t.
Supported revolution but condemned executions
Violence could be used to win freedom
Denounced the revolution
Democracy cannot be created through widespread violence
Which side to take?
France, England, Spain, and Russia all involved with wars
France had been our ally during the American Revolution
France wanted to use American ports to launch attacks on British ships
U.S. already had a treaty with France, but could it remain neutral?????
Neutral - not taking sides in a conflict
Easier said than done.
Americans wanted to trade with both countries.
Both countries seized American ships heading toward the other’s ports.
2. What was Jay’s Treaty and why were people upset with it?
Jay’s Treaty (1795)
John Jay - Supreme Court chief justice
Sent to England
England would pay damages
U.S. would pay debts
Did nothing to protect neutral ships
3. What effect did Washington’s Farewell Address have on future foreign policy?
Farewell Address, 1796
“ Tis our true policy to steer clear of permanent Alliances, with any portion of the foreign World…The great rule of conduct for us, in regard to foreign nations is…to have with them as little political connection as possible.”