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SharePoint 2010 Application Development


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  • Incredible eco-system of partners and community. Anyone that has acquired SharePoint development skills probably already knows how desirable the skill set is by the amount of calls they receive from recruiters.
  • Categorized types of applications (app) built on SP (howdo people use SP?)Business Collaboration app – probably decided to use SP as base platform you will build your business app on Portal – SP is often a required place to expose data from back end systemSingle web part – one little extra piece of functionalityCustomized SP server workloads – extra tweaking to SP when customers want something not quite out of the box
  • Microsoft poster summarizes working with SharePointIncludes Target application types – from our last slideFor further information, audience can access a whitepaper by David Chappell on the SharePoint Development Platform
  • Traditional SharePoint & .NET Development in VSCompiledRuns Server-Side
  • Leverages “new” Web 2.0 approachNot compiledJavaScriptSilverlightRuns Client-Side
  • Part 1 – Developer Tools
  • Install SP 2010 on Windows 7 or Windows Vista – no longer need a server operating system.Applies to both SharePoint Foundation 2010 or SharePoint Server 2010Requires 64bit OSRequires installation steps to be followed for Windows 7 (does not do all pre-requisites for you unless you use easy setup)
  • Large new tool set in Visual Studio 2010, e.g. SharePoint packaging now built into Visual Studio, large amount of new project artifactsThis talk is an overview, each subject area is really an entire talk in itself!
  • Now a must have on a developers machine, for workflows, configuring business connectivity services etc…Has had a makeover!
  • Can turn on/off on demand.Can get additional details about a page using this tool.
  • Walkthrough of creating a Visual Web Part to show off the new tools available in Visual Studio 2010 for SharePoint 2010.
  • Part 2 – Improvements in the platform
  • Brings LOB data into SharePointIs the SP 2010 version of the Business Data CatalogData is now Read/WriteAvailable in SharePoint Foundation and offline in Office Client apps
  • Now has the ability to create relationships between lists that can either cascade deletes or block deletes.Can do lookups to multiple columns, get prompted to create sql type indexes.One caveat to large lists – there is now throttling for large views. If you build a web page that tries to display view over 5000 items, it will get blocked and you will have to handle it. Need to use indexers, different types of views or other strategies.
  • Recommended way for creating views in SP 2010 will be XSLT, not CAML.XSLT more of a generally used standard than CAML.CAML still valuable for queries.
  • Walkthrough of new list capabilities:Use Multiple value lookupsImplement relationships between listsSet validation rules on list columns
  • How you can access data in lists?2007 had SharePoint Server Object Model2010 now also has:REST APIs – ability to use REST style URLs and get data back in ATOM formatClient OM – you can make calls from a remote machine onto your SP 2010 box and get data backLINQ to SharePoint – can write and execute LINQ queries on the server side getting strongly typed behavior
  • Gives you build time Intellisense so you don’t find errors in your queries when you run your codeGives you an easy way to do joins and project fields from within the joins no matter how far the joins are through relationships that you call
  • Same concepts as Server OM, just done in a slightly different way – main difference being commands are batched up before sending across the wire.Not all of the Server API is replicated in the Client OM, but most isHas 3 types: .NET, Silverlight and JavaScript
  • Establish a client context, set up the Load methods (does not actually action anything at this point), call ExecuteQuery (gives the developer control over when the calls are made).Looks mostly like the standard SP Server API.
  • A good way to get images out of excel for adding into end user sitesIs a great way to lookup dataSupported using ADO.NET data services in SP (need these to use REST in SP)
  • New Project Wizard allows you to create an event handler for a specific event inside of SP and will add it into a feature and then WSP package.
  • A lot of new stuff here!
  • Walkthrough of creating a Workflow in Visual StudioDemonstrate new Site Workflow feature
  • New arch breaks the limitations of SSP model Now each “service” is independent and can be independently scaled & configured Web applications can be associated with any service application, not a pre-canned set of options Services can be shared across farms, facilitating complete service farms
  • Designed for running some applications/tasks that are too big for a code behind page and ASPS file.SP has an infrastructure because some of the services in SP are like this – e.g. Timer Service. Known as SSP in 2007.Made the services model more flexible to allow developers to create new services. Builds on WCF knowledge to create contracts and implement services in WCF. Has built in management functionality for dealing with these services.
  • Ribbon (like other Office products) - is context sensitive, uses AJAX, can work with Ribbon using JavaScriptStatus Bar – to give user some noticeNotification Area – can host pop ups you don’t need to keep on the screen
  • Dialog Framework allows you to create a dialog which doesn’t require a post back to the server.Dialogs are built using a SP User Interface (UI) web page, pass in a parameter so chrome isn’t shown.
  • SP has a Silverlight web part so you can host Silverlight apps in SharePoint without running the code on the server.
  • Part 3 – Flexible Deployment
  • Sandboxed Solutions – new technology designed to strike a balance between business agility (code customization), security and stability (server stability).Allows custom code to be run on the server but limiting its execution to a site collection. It monitors the resources the code uses and it restricts the API calls it can make using CAS. It can get shut down by the server if it breaks these rules.
  • With Sandboxed Solutions, Silverlight and Business Connectivity Services, SP Online becomes more flexible and useful for developers.The SP Online UI is the same a the SP Server version UI
  • A lot of binary custom code will, or is likely to continue to work, assembly versioning redirects have been created for many of the SharePoint DLLs.You are able to keep the V3 UI if you want to.WSP packaging has been enhanced to support upgrading your custom code (e.g. code callouts to callout to custom upgrade code).
  • If building a SP application in Visual Studio2010, you get access to all of the TFS and other application lifecycle management features in visual studio.
  • Use SPDispose CheckerUse using statementsDo not dispose of an object you did not create (e.g. SPContext.Current)Avoid greedy objects (e.g. AllWebs)
  • If SharePoint shows you a warning message, read it carefully!! It’s doing it for a reasons. Don’t go deleting a Title column or modifying a base content type without understanding the impact of those actionsThere are developers who do SharePoint and SharePoint developers. Do not think of a SharePoint app like a traditional ASP.NET app.Stay out of IIS!Do not modify the web.config! If you must modify the web.config, use the API, specifically (SPWebConfiguration) with a PowerShell cmdlet or custom STSADM extension so it is farm safe.
  • If it’s not documented, it didn’t happen
  • Transcript

    • 1. Matt Bremer
      SharePoint Technology Specialist, Microsoft Corporation
      Twitter: @mattbremer
      SharePoint 2010 Application Development
    • 2. SharePoint Momentum
      Every day, for the past 5 years, we’ve added 20,000 SharePoint users!
      of large enterprise IT managers are at least in trial stage for cloud computing initiatives
      software firms in the world andlarger than
      use the product everyday
      of Enterprise Customershave SharePoint
    • 3. Developers! Developers! Developers!
      “SharePoint 2010 is much more attractive for developers than SharePoint 2007 ever was. I wouldn't be surprised to see many ASP.Net developers adopt SharePoint 2010 for their larger customized sites.”
      Robert Half Survey (2011)
    • 4. Agenda
      Wake Up!
      Developer Productivity
      Rich Platform Services
      Flexible Deployment
      Best Practices
    • 5. SharePoint Application Landscape
      Business Collaboration Applications
      SharePoint Core
      Single WebPart
      Portal for LOB Application Data
      .NET | ASP.NET
      Customized SharePoint Server 2010 Workloads
    • 6. Run on Premises or Hosted
      Patterns and Practices SharePoint Guidance
      Microsoft® Certification Exams
      Sandbox Solutions
      Microsoft Official Curriculum
      Run on SharePoint® Online
      Trained Administrators
      MSDN® Forums
      Widely Deployed Platform
      Microsoft Partner Program
      One WebPart Solutions
      Visual Studio® 2010 SharePoint Tools
      Business Collaboration Applications
      Team Foundation Server
      InfoPath 2010
      Portal for LOB
      Application Data
      SharePoint Designer 2010
      MSDN SharePoint SDK
      Customized SharePoint Server 2010 Workloads
      Web Parts
      Common SharePoint UI
      SharePoint Lists
      Business Connectivity Services
      ASP.NET Code Behind
      Event Receivers
      SharePoint Sites
      SharePoint Groups
    • 7. Managed Code
    • 8. Trust?
      GAC (Full Trust)
      BIN (CAS)
    • 9. Unmanaged Code
    • 10. Tools
      First Class SharePoint Developer Tools
      Faster Solution Debugging & Tuning
      Choice of Development Workstation
      Developer Productivity
      Comprehensive Data Access
      Line of Business Integration
      Workflow Advances
      Rich Platform Services
      Application Lifecycle Management
      Standardized Solution Packaging
      Deploy with Agility and Stability
      Flexible Deployment
    • 11. Development on Windows 7
      Either SharePoint Foundation or SharePoint Server
      Requires x64 OS
      Not Supported for Production
      Only for Stand Alone Installation
      Can be Disabled through Group Policy
      Certain Services like Performance Point Services require server OS
      Just for Developers
      Requires Following Install Guide in SDK or easy setup
      Windows 7
    • 12. Visual Studio 2010
      Develop, Deploy and Debug
      Web Part, BDC and Workflow designers
      Package and Deploy SharePoint projects
      Generate WSP for Production Deployment
      View SharePoint site in Server Explorer
      Team Foundation Server Integration
      Broad SharePoint Support
      Support for SharePoint Sandboxed Solutions
      Import WSP from SharePoint Designer including Workflow
      Build Workflow Steps for SharePoint Designer
      Extensibility for Development of Additional SharePoint Artifacts
      SharePoint Business Connectivity Services support
      Web Part Designer
      Project Types
    • 13. SharePoint Designer 2010No code tool for SharePoint
      Free for creating and editing SharePoint artifacts
      New Tools
      BDC Entities
      List Schema
      Custom Actions
      Task / Approval Designer
      Improved Tools
      Workflow Designer
      Page Editor
      SharePoint Designer work can be upgraded to Visual Studio 2010
      “Save site as template” in SharePoint Site Settings creates WSP
      WSP imports into Visual Studio 2010 as new project
    • 14. Developer Dashboard
      Enable via STSADM:
      stsadm -o setproperty -pn developer-dashboard -pvondemand
      Enable via PowerShell:
      $dash = [Microsoft.SharePoint.Administration.SPWebService]::ContentService.DeveloperDashboardSettings;
      $dash.DisplayLevel = 'OnDemand';
      $dash.TraceEnabled = $true;
      Quick Debug or Monitor Page Performance
    • 15. Demo
      Visual Web Part in
      Visual Studio 2010
    • 16. SharePoint 2010 for Developers
      First Class SharePoint Developer Tools
      Faster Solution Debugging & Tuning
      Choice of Development Workstation
      Developer Productivity
      Comprehensive Data Access
      Line of Business Integration
      Workflow Advances
      Rich Platform Services
      Application Lifecycle Management
      Standardized Solution Packaging
      Deploy with Agility and Stability
      Flexible Deployment
    • 17. Business Connectivity Services
      SharePoint List with External Data
      Read / Write
      SharePoint Foundation
      Built on the SharePoint 2007 Business Data Catalog
      Office Apps
      Client Runtime
      Offline Operations
      Design Tools
      Visual Studio 2010
      Business Intelligence
      Enterprise content mgmt
      Collaboration social
      SharePoint Designer 2010
      ECT Store
      Solution Packaging
      Out of the box UI
      Web 2.0
      Web Service
      .NET LOB
    • 18. Demo
      Work with BCS in SharePoint Designer and Visual Studio
    • 19. SharePoint List ImprovementsCollaborative Data Store
      Relationships with Cascade or Block
      Transacted Cascading Deletion
      Restriction of Deletion
      Validation with Excel Like Formula
      Formula-based Validation
      Ensure Uniqueness
      Lookup to Multiple Columns
      List Index Auto-Creation
      Scalability and Performance
      List Query Throttling
      And we keep from SharePoint 2007
      Self Service List Creation
      Out of the Box List User Interface
      Built in Authorization Forms
    • 20. XSLT Views for ListsView Design in UI and SPD
      Replaces CAML for Views
      CAML Still Used for Queries
      Better Performance
      Easier edit in SPD
      Ribbon UX: sort/filter/group, conditional formatting,…
      Simpler Coding Experience
      Standard language, shared default XSLT
      XSLT-based views are now default
      SharePoint Lists
      External Lists
    • 21. Demo
      Relational Lists and Validation
    • 22. Overview of Data Technologies
      REST APIs
      Strongly-typed lists
      Weakly-typed lists
      Data Platform
      List Data
      External Lists
      Weakly-typed lists
      Strongly-typed lists
      New in 2010
    • 23. LINQ to SharePointLanguage Integrated Query
      Entity based programming
      Strong Types and Intellisense
      Supports List Joins and Projections
      Join lists on lookup field between them
      Join multiple lists (A->B->C)
      Project any field from joined list in a query without changes in list schema
      fromoindata.Orderswhereo.Customer.City.Name == "London“selecto;
    • 24. Client Object ModelRuns on Remote Machine
      Simple API to Add, Retrieve, Updateand Manage Data in SharePoint
      Commands batched for Performance
      SharePoint Data
      Client Application
      .NET CLR
      Silverlight CLR
    • 25. Client Object Model Sample .NET
      ClientContext context =
      Web site = context.Web;
      site.Title = site.Title + " and Client OM";
    • 26. REST APIs
      ADO.NET Data Services REST Protocols Atom, JSON feeds
      SharePoint list data and Excel spreadsheets
      Integration with growing set of Microsoft REST Technologies
    • 27. SharePoint Events ImprovementsReacting to Server Events
      Events Project Templates in Visual Studio 2010
      After-Synchronous Events
      Simpler Event Behavior
      Site-scoped events
      Web creation events
      List creation events
      More User Interface Control
      Custom Error Pages
    • 28. Workflow ImprovementsPopular and Successful Base in 2007
      Visual Studio 2010 Initiation and Association Forms
      New Workflow Design Surface in SPD
      Import SPD Workflows into Visual Studio
      Build SPD Actions in Visual Studio
      Visio 2010 Workflow Design
      Browser Based Visualization
      High Privilege Workflows
      Control Where Service Runs
      Site Workflows
      Reusable Declarative Workflows
      List Workflow Event Receivers
      Pluggable Workflow Services
      Performance and Scale
      Fully Customizable OOB Workflow
      Approval Designer
    • 29. Use Visual Studio and SharePoint Designer to create a Workflow
    • 30. SharePoint Service ApplicationsNew Service App Architecture
      Upgrade to Shared Service Provider from SharePoint 2007
      More Flexible Services Model
      Builds on WCF Knowledge
      Extensible Administration Roles
      User Interface and PowerShell
      Client App
      Web Part
      Web Part
      Service Proxy
      WCF Contract
      Service Logic
    • 31. SharePoint Service ApplicationsNew Service App Architecture
      Load Testing
      Common Infrastructure for “heavy” tasks
      Web Service & DB provisioning
      Settings Store
      Sharing & cross-farm service discovery
      Service instance discovery within a farm
      Round-robin load balancer
      Client App
      Web Part
      Web Part
      Service Proxy
      WCF Contract
      Service Logic
    • 32. Ribbon and Dialog Framework
      Client Site Custom Actions in Ribbon
      Context Sensitive Ribbon
      The Ribbon
      Status Bar
      Notification Area
    • 33. Ribbon and Dialog Framework
      Replaceable SharePoint OOB forms
      Open as Web Page or as Dialog
      Dialog Framework
    • 34. Silverlight and SharePoint 2010New UI Option
      Media Player Web Part
      Organization Browser
      List and Site Creation
      Office Web Applications
      Silverlight Web Part
      Simple way to upload
      Silverlight CLR compatible
      Client Object Model
      Call SharePoint API’s
      REST APIs
      Simplifies List data access
      Support for remotely hosted Silverlight applications
      Delegated authentication/application principals
    • 35. SharePoint 2010 for Developers
      First Class SharePoint Developer Tools
      Faster Solution Debugging & Tuning
      Choice of Development Workstation
      Developer Productivity
      Comprehensive Data Access
      Line of Business Integration
      Workflow Advances
      Rich Platform Services
      Application Lifecycle Management
      Standardized Solution Packaging
      Deploy with Agility and Stability
      Flexible Deployment
    • 36. Sandboxed Solutions
      Security & Stability
      Security & Stability
      Essential Agility
      Essential Stability
      • Easy Deployment
      • 37. Iterative Development
      • 38. Access To Shared Servers
      • 39. SharePoint Online
      • 40. Safe for Other Users
      • 41. Limited API Access
      • 42. Monitored Resources
      • 43. Separate Process
      • 44. Site Collection Limits
    • Sandboxed Solutions
    • 45. SharePoint Online
      Upload Sandboxed Solution WSP
    • 46. Upgrade and PackagingWSP as the SharePoint Installer
      WSS Solution Package (WSP)
      Visual Upgrade from version to version
      SharePoint UI Save To Template
      Better-defined Upgrade Semantics
      Declarative upgrade mappings
      Upgrade callouts for features
      Application discovery in SharePoint Sites
      WSPs as unified developer format
      Works in both site collections and on machine
    • 47. Team Foundation ServerApplication Lifecycle Management
      Work Item Tracking
      Source Code Control
      Team Build
      Manage Test Cases
      Log Bugs
      Automated Testing
      Load Testing
    • 48. Key Takeaways
      Visual Studio 2010
      Install on Windows 7
      SharePoint Designer 2010
      Developer Dashboard
      Developer Productivity
      Business Connectivity Services
      LINQ, REST and Data Improvements
      Client Object Model
      Silverlight Web Part
      Workflow Improvements
      Rich Platform Services
      Team Foundation Server
      Sandboxed Solutions
      WSP Solution Upgrade
      SharePoint Online
      Flexible Deployment
    • 49. Best Practices
    • 50. Testing
    • 51. Compilation != Testing
    • 52. Object Disposal
    • 53. Avoid Tunnel Vision
    • 54. Document Everything
    • 55. Call to Action
      Leverage the OOB features of SharePoint
      SharePoint Advanced Developer Training on MSDN
      Get familiar with the SDK
      Patterns & Practices Guidance on MSDN
      SharePoint ALM Center on MSDN
      SharePoint Disposal Patterns on MSDN
      Use SharePoint Dispose Checker Tool
      Windows 7 Easy Setup
    • 56. Questions
      Time to play “Stump the Presenter!”