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  • 1. Making an Outline A Plan That Builds an Essay y sa Es -- -- --- --- ---- --- - - - --- ---- --- --- ---- ---© 2001 by Ruth LumanReferences
  • 2. Introduction What is an outline ? Before you begin writing the firstdraft of your essay, it is best to makean outline. An outline is a generalplan of what you are going to write.You can compare making an outlineto drawing plans to build a house.Before one begins to build a house, itis best to draw up plans to make surethat a house is built in the way youwant. The same is true with writingan essay and making an outline.
  • 3. Introduction The Benefits of an OutlineAn outline of an essay can be very helpful for tworeasons:  An outline will help make your essay more organized. A careful plan will help your body paragraphs stay focused on the ideas in your thesis statement.  An outline saves time for writers. Preparing an outline can take time, but when you are finished, you will be able to write the rough draft of your essay more quickly than if you didn’t have an outline.
  • 4. Example OutlineHere is an example of how a blank outline might look: Essay Outline I. Introduction Thesis: _____________________ II. Body Paragraph #1- Topic Sentence: _____________ A. supporting idea B. supporting idea III. Body Paragraph #2- Topic Sentence: ____________ A. supporting idea B. supporting idea IV. Body Paragraph #3- Topic Sentence: ____________ A. supporting idea B. supporting idea V. Conclusion
  • 5. The Process Making an Outline In a formal outline, Essay OutlineRoman numerals can I. Introduction Thesis: ____________________be used to represent II. Body Paragraph #1- Topic Sentence: _________paragraphs. Capital A. supporting idealetters can be used to B. supporting idearepresent supporting III. Body Paragraph #2- Topic Sentence: _________ A. supporting ideadetails for the B. supporting ideaparagraphs. IV. Body Paragraph #3- Topic Sentence: _________ Click here to see a A. supporting idea B. supporting idealist of Roman numerals. V. Conclusion
  • 6. The Process Thesis Statement To begin an outline, you need to start with your thesisstatement. The thesis statement will be your guidethroughout the process of writing your essay. From thethesis statement, you can begin writing the topic sentencesfor the body paragraphs in the outline. ESSAY OUTLINE Thesis Statement Topic Sentence #1 Topic Sentence #2 Topic Sentence #3
  • 7. The Process Topic Sentences The topic sentence for each body paragraphshould support the thesis statement. The topicsentences need to agree with the main idea orsubpoints in the thesis statement; otherwise,the essay could be confusing.
  • 8. The Process Topic Sentences Topic Sentence Paragraph #1: Thesis Statement The way you dress can have a big impact on an interview panel’s first A job interview can often impressions of you.make or break your chancesof getting your dream job. Topic Sentence- Paragraph #2:There are several things that An interview is an opportunity foryou can do in an interview to potential employers to get to know youincrease the possibility of better, so it is important that youyour success such as answer each question as completely asdressing properly, possible.answering interviewquestions thoroughly, and Topic Sentence- Paragraph #3:asking good questions at the By preparing some thoughtfulend of the interview. questions for the end of the interview, you can show the panel that you have prepared for the interview and want the job.
  • 9. The Process Supporting Details Under the topic sentence for each paragraph,list some of the supporting details, examples,or ideas you want to include in each paragraph.
  • 10. The Process Supporting Details II. Body Paragraph #1: Topic Sentence: The way you dress can have a big impact on an interview panel’s first impressions of you. A. Men and women should consider wearing dark suits. B. Conservative dress will show the interview supporting details, panel you are serious about what you do.examples, and ideas C. Don’t carry too many things into the interview. A notebook, pens, and/or laptop computer should be carried in a briefcase. D. Hair and nails should be clean and neat.
  • 11. for potential employers to get to know you Example Outline better, so it is important that you answer each question as completely as possible.I. Introduction- Thesis Statement: A job A. Ask interviewers to repeat questions interview can often make or break your you don’t understand. chances of getting your dream job. There are several things that you can do in an interview B. Take some time to think about the to increase the possibility of your success questions before you answer. such as, dressing properly, answering C. A notebook to write down key words interview questions thoroughly, and asking in interview questions is sometimes good questions at the end of the interview. helpful.II. Body Paragraph #1: IV. Body Paragraph #3:Topic Sentence: The way you dress can have a Topic Sentence: By preparing some thoughtfulbig impact on an interview panel’s first questions for the end of the interview, you canimpressions of you. show the panel that you have prepared for the A. Men and women should consider interview and want the job. wearing dark suits. A. Research the job and/or company B. Conservative dress will show the before you go to the interview. interview panel you are serious about what you do. B. The interview is your opportunity to get to know your potential employer. C. Don’t carry too many things into the Ask questions about company goals, interview. A notebook, pens, and/or mission, expectations of employees, laptop computer should be carried in etc. a briefcase. C. Don’t ask questions about benefits or D. Hair and nails should be clean and salary during the interview. You neat. should try to get this informationIII. Body Paragraph #2: before you apply for the job.Topic Sentence: An interview is an opportunity IV. Conclusion: Don’t underestimate the importance of a good interview.
  • 12. Practice ExerciseNow, you are ready to practice what you’ve learned. Click onthe button below to go back to Unit B. Print and complete theworksheet for Practice Exercise Two.
  • 13. Roman Numerals I=1 XI= 11 II= 2 XII= 12 III= 3 XIII= 13 IV= 4 XIV= 14 V= 5 XV= 15 VI= 6 VII= 7 VIII= 8 IX= 9 X= 10
  • 14. References Presentation by Ruth Luman: Modesto Junior College. This project incorporates portions of copyrighted works. These items are included under the fair use exemption of the U.S. Copyright Law and have been prepared according to the educational fair use guidelines. They are restricted from further use.