6. Constitution and Government 2
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6. Constitution and Government 2

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6. Constitution and Government 2 6. Constitution and Government 2 Document Transcript

  • L2.8: Constitution and Government 2  To begin to examine how the Constitution limits the power of Government  To discuss whether these limitations are sufficient
  • Match the definitions Sovereign Parliamentary sovereignty Legal sovereignty The idea that Parliament is the ultimate authority within the State. The name given to the Monarch (for historical reasons) despite the fact that she is not, ultimately, ‘sovereign’ Political sovereignty The ultimate power to make laws which will be enforced within the State Where political power lies in reality. Parliament may have legal sovereignty - but does Parliament truly have power? Or does it lie elsewhere.
  • If your Head teacher resigned and a new Head teacher took over your school or college and the new Head teacher came in and said.... All the rules that you had at school are now abolished. The timetable is changing. The time we start school is changing, your lunch hour is changing. All the school behaviour policies, everything - the whole lot, it is all changing What problems would you have with that? What problems would your teachers have? And your parents or carers?
  • Parliament is elected for only 4 to 5 years at a time, in that time, they could repeal all previous legislation made by other Governments. It could, in theory, claw back power from the regional assemblies, it could withdraw from Europe etc. No Parliament can ENTRENCH any laws - it cannot make laws that a future Parliament cannot withdraw. Why do you think that when, on being elected, a new Parliament does not just ‘wipe the slate clean’, repeal all laws that were made before and make new ones?
  • dissolving Parliament and calling a General Election appointing and dismissing all Government Ministers creating peerages (members of the House of Lords) appointing ambassadors agreeing foreign treaties commanding the armed forces and declaring wars conducting relations with foreign powers conducting relations with foreign powers granting pardons to convicted prisoners
  • 1. What the power ‘means’ - e.g. what does it mean to create a peer? 2. How the Prime Minister goes about exercising that power e.g. what does he have to do to ratify a foreign treaty 3. Find examples of when these powers have been exercised in the past 4. How can the Prime Minister use these to exercise power over others and so exercise political sovereignty (power not controlled by Parliament)?
  • dissolving Parliament and Provides the most power to the PM calling a General Election appointing and dismissing all Government Ministers creating peerages (members of the House of Lords) appointing ambassadors agreeing foreign treaties commanding the armed forces and declaring wars conducting relations with foreign powers conducting relations with foreign powers granting pardons to convicted prisoners Provides the least power to the PM
  • It is clear to see that the Prime Minister has considerable powers. If you were an evil Prime Minister, which powers would you use to make sure that you ruled the country with a firm hand and Parliament would have to do as you say? Make your evil plan!
  • What limits are there on the powers of the Prime Minister? Could I be accused of being an ‘elective dictator?’ ● ● ● ● ● Consider how you would go about answering this question. What information would you need? Where would you find this out? What further questions would you need to ask in order to investigate this? Thought shower your ideas in pairs, then join with other pairs and create an action plan to answer this question as a group.
  • L2.8: Constitution and Government 2  To begin to examine how the Constitution limits the power of Government  To discuss whether these limitations are sufficient Do you think this country is potentially at risk from an ‘evil Prime Minister’ in the future?