5. Constitution and Government

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5. Constitution and Government

  1. 1. L2.7: Constitution and Government  To discover how the constitution influences Government  To identify the relationship between Constitution and Government
  2. 2. Executive This branch of government makes and passes the law and scrutinises the Executive branch Legislative This branch of government upholds the law in the courts. Judiciary This branch of government are also known as the Administration and they carry out the function of administering the laws passed by the Legislative.
  3. 3. Walter Bagehot lived from 1826-1877 and said that he knew the „efficient secret‟ of the British political system. “It is the fusion of executive and legislative power.” From what you have just seen of members of the Cabinet also being in the House of Commons, what do you think he may have meant?
  4. 4. In America the three branches of Government are kept very separate. Executive Legislative Judiciary The idea behind this is that if they are all separate, no one element of Government will become too powerful. They will ‘check’ and ‘balance’ each other.
  5. 5. PARLIAMENTARY GOVERNMENT Executive Legislative What links are you aware of between the Legislative and the Executive in the UK?
  6. 6. Who do you think has the most power? The Executive or Parliament? Think about how this will vary 2011 1997 Least Powerful 1980's Most Powerful
  7. 7. Does the Executive have a lot of power over House of Commons at the moment? 2011 What will influence how strong the Government is? 1997 1980's
  8. 8. Parliament’s powers over Government They can veto legislation - refuse to pass it They can amend or change legislation - change what the Government wants to do They can ask questions of The Government - and so hold them to account They can scrutinise the workings of the Government - in committees and in Prime Ministers Questions etc They can hold up Government legislation so that it runs out of Parliamentary time and fails They can dismiss a Government - by a vote of no confidence They can refuse to pass a budget
  9. 9. Parliament’s powers over Government Which powers of Parliament are missing? They can veto legislation - refuse to pass it They can amend or change legislation - change what the Government wants to do They can ask questions of The Government - and so hold them to account They can scrutinise the workings of the Government - in committees and in Prime Ministers Questions etc They can hold up Government legislation so that it runs out of Parliamentary time and fails They can dismiss a Government - by a vote of no confidence They can refuse to pass a budget
  10. 10. I am a member of the Cabinet and the PM. Some of my Parliamentary party members (MPs) seem to be trying to disrupt my legislative program  Make a plan to try and think of ways you can successfully get it through.  Have the Cabinet meeting. Remember, these are not public and cannot be talked about outside the Cabinet room. You can, therefore be devious.  Draw up a plan of at least six points.
  11. 11. Collective Cabinet Responsibility Traditionally, by convention, the party that is in control of the Executive also has a majority in the House of Commons. The Cabinet works by the principle of collective responsibility which means that the Cabinet keep what goes on in Cabinet secret and to the outside world, they all appear united.
  12. 12. L2.7: Constitution and Government  To discover how the constitution influences Government  To identify the relationship between Constitution and Government How does the Constitution influence the behaviour of Government? - Can you answer that question? - If not, what more do you need to know in order to answer that question?

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