WWII - Japan

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WWII - Japan

  1. 1. Causes of WWII: JAPAN
  2. 2. Early 20 th century Japan <ul><li>Mix of western and eastern influences </li></ul><ul><li>Gov’t: Parliament w/a monarchy </li></ul><ul><li>Only real industrialized, modern, Asian country. </li></ul><ul><li>The Emperor has no real authority under democratic gov’t. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Democracy Struggles in Japan <ul><li>1920s: Gov’t becomes more democratic </li></ul><ul><li>1922: Treaty sign to respect Chinese borders </li></ul><ul><li>1928 Kellogg-Briand Pact </li></ul>
  4. 4. Problems with Japan’s parliamentary system <ul><li>Constitution: strict limits on Prime Minister & cabinet </li></ul><ul><li>Civilian Gov’t had no control over the military </li></ul><ul><li>Military leaders only reported to the Emperor: Hirohito </li></ul>
  5. 5. Militarist take control <ul><li>1930s Great Depression strikes the world. </li></ul><ul><li>People blame the gov’t </li></ul><ul><li>Military (under Tojo) gains support and eventual control </li></ul><ul><li>Traditional view of gov’t restored </li></ul><ul><li>Hirohito became figurehead -Tojo as General </li></ul>
  6. 6. Japanese Military and Nationalist <ul><li>Solve countries problems through foreign expansion </li></ul><ul><li>They planned a Pacific empire rich with raw materials and growing space </li></ul>
  7. 8. Japan declares War <ul><li>1931 Japan seizes Manchuria </li></ul><ul><li>Parliament objects but is powerless </li></ul><ul><li>Army set up puppet gov’t </li></ul><ul><li>Began to build mines and factories=raw materials </li></ul>
  8. 9. League of Nations Reactions <ul><li>Japan’s attack on Manchuria was 1 st real challenge to LoN </li></ul><ul><li>Vigorously protested </li></ul><ul><li>No power to enforce anything </li></ul><ul><li>Japan withdrew in 1933 </li></ul>
  9. 10. Japan invades China <ul><li>July 1937 border dispute prompts full scale invasion </li></ul><ul><li>Japanese army out numbered by one million strong Chinese Army </li></ul><ul><li>What do you think happened? </li></ul>
  10. 11. Japan Invades China <ul><li>Chinese army was poorly equipped and not fully modern </li></ul><ul><li>Japan crushed Chinese resistance initially </li></ul><ul><li>By the end of 1937 Japan had captured Bijing and Nanjing (the capital) </li></ul><ul><li>Chinese army retreated to the south </li></ul>
  11. 12. The Rape of Nanjing Dec 1937 <ul><li>Japanese troops killed thousands of civilians </li></ul><ul><li>Women raped and killed </li></ul><ul><li>Children bayoneted </li></ul><ul><li>Men were rounded up and beheaded. </li></ul><ul><li>Why? </li></ul>
  12. 13. Men being buried alive                                                                                              
  13. 14. Japanese press Glorified the “rape” of the city <ul><li>Two Japanese sub lieutenants, said to be competing with each other to see who could kill one hundred Chinese first. The bold headline said, &quot;Contest to Kill First 100 Chinese with Sword Extended When Both Fighters Exceed Mark — Mukai Scores 106 and Noda 105&quot; </li></ul>
  14. 15. Atrocities against humanity: 127,000 - 300,000 murdered
  15. 16. Why did this happen? <ul><li>Bushido code “samurai” </li></ul><ul><li>Japanese soldier is ruthless, and well trained. </li></ul><ul><li>Chinese were seen as less than human by the Japanese. Any…… </li></ul>
  16. 17. Japanese expansion continues 1937-1941 <ul><li>Japan controls most of coastal China and Korea </li></ul><ul><li>Continues to advance throughout the Pacific for land and raw materials to fuel the war machine and the economy. </li></ul>
  17. 18. December 7th 1941 <ul><li>Japan attacks the US at Pearl Harbor </li></ul><ul><li>(preemptive strike) </li></ul><ul><li>Japanese knew they would have to deal with the US sooner or later. </li></ul><ul><li>2,400 Americans killed </li></ul><ul><li>US declares war on Japan </li></ul>

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