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The War In The Pacific
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The War In The Pacific

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  • 1. The War in the Pacific 1941-1945
  • 2.  
  • 3. The Players
    • United States
    • England
    • Australia
    • New Zealand
    • China
    • Philippines
    • Japan
  • 4. Background
    • Japanese imperial expansion begins in 1931
    • Need for oil and other natural resources
    • Japan Attacks the US at Pearl Harbor crippling the US pacific fleet Dec 7th 1941
  • 5. Dec 1941
    • Attack on Pearl Harbor Dec 7 th
    • Dec 8 th Japan invades US held territory of the Philippines
    • The US has only one hope: the aircraft carrier (3 survived Pearl Harbor)
  • 6.  
  • 7. Early 1942
    • Japan invades various other Pacific Islands
    • US garrison in the Philippines surrenders to Japanese forces in April 1942
    • Bataan Death March:
    • 60 miles
    • 76,000 POW
    • 12,000 are Americans
    • 5,000 die in a week
  • 8.  
  • 9.  
  • 10. US Strategy
    • Reclaim the Pacific:
    • Island hoping Campaign : one island at a time, clear it and use it as a base of operations for the next island.
    • Must clear the oceans of the Japanese Navy first!
    • (Large challenge with a crippled Navy and only 5 Aircraft carriers!)
  • 11.  
  • 12.  
  • 13.  
  • 14. Japanese Strategy
    • Make the war so horrible the US will give up
    • They dug into tropical islands, built underground bunkers and fortresses.
    • heavy artillery, suicide attacks
    • Bleed the enemy dry , Japanese rarely surrender but die to the last man!
  • 15.  
  • 16. Early 1942: The US strikes back
    • Doolittle raid
    • May 1942: Battle of Coral Sea, first ever carrier vs. carrier battle- US looses an Aircraft carrier
    • TURNING POINT:
    • Battle of Midway June 1942
  • 17.  
  • 18.  
  • 19. Midway June 4, 1942
    • US lost one of four carriers
    • Japanese lost four irreplaceable aircraft carriers in five minutes!
    • The Japanese would be on the defensive for the rest of the war.
  • 20. The first step: Guadalcanal
    • Invaded by the US Navy and Marines
    • August 1942
    • Took the Marines 6 months to take the island from Japan
    • Allies lost 1,492 killed
    • Japan Lost 15,000
  • 21.  
  • 22. A list of “D-Days”
    • Nov 1943 Bouganville
    • Nov 1943 “ Bloody” Tarawa
    • June 1944 Siapan
    • July 1944 Guam and Tinian
    • Oct 1944 Allies invade the Philippines
    • Feb 1945 Iwo Jima
    • April 1945 Okinawa (falls in June)
  • 23.  
  • 24. Soldier’s Lives
    • HARSH
    • Subtropical diseases
    • Humid, sticky, and always hot.
    • Average age was 19
    • Death was around every corner.
  • 25.  
  • 26.  
  • 27.  
  • 28.  
  • 29.  
  • 30. A most famous Photo
    • Taken on Iwo Jima
    • February 23, 1945
    • On March 16, when Iwo Jima was declared secured, 6,821 Americans and 21,000 Japanese (the entire force) had died
  • 31. Japan’s desperation
    • Oct 1944 U.S. warships in Leyte Gulf faced their first Kamikaze attacks
    • 2,257 Japanese aircraft were destroyed in these suicide missions during the war.
    • Kamikaze: Devine Wind
  • 32.  
  • 33.  
  • 34.  
  • 35. Planning for the end
    • May 1945 Allied forces plan Operation Olympic, the invasion of Japan itself in Nov.
    • US planners feared casualty estimates of one million!
    • Japan was desperate but unwilling to surrender!
  • 36. “Little Boy” and “Fat Man” are unleashed
    • August 6, 1945- Hiroshima
    • August 9, 1945 - Nagasaki
    • killed an estimated 110,000 Japanese
    • injured another 130,000.
    • By 1950, another 230,000 Japanese had died from injuries or radiation.
  • 37.  
  • 38.  
  • 39.  
  • 40.  
  • 41.  
  • 42.  
  • 43.  
  • 44.  
  • 45.  
  • 46.  
  • 47.  
  • 48.                                                                                                                      
  • 49. VJ Day
    • August 14, 1945 - Japanese accepts unconditional surrender
    • Celebration parties erupt throughout every allied country!
  • 50.  
  • 51.  
  • 52.  
  • 53. The End
    • September 2, 1945 - Formal Japanese surrender ceremony on board the MISSOURI in Tokyo Bay as 1,000 carrier-based planes fly overhead.
  • 54.  
  • 55.  
  • 56.
    • The most destructive conflict in human or world history ends.
    • The world is forever changed.
    • Millions have died.
    • 100s of cities destroyed
    • Millions are homeless
    • US is a WORLD power