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Quick Overview Chinese Revolution
Quick Overview Chinese Revolution
Quick Overview Chinese Revolution
Quick Overview Chinese Revolution
Quick Overview Chinese Revolution
Quick Overview Chinese Revolution
Quick Overview Chinese Revolution
Quick Overview Chinese Revolution
Quick Overview Chinese Revolution
Quick Overview Chinese Revolution
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Quick Overview Chinese Revolution

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  • Slides 1 - 5 are inaccurate (invasion of Mancuria was 1931 not '33) and all up a let down

    However in slides 6-10 some good points are raised about the cultural revn and other events E.G Backyard Steel during the Great Leap Forward.

    It is a VERY brief overview, most points are missed altogether.
    However the whole Chinese Revolution cannot be fit into 10 slides
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Transcript

  • 1. China: A Brief Overview
  • 2. Chinese Names
    • Written last name first
      • For example, we would call one “Joe Smith”
      • In China, “Smith Joe”
    • Family is extremely important: you’re not an individual so much as a representative of your family
    • Rule of Thumb: Chinese last names usually one-syllable, first name more than one syllable
  • 3. Influence of China
    • Perfected use of printing press, paper, gunpowder centuries before Europeans
    • Civil Service Exams : Gov’t jobs for the competent rather than inheriting it
  • 4. History of China
    • Several thousands of years of centralized gov’t in Imperial Dynasties
    • 1911: Last Emperor forced from throne, Republic declared
    • Fighting between warlords during this time
    • 1933: Japanese occupy Manchuria
  • 5. History of China, Cont’d
    • Post-WWII : Civil War between Communists and Nationalists
      • Mao Zedong : Communist, sought to help peasants in countryside (97+% of population)
      • Jiang Jieshi (Chiang kai-Shek) : Nationalist, sought to help cities, and to industrialize China
  • 6. Chinese Civil War
    • 1949 : Communists cause Nationalists to flee to Taiwan (they take all gov’t gold from country)
    • Mao vows to make China a strong country
      • Wants to help farmers most
      • Believes that sheer # of Chinese can be mobilized to do projects
  • 7. Mao’s Major Projects
    • Great Leap Forward : (1950s) Massively increase food and steel production
      • Collective Farms
      • Backyard Steel Mills
    • Failed, millions starved to death, destroyed forests
  • 8. Mao’s Major Projects
    • Cultural Revolution : (1960s-1970s)
      • Completely erase “4 Olds” from China
      • Empower youth to carry out work
      • Leads to near anarchy, fails
      • Mao dies 1976
  • 9. China Since Mao
    • Deng Xiaoping : Realizes that to keep Communism going, needs to give people incentive to do work
      • Allows some private property
      • Allows people to make and keep profits
      • DOES NOT allow for political freedoms or reforms
  • 10. What We’ll Be Learning
    • Major Belief Systems of China (understand traditional thinking/role of people)
    • Stages of Communist Revolution (from civil war through Deng Xiaoping)
    • Understand how globalization creates new potential/problems in China

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