End of Cold War

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End of Cold War

  1. 1. C old W ar The End of the
  2. 2. Arms Race - Mutually Assured Destruction
  3. 3. Berlin Wall
  4. 4. The USSR in the 1970’s <ul><li>U.S. and U.S.S.R. entered a period of “détente” or peaceful co-existence </li></ul><ul><li>Atomic parity had been reached </li></ul><ul><li>Soviet society had “relaxed” </li></ul><ul><li>Soviet system was considered “stale” - the leadership was completely out of touch with the people </li></ul><ul><li>The economy was stagnant </li></ul>
  5. 5. “ We in no way aspire to be the bearer of ultimate truth.” Mikhail Gorbachev in a December 1988 speech to the United Nations General Assembly
  6. 6. Mikhail Gorbachev <ul><li>Became General Secretary in 1985 </li></ul><ul><li>Recognized problems in USSR, intended to fix them while maintaining communist control </li></ul>
  7. 7. Mikhail Gorbachev <ul><li>He introduced two terms to the Russian people </li></ul><ul><li>Perestroika - Restructuring of society, government, and economy </li></ul><ul><li>Glasnost - Openness of discussions of the nation’s problems, got rid of lies and propaganda </li></ul>
  8. 8. Foreign Affairs <ul><li>Offered Olive Branch to United States - abandoned anti-west rhetoric </li></ul><ul><li>Arms control became a top priority </li></ul><ul><li>Held a summit with Reagan in 1985 </li></ul><ul><li>Refused to interfere in reform movements in Eastern Europe </li></ul>
  9. 9. Reform <ul><li>Cut defense budget </li></ul><ul><li>March 1989, 1st free elections since 1917 </li></ul><ul><li>Criticized for being too cautious </li></ul><ul><li>Coup by hard line communists removed him </li></ul><ul><li>Boris Yeltsin helped convince troops not to back communists, coup ends, Yeltsin wins coming election. </li></ul><ul><li>1991 the Soviet Union peacefully breaks up into 15 republics </li></ul>
  10. 10. Eastern Europe
  11. 11. Eastern Europe <ul><li>1989 - Poland - Legalizes the Solidarity Party and hold free elections </li></ul><ul><li>November 9, 1989 - Berlin Wall falls, starts the reunification process </li></ul><ul><li>1989 - Hungary disbands the communist party </li></ul><ul><li>1989 - Czechoslovakia holds free elections </li></ul><ul><li>1989 - Romania overthrows Ceausescu after hundreds killed </li></ul>
  12. 12. Right Here A woman on the radio talked about revolution when it's already passed her by Bob Dylan didn't have this to sing about you you know it feels good to be alive I was alive and I waited, waited I was alive and I waited for this Right here, right now there is no other place I want to be Right here, right now watching the world wake up from history I saw the decade in, when it seemed the world could change at the blink of an eye And if anything then there's your sign... of the times I was alive and I waited, waited I was alive and I waited for this Right here, right now I was alive and I waited, waited I was alive and I waited for this Right here, right now there is no other place I want to be Right here, right now watching the world wake up from history Right here, right now there is no other place I want to be Right here, right now watching the world wake up from history Right here, right now there is no other place I want to be Right here, right now watching the world wake up... Right Now

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