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Causes French Rev

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Causes French Rev Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Class Notes 5:3 Causes of the French Revolution
  • 2. Social Inequality
    • French social structure divided into three estates
    • 1st Estate (Clergy)
      • Made up about 1% of the population
      • Upper clergy held many privileges, taxed the 3rd estate
      • Poor parish priests go against Church, support revolution
  • 3. Social Inequality
    • 2nd Estate (Nobles)
      • Made up about 2-3% of the population
      • Nobility acquired titles by virtue of birth and through the holding of important government positions
      • Only ones to hold important positions in the government
      • Maintained modified feudal system allowing them to tax peasants
      • Paid no taxes themselves
  • 4. Social Inequality
    • 3rd Estate ( Bourgeoisie , peasants, and workers)
      • Made up remaining 96-97% of the population
      • Paid taxes to the king, nobles, and Church
      • In years preceding the revolution, many paid as much as 1/2 their income in taxes
  • 5. Influences from America and Enlightenment
    • Myth that all Americans were part of the political process
    • It’s right and just to take up arms against tyranny (Locke)
    • No taxation without representation
  • 6. Influences from America and Enlightenment
    • The signing of the U.S. Constitution.
    • All men should have liberal freedoms
    • A Republic is superior to a monarchy
  • 7. Louis XVI
    • His father had been a weak ruler, Louis XVI had not known a strong king
    • Preferred personal interests to court interests – delegated authority
    • Weak leader
    • Incapable of decisive action
    • Ignored economic woes until too late
  • 8. Economic Crisis
    • French commerce weakening over the last 100 years
    • Significant amount of money spent assisting the United States of America in its own revolution
    • Rich were not taxed, and refused on principle to be taxed – it was a status symbol
    • Crop failures in the 1780s resulting in both urban and rural food riots
  • 9. Economic Crisis
    • Debt! Half of government budget went to pay interest on debt
    • Banks were unable to loan any more money to government
    • Several attempts at fixing the problems, but nobles blocked any real changes to the system
    • Bourgeoisie began questioning the authority of the government, soon joined by many peasants
  • 10. Art of the French Revolution
  • 11. Art of the French Revolution
  • 12. Art of the French Revolution
  • 13. Art of the French Revolution
  • 14. Art of the French Revolution