Matlab: Graph Plots

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Plotting using Matlab

Plotting using Matlab

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  • 1. Matlab: Graph Plots
  • 2. Tools for plotting
    plot- plot(y) plots the values in vector y versus their index.  plot(x,y) plots the values in vector y versus x. The plot function produces a piecewise linear graph between its data values. With enough data points it looks continuous.
    stem- Using stem(y) the data sequence y is plotted as stems from the x-axis terminated with circles for the data values. stem(x,y) plots the data sequence y at the values specified in x.
  • 3. Tools for plotting
    xlabel('string') - Labels the x-axis with string.
    ylabel('string') - Labels the y-axis with string.
    title('string') - Gives the plot the title string.
  • 4. Tools for plotting
    hold on / off - Normally hold is off. This means that the plot command replaces the current plot with the new one. To add a new plot to an existing graph use hold on. If you want to overwrite the current plot again, use hold off.
    legend('plot1','plot2',...,'plot N') - The legend command provides an easy way to identify individual plots when there are more than one per figure.
    axis([xminxmaxyminymax])- Use the axis command to set the axis as you wish.
  • 5. Tools for plotting
    subplot(m,n,p) -Divides the figure window into m rows, n columns and selects the pp'th subplot as the current plot, e.g subplot(2,1,1) divides the figure in two and selects the upper part. subplot(2,1,2) selects the lower part.
    grid on/off - This command adds or removes a rectangular grid to your plot.
  • 6. Graph Components
    The following picture shows the basic components of a typical graph.
  • 7. 2-D plotting
    To plot the function:
    y = x2 for x 2 [-2; 2].
  • 2-D plotting
  • 2-D plotting
    • t = 0:pi/20:2*pi;
    • 27. y = exp(sin(t));
    • 28. plotyy(t,y,t,y,'plot','stem')
    • 29. xlabel('X Axis')
    • 30. ylabel('Plot Y Axis')
    • 31. title('Two Y Axes')
  • 3-D Graphics
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