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Recreation tourism 1 edit2014

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  • 1. RECREATION TOURISM 1 HT 309 EDITION 2 2014 HT309JUN14zul 1
  • 2. 2 HT309JUN14zul
  • 3. SYNOPSIS  Expose the students to terrestrial –based recreation activities within the tourism industry  Develop competencies in the overall operation and management of terrestrial based recreational activities.  Conduct the activities based on international safety and risk management plan standards 3 HT309JUN14zul
  • 4. LEARNING OUTCOMES STUDENT SHOULD BE ABLE TO:- 1. The concept terrestrial based recreation and its contribution to tourism industry 2. Tourism planning , technical operation management 4 HT309JUN14zul
  • 5. LEARNING OUTCOMES STUDENT SHOULD BE ABLE TO:-  The operation and evaluation of terrestrial recreational activities for tourist and customers  Effectives communication in explaining recreational activities rule and safety procedures  Risk management plan in designing and conducting terrestrial based recreational activities 5 HT309JUN14zul
  • 6. FOUNDATION OF 6 HT309JUN14zul
  • 7. Basic element volunteer satisfaction Keputusan yg positif terhadapdiri leisure 7 HT309JUN14zul
  • 8. 8 HT309JUN14zul
  • 9. WHAT IS RECREATION AND LEISURE? 9 HT309JUN14zul
  • 10. WHAT IS RECREATION AND LEISURE?  Recreation is about activities, pastimes, and experiences which are freely chosen. They are usually undertaken in free time and produce feelings of well being, fulfillment, enjoyment, relaxation and satisfaction.  They are opportunities to express creativity, achieve and master new things and feel good about doing so.  Community based recreation offers an opportunity to meet people while enjoying a range of social, cultural or physical activities. 10 HT309JUN14zul
  • 11. RECREATIONAL TOURISM 11 HT309JUN14zul
  • 12. Leisure time activities such as study visiting friends and relatives At home and community recreation TOURISM NATURE TOURISM 12 HT309JUN14zul A CONCEPTUALIZATION OF LEISURE TIME ACTIVITES
  • 13. A BROAD CATEGORIZATION OF RECREATION ACTIVITIES RECREATION SPORT AND GAMES ACTIVITY BASED ON REPRESENTATION OF THE SPIRIT AMUSEMENT ACTIVITIES 13 HT309JUN14zul
  • 14. Future Trends 14 HT309JUN14zul
  • 15. 15 HT309JUN14zul
  • 16. refreshment our mind and body after work hard through activities. 16 HT309JUN14zul
  • 17. located in, done in opened air activities that organized at the open air such as camping 17 HT309JUN14zul
  • 18. Organized free time activities that are participated in for their own sake and have interaction between participant and elements of nature. (IBRAHIM AND CORDES, 1986) 18 HT309JUN14zul
  • 19. A block unoccupied time often referred to as a spare time or free time. 19 HT309JUN14zul
  • 20. 20 HT309JUN14zul
  • 21. LEISURE AND TOURISM INDUSTRY 21 HT309JUN14zul
  • 22. DEVELOPMENT AND DEMAND Why people recreate or travel??? 22 HT309JUN14zul
  • 23. 23 HT309JUN14zul
  • 24. 1. PSYCHOLOGICAL NEEDS Self actualization Ego-( self esteem, self respect) Social(love, affection, belonging) Safety-(home, job) Physiological needs-individual will satisfy lowest motivational needs 24 HT309JUN14zul
  • 25. 2. SURFACE FACTORS Physical motivators: related to health (sport, maintenance & preventive health program, tension releasers Cultural motivators: desire to learn more about culture, architecture, food, art and folklore other people. Conformation and curiosity 25 HT309JUN14zul
  • 26. 26 HT309JUN14zul
  • 27. 3. FACTORS Pull factors: tangible things that draw visitors to a destination. This include people, places and activities • Examples: friends, relatives, celebrities, scenic areas, recreational event, culture, festivals Push factors: intangible things (forces) that come within us. Needs, motivation and way of thinking • Examples: adventure, challenge, escape, self discover, prestige, rest and relaxation 27 HT309JUN14zul
  • 28. 4. RECREATION AND TOURISM PHASES Phase 1- anticipations Phase 2 planning Phase 3 travel to site Phase 4 participation Phase 5- travel home Phase 6- recollection 28 HT309JUN14zul
  • 29. TYPES AND NEED S OF RECREATION ACTIVITIES Importance of Recreation?? Why is recreation and leisure 29 HT309JUN14zul
  • 30. 30 HT309JUN14zul
  • 31.  PHYSICOLOGY-Recreation is like a rain shower during the days of scorching heat. It is like a ray of moonlight in the dreadful darkness-Emotional balance (balance between work and play)  PHYSICAL AND HEALTH MENTENANCE-Research has shown that recreation on a daily basis reduces risks of diabetes and hypertension, enhances physical and mental health and improves the quality of life.  feel fresh and relaxed 31 HT309JUN14zul Importance of Recreation??
  • 32.  Recreation brings you close to the nature.  enhancement of your interpersonal and intrapersonal skills  physical health and maintenance 32 HT309JUN14zul
  • 33. IMPORTANCE OF RECREATION Impacts Your Health Reduces Stress Helps You Relax Social Benefits Refresh the Senses Refills the Energy New Avenues Sharpen Skills Effective Time Utilization Quality of Life 33 HT309JUN14zul
  • 34. 34 HT309JUN14zul
  • 35. RECREATIONAL INSTRUCTORSHIP 35 HT309JUN14zul
  • 36. 36 HT309JUN14zul
  • 37. COMBINED ABOVE IS POWERFUL FOR PERSONAL GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT BY BUILDING SELF ESTEEM AND SELF CONFIDENCE. 37 HT309JUN14zul
  • 38. RISK MANAGEMENT AND OUTDOOR EDUCATIONS 38 HT309JUN14zul
  • 39. 39 HT309JUN14zul
  • 40. WHEN USING THE ELEMENTS OF ADVENTURE, RISK AND CHALLENGE OUTDOOR EDUCATORS NEED TO ENSURE THAT THEIR PROGRAMS SATISFY 3 IMPORTANT CRITERIA: 40 HT309JUN14zul
  • 41. MANAGING Managing risk in outdoor education hinges on the reduction of the degree of real risk to a level considered acceptable to everyday exposure. Understandably, this aim may be an objective of any outdoor program where risk of injury inherent. Safety, is a paramount consideration, however, it cannot be guaranteed. This because there are many factors over which little or no control can be exerted (eg. Sudden rock fall, gear failure, human error, or inclement weather. 41 HT309JUN14zul
  • 42.  Risk management planning is an attempt to identify particular hazards of an injury or death to participants (Ewert 1983). 42 HT309JUN14zul
  • 43. 43 HT309JUN14zul
  • 44. THERE ARE 3 MAIN STEPS TO THE MANAGEMENT OF RISK IN ANY OUTDOOR EDUCATION PROGRAM; 1. Risk identification 2. Risk assessment 3. Risk reduction (brown 1995, TOLC 1996) 44 HT309JUN14zul
  • 45. 1. 45 HT309JUN14zul
  • 46. 2. The degree of risk and the probability of an incident relates to the assessment of risk. to assess the level of risk in an outdoor education program will require an evaluation of the amount of risk identified and the like hood of an incident or accident occurring (TOLC 1996). 46 HT309JUN14zul
  • 47. 3.  The aim of risk reduction is to implement range of strategies that will minimize risk to an acceptable level in attempt to prevent incidents occurring. 47 HT309JUN14zul
  • 48. A RANGE OF STRATEGIES APPROPRIATE FOR REDUCING RISK IN OUTDOOR EDUCATION MAY INCLUDE. a) Safety policy guidelines-being familiar with any workplace, health and safety guidelines…. b) Risk disclosure-by outlining the nature activity to participant (and their parents/guardians if under 18 year of age)…. 48 HT309JUN14zul
  • 49.  Knowing the participants-ice breakers trust activities….  Staff training-qualified staff  Equipment selection, inspection and maintenance- using approved gear… 49 HT309JUN14zul
  • 50. YOUR RESPONSIBILITY AS A RISK MANAGER!!! 50 HT309JUN14zul
  • 51. 1. Establish Public Relations. Let people know about your risk management effort. It is evidence of your responsibility and accountability 2. Identify and correct hazardous condition. Area and facilities should be analyzed on regular basis. If possible, hazards should be correct! If not, warned users about them or area or facility should be discontinued 51 HT309JUN14zul
  • 52. 3. Provide in service education & training. To enhance skill and level of safe environment. CPR accident reporting, agency policies understanding, emergency procedures (What to do first) 4. Insist on Good & continuous Maintenance. Routine, schedule records of maintenance and inspection 52 HT309JUN14zul
  • 53. 5. Establish accident policies. What procedure you/staff required to perform in case and accident? Policies and procedures should clearly defined and accessible by all staff. 6. Keep accident report. 53 HT309JUN14zul
  • 54. 54 HT309JUN14zul
  • 55. 1. FAUNA 55 HT309JUN14zul
  • 56. Dua Pelajar Cedera Disengat Tebuan Ketika Menuruni Gunung Korbu  IPOH: Dua pelajar Sekolah Menengah Tunku Abdul Rahman, Ipoh, cedera akibat disengat tebuan ketika mereka dalam perjalanan pulang dari Gunung Korbu, dekat Kuala Kangsar, kira-kira 60km dari sini, Sabtu.- (Berita Harian 25 Jul 2011) 56 HT309JUN14zul
  • 57. 2. GEOLOGI  CLIFF  CAVES  HOT SPRING  VOLCANOES  MOUNTAIN ELEVATION 57 HT309JUN14zul
  • 58.  ... Soleh Nasir berkata pasukan mencari dan menyelamat menemui mayat Lee Jun Jie, 23, pada 9.50 pagi di dalam sebuah lubuk di kawasan Air Terjun Stong, ... 58 HT309JUN14zul
  • 59. LEDANG 29 Sept. - Tindakan seorang lelaki yang bersungguh- sungguh mengajak isteri yang baru dikahwininya awal bulan ini dan seorang adik lelakinya mandi-manda di Air Terjun Asahan di Jasin, Melaka, berakhir dengan dia mati lemas hari ini. Dalam kejadian kira-kira pada pukul 10.20 pagi itu, mangsa, Mohd. Khidil Ismeet Anuar, 25, lemas ketika cuba menyelamatkan adik bongsunya, Mohd. Aliff Najmi, 13, yang tergelincir ke dalam kawasan air terjun berkenaan. Artikel Penuh: http://www.utusan.com.my/utusan/Jenayah/20130930/je_03/Lela ki-baru-kahwin-mati-lemas-ketika-selamatkan-adik- bongsu#ixzz2nb680ujm © Utusan Melayu (M) Bhd 59 HT309JUN14zul
  • 60. 3.  RAIN- depression and interpersonal conflicts among visitor, cold and illness  HEAT AND SUN-sunburn and dehydration  WINDS(HURRICANE)- high wind  LIGHTING-thunderstorms 60 HT309JUN14zul
  • 61. 61 HT309JUN14zul REMBAU – “Saya tidak dengar bunyi petir, tetapi saya nampak cahaya yang seribu kali lebih terang daripada cahaya kamera,” kata salah seorang jurupandu Gunung Datuk yang hanya ingin dikenali sebagai Din, 30-an, ketika ditemui di kaki Gunung Datuk, dekat sini, malam kelmarin.
  • 62. 4.  TOXIC VEGETATION- rengas and others poisonous shrub.  BARRIERS AND ORNAMENTAL PLANTS- cactus, fig, thorn will restrict visitors movement  TREE FAILURE MECHANICAL- shallow rooting- damage the property  MECHANICAL TREE FAILURE- insect and trees disease, high winds, soil condition 62 HT309JUN14zul
  • 63. 5.  DROWNING-swimming is the most popular cause of death  WATER TEMPERATURE-hypothermia  CURRENTS – oceans, lakes, stream and lakes-restrict swimmer/boater to reach safety area, drown over waterfall, forced against rock and pulled under the water  FLOODS AND WATER FLUCTUATION- based on drastic rain downpour and seasonal changes  NATURAL OBSTACLE IN WATER- logs, slick rock  WATERFALL AND RAPIDS- undertows, whirlpools 63 HT309JUN14zul
  • 64. hilang ketika mandi bersama rakan di Pantai Teluk Bidara pagi kelmarin.- sinar harian 16/12/2013 64 HT309JUN14zul
  • 65. OTHER TYPE OF RISK PERSONNEL RISK 1. Human behavior-exploratory behavior, ego, fighting, selfish 2. Employee termination-hasil ketidak seimbangan akibat dibuang kerja 3. Sexual harassment-you are too cute!! 65 HT309JUN14zul
  • 66. 4. Discrimination- race, gender, marital status, disabilities 5. Employee safety and health aware with human needs hierarchical and their exposure affect to outdoor environment 6. Seasonal and part time employees-contract, part time guide 7. Disabilities act 66 HT309JUN14zul
  • 67. HIGH RISK RECREATION 67 HT309JUN14zul
  • 68.  High risk recreation should not be eliminated, but participants should be warned of the danger  Benefit of high risk: increased self confident, leadership development, teamwork, self esteem, overcoming failure, increased peer trust and group problem solving, youth crime prevention programs, criminal rehabilitation.  Most popular is a rope activity which includes rope course, rope ladder, suspended rope, swinging rope, slider web ropes, climbing wall and balance beams. All rope activities are capable of causing serious injuries. 68 HT309JUN14zul
  • 69.  Other high risk outdoor recreation activities and some inherent danger of participation: White water rafting, canoeing, kayaking and rafting: turbulent water injuries, drowning, hypothermia Mountain climbing-equipment failure, falling, land slides, dehydration, falling rock and tree (branch) Cave exploration-equipment failure, lost in cave, falling, lack of medical aid Wilderness use (camping, expedition, trekking)-dehydration, lack of medical aid and communication, animal attack, losing direction, falling, hit by trees, broken legs. 69 HT309JUN14zul
  • 70.  High risk require extraordinary care, training and specialized equipment. For examples. White water canoeists must develop a higher level canoeing skill, wear protective life jacket and know the dynamics and hydraulic of fast flowing rivers 70 HT309JUN14zul
  • 71.  Avoid “home made and designed” equipment facilities. All facilities must design, installed or check by those expertise and experience in such matters provider, seller and manufacturer.  Instructor should teach a student the proper way to handle the risk in order to minimize the potential of injury.  Give attention to the mental and psychological readiness of participant must determine general health, cardiovascular and strength 71 HT309JUN14zul
  • 72. Warning should be clearly and repeat in high risk situation. Always give how to instruction before starting an activity. No person should be forced or pressured into participation. 72 HT309JUN14zul
  • 73. 73 HT309JUN14zul
  • 74. 74 HT309JUN14zul