Recreation tourism 1

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Recreation tourism 1

  1. 1. RECREATION TOURISM 1 HT 309 TERRESTIAL 3 CREDIT(S) HT309JUN2012DUP2 1
  2. 2. HT309JUN2012DUP2 2
  3. 3. SYNOPSIS • Expose the students to terrestrial – based recreation activities within the tourism industry • Develop competencies in the overall operation and management of terrestrial based recreational activities. • Conduct the activities based on international safety and risk management plan standards HT309JUN2012DUP2 3
  4. 4. Learning Outcomes student should be able to:1. The concept terrestrial based recreation and its contribution to tourism industry 2. Tourism planning , technical operation management HT309JUN2012DUP2 4
  5. 5. Learning Outcomes student should be able to:• The operation and evaluation of terrestrial recreational activities for tourist and customers • Effectives communication in explaining recreational activities rule and safety procedures • Risk management plan in designing and conducting terrestrial based recreational activities HT309JUN2012DUP2 5
  6. 6. Foundation of recreational tourism HT309JUN2012DUP2 6
  7. 7. volunteer leisure Basic element satisfaction Keputusan yg positif terhadapdiri HT309JUN2012DUP2 7
  8. 8. HT309JUN2012DUP2 8
  9. 9. What is recreation and leisure? HT309JUN2012DUP2 9
  10. 10. What is recreation and leisure? • Recreation is about activities, pastimes, and experiences which are freely chosen. They are usually undertaken in free time and produce feelings of well being, fulfillment, enjoyment, relaxation and satisfaction. • They are opportunities to express creativity, achieve and master new things and feel good about doing so. • Community based recreation offers an opportunity to meet people while enjoying a range of social, cultural or physical activities. HT309JUN2012DUP2 10
  11. 11. Recreational tourism HT309JUN2012DUP2 11
  12. 12. A CONCEPTUALIZATION OF LEISURE TIME ACTIVITES Leisure time activites suc as study visiting friends and relatives At home and community recreation TOURISM NATURE TOURISM HT309JUN2012DUP2 12
  13. 13. A BROAD CATEGORIZATION OF RECREATION ACTIVITIES ACTIVITY BASED ON REPRESENTATION OF THE SPIRIT SPORT AND GAMES RECREATION AMUSEMENT ACTIVITIES HT309JUN2012DUP2 13
  14. 14. Future Trends HT309JUN2012DUP2 14
  15. 15. HT309JUN2012DUP2 15
  16. 16. Outdoor recreation Definition: recreation- refreshment our mind and body after work hard through activities. HT309JUN2012DUP2 16
  17. 17. Definition: •Outdoor- located in, done in opened air activities that organized at the open air such as camping HT309JUN2012DUP2 17
  18. 18. DEFINITION •Outdoor recreation • Organized free time activities that are participated in for their own sake and have interaction between participant and elements of nature. (IBRAHIM AND CORDES, 1986) HT309JUN2012DUP2 18
  19. 19. • DEFINITION LeisureA block unoccupied time often referred to as a spare time or free time. HT309JUN2012DUP2 19
  20. 20. HT309JUN2012DUP2 20
  21. 21. Leisure and tourism industry HT309JUN2012DUP2 21
  22. 22. Development and demand Why people recreate or travel??? HT309JUN2012DUP2 22
  23. 23. 1. Psychological needs Self actualization Ego-( self esteem, self respect) Social(love, affection, belonging) Safety-(home, job) Physiological needs-individual will satisfy lowest motivational needs HT309JUN2012DUP2 23
  24. 24. 2. Surface factors 1. Physical motivators: related to health (sport, maintenance & preventive health program, tension releasers Cultural motivators: desire to learn more about culture, architecture, food, art and folklore other people. Conformation and curiosity Interpersenol motivators: escape from familiar environment (family). Prime motivators is to see or escape from family Status and ego factors: need for recognition, attention, appreciation, and good reputation HT309JUN2012DUP2 24
  25. 25. 3. Push and pull factors Pull factors: tangible things that draw visitors to a destination. This include people, places and activities • Examples: friends, relatives, celebrities, scenic areas, recreational event, culture, festivals Push factors: intangible things (forces) that come within us. Needs, motivation and way of thinking • Examples: adventure, challenge, escape, self discover, prestige, rest and relaxation HT309JUN2012DUP2 25
  26. 26. 4. Recreation and tourism phases Phase 1anticipations Phase 6recollection Phase 2 planning Phase 5travel home Phase 3 travel to site Phase 4 participation HT309JUN2012DUP2 26
  27. 27. Types and need s of recreation activities Importance of Recreation?? @BENEFITS?? Why is recreation and leisure important? HT309JUN2012DUP2 27
  28. 28. HT309JUN2012DUP2 28
  29. 29. Importance of Recreation?? • PHYSICOLOGY-Recreation is like a rain shower during the days of scorching heat. It is like a ray of moonlight in the dreadful darknessEmotional balance (balance between work and play)- • PHYSICAL AND HEALTH MENTENANCEResearch has shown that recreation on a daily basis reduces risks of diabetes and hypertension, enhances physical and mental health and improves the quality of life. • feel fresh and relaxed HT309JUN2012DUP2 29
  30. 30. • Recreation brings you close to the nature. • enhancement of your interpersonal and intrapersonal skills • physical health and maintenance HT309JUN2012DUP2 30
  31. 31. Importance of recreation Impacts Your Health Reduces Stress Helps You Relax Social Benefits Refresh the Senses Refills the Energy New Avenues Sharpen Skills Effective Time Utilization Quality of Life HT309JUN2012DUP2 31
  32. 32. HT309JUN2012DUP2 32
  33. 33. Recreational instructorship HT309JUN2012DUP2 33
  34. 34. HT309JUN2012DUP2 34
  35. 35. Combined above is Powerful for personal growth and development by building self esteem and self confidence. HT309JUN2012DUP2 35
  36. 36. Risk management and outdoor educations HT309JUN2012DUP2 36
  37. 37. HT309JUN2012DUP2 37
  38. 38. When using the elements of adventure, risk and challenge outdoor educators need to ensure that their programs satisfy 3 important HT309JUN2012DUP2 criteria: 38
  39. 39. Managing risk • Managing risk in outdoor education hinges on the reduction of the degree of real risk to a level considered acceptable to everyday exposure. Understandably, this aim may be an objective of any outdoor program where risk of injury inherent. Safety, is a paramount consideration, however, it cannot be guaranteed. This because there are many factors over which little or no control can be exerted (eg. Sudden rock fall, gear failure, human error, or inclement weather. HT309JUN2012DUP2 39
  40. 40. • Risk management planning is an attempt to identify particular hazards of an injury (or death to participants (Ewert 1983). HT309JUN2012DUP2 40
  41. 41. There are 3 main steps to the management of risk in any outdoor education program; 1. Risk identification 2. Risk assessment 3. Risk reduction (brown 1995, TOLC 1996) HT309JUN2012DUP2 41
  42. 42. 1.Risk identification HT309JUN2012DUP2 42
  43. 43. 2.Risk assessment • The degree of risk and the probability of an incident relates to the assessment of risk. to assess the level of risk in an outdoor education program will require an evaluation of the amount of risk identified and the like hood of an incident or accident occurring (TOLC 1996). HT309JUN2012DUP2 43
  44. 44. 3.Risk reduction • The aim of risk reduction is to implement range of strategies that will minimize risk to an acceptable level in attempt to prevent incidents occurring. HT309JUN2012DUP2 44
  45. 45. A range of strategies appropriate for reducing risk in outdoor education may include. a) Safety policy guidelines-being familiar with any workplace, health and safety guidelines…. b) Risk disclosure-by outlining the nature activity to participant (and their parents/guardians if under 18 year of age)…. c) Knowing the participants-ice breakers trust activities…. d) Staff training-qualified staff e) Equipment selection, inspection and maintenance-using approved gear… HT309JUN2012DUP2 45
  46. 46. YOUR RESPONSIBILITY AS A RISK MANAGER!!! HT309JUN2012DUP2 46
  47. 47. 1. Establish Public Relations. Let people know about your 4. Insist on Good & continuous Maintenance. Routine, 5. Establish accident policies. What procedure you/staff 6. Keep accident report. risk management effort. It is evidence of your responsibility and accountability 2. Identify and correct hazardous condition. Area and facilities should be analyzed on regular basis. If possible, hazards should be correct! If not, warned users about them or area or facility should be discontinued 3. Provide in service education & training. To enhance skill and level of safe environment. CPR accident reporting, agency policies understanding, emergency procedures (What to do first) schedule records of maintenance and inspection required to perform in case and accident? Policies and procedures should clearly defined and accessible by all staff. HT309JUN2012DUP2 47
  48. 48. HT309JUN2012DUP2 48
  49. 49. 1. FAUNA HT309JUN2012DUP2 49
  50. 50. Dua Pelajar Cedera Disengat Tebuan Ketika Menuruni Gunung Korbu • IPOH: Dua pelajar Sekolah Menengah Tunku Abdul Rahman, Ipoh, cedera akibat disengat tebuan ketika mereka dalam perjalanan pulang dari Gunung Korbu, dekat Kuala Kangsar, kira-kira 60km dari sini, Sabtu.-(Berita Harian 25 Jul 2011) HT309JUN2012DUP2 50
  51. 51. 2. GEOLOGI • • • • • CLIFF CAVES HOT SPRING VOLCANOES MOUNTAIN ELEVATION HT309JUN2012DUP2 51
  52. 52. LEDANG 29 Sept. - Tindakan seorang lelaki yang bersungguhsungguh mengajak isteri yang baru dikahwininya awal bulan ini dan seorang adik lelakinya mandi-manda di Air Terjun Asahan di Jasin, Melaka, berakhir dengan dia mati lemas hari ini. Dalam kejadian kira-kira pada pukul 10.20 pagi itu, mangsa, Mohd. Khidil Ismeet Anuar, 25, lemas ketika cuba menyelamatkan adik bongsunya, Mohd. Aliff Najmi, 13, yang tergelincir ke dalam kawasan air terjun berkenaan. Artikel Penuh: http://www.utusan.com.my/utusan/Jenayah/20130930/je_03 /Lelaki-baru-kahwin-mati-lemas-ketika-selamatkan-adikbongsu#ixzz2nb680ujm © Utusan Melayu (M) Bhd HT309JUN2012DUP2 52
  53. 53. 3. WEATHER• RAIN- depression and interpersonal conflicts among visitor, cold and illness • HEAT AND SUN-sunburn and dehydration • WINDS(HURRICANE)- high wind • LIGHTING-thunderstorms HT309JUN2012DUP2 53
  54. 54. REMBAU – “Saya tidak dengar bunyi petir, tetapi saya nampak cahaya yang seribu kali lebih terang daripada cahaya kamera,” kata salah seorang jurupandu Gunung Datuk yang hanya ingin dikenali sebagai Din, 30-an, ketika ditemui di kaki Gunung Datuk, dekat sini, malam kelmarin. HT309JUN2012DUP2 54
  55. 55. 4. FLORA• TOXIC VEGETATION- rengas and others poisonous shrub. • BARRIERS AND ORNAMENTAL PLANTS- cactus, fig, thorn will restrict visitors movement • TREE FAILURE MECHANICAL- shallow rootingdamage the property • MECHANICAL TREE FAILURE- insect and trees disease, high winds, soil condition HT309JUN2012DUP2 55
  56. 56. 5. WATER • DROWNING-swimming is the most popular cause of death • TIDAL CONDITION-rip tides and normal ocean tides (drowning) Visitor usually unaware of riptides • WATER TEMPERATURE-hypothermia • CURRENTS – oceans, lakes, stream and lakes-restrict swimmer/boater to reach safety area, drown over waterfall, forced against rock and pulled under the water • FLOODS AND WATER FLUCTUATION- based on drastic rain downpour and seasonal changes • NATURAL OBSTACLE IN WATER- logs, slick rock • WATERFALL AND RAPIDS- undertows, whirlpools HT309JUN2012DUP2 56
  57. 57. hilang ketika mandi bersama rakan di Pantai Teluk Bidara pagi kelmarin.-sinar harian 16/12/2013 HT309JUN2012DUP2 57
  58. 58. Other type of risk Personnel risk • 1. Human behavior-exploratory behavior, ego, fighting, selfish • 2. Employee termination-hasil ketidak seimbangan akibat dibuang kerja • 3. Sexual harassment---you are too cute!! • 4. Discrimination- race, gender, marital status, disabilities • 5. Employee safety and health aware with human needs hierarchical and their exposure affect to outdoor environment • 6. Seasonal and part time employees-contract, part time guide • 7. Disabilities act HT309JUN2012DUP2 58
  59. 59. High risk recreation HT309JUN2012DUP2 59
  60. 60. High risk recreation should not be eliminated, but participants should be warned of the danger Benefit of high risk: increased self confident, leadership development, teamwork, self esteem, overcoming failure, increased peer trust and group problem solving, youth crime prevention programs, criminal rehabilitation . Most popular is a rope activity which includes rope course, rope ladder, suspended rope, swinging rope, slider web ropes, climbing wall and balance beams. All rope activities are capable of causing serious injuries. HT309JUN2012DUP2 60
  61. 61. Other high risk outdoor recreation activities and some inherent danger of participation:  White water rafting, canoeing, kayaking and rafting: turbulent water injuries, drowning, hypothermia  Mountain climbing-equipment failure, falling, land slides, dehydration, falling rock and tree (branch)  Cave exploration-equipment failure, lost in cave, falling, lack of medical aid  Wilderness use (camping, expedition, trekking)-dehydration, lack of medical aid and communication, animal attack, losing direction, falling, hit by trees, broken legs. HT309JUN2012DUP2 61
  62. 62. • High risk require extraordinary care, training and specialized equipment. For examples. White water canoeists must develop a higher level canoeing skill, wear protective life jacket and know the dynamics and hydraulic of fast flowing rivers HT309JUN2012DUP2 62
  63. 63. • Avoid “home made and designed” equipment facilities. All facilities must design, installed or check by those expertise and experience in such matters provider, seller and manufacturer. • Instructor should teach a student the proper way to handle the risk in order to minimize the potential of injury. • Give attention to the mental and psychological readiness of participant must determine general health, cardiovascular and strength HT309JUN2012DUP2 63
  64. 64. • Warning should be clearly and repeat in high risk situation. Always give how to instruction before starting an activity. No person should be forced or pressured into participation. HT309JUN2012DUP2 64
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