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  • 1.  By Nompumelelo Mathebula university of Johannesburg
  • 2. M-Massive O-Open O-online C-course
  • 3. Content  What is MOOC  History of MOOC  cMOOCs verses xMOOCs  Types of MOOCs  Field of interest  Topics to teach using MOOC
  • 4. What is a MOOC  Massive open online course is a free web-based distance learning program that is designed for the participation of large numbers of geographically dispersed students .  A MOOC may be patterned on a college or university course or may be lees structured .  Although MOOCs don’t offer an academic credits , they provide education that may enable certification , employment of further studies .  MOOCs enable people to gain basic education and workplace skills .
  • 5. Characteristics  Free of charge  Scale of numbers – no participation limit  No formal entry requirement  Virtual Learning Environment is not the center of the course  Use a variety of (new) social media and online tools  Learner-centered  Increased student participation and self-direction  Facilitators create the environment not way of learning  Scattered chaos  High drop out rate  Can be Community of Practice
  • 6. History of MOOC The word MOOC was coined in 2008 by Dave Cormier , from the university of Prince Edward Island for a course offered by the University of Manitoba .
  • 7. The age distribution of MOOC
  • 8. cMOOCs versus xMOOCs  cMOOCs are not proscriptive and participants set their own learning goals and types of engagement  It is tricky to grade or assess or certify  The platform is totally open  It focus on knowledge creation  Crowd sourced learning and feedbacks through peer interaction  Emphasis on social networked learning  xMOOCs include discussions forums  Allow people to bounce ideas around and discuss learning together  Leaning is seen as something that can be tested and certified  It focus on knowledge duplication  Objective feedback from online quiz results  Emphasis on video presentation
  • 9. Benefits and Downsides Benefits Downsides • Able to organise a MOOC in any setting with connectivity • Use any online tools that are relevant • Use your own devices • Work across timezones and boundaries • Connect across disciplines and institutions • Do not need a degree to enter • Improve lifelong learning skills • Feeling of chaos • Demands digital literacy • Demands self-directed learning capacity • Requires time and effort (often more than expected) • Possible steep learning curve • Technology can distract from learning purpose and content
  • 10. Principles for Open Learning  Provide opportunities and capacity for lifelong learning  Learner-centred processes and encourage active engagement leading to independent and critical thinking  Flexible provision, allowing learners to increasingly determine where, when, what and how they learn, as well as the pace  Prior learning and experience is recognised  Conditions created for a fair chance of learner success through learner support, contextually appropriate resources and sound pedagogical practices Saide (2012)
  • 11. Types of MOOCs  transferMOOCs  madeMOOCs  synchMOOCs  Adaptive MOOCs  groupMOOCs  connectivistMOOCs  miniMOOCs
  • 12. Field of interest
  • 13. Topic will teach using MOOC  What is tourism  Types of tourism and tourist  Tourism demand and supply  Tourist attractions  Tourism product development  The economic impact of tourism  The socio-cultural impact of tourism  The environmental impact of tourism  Responsible and sustainable tourism
  • 14. Reference  Gerber ,K.(2013).Using massive open courses for professional development and campus advocacy . librarian-arld-day-2013  Mallinson ,B.(2013).Rise of the MOOCs.