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Why is it important for a trailer to show us the genre and how is this established? When an audience go to the cinema and see a collection of trailers feeds them information about the film, who the main stars are, the narrative, and what type of genre it is. The genre is what the audience “decode” from watching it themselves, this involves seeing celebrities that are commonly known for their continuously appearance in a specific genre eg: jack black in comical films, this is backed up with the bright lighting, the friendly atmosphere and bright visual colours, these are all examples of conventions that are thought about depending on what genre the film is. Genre is an important key in film marketing as it targets certain audiences, for example: if a person prefers horror films then they will automatically be interested in a trailer about horror. However sometimes a genre isn’t clear from the beginning of the trailer as a film will be a hybrid of one of more different genres combined together this makes the audience want to see what happens if the film has a certain twist.
How does the trailer show that a film is worth going to see?Films need to stand out and be unique from one another, especially if they are realised at the same time and are targeting the same audience and consist of the same genre then the marketing campaign have to compete with their rivals for the target audience, this is why a unique selling point is majorly advertised in the marketing campaign. A thing that is commonly used to make each trailer different is a unique selling point, this could a unique twist, a character playing a role they are not famous for, and the use of special effects or the narrative varies. Common conventions also help indicate to the audience why a film is worth going to see, if the actors are well known, if there is a lot of action, lots of blood and drama and if the sub genre appeals to the audience.
What types of trailers are there? A distribution company have the power to decide how many trailers arereleased of a certain film depending on if the film itself it’s a big productionwith a substantial budget for marketing. To gain the interest of the audience,a “teaser” trailer is made and is realised online or played at the cinema in theearly stages of the promotional campaign. A teaser trailer is shorter than theactual trailer; this is suggested in the name “teaser” and is done to leave theaudience wanting more. The distribution company tries to reach the targetaudience in many ways, after a “teaser” trailer is viewed people begin to telltheir friends and family, thus creating a word of mouth campaign as news ofthe trailer is spread via mouth, phone, social networking and other mediaplatforms. This is a very popular approach used by the distribution companyas it a immensely cheap as they themselves are not wasting time and moneyas the audience are the ones spreading the information not knowingsubconsciously what they are doing. Once a buzz is created due to the effectof the teaser trailer, an full length clip of the trailer is released in cinemasthree to four weeks before the film is due to be released. Trailers are alsoshown on TV and are known as “TV Spots”, however air time is veryexpensive therefore not a lot is shown, but enough to engage the audience.
How are trailers chosen to preview before certain films:Trailers that preview the main film are shown in cinemas; however certain trailers are shown to a certain audience. The exhibitor (cinema manager) uses their marketing knowledge to target a certain audience and select trailers which are aimed at the same target audience of that of the main film. For example: if the audience come to watch a comedy film, then the exhibitor shows other comedy trailers, making the audience want to come back again, this process is repeated continuously until a regular audience is established. Classifications are also taken in consideration when showing trailers, some film have certain age restrictions, therefore a trailer for a 15 certificate film will not be played before a PG film is shown as language and scenes maybe inappropriate for the younger audience. However the cinema manager is aware that adults accompany the younger audience, therefore films that have a certain age restriction are edited to make them suitable or the younger audience as it is indirectly appealing to the adults, making them want to come back alone to see the film.
Location: As times have now evolved, there are different ways in which trailers can be viewed, the internet is a new found tool in film marketing. Different forms of media platforms allow trailers to be viewed, web 2.0 and websites such as apple movie trailers and official websites for film titles show trailers, however this trailers are cut and edited to make them suitable for a general audience this is done because age restrictions can be very difficult to enforce online in comparison to the cinema. The same film can have different trailers with different names and edited in many different ways as different audiences can view it, media platforms such as social networking allow users to engage and create interest in the trailer as comments can be shared, the more good reviews, the more people will want to see it, therefore creating more money.http://trailers.apple.com/trailers/www.youtube.comwww.traileraddict.com
What are the features of a trailer?Trailers are viewed everywhere, however they are not “minifilms”, trailers have a genre of their own and have stereotypicalconventions that follow. Trailers consist of a selection f variousshots from the film, since the purpose of the trailer is to attract anaudience; these chosen shots are usually drawn from the mostexciting parts of the film and are designed to capture the attentionof the audience for a limited amount of minutes. They create acertain mood and enigma, creating interest and anticipation ofwhat the film is about. In a trailer important facts are given, someinformation about the plot, characters within in the film and thesubgenre. Trailers follow a certain structure, the information andscenes are often fast moving with a lot of footage which requiresour attention, creating roller coaster effect as tension builds up andthen drops and the trailer finishes.
Conventions:• “best bits” are highlighted• Showcases the stars• Visual images are not shown for long• Conversations between characters=one liners• Dramatic camera angels• Action interrupted by credits• Voiceovers to tell the story and give more information• Title may not appear until the end• Trailer builds up to the climax where it ends
Camera shots/angles used in trailers• Close up – show emotions• Establishing shot – set scene• Low angle shot – shows dominance• High angle – looking down on subject• Tilt – show distortion• Pan – shows surrounding• Hand held – show user generated filmThese are the common camera shot/angles that are used in trailers as it allows the audience to understand what genre the trailer is, lots are low angel shots are used to showing a person holding a knife, this portrays a horror trailer. Camera angles can also draw the audience in, if close up shots are shown trailers it allows the audience to see the facial expressions and determine whether the film itself is worth seeing if the trailer manages to connect with the audience.