Sex and Your Body    Chapter Five          © 2012 McGraw-Hill Companies. All Rights Reserved.
Female Sexual Anatomy     External Female Sex Organs (Vulva)  Internal Female Sex Organs       Mons pubis              ...
Figure 5.1 The Female Sex Organs3                  © 2012 McGraw-Hill Companies. All Rights Reserved.
Male Sexual Anatomy     Male sex organs: two components       Penis          The glans          Corpus spongiosum     ...
Figure 5.2 The Male Sex Organs5                  © 2012 McGraw-Hill Companies. All Rights Reserved.
Hormones and the                 Reproductive Life Cycle     Hormones regulated by pituitary gland       Androgens      ...
Differentiation of the Embryo     Determined by a interaction of genetic, physiological, and      environmental factors  ...
Female Sexual Maturation       Puberty begins    •   Breast development between ages 8-13    •   Rounding of the hips and...
Figure 5.4 The Menstrual Cycle9                   © 2012 McGraw-Hill Companies. All Rights Reserved.
Menstrual Problems      Dysmenorrhea        Some symptoms caused from prostaglandins      Premenstrual syndrome (PMS)  ...
Male Sexual Maturation      Occurs two years later than in girls      Begins about 10 or 11 years old      Physical cha...
Aging and Human Sexuality      Female menopause        Ovaries gradually cease functioning        Decreasing estrogen  ...
Sexual Functioning      Sexual stimulation        Comes from both physical and psychological stimuli      Physical stim...
Sexual Response Cycle      Physiological mechanisms        Vasocongestion        Muscular tension      Four phases cha...
Figure 5.5     Stages of the Sexual Response Cycle15                    © 2012 McGraw-Hill Companies. All Rights Reserved.
Sexual Problems      Common sexual health problems      Biological and psychological conditions:         Women:        ...
Sexual Dysfunctions      Common sexual dysfunctions:        Men          Erectile dysfunction          Premature ejacu...
Sexual Behavior      The development of sexual behavior        Gender roles and gender identity          Gender role is...
Gender, Sexuality, and the Mass Media      Childhood sexual behavior        Sexual play      Adolescent sexuality     ...
Sexual Orientation      Person’s preference in sex partners        Heterosexuality        Homosexuality        Bisexua...
Varieties of Human Sexual Behavior      Celibacy      Autoeroticism and masturbation        Erotic fantasy      Touchi...
Atypical and Problematic Sexual     Behaviors      Conflicting feelings about sexuality     • Paraphilia     • Sexual coe...
Responsible Sexual Behavior      Careful decision making      Open, honest communication about intentions      Agreed-o...
Sex and Your Body    Chapter Five          © 2012 McGraw-Hill Companies. All Rights Reserved.
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Chapter 5

771 views

Published on

Published in: Health & Medicine
0 Comments
1 Like
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
771
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
13
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
6
Comments
0
Likes
1
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide
  • Insert Figure 5-1 The Female sex organs
  • Insert Figure 5-2 The male sex organs
  • Figure 5-4 The Menstrual cycle
  • Insert Figure 5-5 Stages of the Sexual Response cycle
  • Chapter 5

    1. 1. Sex and Your Body Chapter Five © 2012 McGraw-Hill Companies. All Rights Reserved.
    2. 2. Female Sexual Anatomy  External Female Sex Organs (Vulva)  Internal Female Sex Organs  Mons pubis  Uterus  Labia majora  Endometrium  Labia minora  Cervix  Prepuce  Ovaries  Clitoris  Fallopian tubes  Urethral opening  Hymen  Vagina2 © 2012 McGraw-Hill Companies. All Rights Reserved.
    3. 3. Figure 5.1 The Female Sex Organs3 © 2012 McGraw-Hill Companies. All Rights Reserved.
    4. 4. Male Sexual Anatomy  Male sex organs: two components  Penis  The glans  Corpus spongiosum  Scrotum  Function (temperature 93.6 degrees F)  Testes  Epididymis  Seminiferous tubules within the testes  Vas deferens  Prostate  Cowper’s glands  Seminal vesicle  Circumcision4 © 2012 McGraw-Hill Companies. All Rights Reserved.
    5. 5. Figure 5.2 The Male Sex Organs5 © 2012 McGraw-Hill Companies. All Rights Reserved.
    6. 6. Hormones and the Reproductive Life Cycle  Hormones regulated by pituitary gland  Androgens  Testes produce androgens, most importantly testosterone in males  Ovaries produce estrogens, progestagens, and small amount of testosterone in females  Pituitary gland controlled by hypothalamus6 © 2012 McGraw-Hill Companies. All Rights Reserved.
    7. 7. Differentiation of the Embryo  Determined by a interaction of genetic, physiological, and environmental factors  Conception - combining of 23 pairs of chromosomes  22 pairs are the same  The 23rd pair is the sex chromosomes  Egg carries an X sex chromosome  Sperm carries either a X or Y chromosome  XX provides the blueprint to produce a female  XY provides the blueprint to produce a male7 © 2012 McGraw-Hill Companies. All Rights Reserved.
    8. 8. Female Sexual Maturation  Puberty begins • Breast development between ages 8-13 • Rounding of the hips and buttocks • Body hair growth in public region and underarms • Rapid body growth between ages 9 and 15 • Physical maturation.  The menstrual cycle - four phases.  Menses  Days 1-5  Estrogenic phase  Days 6-13  Ovulation phase  Day 14  Progestational phase  Days 15-278 © 2012 McGraw-Hill Companies. All Rights Reserved.
    9. 9. Figure 5.4 The Menstrual Cycle9 © 2012 McGraw-Hill Companies. All Rights Reserved.
    10. 10. Menstrual Problems  Dysmenorrhea  Some symptoms caused from prostaglandins  Premenstrual syndrome (PMS)  Premenstrual Dysphoric disorder (PMDD)  Cause  Pharmacological treatment  Lifestyle changes to reduce symptoms  Limit salt intake  Exercise  Don’t use alcohol or tobacco  Eat a nutritious diet  Relax  If systems persist, keep a daily diary  If necessary, drug treatments10 © 2012 McGraw-Hill Companies. All Rights Reserved.
    11. 11. Male Sexual Maturation  Occurs two years later than in girls  Begins about 10 or 11 years old  Physical changes:  Testicular growth  Penis growth  Pubic hair growth  Underarm and facial hair growth  Voice deepens11 © 2012 McGraw-Hill Companies. All Rights Reserved.
    12. 12. Aging and Human Sexuality  Female menopause  Ovaries gradually cease functioning  Decreasing estrogen  Increased risk of disease  Aging Male Syndrome  Gradual decrease of testosterone between ages 35 and 65  Takes longer to achieve sexual arousal  Gradually become less fertile12 © 2012 McGraw-Hill Companies. All Rights Reserved.
    13. 13. Sexual Functioning  Sexual stimulation  Comes from both physical and psychological stimuli  Physical stimulation  Through the senses  Erogenous zones  Psychological stimulation  Fantasies  Ideas  Memories of past experiences  Mood13 © 2012 McGraw-Hill Companies. All Rights Reserved.
    14. 14. Sexual Response Cycle  Physiological mechanisms  Vasocongestion  Muscular tension  Four phases characterize the sexual response cycle: 3. Excitement phase 4. Plateau phase 5. Orgasmic phase  Males (refractory phase) 6. Resolution phase14 © 2012 McGraw-Hill Companies. All Rights Reserved.
    15. 15. Figure 5.5 Stages of the Sexual Response Cycle15 © 2012 McGraw-Hill Companies. All Rights Reserved.
    16. 16. Sexual Problems  Common sexual health problems  Biological and psychological conditions:  Women:  Vaginitis Candida (yeast infection) Trichomonas  Endometriosis  Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)  50-75% of PID cases are caused by STDs  Men:  Prostatitis  Testicular cancer  Epididymitis  Testicular torsion  Systemic diseases affect both men and women (e.g., diabetes)16 © 2012 McGraw-Hill Companies. All Rights Reserved.
    17. 17. Sexual Dysfunctions  Common sexual dysfunctions:  Men  Erectile dysfunction  Premature ejaculation  Retarded ejaculation  Women  Orgasmic dysfunction  Dyspareunia (painful intercourse)  Treatment  Medical treatment  Psychosocial - troubled relationships  Behavioral  Relaxation and massage techniques17 © 2012 McGraw-Hill Companies. All Rights Reserved.
    18. 18. Sexual Behavior  The development of sexual behavior  Gender roles and gender identity  Gender role is everything you do in your daily life that expresses your maleness or femaleness as defined by society.  Gender identity is your personal, inner sense of being male or female  Transsexual feel their biological sex does not match their gender identity  Transvestites wear clothing identified with the other gender  Intersexed babies are born with atypical genitals; may undergo surgery to assign them to a specific sex  Biological and cultural influences  Gender-role flexibility18 © 2012 McGraw-Hill Companies. All Rights Reserved.
    19. 19. Gender, Sexuality, and the Mass Media  Childhood sexual behavior  Sexual play  Adolescent sexuality  Adult sexuality  Sexuality in Illness and Disability19 © 2012 McGraw-Hill Companies. All Rights Reserved.
    20. 20. Sexual Orientation  Person’s preference in sex partners  Heterosexuality  Homosexuality  Bisexuality  Origins of Sexual Orientation  Biological and genetic factors  Freudian psychoanalysis - Oedipus complex  Learning theory  Complex series of biological and psychological interactions20 © 2012 McGraw-Hill Companies. All Rights Reserved.
    21. 21. Varieties of Human Sexual Behavior  Celibacy  Autoeroticism and masturbation  Erotic fantasy  Touching and foreplay  Oral-Genital stimulation  Cunnilingus (stimulation of the female genitals)  Fellatio (stimulation of the penis with the mouth)  Anal intercourse  Sexual intercourse  Differing reasons for having sex21 © 2012 McGraw-Hill Companies. All Rights Reserved.
    22. 22. Atypical and Problematic Sexual Behaviors  Conflicting feelings about sexuality • Paraphilia • Sexual coercion  Commercial sex  Pornography  Online porn and cybersex  Prostitution22 © 2012 McGraw-Hill Companies. All Rights Reserved.
    23. 23. Responsible Sexual Behavior  Careful decision making  Open, honest communication about intentions  Agreed-on sexual activities  Sexual privacy  The use of contraception  Safer sex  Sober sex  Taking responsibility for the consequences23 © 2012 McGraw-Hill Companies. All Rights Reserved.
    24. 24. Sex and Your Body Chapter Five © 2012 McGraw-Hill Companies. All Rights Reserved.

    ×