7) bacon gçös rebellion and the expansion of slavery


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7) bacon gçös rebellion and the expansion of slavery

  1. 1.   True Prosperity for both the colonial government and tobacco growers began after 1650  Indentured servants were more likely to survive their term and gain both land and “Freedom Dues”  Tobacco also began to reach a new level of profitability  With this new level of prosperity came a dramatic expansion of farmed land  Farming in this period resembled slash and burn techniques  Farms were quickly spread and built and by 1665 occupied all of the best tobacco lands Changing Chesapeake
  2. 2.   The increase in landowners and tobacco production led to a depression of the market  We also see both the colonial as well as English governments push for new regulations and taxes  The English Government establishes the navigation acts  In 1641 Governor Berkeley is appointed and begins to establish elitist laws  Berkely also began to take advantage of his position in both taxes as well as public land management  By the mid 1670’s many of the recently freed indentured servants began to express their anger with Berkeley Problems After 1665
  3. 3.  Bacons Rebellion  Began by Nathaniel Bacon against the Governor Berkeley in 1676  Focused on four main issues  Native American Attacks  Low tobacco prices  Oligarchic government  Restrictions on voting rights  Bacon gains massive amount of popularity after his victories against the Native Americans allies of the Government  Bacon and Berkeley face off against each other  Current and former indentured servants join Bacon
  4. 4.   Bacon marches on Jamestown and Berkeley is forced to flee  Bacons supporters loot homes and lands of the loyalists  All looked as if Bacon would overthrow the government until his unexpected death on October 26th 1676  Due to this Berkeley was able to reclaim the lost lands  Berkeley then went on to abuse his reclaimed power at the expense of rebel families  King Charles eventually recalls Berkeley to England End of the Rebellion
  5. 5.  Do you think Bacon’s rebellion was the main reason for the transition to Slavery or was the transition inevitable? Discussion Question
  6. 6.   Because of the importance of the Tobacco trade to the crown the King began to strengthen his power over the colonies  Fearing increased crown influence the leaders of Virginia began to develop a more popular following  We also see relations between the small and large planters improved thanks to the rebound in tobacco prices during the early 18th century  The popularity of Bacon’s Indian policy was also continued by the colonial leaders Crown Reaction
  7. 7.   As the year 1700 approached we see a decrease in English immigration and indentured servants  In order to counteract the slowing English immigration planters turned to African Slaves  Slavery had been in place both in African and Europe for Millennia  Prices of slaves also began to justify their purchase over indentured servants  Legal changes also, most importantly the ending of the Monopoly of the Royal African Company, pushed this change Rise of Slavery