
New Mexico Cont.
 Onate was focused on gaining
support for the colony via silver
mines which failed to materialize
 He...

 The French had developed a few colonies (Fort Carolina)
near the Spanish but all had been destroyed
 They decided to ...

 The first Europeans to visit North America found the
natives wealthy in furs
 Used for high fashion in Europe
 Allow...

 Despite value of the Fur Trade the French first began to
form trading posts only at the beginning of the 17th
century
...

Canada Cont.
 Samuel de Champlain led the
settlement of the first
permanent colony of New
France in 1608 with Québec
 ...

The Iroquois
 The Iroquois confederacy was
made up of five powerful tribes
 They were previous enemies who
were united...

 The Jesuits sustained the weak French colonies early on in
Canada
 Jesuits founded in 16th century by Ignatius of Loy...

 The Jesuits focused at first on the Huron tribes to the West
 The Huron's were more settled and connected to the Fren...
4) the french in canada
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

4) the french in canada

324 views

Published on

Published in: Spiritual
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
324
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
1
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

4) the french in canada

  1. 1.  New Mexico Cont.  Onate was focused on gaining support for the colony via silver mines which failed to materialize  He then turned to the Great Plains and the pacific coast but found nothing  As a result the Pueblo’s fell victim to Spanish atrocities due to Onate’s inability to lead  Finally in 1607 Onate was removed from power and the Franciscan’s took control of the colony  While the colony continued to remain poor and weak the Franciscans did enjoy success converting the Pueblo’s  By 1628 the friars had spread 50 missions through the Rio Grande Valley mainly in existing Pueblo villages
  2. 2.   The French had developed a few colonies (Fort Carolina) near the Spanish but all had been destroyed  They decided to form their next colony in the far North where the Spanish lacked influence  In 1541 the French sent up a colony along the St. Lawrence River in modern Canada  The cold terrain, scurvy, and the hostile natives soon defeated the colony  Despite the failure of the colony the French soon found two valuable commodities in Furs and Fish French Exploration
  3. 3.   The first Europeans to visit North America found the natives wealthy in furs  Used for high fashion in Europe  Allowed easy profit by Europeans without messy colonialism  Traders brought with them metal objects, glass beads, and alcohol  Trade was conducted via traditional native protocol  As it changed over from the late 16th into the early 17th century trade became more widespread  This lead to increased native European contact  We also see natives begin to increase their demands on their environment The Fur Trade
  4. 4.   Despite value of the Fur Trade the French first began to form trading posts only at the beginning of the 17th century  The first Canadian settlements were small all male settlements around Acadia  All of these settlements were ineffective and short lived  The Final of these settlements was destroyed by the English in 1613  After the failure of these early colonies the French refocused on the St. Lawrence Valley Canada
  5. 5.  Canada Cont.  Samuel de Champlain led the settlement of the first permanent colony of New France in 1608 with Québec  After 20 years of settlement New France only had 82 all male settlers  The Settlers relied on the good will of the local tribes  Due to the necessity of the alliances with local tribes the French made a powerful enemy in the Iroquois  Despite the focus of New France on the Fur trade the real support came from the Jesuit missionaries
  6. 6.  The Iroquois  The Iroquois confederacy was made up of five powerful tribes  They were previous enemies who were united by Deganawida and Hiawatha  The Confederacy had a central capital as well as a yearly meeting of their chiefs  The Tribes focus was heavily on war and military  The tribes typically were constantly fighting “Morning Wars”  Due to the focus on internal peace they began to push to the North eventually conflicting with the French  The Iroquois also benefited from trade with the Dutch of the Hudson Valley
  7. 7.   The Jesuits sustained the weak French colonies early on in Canada  Jesuits founded in 16th century by Ignatius of Loyola  Focused on Conversion, founding schools, and research  First attempt to evangelize the northern Natives took place in 1615 called the Recollet  Natives held the upper hand in the relationship from the beginning  After 10 years the Recollet found only minimal success  The Jesuits came into the region in 1625 and took control of conversion The Jesuit Expansion
  8. 8.   The Jesuits focused at first on the Huron tribes to the West  The Huron's were more settled and connected to the French than other northern tribes  The Jesuits also focused on local conversion through native languages and missions  Despite the advances the Jesuits made in converting the local population we do see issues arise  Jesuits were expected to take on the same roles as traditional shamans  Conflict between Christianity and traditional religion/culture Jesuits cont.

×