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4) the french in canada
4) the french in canada
4) the french in canada
4) the french in canada
4) the french in canada
4) the french in canada
4) the french in canada
4) the french in canada
4) the french in canada
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4) the french in canada

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  • 1.  New Mexico Cont.  Onate was focused on gaining support for the colony via silver mines which failed to materialize  He then turned to the Great Plains and the pacific coast but found nothing  As a result the Pueblo’s fell victim to Spanish atrocities due to Onate’s inability to lead  Finally in 1607 Onate was removed from power and the Franciscan’s took control of the colony  While the colony continued to remain poor and weak the Franciscans did enjoy success converting the Pueblo’s  By 1628 the friars had spread 50 missions through the Rio Grande Valley mainly in existing Pueblo villages
  • 2.   The French had developed a few colonies (Fort Carolina) near the Spanish but all had been destroyed  They decided to form their next colony in the far North where the Spanish lacked influence  In 1541 the French sent up a colony along the St. Lawrence River in modern Canada  The cold terrain, scurvy, and the hostile natives soon defeated the colony  Despite the failure of the colony the French soon found two valuable commodities in Furs and Fish French Exploration
  • 3.   The first Europeans to visit North America found the natives wealthy in furs  Used for high fashion in Europe  Allowed easy profit by Europeans without messy colonialism  Traders brought with them metal objects, glass beads, and alcohol  Trade was conducted via traditional native protocol  As it changed over from the late 16th into the early 17th century trade became more widespread  This lead to increased native European contact  We also see natives begin to increase their demands on their environment The Fur Trade
  • 4.   Despite value of the Fur Trade the French first began to form trading posts only at the beginning of the 17th century  The first Canadian settlements were small all male settlements around Acadia  All of these settlements were ineffective and short lived  The Final of these settlements was destroyed by the English in 1613  After the failure of these early colonies the French refocused on the St. Lawrence Valley Canada
  • 5.  Canada Cont.  Samuel de Champlain led the settlement of the first permanent colony of New France in 1608 with Québec  After 20 years of settlement New France only had 82 all male settlers  The Settlers relied on the good will of the local tribes  Due to the necessity of the alliances with local tribes the French made a powerful enemy in the Iroquois  Despite the focus of New France on the Fur trade the real support came from the Jesuit missionaries
  • 6.  The Iroquois  The Iroquois confederacy was made up of five powerful tribes  They were previous enemies who were united by Deganawida and Hiawatha  The Confederacy had a central capital as well as a yearly meeting of their chiefs  The Tribes focus was heavily on war and military  The tribes typically were constantly fighting “Morning Wars”  Due to the focus on internal peace they began to push to the North eventually conflicting with the French  The Iroquois also benefited from trade with the Dutch of the Hudson Valley
  • 7.   The Jesuits sustained the weak French colonies early on in Canada  Jesuits founded in 16th century by Ignatius of Loyola  Focused on Conversion, founding schools, and research  First attempt to evangelize the northern Natives took place in 1615 called the Recollet  Natives held the upper hand in the relationship from the beginning  After 10 years the Recollet found only minimal success  The Jesuits came into the region in 1625 and took control of conversion The Jesuit Expansion
  • 8.   The Jesuits focused at first on the Huron tribes to the West  The Huron's were more settled and connected to the French than other northern tribes  The Jesuits also focused on local conversion through native languages and missions  Despite the advances the Jesuits made in converting the local population we do see issues arise  Jesuits were expected to take on the same roles as traditional shamans  Conflict between Christianity and traditional religion/culture Jesuits cont.

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