Floras of faisalabad


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Floras of faisalabad

  1. 1. Floras of Faisalabad Herbs
  2. 2. Amaranthus viridus: • • • • Amarnthus viridus: Common name: Pig weed Scientific name: Amaranthus viridis Characteristics: It is an erect, perennial broadleaf herb, growing up to 75 to 100cm high. • Stem: It has cylindrical, smooth stem. Leaves: Alternate leaves, long-petiolated, 4 to 10cm long with a broad base, 1.5 to 5.5cm wide. • Fruit: The fruit is a capsule, 1.2mm long and 1mm large, with one seed. The upper side of the fruit has a short stigma divided into threepieces. Seeds: seeds are 1 to 1.25mm in diameter, brown or black, shiny, slightly compressed,. • Uses: It is used as vegetable.
  3. 3. Achyranthus aspera • • • • • • • • • • Achyranthus aspera Common name: Prickly chaff flower Scientific Name: Achyranthes aspera Characteristics: It is an erect, branched herbs or under shrubs, up to 15 cm. high It grows as wasteland herb everywhere Stem: It has an angular, more or less densely hairy stem. Leaves: Leaves are opposite, or rounded at apex. Seeds: Seeds are Deflexed, congested near the apex of the axis, perfect, bracts and bracteoles sub equal. Uses: It is Seeds rich in protein, cooked and eaten. It is used in religious ceremonies in India.
  4. 4. Boerhaavia diffusa • • • • • • • • • Boerhaavia diffusa: Common name: Punarnava Scientific Name: Boerhavia diffusa Characteristics: It is a species of flowering plant. It is a perennial herb. The Boerhavia diffusa plant grows throughout India, as a weed in water lands and road sides. Leaves: two leaves on each node are present, one smaller than the other. Flowers: The flowers are very small, reddish or whitish. The plant flowers and fruits in monsoon. Uses: The leaves of Boerhavia diffusa are often used as a green vegetable in many parts of India. It is a folk medicine and super-food.
  5. 5. Convolvulus arvensis: • Convolvulus arvensis: • Common name: Field bindweed • Scientific Name: Convolvulus arvensis • Characteristics: Convolvulus arvensis is a perennial plant is a that produces stems 2-4cm' long. • Leaves: Leaf size and shape are variable, but generally the leaves are 1 to 2 inches long, smooth and shaped like an arrowhead. • Flowers: Flowers are funnel-shaped, about 1 inch diameter, and white or pink in color. The flower stalk has two small bracts located ½ to 2 inches below the flower. • Stem: The twining stems vary from 1.5 to 6 feet or more in length. The stems are sometimes hairy . • Uses: • Field Bindweed is an attractive plant while it is in flower, but it can be very aggressive and persistent and used as an ornamental plant.
  6. 6. Mentha longifolia • Mentha longifolia: • Common name: wild mint • Scientific name: Mentha longifolia • Characteristics: Mentha longifolia or wild mint is a fastgrowing, perennial. It can reach up to 1.5 m high in favourable conditions, but is usually between 0.5-1 m high and even shorter in dry conditions. • Leaves: The leaves are formed in pairs opposite each other along the square-shaped and from light and dark green to grey in color. Leaves are between 45-100 mm long and 7-20 mm wide. • Flower: The flowers are 3–5 mm long, purplish, or white, produced in dense clusters on tall, branched, flowering in mid to late summer. • Uses: • Wild mint is a popular traditional medicine. It is mainly used for respiratory ailments but many other uses have also been recorded. • It is mostly the leaves that are used, usually to make a tea.
  7. 7. Euphorbia prostrata: • Euphorbia prostrata: • Common name: Prostrate sand mat • Scientific name: Euphorbia prostrata • Characteristics: • Euphorbia prostrata is a species known by the common name prostrate sand mat. it can be found in varied habitat types and in many areas grows as a roadside weed. This is an annual herb. • Stem: it produce slender prostrate stems up to about 20 centimeters long, sometimes purple in color. • Leaves: The oval-shaped leaves are up to a centimeter long with finely toothed edges. • Flower: There are four male flowers and a single female flower, the latter developing into a lobed, hairy fruit one to two millimeters wide. • • Use: • Euphorbia prostrata extract has been found effective for treatment of bleeding hemorrhoids due to its contents of flavonoids and phenolic acids. •
  8. 8. Galium verum • Galium verum: • Common name: Lady's Bedstraw or Yellow Bedstraw • Scientific name: Galium verum • Characteristics: • It is an herbaceous perennial plant of the family Rubiaceae, native to Europe and Asia. It is a low scrambling plant. • Stem: it has stems growing to 60–120 centimeters long, frequently rooting where they touch the ground. • Leaves: The leaves are 1–3 cm long and 2 millimeters broad, shiny dark green, hairy underneath, borne in whorls of 8–12. • Flowers: The flowers are 2–3 mm in diameter, yellow, and produced in dense clusters. • Uses: • The plant is also used to make red madder-like and yellow dyes. • The flowers were also used to coagulate milk in cheese manufacture.
  9. 9. Anagallis arvensis • Anagallis arvensis: • Common name: Scarlet Pimpernel • Scientific name: Anagallis arvensis • Characteristics: • Anagallis arvensis also known as red pimpernel is a low-growing annual plant. • Stem: Scarlet pimpernel has weak sprawling stems growing to about 50 cm long, • Leaves: It bear bright green ovate sessile leaves in opposite pairs. • Flowers: The small orange, red or blue flowers are produced in the leaf axils from spring to autumn. Pimpernel flowers are open only when the sun shines. • Uses: • The squeezed plant in Nepal is used for bathing and washing. • Leaves are cooked and used as a spinach. The tender shoots are cooked as a vegetable.
  10. 10. Coriandrum sativum • Coriander: • Common name: Coriander: • Scientific name: coriandrum sativum • Characteristics: • Coriander is an annual herb in the family Apiaceae. . It is a soft plant growing to 50 cm tall. • Leaves: The leaves are variable in shape, broadly lobed at the base of the plant, and slender and feathery higher on the flowering stems. • Flower: The flowers are borne in small umbels, white or very pale pink, asymmetrical, with the petals pointing away from the center of the umbel. • Fruit: The fruit is a globular, dry 3–5 mm in diameter. • Uses: • It is a rich source of Iron, Magnesium, and Non organic Phosphorus. • They are used as a flavoring in salads, soups etc.