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MATC Fall Lecture Series: David Connell
 

MATC Fall Lecture Series: David Connell

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MATC Fall 2012 Lecture Series

MATC Fall 2012 Lecture Series

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  • http://www.bts.gov/publications/national_transportation_statistics/html/table_01_40.htmlAmerican Passenger Train by Mike SchaferSteam Railroads by Harold Barger Publish 1951
  • http://www.fra.dot.gov/rpd/downloads/HSR_Map_2011_03_15.pdf
  • Union Pacific uses a track renewal train, the TRT 909, to install concrete ties and rail replacing existing track. The TRT can install up to 6,500 ties in a twelve-hour day. The production on the SPCSL was enhanced by having the TRT stay cut-in rather than having shorter windows and clearing up every day to run trains. This took a considerable amount of effort and coordination by Amtrak and our Operating Department to bus around the TRT work and detour trains to make this possible. By staying cut-it, it increased our daily production by as much as 40%. With the increased production, it reduced the TRT work from a 4-year project to 3 years. The track renewal train is nearly one-half mile long and consists of locomotives, several support cars, the track renewal machine itself and about 30 tie cars, with each car capable of carrying 210 concrete ties. Three sets of gantry cranes move the concrete ties forward for the TRT to drop into place and the machine then threads the new rail onto the ties. The old wooden ties are picked up by the gantry cranes and loaded back onto the tie cars for movement to a facility for sorting. The old rail is threaded out as the machine works its way down the track and it is picked up at a later time by a rail train to be recycled.As we continue to re-construct the main line, existing turnouts are being replaced that include concrete ties and crossings are re-constructed as well.

MATC Fall Lecture Series: David Connell MATC Fall Lecture Series: David Connell Presentation Transcript

  • IDOT/UP High Speed Rail Project Chicago – St. LouisUP/MATC Lecture SeriesLincoln, NENov. 9, 2012David Connell, VP Operations, Northern Region, Union Pacific Railroad1
  • Talking Points • U.S. Passenger train history • High speed rail/stimulus • Illinois high speed rail project • Project design • Construction status/schedule • Startup2
  • When People Traveled by Train • 1940 - 67.1% passengers by rail • WWII - 97% troops via rail. • 1944 vs. 2011 – 80% < passenger miles • 1944 vs. 2011 - 95% < intercity passengers • 1944 vs. 2011 – 93% < passenger revenue. • Causes of U. S. passenger rail demise: – Eisenhower interstate system – U. S. love affair with the automobile – Railroads lose U. S. Mail contract3
  • Creation of Amtrak • Throughout the 1960s, Railroads wanted out of the money losing passenger business • Rail Passenger Service Act of 1970 created Amtrak. – Freight railroads donated passenger equipment to Amtrak and capital. • Freight railroads are required to: – Grant Amtrak access to their track. – Give priority status to Amtrak trains over own freight trains. • Amtrak major intercity passenger carrier. – 22,000 miles Amtrak operates owned by freight railroads. – 750 miles owned by Amtrak (Boston to Washington, D.C.)4
  • Passenger Service on Union Pacific Today Seattle Portland Duluth Twin Cities Chicago53,000 Salt Lake City NorthWeekly Platte 547,000Riders Weekly KC Riders Bay Area Denver St. Louis Memphis LA 47,000 Ft. Worth Weekly Riders New El Paso Austin Weekly Weekly On-Time Orleans Riders Trains % Amtrak on UP San Antonio Houston UP Commuter Commuter Services 647,000 1,450 94% (incl Capitol Corridor) Amtrak on UP 89,000 328 85% Total UP 736,000 1,778 92%5
  • International High Speed Passenger Service • Max commercial train speed – 150 mph United States – 185 - 200 mph for the majority of installed systems in Asia and Europe • Current speed record for a conventional commercial train TGV POS trainset 357.2 mph. • Dedicated controlled access ROW Amtrak 79 MPH Amtrak Acela 150 MPH Germany ICE 3 199 MPH6
  • High-Speed Intercity Passenger Rail Program • $8 Billion funding from American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA) • Partnership with states, FRA, Amtrak and some freight railroads • Investment focused on three key objectives: – Build new high-speed rail corridors; – Improve reliability, speed, and frequency of existing services; and – Lay the groundwork for future high- As of 03/15/2011 speed rail services. Source: FRA HSIPR Program created to address nation’s transportation challenges by making strategic investments in an efficient network of passenger rail corridors that connect communities across the country.7
  • Illinois HSR Project (Purpose & Benefits) • IDOT approached UP in mid-2009 asking for UP cooperation • Purpose of project – Enhance the passenger transportation network within the Chicago to St. Louis corridor. • Benefits – Job Creation (1,240+ jobs). – Passenger trains > to 110 mph. • Freight trains remain @ 60 mph. • Increase ridership 70%. – Substantial travel time and reliability improvements, 45-50 minute reduction per train. – Decreased highway congestion. – Improved road crossings. – New rolling stock. • Illinois HSR Project awarded $1.5 B8
  • Status Illinois HSR Passenger Service • Current train status – 4 Corridor State supported train pairs – 79 MPH – 1 Amtrak (Texas to Chicago) 79 MPH • Projected status – 3 Corridor State supported train pairs – 110 MPH – 1 Corridor State supported train pairs – 79 MPH – 1 Amtrak (Texas to Chicago) 79 MPH9
  • Illinois High Speed Rail Project ChicagoFunded Project Summary Bloomington MP 126.4Project Elements - $847 million of investment on UP• 266 miles main track rehab. NS CP Canal CP Justice• Rebuild 15 sidings & construct 1 siding. MP 36.7• Construct 36 miles of 2nd main Joliet Intermodal Facility Metra• Rehab/replace ~ 200 bridge structures & culverts. CN• Install new signal system with PTC. I&M Elwood NS NS WilmingtonProgress to date - 2010 thru 2012 Hazel Dell Braidwood• ~217 track miles of new rail installed. BNSF• 50 new turnouts. Dwight Nelson Rochelle Chicago• 27 bridge structures. NS• 235 new road crossings. BNSF Odell BNSF Galesburg Woodland Jct.• $217 million invested thru 2012. Peoria Joliet Sub KCS Pontiac Bloomington TPW Springfield Main Track rehabilitation to 110 MPH Chenoa Sub Springfield Findlay Jct. Completed in 2010 Ballard Completed in 2011 Salem Completed in 2012 St. Louis E. St. Louis To Complete in 2013 ? NS KCS Mt. Vernon Normal De Soto Control Benton Jct. New 2nd Main Track and siding Chester Gorham/Chap construction 2013 - 15Signal system upgrade and bridge rehab St. Louis Bloomington MP 126.4across the corridor 2013 - 1410
  • Project Track Design • Track geometry • 215 miles tangent track • 29 miles curved track • Maximum curve speed • Degree of Curve • Superelevation - To counteract the centrifugal force, the outer rail is elevated over the lower rail • Imbalance range 0” to 5” underbalanced elevation • Most Amtrak equipment qualified to operate up to 5” imbalance • Curve design criteria • Max. freight speed = 60 MPH • Calculated @ equilibrium • Passenger speed = 110 MPH • Calculated @ 4” Unbalance11
  • Illinois HSR Track Components • Track components – Concrete ties – Elastic fasteners – Premium 136 lb. rail – Glued insulated joints – Concrete pads for crossings12
  • Illinois HSR Turnouts • Concrete turnouts • #24 concrete • Tangential design • 50 MPH diverging • Sidings/Jcts • #14 concrete for industry • In-tie switch rodding13
  • Illinois HSR – Construction • U. P. responsible for track/signal/bridge delivery – Six weeks from 2010 agreement to construction commencement • IDOT will contract stations, equipment, etc • The first stimulus related HSR Project to go to construction • 2010 upgraded 76.5 miles main track • 2011 upgraded 114.4 miles main track • 2012 upgraded 48 miles main track14
  • Illinois HSR - Track Renewal Train (TRT 909) • Track Renewal Train (TRT) converts wood tie track to concrete at a rate of 2 miles/day – Installed rail over 237 miles of new track – Installed 617,953 new concrete ties – 1.2 Million tons of ballast placed – Renewed 234 crossings – Installed 27 switches15
  • Illinois HSR – Chicago to St. Louis Before & After TRT – Tangent Track MP 194.00 UP takes on maintenance responsibility for Class 6 track and enhanced signaling without realizing substantial operating benefit Class 4 60 MPH Class 6 110 MPH16
  • Signal Infrastructure Improvements • Overlay existing signal system with Positive Train Control (cab signal temporarily) • Install necessary grade crossing warning devices at all road crossings. – 204 Public – 25 Field to field Farm Field to Farm Field – 14 Private • Gates on all private/field crossings • 4 quad gates on all public crossings • Presence loop detectors 4 Quad Gates17
  • Operation Cab Signals & ITCS on Hi-Speed Line Speed Limit (MPH) 20 seconds- 80 secs- 2.4miles 1/4 mile 110 79 Conventional Crossing Warning System Approach Amtrak Locomotive Equipped Circuit Limit configured for with UP Cab Signals and ITCS 79mph approach 15 0 Locomotive sends request (via radio) to crossing to “arm” for high-speed operation and 80sec warning time, allowing operation at speeds grater than allowed by conventional approach circuit If all crossing subsystems are “healthy”, crossing arms and sends acknowledgement to locomotive which allows high-speed operation ( ) If all crossing subsystems are not “healthy”, crossing sends indication which causes locomotive to restrict speed of train ( ) Highway Crossing Warning System If crossing subsystems become unhealthy or a vehicle is detected in the crossing after equipped with: activation, crossing sends indication which causes locomotive to restrict speed of train ( ) •Four-Quadrant Gates •Exit Gate Management System •Highway Vehicle Occupancy If locomotive never receives acknowledgement from crossing, locomotive restricts speed of Detection train to speed limit allowed by conventional approach circuit ( ) •ITCS Communications Equipment18
  • Positive Train Control (PTC) The Rail Safety Improvement Act of 2008 specifically requires that each PTC system be designed to do the following: • Prevent train-to-train collisions • Prevent over speed derailments • Prevent incursion into work zones • Prevent movement of trains thru a switch. PTC Challenges Communications Spectrum • Ensuring throughput for safe and efficient movement of trains Interoperability • Communications • System Behavior and Response • On Board Display Predictive Enforcement Complexity • Ensure safe braking calculations Note: FRA mandated $1.5 billion financial requirement. PTC must be fully implemented nation wide by Dec 31, 2015.19
  • First Hi-Speed Segment • Dwight to Pontiac, Illinois • MP 75 to MP 90.4 • Speeds of up to 110mph • Cab signal installation • ITCS at crossings (passenger) • Crossings have quad gates including loop detection • Siding rebuild • Associated fencing • Safety and infrastructure improvements • Drainage • Work completed with a VIP inaugural run October 1920
  • Start UP Signal System Components Start-up Service • 14 Grade Crossings • Right of way fencing • Cab signals • Extensive coordination – IDOT – Local municipalities – ICC21
  • Illinois HSR – Chicago to St. Louis Start-up Service • Rehab track for FRA Class 6 • Re-construct Odell Siding • Re-construct 2.7 miles • 50 mph • 20 Ft. track centers • No. 24 turnouts • Bridges & culverts22
  • Illinois High Speed Rail Project ChicagoConstruction Plan – 2013-2016 Bloomington Tier 4 – 2014/15 MP 126.4 NS CP Canal Note: Construction Projects broken Tier 3 – 2014/15 CP Justice done into tiers to allow for NEPA • 8 Miles 2nd ML Elkhart MP 36.7 approval process to be completed in • Athol Siding Joliet Intermodal phases for Construction to Start • Ridgley Siding Facility Metra • Auburn Siding CN I&M Elwood Springfield Tier 6 – 2016 NS NS Wilmington • 5 Miles 2nd ML Joliet • Braidwood Siding Hazel Dell • Dwight Siding Braidwood Tier 2 – 2013 • 8 Miles 2nd ML Girard BNSF • Carlinville Siding Dwight Nelson Rochelle Chicago NS Tier 1S – 2015 BNSF Galesburg BNSF Odell Woodland Jct. • 16 Miles 2nd ML Shipman Peoria Joliet to Godfrey Tier 1N – 2012 Sub KCS Pontiac • Odell Siding Bloomington • Pontiac Siding TPW Springfield Tier 5 – 2015 Chenoa Sub Springfield Findlay Jct. • Signal System Godfrey Ballard to Q Tower Salem Tier 4 – 2014/15 St. Louis E. St. Louis NS KCS • Ballard Siding Mt. Vernon Normal De Soto Control • Normal Siding Benton Jct. Chester St. Louis • McClean Siding Gorham/Chap Bloomington MP 126.423
  • Background on Union Pacific Railroad • Largest railroad in North America. • Operates western 2/3rd of U. S. • 150 year old company this year. – Founded in 1862. • Fortune 143 company with revenues of $19.5 billion. • Primary role is freight with increasing passenger participation • 45,000 Employees24
  • U. P. Commodities Carloads Energy 2.0 million Industrial .9 million Agricultural .8 million Chemicals .9 million Intermodal 3.6 million Automotive .4 million25
  • Operating Infrastructure • 32,006 mi route • 112 Million ties • 12,245 mi of yards, sidings, & industry leads • 31,434 Turnouts • 18,031 Bridges (417 mi) • 296 Tunnels (62.2 mi) • 26,441 Active public crossings • 6,793 Buildings • 62 Auto or intermodal ramps • 62 Car and loco shops • 45 Major switching yards • 12,500 Signal facilities26
  • Freight Rail Industry Vibrant and Growing • 1916 – 254,521 route miles Big freight trains shot • 1940 vs. 2011 - 93% < miles • 1940 vs. 2011 - 460% > ton miles • 1944 vs. 2011 – 230% > aver. tons/car • 2011 – 138,623 route miles 300,000 2,000 1,800 Ton Miles of Freight (billions) 250,000 1,600 1,400 200,000 Miles of Track 1,200 150,000 1,000 800 100,000 600 400 50,000 200 0 0 1940 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2011 Miles of Track Ton-Miles of Frieght27
  • Rail Related Engineering Degrees • The railroad industry offers graduate engineers a very rewarding environment to work. • Excellent opportunities for new graduate engineers in the present and coming years. • Engineering degrees favored for the U. P. Engineering Associates in the Operating Management Training program: – Civil – Construction Management – Electrical – Electronic – Industrial – Structural – Mechanical28
  • Questions?29