Genetics preImportance of Genetics in crop improvement & economics of Bangladeshsentation

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Importance of Genetics in crop improvement & economics of Bangladesh …

Importance of Genetics in crop improvement & economics of Bangladesh

By
MD. MASUDUL HASSAN
Faculty of agribusiness management
Sau,dhaka-1207

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  • 1. Welcome to our presentation Presentation Topic: Importance of Genetics in crop improvement & economics of Bangladesh
  • 2. Presented by Group name: Gladiolus Member: 10-03992 MD. MASUDUL HASSAN 10-03964 MD. ROBIUL ISLAM 10-03940 SONIA NUSRIN 10-04037 MD. SAZZAD BIN AZAD 11-04651 Md. Rishad Hasan
  • 3. Crop genetic resources are the basis of agricultural production, and significant economic benefits have resulted from their conservation use.
  • 4. Bangladesh constitutes a large part of the South Asian Mega Centre of genetic diversity. The landscape of Bangladesh is the abode of some 5 000 species of vascular plants1. There are more than 500 species of medicinal plants, 130 species of fibre resources (both wild and cultivated), 18 species of bamboo. It is the secondary centre of origin of major crops like rice, a number of vegetables like eggplant, the cucurbits, beans, fruits like jackfruit, banana, mango and citrus, spices like chilli, ginger and turmeric etc. Country report on the state of plant genetic resources for food and agriculture Bangladesh. www.fao.org
  • 5. What is a wild plant today can turn out to be an important plant tomorrow with our new knowledge about its intrinsic value in food and nutrition, in medicare, its new use through new processing technology; the contributions that plant genetic resources make in keeping a sound environment and in sustaining the ecosystem notwithstanding.
  • 6. Increased Use of Plant Genetic Resources : the number of germplasm used for breeding, seed enhancement and supply by the Bangladesh Agricultural Research Institute was 590 accessions, Bangladesh Rice Research Institute about 20 000 accessions, Bangladesh Tea Research Institute about 30, Cotton Development Board 130, Bangladesh Sugarcane Research Institute 229, Bangladesh Jute Research Institute 2 915, east West Seed (Bd.) Limited Bangladesh 5 263 and Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujiubur Rahman Agricultural University used 547. Country report on the state of plant genetic resources for food and agriculture Bangladesh. www.fao.org
  • 7. State of food security : Despite a significant progress in domestic food grain production in recent decades (from 11.0 million tons in 1971 to about 27.0 million tons 2007), widespread poverty and food insecurity prevails in the country. The long-term strategy calls for redressing the poverty problem from at least two fronts: (a) a steady supply of food at a price affordable to the general mass of the people, and (b) increasing and diversifying income opportunities for the poor that would ensure their purchasing power. In meeting these pre-conditions, the government aims to ensure increased food production through (i) improved efficiency in production, (ii) an increased efficiency in the food distribution system and (iii) increased trade and commerce. Country report on the state of plant genetic resources for food and agriculture Bangladesh. www.fao.org
  • 8. Agriculture – a changing scenario Bangladesh agriculture, as we indicated above, is gradually transforming from the subsistence production system to commercial agriculture. Under the traditional subsistence farming practices, the farmers produced crops mainly for household consumption and the surplus, if any, was sold in the market. The importance of traditional cash crops (jute, sugarcane, tobacco, etc.) of Bangladeshi farmers has diminished with time. Of necessity, farmers are now turning towards food crops like rice, wheat, fruits and vegetables for commercial production and for cash earning. This trend of commercialization of agriculture is clearly visible nowadays in the production systems being followed by the farmers of the country.
  • 9. The seed supply system : With the change of subsistence crop production system to commercial agriculture, an accompanying change in the seed. supply system is now noticeable. Farmers now look for quality seeds in the market, instead of the traditional practice of saving seeds for growing in the next season. The private seed entrepreneurship in Bangladesh started in early 1970s accelerated during 1990s and exhibited a sustained growth well into 2000s16.Up until 1990s, the officially recognized seed production and distribution agency was the Bangladesh Agricultural Development Corporation (BADC), a public sector organization. Agricultural research institutes, universities and others involved in crop variety development, supply Breeder Seed to BADC for production of Foundation Seed and Certified Seed. The National Seed Policy (NSP) declared in 1993 made provisions for private sector to play a role in seed production and distribution. Country report on the state of plant genetic resources for food and agriculture Bangladesh. www.fao.org
  • 10. Wild plants related to cultivated crops More than 300 wild indigenous species of plants have been identified that are relatives to the cultivated crops grown in Bangladesh22 (Appendix Table 1).
  • 11. Country report on the state of plant genetic resources for food and agriculture Bangladesh. www.fao.org
  • 12. Changing relative importance of crops
  • 13. Increased productivity & Export: There are more than 160 crops grown in Bangladesh13. Rice, wheat, sugarcane, pulses, oilseeds, potato and vegetables are the main food crops. The other major crops are sugarcane, jute and tea. With a rapid increase in vegetable production by using HYV in recent years, some vegetables are now exported to a number of countries in the Middle east and the European Union. Country report on the state of plant genetic resources for food and agriculture Bangladesh. www.fao.org
  • 14. According to the information received from the Rice Exporters Association of Bangladesh, a total of 10,000 and 8,500 metric tons of aromatic fine rice were exported in 2006 and 2007 respectively mainly to USA, UK, Canada, Italy and some middle-eastern countries by using HYV of Rice. http://www.foodsecurityatlas.org/bgd/country/availability/agricultural-production
  • 15. THANK YOU FOR YOUR PATIENCE. THANKS TO ALL