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Luxemburgopdf Presentation Transcript

  • 1. SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT Students: Pablo Amador Labrador Claudia Esteban Patón Miguel López Gil Julia Navarro Piqueres Helena Palao Galarzo         
  • 2. introduction
  • 3. introduction
  • 4. to look for the way for economic activity to maintain or improve the environmental system
  • 5. to look for the way for economic activity to maintain or improve the environmental system to assure that the economic activity improves the quality of everybody’s life, not only of a few ones
  • 6. to look for the way for economic activity to maintain or improve the environmental systemto use the resources efficiently to assure that the economic activity improves the quality of everybody’s life, not only of a few ones
  • 7. to look for the way for economic activity to maintain or improve the environmental systemto use the resources efficiently to promote recycling and reusability to assure that the economic activity improves the quality of everybody’s life, not only of a few ones
  • 8. to look for the way for economic activity to maintain or improve the environmental system to use the resources efficiently to promote recycling and reusabilityto trust development andthe implantation of clean technologies to assure that the economic activity improves the quality of everybody’s life, not only of a few ones
  • 9. to look for the way for economic activity to maintain or improve the environmental system to use the resources efficiently to promote recycling and reusabilityto trust development and to recover the damaged ecosystemsthe implantation of clean technologies to assure that the economic activity improves the quality of everybody’s life, not only of a few ones
  • 10. to look for the way for economic activity to maintain or improve the environmental system to use the resources efficiently to promote recycling and reusabilityto trust development and to recover the damaged ecosystemsthe implantation of clean technologiesto promote regional self-sufficiency to assure that the economic activity improves the quality of everybody’s life, not only of a few ones
  • 11. to look for the way for economic activity to maintain to recognize the importance of nature or improve the environmental system for human well-being to use the resources efficiently to promote recycling and reusabilityto trust development and to recover the damaged ecosystemsthe implantation of clean technologiesto promote regional self-sufficiency to assure that the economic activity improves the quality of everybody’s life, not only of a few ones
  • 12. sustainable development
  • 13. sustainable developmentThe term ‘sustainable development’, everlasting or sustainable, is applied to thesocioeconomic development, it was made official for the first time in a document known as”The Brundtland report ” (1987 ), result of the works by the Environment and DevelopmentWorld-wide Commission of United Nations , created in Assembly of United Nations in 1983 .This definition would be assumed in the 3rd Principle of the Declaration of Rio (1992).
  • 14. 1
  • 15. Organic farming
  • 16. Typical organic farming practices include:1Wide crop rotation as a prerequisite for an efficient use of on-site resources2Very strict limits on chemical synthetic pesticide and synthetic fertiliser use, livestock antibiotics, food additives and processing aids and other inputs3Absolute prohibition of the use of genetically modified organisms4Taking advantage of on-site resources, such as livestock manure for fertiliser or feed produced on the farm5Choosing plant and animal species that are resistant to disease and adapted to local conditions6Raising livestock in free-range, open-air systems and providing them with organic feed7Using animal husbandry practices appropriate to different livestock species
  • 17. 1Environmental protection2Animal welfare2Consumer confidence4Society and economy
  • 18. Ones related to its environmental impact, as fewer chemicals are used.The help to local farmers (who are the main producers of organic farming)The avoidance of dangerous chemicals by the farmers.
  • 19. 2
  • 20. Organic animal farming
  • 21. When talking about organic animal farming, these points need to be taken into account:The main requirement when developing ecological farming is to fulfil the principle of complementarity between the soil and the animals, reason why production in closed stables is excluded. The fact that production is bound to the ground implies that the animals have outdoors space and that the density of animal by hectare is limited. All the bred animals in the same farm must grow up according to the rules of ecological production.Breeds, the ones that better adapt to the surroundings and the most resistant to diseases, must beselected.The vets must emphasize prevention. Should treatment be needed, the natural ones must bepreferred over treatments with antibiotics.Growth-stimulating substances are forbidden (i.e. hormones), as well as the ones that control thereproduction.The well-being of the animal is high-priority. Some practices (as cutting their tails, teeth or gettingrid of their corns) are used solely for security, hygiene or health reasons. It is not allowed to keepthe animals tied. Very precise regulations are settled down on the characteristics of a breedingfacility. Transport must be made respecting the well-being of the animal, so that stress is minimal.
  • 22. biomass
  • 23. biomass
  • 24. biomass
  • 25. energy
  • 26. 3
  • 27. Alternative energy sources
  • 28. Regarding sustainable development, it is accomplished by: -Renewable energy sources, as the fossil fuel currently exploited will be used up.-Clean sources, leaving conventional combustion processes and nuclear fissionbehind.-Extensive exploitation of energy sources, and alternatively fomenting self-consumption (which avoids the building of big facilities for generation anddistribution of electricity)-Diminishing the energetic demand through the improvement of the performance ofelectrical appliances.-Less electricity, as lots of it is wasted.
  • 29. wind power
  • 30. geothermal
  • 31. hydraulic or hydroelectric
  • 32. wave power
  • 33. solar 1
  • 34. solar 2
  • 35. 4
  • 36. Sustainable tourism
  • 37. definition
  • 38. definition To be suitable use of the natural resources
  • 39. definition To be suitable use of the natural resources To show respect by the socio-cultural diversity
  • 40. definition To be suitable use of the natural resources To show respect by the socio-cultural diversity To assure suitable enterprise practices
  • 41. The natural and cultural resources are kept for their continued use in the future.The tourist development is planned and managed so that it doesnot cause serious environmental or socio-cultural problems;The environmental quality stays and improves;
  • 42. The natural and cultural resources are kept for their continued use in the future.The tourist development is planned and managed so that it doesnot cause serious environmental or socio-cultural problems;The environmental quality stays and improves;To maintain a high level of visitor satisfaction is aimed, therefore the destination keeps its prestige and commercial potentialThe benefits of the tourism must be widely distributed between the whole society.
  • 43. Sustainable tourism can reduce the impact of the tourism in many ways, including:-To give information about the culture, policy and economy of the visited communities-To respect local culture-To contribute to intercultural understanding and tolerance.-To support local culture integrity, favouring the companies that preserve the cultural patrimony and traditional values.-To support local economy through buying local products.-Conserving resources, looking for companies which are environmentally concerned and using fewnon-renewable resources.
  • 44. ecoturism
  • 45. Looks for the establishment of sustainable tourism patterns, specific for each destination (bearing in mind its social, economic and environmental circumstances)
  • 46. Looks for the establishment of sustainable tourism patterns, specific for each destination (bearing in mind its social, economic and environmental circumstances)Complains about the negative impact on the hosting regions, as well as the distorted image that visitors may perceive.
  • 47. Looks for the establishment of sustainable tourism patterns, specific for each destination (bearing in mind its social, economic and environmental circumstances)Complains about the negative impact on the hosting regions, as well as the distorted image that visitors may perceive. Values and claims for the responsibility of tourists, organisers, public institutions and tourist operators when promoting these sustainable touristic patterns.
  • 48. “example”
  • 49. ? ?? ???
  • 50. 5
  • 51. Sustainable architecture
  • 52. -To take into account the climatic conditions, the hydrography and the ecosystems of the environment in which the buildings are constructed to obtain the maximum performance with less impact
  • 53. -To take into account the climatic conditions, the hydrography and the ecosystems of the environment in which the buildings are constructed to obtain the maximum performance with less impact-The efficiency and moderation in the use of construction materials, using those with low energeticcontent instead of those with higher content.-The reduction of energy consumption for heating, refrigerating, lighting and other equipment, coveringthe rest of the demand by using renewable sources.-The diminishing of the global energetic balance of the whole construction process (including thedesign, building, usage and end of a building’s “lifetime”).-Meeting the comfort needs and health regulations while using correctly all the natural sources.
  • 54. 6
  • 55. The Ecological House
  • 56. 7
  • 57. the three "Rs": reduce, reuse, recycle
  • 58. reduce
  • 59. reduce reuse
  • 60. reduce reuse recycle
  • 61. First of all, the so-called responsible consumption makes us aware of the type and quantity of products which we buy and use; it is not only important to reduce our unnecessary costs, but also to lessen the production and the plundering of resources and raw materials.Then, through reusing, we reduce the exploitation of resources. We must prolong the lifespan ofmany products, or acquire products which could be used for a longer period of time. Alternatively,when these products are no longer used, we can give them “a second chance” as second handobjects.Finally, when a product is no longer useful and it becomes waste material, a selective collectionprocess should be carried out to facilitate the recycling process. Selective waste collection, aswell as being a way to control the hazardous, problematic waste, allows us to retrieve it ormanipulate it in order to obtain new raw materials, such as paper, plastic or glass.
  • 62. reduce
  • 63. reuse
  • 64. recycle
  • 65. SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT Students: Pablo Amador Labrador Claudia Esteban Patón Miguel López Gil Julia Navarro Piqueres Helena Palao Galarzo