Comenius:“ Natural Sciences Natural English”     Autora: Isabel Mira Tornadijo.  IES Juan de Garay. Valencia, Spain       ...
ALTERNATIVE ENERGY, CHEMISTRY                       AND  SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT              Autora: Isabel Mira Tornadij...
ALTERNATIVE ENERGY, CHEMISTRY AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT                                                       PROBLEM   ...
ALTERNATIVE ENERGY, CHEMISTRY AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT                                                       PROBLEM   ...
ALTERNATIVE ENERGY, CHEMISTRY AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT                                                       PROBLEM   ...
ALTERNATIVE ENERGY, CHEMISTRY AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT                                                       PROBLEM   ...
ALTERNATIVE ENERGY, CHEMISTRY AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT                                                       PROBLEM   ...
ALTERNATIVE ENERGY, CHEMISTRY AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT                                                       PROBLEM   ...
ALTERNATIVE ENERGY, CHEMISTRY AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT                                                       PROBLEM   ...
ALTERNATIVE ENERGY, CHEMISTRY AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT                                                       PROBLEM   ...
ALTERNATIVE ENERGY, CHEMISTRY AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT               HOW CAN WE SOLVE THE PROBLEM?              CHEMIST...
ALTERNATIVE ENERGY, CHEMISTRY AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT               HOW CAN WE SOLVE THE PROBLEM?                 FIRS...
ALTERNATIVE ENERGY, CHEMISTRY AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT               HOW CAN WE SOLVE THE PROBLEM?                     ...
ALTERNATIVE ENERGY, CHEMISTRY AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT               HOW CAN WE SOLVE THE PROBLEM?                     ...
ALTERNATIVE ENERGY, CHEMISTRY AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT               HOW CAN WE SOLVE THE PROBLEM?                     ...
ALTERNATIVE ENERGY, CHEMISTRY AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT               HOW CAN WE SOLVE THE PROBLEM?                     ...
ALTERNATIVE ENERGY, CHEMISTRY AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT               HOW CAN WE SOLVE THE PROBLEM?                     ...
ALTERNATIVE ENERGY, CHEMISTRY AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT                                          BIODIESEL CYCLE        ...
ALTERNATIVE ENERGY, CHEMISTRY AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT               THE MOST POSITIVE OPTION IS THE                   ...
ALTERNATIVE ENERGY, CHEMISTRY AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT                     HOW TO MAKE BIODIESEL IN THE                ...
ALTERNATIVE ENERGY, CHEMISTRY AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT                     HOW TO MAKE BIODIESEL IN THE                ...
ALTERNATIVE ENERGY, CHEMISTRY AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT                     HOW TO MAKE BIODIESEL IN THE                ...
ALTERNATIVE ENERGY, CHEMISTRY AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENTIsabel Mira Tornadijo. Comenius: “ Natural Sciences Natural Engli...
ALTERNATIVE ENERGY, CHEMISTRY AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT                                        “A PUBLIC SCHOOL FOR ALL”...
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Alternative energy, and sustainable development

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  • Alternative energy, and sustainable development

    1. 1. Comenius:“ Natural Sciences Natural English” Autora: Isabel Mira Tornadijo. IES Juan de Garay. Valencia, Spain 19 October 2012.
    2. 2. ALTERNATIVE ENERGY, CHEMISTRY AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT Autora: Isabel Mira Tornadijo Comenius: “ Natural Sciences Natural English” IES Juan de Garay. Valencia, Spain 19 October 2012.
    3. 3. ALTERNATIVE ENERGY, CHEMISTRY AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT PROBLEM WHAT IS THE END OF USED OIL TO MAKE OUR PLANET MORE SUSTAINABLE? http://www.elsuralavista.com/Isabel Mira Tornadijo. Comenius: “ Natural Sciences Natural English” IES Juan de Garay. 19 October 2012. Valencia, Spain
    4. 4. ALTERNATIVE ENERGY, CHEMISTRY AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT PROBLEM THROW IT INTO THE SEA? http://cienciaencanoa.blogspot.com.es One litre of oil pollutes 1000 litres of water!Isabel Mira Tornadijo. Comenius: “ Natural Sciences Natural English” IES Juan de Garay. 19 October 2012. Valencia, Spain
    5. 5. ALTERNATIVE ENERGY, CHEMISTRY AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT PROBLEM THROW IT AWAY TO A LANDFILL? The waste generated in the city is a problem that becomes larger as the world population grows.Isabel Mira Tornadijo. Comenius: “ Natural Sciences Natural English” IES Juan de Garay. 19 October 2012. Valencia, Spain
    6. 6. ALTERNATIVE ENERGY, CHEMISTRY AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT PROBLEM THROW IT AWAY TO A LANDFILL? Earth is already over-polluted. The technological development in the consumer society leads to the accumulation of garbage and debris not assimiliated by nature. educacioninicial.comIsabel Mira Tornadijo. Comenius: “ Natural Sciences Natural English” IES Juan de Garay. 19 October 2012. Valencia, Spain
    7. 7. ALTERNATIVE ENERGY, CHEMISTRY AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT PROBLEM THROW IT AWAY TO A LANDFILL? If urgent measures are not taken, not only the environment, but the health of human beings is in danger . These measures also include SCHOOL LABORATORIES.Isabel Mira Tornadijo. Comenius: “ Natural Sciences Natural English” IES Juan de Garay. 19 October 2012. Valencia, Spain
    8. 8. ALTERNATIVE ENERGY, CHEMISTRY AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT PROBLEM RECYCLING? Valencia. SpainIsabel Mira Tornadijo. Comenius: “ Natural Sciences Natural English” IES Juan de Garay. 19 October 2012. Valencia, Spain
    9. 9. ALTERNATIVE ENERGY, CHEMISTRY AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT PROBLEM RECYCLING? It seems to be the best option Benavente. Zamora .SpainIsabel Mira Tornadijo. Comenius: “ Natural Sciences Natural English” IES Juan de Garay. 19 October 2012. Valencia, Spain
    10. 10. ALTERNATIVE ENERGY, CHEMISTRY AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT PROBLEM RECYCLING? BUT… HOW? How can we recycle used oil? And what for ? Can we get useful products, useful substances?Isabel Mira Tornadijo. Comenius: “ Natural Sciences Natural English” IES Juan de Garay. 19 October 2012. Valencia, Spain
    11. 11. ALTERNATIVE ENERGY, CHEMISTRY AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT HOW CAN WE SOLVE THE PROBLEM? CHEMISTRY WILL HELP US!Isabel Mira Tornadijo. Comenius: “ Natural Sciences Natural English” IES Juan de Garay. 19 October 2012. Valencia, Spain
    12. 12. ALTERNATIVE ENERGY, CHEMISTRY AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT HOW CAN WE SOLVE THE PROBLEM? FIRST YOU SHOULD KNOW WHAT AN OIL IS AND WHAT CHEMICAL STRUCTURE IT HAS. STRUCTURE OF A TRIGLYCERIDE GLYCEROL Fatty acid Fatty acid Fatty acidIsabel Mira Tornadijo. Comenius: “ Natural Sciences Natural English” IES Juan de Garay. 19 October 2012. Valencia, Spain
    13. 13. ALTERNATIVE ENERGY, CHEMISTRY AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT HOW CAN WE SOLVE THE PROBLEM? THEN YOU SHOULD KNOW A POSSIBLE CHEMICAL REACTION: TRANSESTERIFICATION GLYCEROL Glycerin appears as a byproduct of biodiesel production process, obtaining 1 Kg of the same for each 10 kg of biofuel.Isabel Mira Tornadijo. Comenius: “ Natural Sciences Natural English” IES Juan de Garay. 19 October 2012. Valencia, Spain
    14. 14. ALTERNATIVE ENERGY, CHEMISTRY AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT HOW CAN WE SOLVE THE PROBLEM? TRANSESTERIFICATION But… Where do we get methanol from? Methanol (CH3OH) is an alcohol. The typical feedstock used in the production of methanol is natural gas. Methanol also can be made from renewable resources such as wood, municipal solid wastes and sewage. But it is also possible to transform glycerine in methanol for reuse in making biodiesel (an innovative project).Isabel Mira Tornadijo. Comenius: “ Natural Sciences Natural English” IES Juan de Garay. 19 October 2012. Valencia, Spain
    15. 15. ALTERNATIVE ENERGY, CHEMISTRY AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT HOW CAN WE SOLVE THE PROBLEM? TRANSESTERIFICATION GLYCERIN.- Among the main uses are: -The elaboration of cosmetics such as soaps. - In the field of medicine used in the preparation of medicaments in the form of -- In military disciplines for the manufacture of explosives, - Preparation of alkyd resins which are used as insulators. - Fluid separator in capillaries instruments. - Industry Paintwork. -- Tobacco industry. - Textiles providing elasticity and softness to fabrics. - Manufacture of leather. - Production of methanol.Isabel Mira Tornadijo. Comenius: “ Natural Sciences Natural English” IES Juan de Garay. 19 October 2012. Valencia, Spain
    16. 16. ALTERNATIVE ENERGY, CHEMISTRY AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT HOW CAN WE SOLVE THE PROBLEM? TRANSESTERIFICATION BIODIESEL Biodiesel is considered a clean fuel because it is: • NONTOXIC • BIODEGRADABLE • MUCH LESS POLLUTING THAN PETROLEUM DIESEL.Isabel Mira Tornadijo. Comenius: “ Natural Sciences Natural English” IES Juan de Garay. 19 October 2012. Valencia, Spain
    17. 17. ALTERNATIVE ENERGY, CHEMISTRY AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT HOW CAN WE SOLVE THE PROBLEM? TRANSESTERIFICATION BIODIESEL Combustion of biodiesel fuel results in much lower emissions of almost every pollutant: • carbon dioxide • sulfur dioxide (one of the main causes of acid rain) • carbon monoxide • air toxins and unburned hydrocarbonsIsabel Mira Tornadijo. Comenius: “ Natural Sciences Natural English” IES Juan de Garay. 19 October 2012. Valencia, Spain
    18. 18. ALTERNATIVE ENERGY, CHEMISTRY AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT BIODIESEL CYCLE http://www.greenerpro.com/Products.htmlIsabel Mira Tornadijo. Comenius: “ Natural Sciences Natural English” IES Juan de Garay. 19 October 2012. Valencia, Spain
    19. 19. ALTERNATIVE ENERGY, CHEMISTRY AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT THE MOST POSITIVE OPTION IS THE 3 R’S 1.REDUCE GARBAGE AND DEBRIS 2. REUSE IF POSSIBLE 3. RECYCLE http://www.environmentalleader.com http://www.greenoptions.comIsabel Mira Tornadijo. Comenius: “ Natural Sciences Natural English” IES Juan de Garay. 19 October 2012. Valencia, Spain
    20. 20. ALTERNATIVE ENERGY, CHEMISTRY AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT HOW TO MAKE BIODIESEL IN THE SCHOOL LABORATORY? Material and reagents necessary for obtaining biodiesel • Rack and test tubes • Jar with a lid • Probet / Tube graduate • Electronic scales • Waste Vegetable oil • Catalyst: potassium methoxide = KOH in methanol to 1.5%. We must remember the importance of reducing the amount of chemicals.Isabel Mira Tornadijo. Comenius: “ Natural Sciences Natural English” IES Juan de Garay. 19 October 2012. Valencia, Spain
    21. 21. ALTERNATIVE ENERGY, CHEMISTRY AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT HOW TO MAKE BIODIESEL IN THE SCHOOL LABORATORY? Procedure for the realization of biodiesel • Weigh 10 grams of vegetable oil in a small boat fitted with a lid. • Add 4 mL of the catalyst. • Close the bottle with the cap and shake gently. • After 10 minutes of stirring, the contents is poured into a cylinder and allowed to stand in the rack. After a while they should see two layers.Isabel Mira Tornadijo. Comenius: “ Natural Sciences Natural English” IES Juan de Garay. 19 October 2012. Valencia, Spain
    22. 22. ALTERNATIVE ENERGY, CHEMISTRY AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT HOW TO MAKE BIODIESEL IN THE SCHOOL LABORATORY? • The top layer is biodiesel, which floats above the glycerol byproduct.Isabel Mira Tornadijo. Comenius: “ Natural Sciences Natural English” IES Juan de Garay. 19 October 2012. Valencia, Spain
    23. 23. ALTERNATIVE ENERGY, CHEMISTRY AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENTIsabel Mira Tornadijo. Comenius: “ Natural Sciences Natural English” IES Juan de Garay. 19 October 2012. Valencia, Spain
    24. 24. ALTERNATIVE ENERGY, CHEMISTRY AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT “A PUBLIC SCHOOL FOR ALL”Isabel Mira Tornadijo. Comenius: “ Natural Sciences Natural English” IES Juan de Garay. 19 October 2012. Valencia, Spain

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