WHAT IS FLUENCY? Speed + Accuracy = Fluency Reading quickly and in a meaningful way (prosody) Decoding and comprehending simultaneouslyDid you know …. The word fluency comes from the latin word fluens whichmeans to flow?
WHAT CAN FLUENT READERS DO?Recognize words automaticallyRead aloud effortlessly and with expressionDecode without concentrating on itFocus on comprehension
FACTORS THAT CAUSE DIFFICULTY WITH FLUENCYUnfamiliarity with a textLimited vocabularyDecoding problemsSyntax problems
HOW SHOULD FLUENCY BE ASSESSED?Both formally and informallySometimes using grade level passages that are timedMonitor accuracy and speedConsistent progress monitoring is key
HOW TO BUILD READING FLUENCYDaily PracticeRepeated ReadingsGoal settingFluency Graphing to display progress
WHAT DOES REPEATED READING LOOK LIKE?Read the same passage several times until the desired rate is reachedKeep reading at the same level until the same rate is reached (three times),then move on to a new level and repeat procedureDo it daily!Perform at least 3-4 repetitions of the text each day.
WHY DO REPEATED READINGS WORK?Fluency rate increases with each readingWord recognition errors dropImproves rate on the next passage
RESOURCESTompkins, G (2010). Literacy For the 21st Century a Balanced Approach.