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  • 1. System Development Methods Group Assignment Page 1 of 57 Level 2 Asia Pacific Institute of Information Technology 2014 SYSTEM DEVELOPMENT METHODS MODULE CODE: CE00321-2 “BOCA JUNIORS MANAGEMENT SYSTEM” Group Assignment (G2) Level 2 Hand-in-Date: Hand-out-Date: 4th February 2014 12th April 2014 Submitted By: Submitted To: Sumit Kumar Singh (PT1181104) Mr. Radha Krishna Rambola Kumar Abhishek (PT1181106) (Module Lecturer) Gautam Mishra (PT1181108)
  • 2. System Development Methods Group Assignment Page 2 of 57 Level 2 Asia Pacific Institute of Information Technology 2014 CERTIFICATE This is to certify that the following under mentioned students of APIIT SD INDIA, Level-2 CSE have successfully completed their assignment of System Development Methods in the given span of time and with full dedication from their side which they have implemented. They have maintained all the guidelines set by “STAFFORDSHIRE UNIVERSITY”. The work in the assignment doesn’t have any type of relation with the word PLAGIARISM. I hereby declare that I have been handed over the project along with all necessary documents. I wish them good luck in all their future projects. Date: - 12th April 2014 Submitted By: Submitted To: Sumit Kumar Singh (PT1181104) Mr. Radha Krishna Rambola Kumar Abhishek (PT1181106) (Module Lecturer) Gautam Mishra (PT1181108)
  • 3. System Development Methods Group Assignment Page 3 of 57 Level 2 Asia Pacific Institute of Information Technology 2014 ACKNOWLEDGEMENT It was a great experience working on the project of System Development Methods on “BOCA JUNIORS MANAGEMENT SYSTEM”. We express our gratitude towards those who were constantly involved with us during our project. APIIT SD India, Panipat will always occupy a special place in our heart, throughout our career, for both personal and professional reasons. The phenomenon remains same that no project ever can be executed proficiently and efficiently without sharing the particular ideas, technical expertise and innovative thoughts put forwarded by the technical and non-technical experts. We are also grateful to all the APIITIAN lecturers for being extremely friendly and co-operative during the entire course of our project. Their continuous help and support made the project much easy. There are no exact words to express our regards and reasonable gratitude to one of our esteemed techno personality, without him this project could not get an entrance towards the execution. Mr. Mr. Radha Krishna Rambola is the pioneer who availed this magnificent option to us to move ahead. He has always inspired and guided us for the right track to be followed for all the system analysis section of this project. We are indebted to him for giving us this great opportunity to pursue our sixth (6th ) semester project. Lastly we would like to thank APIIT SD INDIA for giving us this opportunity to work in great environment and also thank to all those whose names may not have appeared here but whose contribution has not gone unnoticed. We would like to thank all of them, for their help in various ways. Submitted By: Sumit Kumar Singh (PT1181104) Kumar Abhishek (PT1181106) Gautam Mishra (PT1181108)
  • 4. System Development Methods Group Assignment Page 4 of 57 Level 2 Asia Pacific Institute of Information Technology 2014 Table of Contents 1.0 INTRODUCTION ....................................................................................................................... 6 1.1 Purpose ................................................................................................................................. 7 1.2 Objective............................................................................................................................... 7 1.3 Scope .................................................................................................................................... 8 1.4 Task ...................................................................................................................................... 8 2.0 Schedule Planning........................................................................................................................ 9 2.1 Feasibility Study....................................................................................................................... 9 2.1.1 Operational Feasibility ...................................................................................................... 9 2.1.2 Technical Feasibility........................................................................................................ 11 2.1.3 Economic Feasibility....................................................................................................... 13 2.1.4 Schedule Feasibility......................................................................................................... 16 3.0 Selection of Methodology.......................................................................................................... 20 3.1 Purpose ............................................................................................................................... 20 3.2 Structure.............................................................................................................................. 20 3.3 Scope .................................................................................................................................. 21 4.0 Problem Analysis....................................................................................................................... 22 5.0 Proposed System........................................................................................................................ 23 6.0 Investigation Techniques ........................................................................................................... 24 6.1 Questionnaire...................................................................................................................... 25 6.2 Interview............................................................................................................................. 25 7.0 Process Model............................................................................................................................ 28 7.1 Logical Process Model ....................................................................................................... 28 7.2 Process Specification.......................................................................................................... 32 8.0 Data Model................................................................................................................................. 33 8.1 Entity Relationship Diagram .............................................................................................. 33 9.0 Event Model............................................................................................................................... 35 9.1 Entity Life History.............................................................................................................. 35 10.0 Database Designs..................................................................................................................... 37 10.1 Registration Database....................................................................................................... 37 10.2 Sports-Apparels Database................................................................................................. 37
  • 5. System Development Methods Group Assignment Page 5 of 57 Level 2 Asia Pacific Institute of Information Technology 2014 10.3 Payroll Database............................................................................................................... 38 10.4 Maintenance Database...................................................................................................... 38 11.0 Interactive Screen Designs....................................................................................................... 39 12.0 Programming Environment...................................................................................................... 47 12.1 Front End.......................................................................................................................... 47 12.2 Back End........................................................................................................................... 48 13.0 CONCLUSION........................................................................................................................ 49 14.0 Bibliography ............................................................................................................................ 50 15.0 Appendix.................................................................................................................................. 51
  • 6. System Development Methods Group Assignment Page 6 of 57 Level 2 Asia Pacific Institute of Information Technology 2014 INTRODUCTION Today is the modern era where we have the latest technology to assist us in every possible way. As we have seen the transformation of the work which was manually executed and now by the introduction of technology everything has changed around us, we are able to work efficiently and within short span of time investing a little effort. The most amazing development has been in the field of computers, it has made our life easy by automating the manual work. In the given scenario, there is a football club Boca Juniors Football Club which was born on Monday April 3rd, 1905, when five young boys who lived in the La Boca neighbourhood (Esteban Baglietto, Alfredo Scarpatti, Santiago Sana and brothers Juan and Teodoro Farenga) got together at Solís Square with the intention to form a football club. The founders have decided to invest in a new information management system (called Boca Juniors Management System – BJMS). The information system will have to manage the following functions: (i) Registration of new players (ii) Purchase of sports apparels – shirts, shorts, boots, gloves, etc. (iii) Maintenance of Stadium (iv) Managing of players’ payroll a. Match playing bonus b. Goal bonus c. Claims d. Salary increments e. Bonus for corner goal The system will benefit the club in many ways; it will help to control the overall processes going on in the club. The system will provide numerous facilities such as it will help to register new players and it will manage the payroll of the particular players based on the certain criteria’s given in the scenario. The system will manage the stock of the sports apparels in the inventory and it will help in keeping the track of what the maintenance part is going on in the club. We are looking
  • 7. System Development Methods Group Assignment Page 7 of 57 Level 2 Asia Pacific Institute of Information Technology 2014 forward to make a system using SDLC steps and using appropriate methodology which will be best suited for the system after we will be done of the system analysis. 1.1 Purpose The main purpose of designing this management system is to manage the whole system online so that all the work goes in a very systematic manner. Earlier there was an account maintaining technique or we can say that all the system was handled manually in which the administrator has to maintain the register which leads to loss of data and security problem issue is also being faced. So now keeping in mind, the management have decided to design an online system so that all the things get automatically updated and kept safe in the database. In this system, the main role is of players who can become the members of this club by doing registration and then they can purchase the sports apparels. Players can view their profile and can also see their payrolls if given. Boca Juniors management system is prepared for providing all the necessary things which is needed by the sports player. This system will also keep the online record of all the sold sports apparels in their database so that there is no any loss of data take place. It will also keep the good record of maintenance of the stadium. 1.2 Objective The main objective of this application is to develop a system using which the players can easily view their profile and can do the purchasing of the required sports apparels online. An online football club is an application where the players can register themselves and can search or purchase the sports apparels as per their need. The online football management system is a complete package to be used by the club to improve the efficiency of the business. The system to be developed is going to benefit greatly the members. The system will contain all the information about the members regarding the sports apparels and payrolls. Payrolls include match playing bonus, goal bonus, claims, salary increments of the players, bonus for corner goal. The admin can keep the system updated all the time for the players so that the players don’t have to face any problem while searching and purchasing of sports apparels and can get the updated information all the time.
  • 8. System Development Methods Group Assignment Page 8 of 57 Level 2 Asia Pacific Institute of Information Technology 2014 1.3 Scope The Scope for the system can be as follows:-  Registration of players  Maintenance of Stadium  Provide sports apparels to the players  Maintenance of the database of the sports apparels  Management of Payrolls for the players 1.4 Task The application comprises the following major modules: Players Task In this, the players will get the unique ID which will be available while doing registration for this club. The players can view their profile and also can search or purchase the sports apparels as per their need. The players can also browse through the latest sports apparels available. Administration Task In this, the administrator will have the authority of the entire system. He will be handling all the complete system related to stock maintenance of the sports apparels of the players, stadium maintenance. The administrator will maintain the profile of the players and payrolls provided.
  • 9. System Development Methods Group Assignment Page 9 of 57 Level 2 Asia Pacific Institute of Information Technology 2014 Schedule Planning 2.1 Feasibility Study A feasibility study assesses the operational, technical and economic merits of the proposed project. The feasibility study is intended to be an introductory review of the facts to see if it is worthy of proceeding to the analysis phase. From the systems analyst perspective, the feasibility analysis is the primary tool for recommending whether to proceed to the next phase or to discontinue the project. The feasibility study is a management-oriented activity. The objective of a feasibility study is to find out if an information system project can be done and to suggest possible alternative solutions. A feasibility study should provide management with enough information to decide:  Whether the project can be done?  Whether the final product will benefit its intended users and organization  What are the alternatives among which a solution will be chosen  Is there a preferred alternative  How beneficial or practical the development of an information system would be to an organization? And for the system to be act as worth-while it should passed through some test that examine that it should proceed further or not. This series of test is commonly known as feasibility study on the system and it plays a very vital role for every system projects. Feasibility studies undergo four major analyses to predict the system to be success and they are as follows:- 2.1.1 Operational Feasibility Operational feasibility is a measure of how well a proposed system solves the problems, and takes advantage of the opportunities identified during scope definition and how it satisfies the requirements identified in the requirements analysis phase of system development .Operational feasibility reviews the willingness of the organization to support the proposed system. In order to determine this feasibility, it is important to understand the management commitment to the proposed project. If the request was initiated by management, it is likely that there is management support and the system will be accepted and used. The operational feasibility is the one that will be used effectively after it has been developed. If users have difficulty with a new system, it will not
  • 10. System Development Methods Group Assignment Page 10 of 57 Level 2 Asia Pacific Institute of Information Technology 2014 produce the expected benefits. It measures the feasibility of a system in terms of the PIECES framework. The PIECES framework can help in identifying operational problems to be solved, and their urgency: Performance - Does current mode of operation provide adequate throughput and response time? - In comparison of the earlier process of maintaining data in the written mode on that contrast this system plays a very important role in maintain this management system and makes the process of data entering so easier and user friendly. Information - Does current mode provide end users and administrator with timely, relevant, accurate and usefully formatted information? - System provides end users and administrator with timely, relevant, accurate and usefully formatted information. Since all the user related information is being stored in the database against a unique user ID, it will provide for meaningful and accurate data to the admin. The information handling in the current system is done manually. This results in scribbling of data and loss of validity of data. The information handled in the proposed system will be computerized and will get automatically updated. The human errors will be minimal. The data can be easily updated, modified when required and will be validated before the data is processed into the system. Economy - Does current mode of operation provide cost-effective information services to the business? Could there be a reduction in costs and/or an increase in benefits? - Determines whether the system offers adequate service level and capacity to reduce the cost of the business or increase the profit of the business. The deployment of the proposed system, manual work will be reduced and will be replaced by an IT approach. Moreover, it has also been shown in the economic feasibility report that the recommended solution is definitely going to benefit the organization economically in the long run. In the existing system, the data are stored in ledgers which require a lot of space and maintenance. Access to certain data can be restricted by creating different levels of user accessibility. Control - Does current mode of operation offer effective controls to protect against fraud and to guarantee accuracy and security of data and information? - As its database does not contain any confidential information which can be misused so on that contrast there should no use of any security corner for this system.
  • 11. System Development Methods Group Assignment Page 11 of 57 Level 2 Asia Pacific Institute of Information Technology 2014 Efficiency - Does current mode of operation makes maximum use of available resources, including people, time, and flow of forms? - Efficiency work is to ensure a proper workflow structure to store patient data; we can ensure the proper utilization of all the resources. It determines whether the system make maximum use of available resources including time, people, flow of forms, minimum processing delay. In the current system a lot of time is wasted on paper work like making new records, updating records. The proposed system will be efficient in maintaining the record and easily fetching out the required data. Services - Does current mode of operation provide reliable service? Is it flexible and expandable? - The system is desirable and reliable services to those who need it and also whether the system is flexible and expandable or not. The proposed system is very much flexible for better efficiency and performance of the organization. The existing system can provide service only to a limited number of users. The scalability of the proposed system will be unlimited as the storage capacity of the system can be increased as per requirement. This will provide a strong base for expansion. The new system will provide a high level of flexibility. 2.1.2 Technical Feasibility A large part of determining resources has to do with assessing technical feasibility. It considers the technical requirements of the proposed system. The technical requirements are then compared to the technical capability of the organization. The systems project is considered technically feasible, if the internal technical capability is sufficient to support the project requirements. The analyst must find out whether current technical resources can be upgraded or added to in a manner that fulfils the request under consideration. This is where the expertise of system analysts is beneficial, since using their own experience and their contact with vendors they will be able to answer the question of technical feasibility. The essential questions that help in testing the operational feasibility of a system include the following:  Is the project feasible within the limits of current technology?  Does the technology exist at all?  Is it available within given resource constraints?  Manpower- programmers, testers & debuggers
  • 12. System Development Methods Group Assignment Page 12 of 57 Level 2 Asia Pacific Institute of Information Technology 2014  Software and hardware  Are the current technical resources sufficient for the new system?  Can they be upgraded to provide the level of technology necessary for the new system?  Do we possess the necessary technical expertise, and is the schedule reasonable?  Can the technology be easily applied to current problems?  Does the technology have the capacity to handle the solution?  Do we currently possess the necessary technology? This management system deals with the modern technology that needs the well efficient technical system to run this project. All the resource constrains must be in the favour of the better influence of the system. Keeping all this facts in mind we had selected the favourable hardware and software utilities to make it more feasible. Recommended Hardware:- S. No. Hardware used Specification 1. Monitor LCD 15” screen (HP) 2. Keyboard Intex Wired 3. Mouse Intex Wired 4. Hard drive 40GB(gigabyte) hard drive 5. Ram 512 MB(mega byte) 6. Processor 2.6 GHz Intel Pentium IV 7. Graphics On board graphics card, 8MB(Megabyte) 8. System type 1GHZ(gigahertz)32-bit(x86)
  • 13. System Development Methods Group Assignment Page 13 of 57 Level 2 Asia Pacific Institute of Information Technology 2014 Recommended Software:- Software plays an important role in any project development. One should understand which software to use to develop the project. Windows 7 is used as an operating system as it is more reliable and faster as compared to other operating system. The software used for the development of the application: 1. Visual Studio 2010 2. Microsoft SQL Server 3. Microsoft Office Visio 4. Microsoft Office Word 2.1.3 Economic Feasibility Economic analysis could also be referred to as cost/benefit analysis. It is the most frequently used method for evaluating the effectiveness of a new system. In economic analysis, the procedure is to determine the benefits and savings that are expected from a system and compare them with costs. If benefits are more than costs, then the decision is made to design and implement the system. An entrepreneur must accurately weigh the cost versus benefits before taking an action. Possible questions raised in economic analysis are:  Is the system cost effective?  Do benefits outweigh costs?  The cost of doing full system study  The cost of business employee time  Estimated cost of hardware  Estimated cost of software/software development  Is the project possible, given the resource constraints?  What are the savings that will result from the system? The concerned business must be able to see the value of the investment it is estimating before committing to an entire system study. If short-term costs are not overshadowed by long-term gains or produce no immediate reduction in operating costs, then the system is not economically feasible, and the project should not proceed any further. If the expected benefits equal or exceed costs, the system can be judged to be economically feasible. Economic analysis is used for evaluating the effectiveness of the proposed system. The project costs will only be calculated as a
  • 14. System Development Methods Group Assignment Page 14 of 57 Level 2 Asia Pacific Institute of Information Technology 2014 rough estimate. The exact costs are not required to determine economic feasibility. It is only required to determine if it is feasible that the project costs will fall within the target budget or return on investment. A rough estimate of the project schedule is required to determine if it would be feasible to complete the system project within a required timeframe. The required timeframe would need to be set by the organization. Cost Benefits Analysis It is the process of analyzing the financial facts associated with the system development projects performed when conducting an opening investigation. The purpose of a cost/benefit analysis is to answer questions, such as:  Is the project justified (because benefits outweigh costs)?  Can the project be completed, within given cost constraints?  What is the minimal cost to attain a certain system?  What is the preferred alternative, among system solutions? Following is the figure showing the approx. amount of cost and benefit to the system: TANGIBLE COST DEVELOPMENT COSTS Windows 7 INR 1500 Microsoft Office Word NA Visual Studio NA Monitor INR 4000 Key Board INR 450 Mouse INR 200 Bar Code Reader INR 2550 Hard Drive INR 2000 Ram INR 600
  • 15. System Development Methods Group Assignment Page 15 of 57 Level 2 Asia Pacific Institute of Information Technology 2014 Graphics INR 1700 Processor INR 2000 TOTAL DEVELOPMENT COST INR 15000 INTANGIBLE COST OPERATIONAL COSTS Licensing for Software (After 1 year) INR 10000 Software Upgrades INR 1000 Hardware Upgrades (1 PCs) INR 1000 User Training INR 1000 Network Technician + Computer Operator INR 50000 TOTAL OPERATIONAL COSTS INR 63000
  • 16. System Development Methods Group Assignment Page 16 of 57 Level 2 Asia Pacific Institute of Information Technology 2014 2.1.4 Schedule Feasibility We may have the technology, but that doesn't mean we have the skills required to properly apply that technology. True, all information systems professionals can learn new technologies. However, that learning curve will impact the technical feasibility of the project, distinctively, it will impact the schedule.  Gantt chart  Week Distribution  Workload Matrix  Gantt chart
  • 17. System Development Methods Group Assignment Page 17 of 57 Level 2 Asia Pacific Institute of Information Technology 2014
  • 18. System Development Methods Group Assignment Page 18 of 57 Level 2 Asia Pacific Institute of Information Technology 2014  Week Distribution Deliverable: It is the term used in the project management as a result of the project delivered to the users. It is the final output described in document or report of the overall project. Milestone: A project milestone is a measurement of progress toward an outcome whereas the deliverable is the result of the process. It is the intermediate output of the overall project. S. No. Task Performed Week Milestone/Deliverable 1. Introduction Week 1 2. Schedule Planning Week 1-2 Feasibility Study, Gantt Chart, Week Distribution, Workload Matrix 3. Selection of Methodology Week 2-3 SSADM used 4. Problem Analysis Current System Analysis Week 4 Current System Project Planning Week 4 Proposed System 5. Investigation Techniques Week 5 Questionnaire and Interview 6. Process Model Logical Process Model Week 6 Context diagram, Level 0 DFD, Level DFD Process Specification Week 6 Use Case diagram 7. Data Models Logical Data Models Week 7 ERD (Entity Relationship Diagram) 8. Event Models Week 7 ELH (Entity Life History) 9. Database Designs Week 8 Design Screens of the database 10. Interactive Screen Designs Week 8 Screen shots of the pages designed 11. Programming Environment Working with Front – End Week 9 ASP.NET Working with Back – End Week 9 Microsoft SQL Server 12. Conclusion Week 9-10 Final Conclusion 13. Bibliography Week 10 Harvard Referencing 14. Appendix Week 10 Final Product
  • 19. System Development Methods Group Assignment Page 19 of 57 Level 2 Asia Pacific Institute of Information Technology 2014  Workload Matrix
  • 20. System Development Methods Group Assignment Page 20 of 57 Level 2 Asia Pacific Institute of Information Technology 2014 Selection of Methodology As per the project management there should be a proper selection of the methodology so on that contrast we have to select the methodology for our project i.e. Boca Juniors Management System. Basically there are two types of methodology used for the projects, Structured System Analysis and Design Methodology and other is Object Oriented Methodology. Upon analyzing and reviewing the system, the team have decided to select “Structured Systems Analysis and Design Method” methodology for the development of Project Management System, because the system is web-based. The method being used in developing the system is the System Development Life Cycle (SDLC) which includes project identification and selection, project introduction and planning, analysis, design, implementation and maintenance. 3.1 Purpose  Firstly, it provides us with a framework for planning the project.  Secondly, for the development of web-based projects a short term life-cycle is quite common as compared to long term life-cycle because it helps in software development with fewer errors and therefore provides less delivery time and better value.  Thirdly, the quality of a software development effort is improved by using selected process techniques.  Finally, web-based development is a graphical user interface so is should be discussed separately from the traditional system development. 3.2 Structure General structure of Life-Cycle Model Planning Analysis Design Implementation Testing
  • 21. System Development Methods Group Assignment Page 21 of 57 Level 2 Asia Pacific Institute of Information Technology 2014 Each phase produces deliverables required by the next phase in the life cycle. Some phases are also inter-related with other phase. Planning is done in the first and analysis of the system is continued after that. Analysis of the system is being translated into design. Code is produced during implementation that is driven by the design. Testing verifies the deliverable of the implementation phase. Planning is the very first phase of the system, in which we decide what the task is for and what all things we have to do for completion of the project. Analysis is the second important phase of the life cycle model. In this phase, the research is done on the existing system and then the alternatives are found for the proposed system. Design is the phase where the work for system design is produced. The deliverables of design phase consist of architecture which includes hardware, software and communication. Implementation is the longest phase of the software development life cycle as the code is produced from the deliverables of the design phase. Testing is done on the implementation code to make sure that the product is actually solving the needs addressed in the system and gathering the other information. 3.3 Scope SSADM is used in the system as it saves time and also improves the quality of deliverables. It covers almost each and every step required for website development that includes from organizational analysis to work design and technical design. It ensures that we will be going through HCI process which is beneficial and recommended for website design. Description SSADM is a method which deals with the information and system design. It is quite old system design for large scale projects. SSADM is used to determine the information system possibility. It used the combination of text and diagrams throughout the whole life cycle of a system design. This method uses logical data modelling, entity event modelling and data flow modelling to determine how a system must be created or updated. These are followed by requirements analysis, logical system specification and a final system design.
  • 22. System Development Methods Group Assignment Page 22 of 57 Level 2 Asia Pacific Institute of Information Technology 2014 Reasons for using SSADM  It is best methodology for web based project management system as the resource required to implement this model is minimal.  Earlier this system was done manually and all the work is maintained on register.  It is less expensive and also less time-consuming as compared to other methodology.  SSADM reduces the error rate and risk by checking the system.  SSADM makes the site easy to operate and understandable for the user.  SSADM does not require very special skills and can easily be taught to the staff.  This system model is developed and a comprehensive demand analysis is carried out by the help of SSADM.  SSADM improves the overall productivity of the specific project and the company. Problem Analysis After studying the system and by conducting the requirement analysis we encountered the following problems in the current model of the system:- There is no automated system to manage the working of the club. The work is done manually so it created a lot of problems whether to maintain a large amount of data or keep in track the records of the players. The registration of player is done manually, as the number of player increases it is hard to maintain the information about all the players. The payroll of the players is maintained manually so there are more chances of errors which may lead to a conflict. The sports apparels which are ordered manually so to manage the record is a problem. The maintenance of the stadium is also a problem which includes keeping the records of all the chairs, staffs and other records. There is more loss of data if you have to store a large amount of data manually. The data loss is not recovered once it is stored manually.
  • 23. System Development Methods Group Assignment Page 23 of 57 Level 2 Asia Pacific Institute of Information Technology 2014 Proposed System The proposed system is a web based application which allows players to register their details. The aim of this project is to develop a system that can handle and manage the activities involved in a football club in an efficient and reliable way. It will help the administrator to do their work in simple way without any trouble. On the basis of the drawbacks and shortcomings identified in the present and existing Management system, the solutions have been provided for the better management.  The system contains unique user ID and password for both administrator and players.  The system will allow the players to browse the system and can view their profile only by using their unique ID.  As earlier system no more paper work and does not need much man power because it is a web-based application where all the data goes directly to the database and the admin can easily retrieve the data according to the choice.  Security problem issues are solved by this automated system.  The system will be accessible from anywhere and at anytime. So the players can reach the system very easily and gets the updated information all the time.  The maintenance of the stadium can be easily being done as the system itself is a web- based where data maintenance is not a big issue.  After every match the players profile is being updated which automatically calculates the payroll bonus for the players.  The administrator can easily view the reports of the players just by going through the system which will save his time as the database is centralized now.  The administrator will also now can provide the payrolls to the players very easily.  The computer database maintains players and sports apparels records which will be highly beneficial for the admin.
  • 24. System Development Methods Group Assignment Page 24 of 57 Level 2 Asia Pacific Institute of Information Technology 2014 Constraints  The Interface is provided only in English. So, the players must know English language so that he can easily interact with the system.  Unique user ID and password is used for identification of players.  Registered players only have the rights to access the facilities provided by the system.  The players can access this Management System from any computer that has internet connection and internet browsing capabilities. Assumptions The application is developed by the developers by assuming that:  The players have sufficient knowledge of computers and interface designed.  The computer must have internet connection and internet browsing capabilities.  The players must know English as GUI has been provided in English. Investigation Techniques Only making the project is not only the task it requires removing the errors and making the project more efficient and flexible. After throwing the project in the market, the information about updating the software is only retrieved by following some investigation technique. The main purpose of this technique is to collect sufficient, relevant and appropriate data to produce a set of reliable requirements/ conclusions. Mainly there are five techniques by which information can be gathered: i. Questionnaires ii. Interviews iii. Focus Groups iv. Naturalistic Observation v. Studying Documentation In the given scenario, we are only concerned with two main investigation techniques through which we get accurate data most of the times i.e. questionnaires and interview.
  • 25. System Development Methods Group Assignment Page 25 of 57 Level 2 Asia Pacific Institute of Information Technology 2014 6.1 Questionnaire Questionnaires are a popular means of collecting data particularly when there is a big enquiry. In this method a questionnaire is being sent to the concerned person (usually by post) with a request to answer the question and return the questionnaire. In a questionnaire we have questions printed or typed in a definite order on a form or set of forms which has to be answered by the respondent who read and understand the questions and write down the reply in the space meant for the purpose in the question itself. The advantage of adopting Questionnaire methods are:-  The cost for doing this research method is low even when there is widely spread geographically.  There is no biasness of the interviewer.  Respondents get enough time to respond.  Wide geographic area can be covered.  No pre arrangements are required. There are certain disadvantages of Questionnaire:-  Low response rate.  Questions have to be simple.  Once questionnaire is sent control over it is lost.  Slowest method of all methods. 6.2 Interview Interview is a process where there is an interviewer and an interviewee. The interview method of data collection involves presentation of oral-verbal stimuli and reply in terms of oral-verbal responses. This method can be used through personal interview as well as telephonic interview as per requirement. Here we are going to conduct personal interview. In a personal interview one person is interviewer who generally asks questions in a face-to-face contact to other person or persons.
  • 26. System Development Methods Group Assignment Page 26 of 57 Level 2 Asia Pacific Institute of Information Technology 2014 Advantages of personal Interview:  Good response rate  they are useful to obtain detailed information about personal feelings, perceptions and opinions  respondents' own words are recorded  interviewees are not influenced by others in the group Disadvantages of personal Interview:  they can be very time-consuming  they can be very expensive method  Different interviewers may understand and transcribe interviews in different ways.  Systematic errors may occur. So among the following research methods we choose the Questionnaire as it is relatively cheap, respondents will get time to think and respond. All players have their pre-arranged schedule so they are so busy if we will conduct interview or observation method they would take much time and more money would be spent. So we found questionnaire the best method for the survey to know the requirement from the admin and the players to form the information management system. Questionnaires for Administrator: 1.) Do you want to automate the system which is manually now? a) Yes b) No c) maybe 2.) Do you often do mistakes while calculating the payroll of players? a) Yes b) No c) sometimes 3.) What do you want the system to be? a) Accurate b) Fast c) Reliable d) Secure e) all of the above
  • 27. System Development Methods Group Assignment Page 27 of 57 Level 2 Asia Pacific Institute of Information Technology 2014 4.) Do you want to improve the system? a) Yes b) No 5.) Do you feel burden in maintaining so much of records a) Yes b) No 6.) Data is lost while storing the records a) Often b) Always c) Sometimes d) No 7.) Do you feel difficulty in searching the player details? a) Yes b) No 8.) Do you feel like difficulty in updating the player details? a) Yes b) No 9.) Do you want the system to keep the record of stadium maintenance? a) Yes b) No 10.) Are you satisfy with this automated management system? a.) Yes b.) No c.) Can’t say
  • 28. System Development Methods Group Assignment Page 28 of 57 Level 2 Asia Pacific Institute of Information Technology 2014 Process Model Process modelling aims to graphically represent the processes which capture, manipulate, store and distribute data. 7.1 Logical Process Model  Context diagram Boca Juniors Management System Admin Registering players Maintenance of stadium Players View the profile View the payroll Registration confirmation Managing Player’s Payroll Purchase Of sports Apparels Login Message of payroll update Login Response
  • 29. System Development Methods Group Assignment Page 29 of 57 Level 2 Asia Pacific Institute of Information Technology 2014  Level 0 DFD 1.0 Registration Of players Admin D1.PlayerEnter player details Save Player Details Registration Confrimation 2.0 Purchase Sports Apparels Selects the items to purchase D2:Sports Inventory Updates the Inventory 3.0 Managing Payroll D3:PayrollUpdates the players payroll Updates data 4.0 Maintenance of the stadium Updation Confirmation message D4: Maintenacne Updates the cost of maintenance Updates the records Player 6.0 View Player Details Enters the player ID Verifies the player ID Retrieve the value of the playerDisplay the plyer details 7.0 View the payroll Enter the players ID Verifies the player Id Retrieves the payroll detail of the player Dispalays the payroll detail Displays the total cost of the apparels bought 5.0 Login Enter the Id and password D1:Player Verifies credentials Provides authentication if Matched Login successful message
  • 30. System Development Methods Group Assignment Page 30 of 57 Level 2 Asia Pacific Institute of Information Technology 2014  Level 1 DFD For Admin Admin 1.1 Checks player availability D1:Player Asks for player availability Availiabiity status Returns Player availability status 1.2 New Registration Enter the player Details Updates the player Information Registration confirmation 1.3 Verifies old player Verifies the player is old Returns the status 1.4 Renew Player Registration Verification to upate the players record Renew the players account Registration renewal confiramation
  • 31. System Development Methods Group Assignment Page 31 of 57 Level 2 Asia Pacific Institute of Information Technology 2014 For Player Player 5.1 Login Credentials D1:Player Enter Id and password 5.2 Verification Of Fields Checks the authenticiy Verifies and return whether the values entered are right or not Login successful message if fields are right 5.3 Relogin If the fields entered are wrong Asks again to enter Id and password Re-renters the id and password Checks for the accuracy of id and password
  • 32. System Development Methods Group Assignment Page 32 of 57 Level 2 Asia Pacific Institute of Information Technology 2014 7.2 Process Specification  Use Case BOCA JUNIORS MANAGEMENT SYSTEM Admin Login -End1 * -End2 * Player Registration -End3 * -End4 * Maintenance of stadium -End5 * -End6 * Purchasing Sports Apparels -End7 * -End8 * Update registraion «extends» Payroll Management Claims by the players Bonuses offered Goals by the player includes «uses» includes «uses» inlcudes «uses» Cancel Registration «extends»-End9 * -End10 * Player Login View Profile View Payroll Feedback -End11 * -End12 * -End13 * -End14 * -End15 * -End16 * -End17 * -End18 * Placing order for apparels Player authentication «extends» includes «uses»
  • 33. System Development Methods Group Assignment Page 33 of 57 Level 2 Asia Pacific Institute of Information Technology 2014 Data Model A data model acts as a diagram or flowchart that illustrates the relationships between data. It is a technique used for the formalization and documentation of existing processes and events that occur during application software design and development. This technique captures and translates complex system designs into easily understood representations of the data flows and processes, creating a blueprint for construction. Well-documented models allow stakeholders to identify errors and make changes before any programming code has been written. 8.1 Entity Relationship Diagram An entity-relationship diagram is a data modelling technique that creates a graphical representation of the entities, and the relationships between entities, within an information system. There are basically three main components which we consider while making ERD.  An Entity is something, real or abstract, about which we store information. It is represented by a rectangle. For our system there are basically these three entities: i. Admin ii. Players  A Relationship is an association that exists among entities. It is represented by a diamond shape or by the line connecting the entities.  The Cardinality defines the relationship between the entities in terms of numbers. The three main cardinality relationships are: 1:1; 1: M; M: N.
  • 34. System Development Methods Group Assignment Page 34 of 57 Level 2 Asia Pacific Institute of Information Technology 2014  ERD Admin PK ID Password Payroll PK Payroll ID Player Id Bonus Claims Apparels PK Id Quantity Price Updates Manages Maintenance PK Maintenance ID Repairing M aintains Player1 PK Player Id Name Address Registers Views
  • 35. System Development Methods Group Assignment Page 35 of 57 Level 2 Asia Pacific Institute of Information Technology 2014 Event Model 9.1 Entity Life History Entity Life History provides us with the third view of the system. It shows the processing cycle of an entity from creation to deletion. It is basically used to show sequencing, iteration and timing of an entity. The life of an entity starts when it is created and it ends when it is deleted. Entity life history shows the values of the attributes of the entity those changes during the life. ELH consists of three main steps for drawing Entity life history diagram: Sequence, Selection and Iteration.  ELH For Admin Admin Registration System Management Maintenance of Stadium Payroll management Purchase Apparels Player Registration Account Deletion Match playing Bonus Salary Increment Admin Life Login
  • 36. System Development Methods Group Assignment Page 36 of 57 Level 2 Asia Pacific Institute of Information Technology 2014 For Players Player Registration Player Life Account Deletion View Profile View Payroll Claims of the player Feedback
  • 37. System Development Methods Group Assignment Page 37 of 57 Level 2 Asia Pacific Institute of Information Technology 2014 Database Designs 10.1 Registration Database 10.2 Sports-Apparels Database
  • 38. System Development Methods Group Assignment Page 38 of 57 Level 2 Asia Pacific Institute of Information Technology 2014 10.3 Payroll Database 10.4 Maintenance Database
  • 39. System Development Methods Group Assignment Page 39 of 57 Level 2 Asia Pacific Institute of Information Technology 2014 Interactive Screen Designs The screen design for the system has been developed keeping in mind the principles and guidelines of Human Computer Interaction. Effort has been taken to maintain consistency of design without sacrificing on the learn ability and simplicity of the designs. Here are some screen shots of the input/output screen designed for the system.  Home Page: This is the first page appears on the screen. Input: The home page will appear in the screen as the user opens the website. Output: The page will appear “Welcome in the Boca Club” for both the admin as well as players. This is the first screen that appears/Home Page
  • 40. System Development Methods Group Assignment Page 40 of 57 Level 2 Asia Pacific Institute of Information Technology 2014  Login: User can choose the user-type and login for the same. Input: After choosing the user-type i.e. admin or player, the user can login Output: After clicking the submit button, it will directly take the user to the “Home Page”. The user choose the type i.e. Admin or Player Every data must be filled
  • 41. System Development Methods Group Assignment Page 41 of 57 Level 2 Asia Pacific Institute of Information Technology 2014  Registration of Players: This is the registration page of the players by which the players can become the members of the club. Input: Player have to fill all the necessary details asked in the registration page for becoming the member of the club. Output: After clicking on the register button, the player will become the member of the club and then he can perform the task as given in the club by the admin. All details of players must be filled Details of last club played
  • 42. System Development Methods Group Assignment Page 42 of 57 Level 2 Asia Pacific Institute of Information Technology 2014  Registration with Validation: Every textbox must be filled while doing registration of the players, so that he can become the member of the club. Input: All textbox must be filled with correct information. Output: After clicking on the register button, if any textbox is left blank, player cannot become the member of the club and so it will ask to fill the particular textbox. Any textbox cannot be left blank
  • 43. System Development Methods Group Assignment Page 43 of 57 Level 2 Asia Pacific Institute of Information Technology 2014  Search by Player-Id: By entering the unique player-id, admin can get all the information about the particular player. Input: The above screen will appear when admin wants to view the players who all are the member of the club. Output: As soon as the player Id is entered by the admin, if it matches with the database then all the details of that particular player will appear in the screen. Unique Player-Id All the information of player is fetched from the database
  • 44. System Development Methods Group Assignment Page 44 of 57 Level 2 Asia Pacific Institute of Information Technology 2014  Payroll: In this, payroll of the player is being calculated as per the number of matches and goals made by the player. Input: Player Id is filled by the admin, if it matches with the database. Output: After clicking the add button, the payroll will be calculated of that particular player depending on the number of matches and goals made.
  • 45. System Development Methods Group Assignment Page 45 of 57 Level 2 Asia Pacific Institute of Information Technology 2014  Maintenance of the Stadium: It is managed by the admin of the club. The cost of the following things done by the players is calculated. Input: All the textbox should be filled by the admin, for the maintenance of the stadium. Output: The cost will be calculated after clicking the add button and is maintained in the database.
  • 46. System Development Methods Group Assignment Page 46 of 57 Level 2 Asia Pacific Institute of Information Technology 2014  Sports-Apparel: In this, the admin will purchase the sports-apparel for the players who all are the members of the club. Input: The data entry should be done by the admin of the sports-apparel for the club. Output: After clicking the add button, the total cost of the sports-apparel for the players will be calculated and also maintained in the database.
  • 47. System Development Methods Group Assignment Page 47 of 57 Level 2 Asia Pacific Institute of Information Technology 2014 Programming Environment In computer program and software product development, the development environment is the set of process and programming tools used to create the program or software product. The term may sometimes also involve the physical environment. 12.1 Front End ASP .NET is an object-oriented computer programming language that can be viewed as an evolution of the classic ASP, which is implemented on the .NET Framework. It is a web based application with a centralized database. This programming language is used because it acts as an integrated development environment. Our main objective is to make fault free software so that the users can use it with ease.  Development Tool- Microsoft Visual Studio 2010 Reasons for selecting ASP.Net as Front End:  ASP.Net is more efficient and flexible language for writing the computer software. It provides better performance by taking advantage of early binding.  It is purely server-side technology so, ASP.NET code executes on the server before it is sent to the browser.  It is an object oriented programming language. It contains a systematic collection of classes and objects.  It is a framework which is complemented by a rich toolbox and designer in the Visual Studio.  It is easy to maintain and develop a system as the software provides most graphical tools.  The platform provides easy debugging of errors. So, the probability of errors occurrence is automatically reduced.
  • 48. System Development Methods Group Assignment Page 48 of 57 Level 2 Asia Pacific Institute of Information Technology 2014 12.2 Back End SQL Server, the term back-end database is most widely used among developers using small database programming systems which can contain the end-user application programming within the database as a single item.  Development Tool- Microsoft SQL Server 2008 Reasons for selecting Microsoft SQL Server 2008 as Back End:  Create multiple reports with different views of the same information.  Create tables quickly without worrying about database complexity  It helps the developers in programming as it has error resistant SQL code with structured exception handling.  Performance of query execution is much faster as compared to SQL Server 2000.  Documentation Tools  Microsoft Word 2007: for writing the whole documentation including tables & screen- shots.  Microsoft Visio 2007: for making Gantt chart, context diagram, DFD’s, use case, ELH and ER-diagrams.
  • 49. System Development Methods Group Assignment Page 49 of 57 Level 2 Asia Pacific Institute of Information Technology 2014 CONCLUSION Finally after the hard work and dedication of more than two months we have successfully completed the assignment. We have automated the football management system as required by the owners of the club. They wanted a system to manage the overall process which was done manually within the club such as registration of the players, managing the payroll of the particular player, even the maintenance of stadium such as seeding, chair maintenance, watering etc of the club. We have done extensive research to gather the requirements of the management as how they want a system that is within cost and time. We have done the analysis to identify the current problems in the system and have proposed a solution. We have selected appropriate methodology to make the software by following each of the phases of the methodology. We have the feasibility study of the system and have opted for the proposal of the system which is feasible economically and operationally. After that we have made the logical design of the system context diagram, data flow diagram. We have drawn the ERD for data modelling. After that we have implemented design to make the system. It has been a great experience after doing the project we feel like we have learned a lot of things related to software development. We have increased my knowledge and could further implement what we have learnt through this project as now we are able to make a system based on the phases of SDLC.
  • 50. System Development Methods Group Assignment Page 50 of 57 Level 2 Asia Pacific Institute of Information Technology 2014 Bibliography  Book Referencing 1. Cashman, S. 2002. 2nd ed. Sydney: Shelly Cashman Series. 2. Kendall, K. E. and Kendall, J. E. 1999. Systems analysis and design. Upper Saddle River, N.J.: Prentice Hall. 3. Ian Sommerville, I. 2008. 7th ed. Software engineering. Delhi: Pearson Education Ltd. 4. Valacich, J. S., George, J. F. and Hoffer, J. A. 2005. Essentials of systems analysis and design. Upper Saddle River, N.J.: Prentice Hall. 5. James Rook. (2010). DATA COLLECTION METHODS. Available: http://people.uwec.edu/piercech/researchmethods/data%20collection%20methods/data %20collection%20methods.htm. Last accessed 23rd March 2014. 6. Mc Fadden Fred R, Hoffer Jeffrey A., Prescott Mary B, Modern Database Management, Fifth edition, 2001, Addison Wesley Company(Singapore) Pvt., Ltd. 7. Burke Rory, Project Management Planning and Control techniques, Fourth edition 2009, Santee Offset Printers, Delhi.  Website Referencing 1. Rouse, M. 2008. What is SSADM (Structured Systems Analysis & Design Method)? - Definition from WhatIs.com. [online] Available at: http://searchsoftwarequality.techtarget.com/definition/SSADM [Accessed: 8 March 2014]. 2. Cohen, B. 2009. Advantages & Disadvantages of SSADM. [online] Available at: http://www.ehow.com/list_6781448_advantages-disadvantages-ssadm.html [Accessed: 11 March 2014]. 3. (2004). Asp.net and sql. Available:http://www.tutorialized.com/tutorial/Connecting-to-a- SQL-database-from-ASP-.NET-II/5745.
  • 51. System Development Methods Group Assignment Page 51 of 57 Level 2 Asia Pacific Institute of Information Technology 2014 Appendix G2- Weekly Reports Bi-Weekly Report 1 Dated: - 7th March, 2014 Sir, We have done the following report during our group project.  What have we done? We have studied the assignment and analyzed it extensively, discussed about various aspects involved in the project of “BOCA FOOTBALL MANAGEMENT SYSTEM”. We had a collection of ideas from the different group members.  What are we doing? We are working on the various ideas suggested by the group members and looking forward to impose the most feasible idea to make our project a real success. We are also searching for materials on the World Wide Web and comparing it with our project, to involve that thing in our project.  What are we planning to do? Each individual member has started working on the areas given to him. We are doing more of research work so that our project outshines the others. Submitted by: Submitted to: 1) Sumit Kumar Singh PT1181104 Mr. Radha Krishna Rambola 2) Kumar Abhishek PT1181106 (Module Lecturer) 3) Gautam Mishra PT1181108
  • 52. System Development Methods Group Assignment Page 52 of 57 Level 2 Asia Pacific Institute of Information Technology 2014 Bi-Weekly Report 2 Dated: - 14th March, 2014 Group Members: Sumit Kumar Singh PT1181104 Kumar Abhishek PT1181106 Gautam Mishra PT1181108 Sir, We have done the following report during our group project.  What have we done? Each individual member has started working on the areas given to him. We are doing more of research work so that our project outshines the others.  What are we doing? We are working on the various ideas based on the research work done by our group members.We have started with the feasibility report and the various aspects of it.We have also completed the system analysis part and doing our work accordingly.  What are we planning to do? After completing the feasibility report we will discuss on the next topic i.e. Selection of methodology. On the coming week, we will meet with different research done on this particular topic so that we can enhance more on the same. Submitted by: Submitted to: 1) Sumit Kumar Singh PT1181104 Mr. Radha Krishna Rambola 2) Kumar Abhishek PT1181106 (Module Lecturer) 3) Gautam Mishra PT1181108
  • 53. System Development Methods Group Assignment Page 53 of 57 Level 2 Asia Pacific Institute of Information Technology 2014 Bi-Weekly Report 3 Dated: - 21st March, 2014 Group Members: Sumit Kumar Singh PT1181104 Kumar Abhishek PT1181106 Gautam Mishra PT1181108 Sir, We have done the following report during our group project.  What have we done? We have completed with our feasibility report and the gantt chart and also given a detailed presentation explaining all the necessary things.We also visited many websites to know how things are done in the management system.We came across many interesting things which can be included in our assignment for a realistic approach.  What are we doing? We are working on the various ideas based on the research work done by our group members.We are working on the various drawbacks and loopholes that we found during our visit and research. The topic on which we have done more research this days is on Selection of methodology. We finalised the methodology on which we are going to work on. Side by side we have started our documentation part.  What are we planning to do? Each individual member have decided to come prepare with the current problems being faced by the system and also the proposed solution to overcome those problems. Submitted by: Submitted to: 1) Sumit Kumar Singh PT1181104 Mr. Radha Krishna Rambola 2) Kumar Abhishek PT1181106 (Module Lecturer) 3) Gautam Mishra PT1181108
  • 54. System Development Methods Group Assignment Page 54 of 57 Level 2 Asia Pacific Institute of Information Technology 2014 Bi-Weekly Report 4 Dated: - 28th March, 2014 Group Members: Sumit Kumar Singh PT1181104 Kumar Abhishek PT1181106 Gautam Mishra PT1181108 Sir, We have done the following report during our group project.  What have we done? We completed our work of studying the various loopholes and provided a solution for the same.We are trying to give the best possible solution for the problems found in the system.  What are we doing? We have started with the making of the DFD’s and other data flow diagrams.A detailed study regarding the problems and their solutions is being done.Documentation is covered side by side.  What are we planning to do? Each individual member have decided to come prepare with the investigation techniques which we will be best for the system. Every group members are asked to make atleast ten sample questionnaires for the system. Submitted by: Submitted to: 1) Sumit Kumar Singh PT1181104 Mr. Radha Krishna Rambola 2) Kumar Abhishek PT1181106 (Module Lecturer) 3) Gautam Mishra PT1181108
  • 55. System Development Methods Group Assignment Page 55 of 57 Level 2 Asia Pacific Institute of Information Technology 2014 Bi-Weekly Report 5 Dated: - 4th April, 2014 Group Members: Sumit Kumar Singh PT1181104 Kumar Abhishek PT1181106 Gautam Mishra PT1181108 Sir, We have done the following report during our group project.  What have we done? We completed our work of DFD’s and data flow diagrams.We are now on the verge of completion of our work.  What are we doing? We are doing the remaining part of the documentation so that we can complete our assignment on time.Final touch up is given by all the group members so as to shape the assignment in best possible way. The complete system is completed with all the functionalities working properly, without any errors. The document part will also be completed in the coming two – three days. Submitted by: Submitted to: 1) Sumit Kumar Singh PT1181104 Mr. Radha Krishna Rambola 2) Kumar Abhishek PT1181106 (Module Lecturer) 3) Gautam Mishra PT1181108
  • 56. System Development Methods Group Assignment Page 56 of 57 Level 2 Asia Pacific Institute of Information Technology 2014 MINUTES OF MEETING MEETING 1: VENUE Library DATE AND TIME 7th March. 2014,1:30 pm MEMBERS PRESENT All TOPIC DISCUSSED Read the assignment completely and divided our tasks DECISION TAKEN Analysis of the given scenario is to be done MEETING 2: VENUE Syndicate Room DATE AND TIME 14th March 2014, 3:30 pm MEMBERS PRESENT All TOPIC DISCUSSED System design and feasibility study DECISION TAKEN Feasibility study is to be done MEETING 3: VENUE Library DATE AND TIME 21st March 2014, 2:45pm MEMBERS PRESENT Kumar Abhishek, Gautam Mishra TOPIC DISCUSSED Selection of Methodology DECISION TAKEN Problems in current scenario and their recommendations MEETING 4: VENUE Syndicate Room DATE AND TIME 28th March,2014 , 3:00 pm MEMBERS PRESENT Sumit Kumar Singh, Kumar Abhishek TOPIC DISCUSSED Gantt charts, DFDs, ELH and ERD DECISION TAKEN Data flow and data store concept based works should be completed soon.
  • 57. System Development Methods Group Assignment Page 57 of 57 Level 2 Asia Pacific Institute of Information Technology 2014 MEETING 5: VENUE College library DATE AND TIME 4th April 2014, 3.30 pm MEMBERS PRESENT All TOPIC DISCUSSED Whole system in brief, works that are completed and remaining topics that is to be covered including conclusions DECISION TAKEN By the next week, all topics should be covered and final documentation will be started by Kumar Abhishek and Gautam Mishra.

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