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  1. 1. Greening the Computer Lifecycle:The State Electronics Challenge MassRecycle Conference & Trade Show March 2012 Lynn Rubinstein, Program Manager
  2. 2. What is the State Electronics Challenge?• Voluntary & free partnership program targeted to municipalities, solid waste districts, schools, colleges & universities, state, and regional government• Supports government management of computer equipment for reduced environmental impact.• Promotes lifecycle stewardship of computers — Purchasing green computers — Use • Power management • Extending product life • Reducing paper usage — Reuse & responsible recycling
  3. 3. What Does the Challenge Offer?• Free assistance & technical resources• Action plan to achieve proven results• Tools to track progress & measure results• Individualized sustainability reports• Recognition - for new & existing activities
  4. 4. Background• Adapted Federal Electronics Challenge• Piloted in Northeast with funding from EPA - 2007• Program went national in 2011 - now funded by: – Private sector sponsors: Samsung, Panasonic, the Consumer Electronics Association, Sims Recycling Solutions, Metech Recycling, & ISRI R2/RIOS – EPA Great Lakes Restoration Initiative• Managed & staffed by the Northeast Recycling Council (NERC)
  5. 5. Why Focus on Computers? Impact from mining through end-of-life• Energy consumption – production & use• Toxic constituents – e.g., lead, mercury, cadmium• Valuable resources – e.g. copper, precious metals, rare earths, steel, aluminum• Rapidly growing waste stream - impacts …..Bottom line: greening lifecycle saves energy & resources & reduces toxics
  6. 6. Environmental Benefits For every 1,000 “greener” computer systems purchased & units recycled: Energy use = to power 105 homes/year Greenhouse gases = 113 fewer cars/year Municipal solid waste by ~ 40 tons = 18 households/year Hazardous waste by 19 tons Toxic materials by 164 pounds, incl. lead & mercury
  7. 7. Why Challenge the Public Sector?• State & local government purchasing – $35+ billion/yr. technology spend• Cost savings• Leadership• Environmental benefits & sustainability goals
  8. 8. 87 Partners,Current SEC Partners 32 states, & 135,000+ end users • 7 Partners in MA • Cites & Towns (4 - MA) • Solid Waste Districts (2 - MA) • State agencies (1 – MA) • K-12 Schools • Colleges & Univ.
  9. 9. Partner Requirements• Join• Choose your focus - any or all lifecycle phases — Purchasing — Use & Operations — End-of-life• Complete Baseline Survey of Current Practices• Implement program requirements• Report annual progress• Apply for recognition (optional)
  10. 10. Track Progress & Measure Results• Partners submit: — Baseline Survey of Current Practices — Annual Reporting Form• SEC commits to: — Calculate environmental benefits of Partner activities — Prepare customized sustainability report
  11. 11. Sample Benefits Purchasing Operations & Reuse & EPEAT TOTAL BENEFITS Maintenance Recycling ProductsReduction In How Much How Much Equivalent To Electricity to 21.6 million 26.4 millionEnergy use 1.5 million kWh 3.3 million kWh kWh power 2,211 kWh households/year 279 metric tons 631 metric tons 1,170 metric 2,080 metric tons Removing 1,399Greenhouse of carbon of carbon tons of carbon of carbon cars from thegas emissions equivalents equivalents equivalents road/year equivalentsToxicmaterials, 343 lbs. 463 lbs. 474 lbs. 1,280 lbs.including lead& mercury Waste generatedMunicipal 6,849 lbs. 123,259 lbs. 235,935 lbs. 366,043 lbs. by 83solid waste households/yearHazardous 13,424 lbs. 9,768 lbs. 43,659 lbs. 66,851 lbs.waste
  12. 12. Program Requirements Procurement• Modify procurement practices to require/give preference to “green” computers – defined by EPEAT® standard• Ensure 95% of desktops, laptops, monitors purchased are EPEAT registered
  13. 13. Program Requirements Operations & Maintenance• Establish & promote policy/directive for: — Power management — Paper use reduction• Ensure ENERGY STAR “sleep” function enabled on all computers & monitors• Extend life of equipment• Ensure double-sided printing features used on 75% of printers & copiers
  14. 14. Program RequirementsEnd-of-Life Management
  15. 15. Requirement #1 Establish a policy, directive,memorandum, &/or guidance requiringenvironmentally sound management of electronic equipment at end-of-life.
  16. 16. Requirement #2Establish policy, directive, memorandum&/or guidance promoting internal reuse, reuse & donation to regional/local agencies or non-profits (in that order) as preferred disposition methods.
  17. 17. Requirement #3Develop & maintain system for trackingelectronic equipment reused internally,transferred to other agencies, donated, sent for reuse/recycling, or sent for disposal. Document each equipment transfer.
  18. 18. Requirement #4 Provide recipients of donated equipment with proper instructions on how to manage equipment by using a3rd party certified recycler at end-of-life.
  19. 19. Requirement #5 Use a recycler with3rd party certification.
  20. 20. What is Third Party Certification?Assessment done by independent, 3rdparty organization that is qualified &licensed to issue certification to a specificstandard. – For SEC, qualified electronics recycling standards are: • R2, • R2/RIOS, or • e-Stewards
  21. 21. Why it is Important to Use a 3rd Party Certified Recycler• Only way to ensure not “self-certifying” or making unsubstantiated claims – No federal regulatory requirements specific to electronics recyclers• Known set of performance standards that recycler is meeting• Ensure that practices meet your expectations
  22. 22. Why Participate in the Challenge?• Demonstrating leadership in best practices• Quantifiable environmental benefit• Potential cost savings• Recognition for your accomplishments
  23. 23. Annual Recognition• Eligible for: Gold: All three lifecycle phases Silver: Two of three lifecycle phases Bronze: One of three lifecycle phases• Achievements recognized — Award — The media — SEC Website
  24. 24. SEC Tools to Get the Job Done• Online resources for each lifecycle phase• Free one-on-one technical assistance• Partner-only Webinars – April: Using Virtual Desktops to Save Power – June: Certified Electronics Recyclers – How to find them, why to use them, & video recycling demonstrations• Partner-only Listserv
  25. 25.
  26. 26. How Much will this Cost?• “Nothing!” The SEC is free: – No cost to join – No cost for technical assistance & support – No obligation on your part• SEC does not pay for the cost of implementation., e.g., paying for recycling
  27. 27. How Much Work will it Take?It depends on:• Goals - what you choose to work on• Partner preparation- how much progress you’ve already made• People – Who’s on the team (or is there a team?) – Who you need to enlist to help out It’s up to you!
  28. 28. Contact Information NERC is an equal opportunity provider & employer. Prepared with sponsorship support from Samsung, Panasonic, Sims Recycling Solutions, the Consumer Electronics Association, Metech Recycling, & ISRI R2/RIOS