EXTENDED PRODUCER RESPONSIBILITY * REQUIRES PRODUCERS TO PAY FOR DISCARD MANAGEMENT * GIVES PRODUCERS INCENTIVE TO REDESIGN THEIR PRODUCTS
BRAND OWNERS PAYFor more drop-off locations or for use of municipal facilities
PRODUCT COLLECTION PLANS
Must be approved by the state regulatory agency
May utilize retailers, local charities, local businesses, municipal infrastructure,
or the mail—depending upon the producer’s business plan.
PAYING FOR E-WASTE HOLYOKE--$8,450 WORCESTER--$25,000 BOSTON--$250,000 EPR would eliminate these costs
Municipal waste was simpler then Put into Garbage Receptacles Put into Ash Receptacles Kitchen or Table Waste, Vegetables, Meats, Fish, Bones, Fat. Ashes, Sawdust, Floor and Street Sweepings, Broken Glass, Broken Crockery, *Oyster and Clam Shells, Tin Cans. CARD OF INSTRUCTION FOR HOUSEHOLDERS Put into Rubbish Bundles Bottles, Paper, Pasteboard, etc. Rags, Mattresses, Old Clothes, Old Shoes, Leather and Leather Scrap, Carpets, Tobacco Stems, Straw and Excelsior, (from households only) The Sanitary Code requires householders and occupants to provide separate receptacles for ashes and garbage and forbids mixing these in the same receptacle. This law will be strictly enforced. New York City – ca. 1905
Waste has changed since 1900 1,213 387 1400 25 2000 1200 USA 955 1000 800 Inorganics Biowaste 607 Pounds / Capita / Year Products 600 358 400 187 200 92 14 0 1900 1960 NYC USA “Waste Generated”
TRASH THEN (1900)... AND NOW (2010)
Why do we have so much solid waste? Why is solid waste so toxic? Why aren’t all products repairable or recyclable? 15 Questions
Brand-owners don’t pay for solid waste management.
Products are disposable Disposable and toxic by design
EXTENDENDED PRODUCER RESPONSIBILITY Benefits of EPR:
Less waste, less disposal
Products redesigned to be more durable,
recylable and less toxic
Costs savings for local governments
How can EPR support local business development and the reduce, reuse, recycle hierarchy?
EPR bill language
Local stakeholder input on legislation and producer plans
Local government Product Stewardship Council advocacy
PRODUCT STEWARDSHIP Producers have the most responsibility because they design and market the products.
DESIGNING WASTE AWAY Example: a component redesigned to be cleaned can be reused instead of discarded.
Package waste designed away Boxed tubes in U.S. store Unboxed tubes in Germany
MORE LOCAL JOBS Example from state of Washington: Goodwill Industries has been able to hire more people since EPR for electronics has been implemented.
EPR is the law in 30 countries
European Union requires Take Back for motor vehicles and electronic waste (WEEE directive)
EPR for packaging is the law in 30 countries – 24 European, 3 Asian, Australia, Peru & Quebec.
21 states require Electronics Take Back
Canada has over 30 national & provincial take back programs.
FRAMEWORK EPR Will allow the DEP to add additional product categories to a statewide EPR program. DEP will work with other states in the Northeast to develop harmonious bill language for Framework EPR in the region.