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EPR - Pledger
 

EPR - Pledger

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  • 2 categoriesUphill battle
  • Before solution let’s go back to see how this situation developed
  • Not about behavior change.You’re frustrated because: -- packaging -- non-recyclable items -- things can’t be repairedAll things that can be addressed on a policy level
  • CA Prod. Stew. CouncilHelp start the councilRepresentatives from the cities and towns
  • EPR does not come out of the tax base—producers pay

EPR - Pledger EPR - Pledger Presentation Transcript

  • EXTENDED PRODUCER RESPONSIBILITY
    Lynne Pledger
    lpledger@cleanwater.org
    Mass Recycle Conference, April 6, 2010
  • OUR TRASH
    OUR TRASH:1. organics (food, yard trimmings, soiled paper) 2. products and packaging
  • 426,000 cell phones discarded daily.
  • EXTENDED PRODUCER RESPONSIBILITY
    * REQUIRES PRODUCERS TO PAY FOR DISCARD MANAGEMENT
    * GIVES PRODUCERS INCENTIVE TO REDESIGN THEIR PRODUCTS
  • BRAND OWNERS PAYFor more drop-off locations or for use of municipal facilities
  • PRODUCT COLLECTION PLANS
    • Must be approved by the state regulatory agency
    • May utilize retailers, local charities, local businesses, municipal infrastructure,
    or the mail—depending upon the producer’s business plan.
  • PAYING FOR E-WASTE
    HOLYOKE--$8,450
    WORCESTER--$25,000
    BOSTON--$250,000
    EPR would eliminate these costs
  • Municipal waste was simpler then
    Put into Garbage
    Receptacles
    Put into Ash
    Receptacles
    Kitchen or
    Table Waste,
    Vegetables,
    Meats,
    Fish,
    Bones,
    Fat.
    Ashes, Sawdust,
    Floor and
    Street Sweepings,
    Broken Glass,
    Broken Crockery,
    *Oyster and Clam
    Shells,
    Tin Cans.
    CARD OF INSTRUCTION FOR HOUSEHOLDERS
    Put into Rubbish
    Bundles
    Bottles, Paper,
    Pasteboard, etc.
    Rags, Mattresses,
    Old Clothes, Old Shoes,
    Leather and Leather Scrap,
    Carpets, Tobacco Stems,
    Straw and Excelsior,
    (from households only)
    The Sanitary Code requires householders and occupants to provide separate receptacles
    for ashes and garbage and forbids mixing these in the same receptacle.
    This law will be strictly enforced.
    New York City – ca. 1905
  • Waste has changed since 1900
    1,213
    387
    1400
    25
    2000
    1200
    USA
    955
    1000
    800
    Inorganics
    Biowaste
    607
    Pounds / Capita / Year
    Products
    600
    358
    400
    187
    200
    92
    14
    0
    1900
    1960
    NYC
    USA
    “Waste Generated”
  • TRASH THEN (1900)... AND NOW (2010)
  • Landfill
  • Why do we have so much solid waste?
    Why is solid waste so toxic?
    Why aren’t all products repairable or recyclable?
    15
    Questions
  • One Answer
    • Brand-owners don’t pay for solid waste management.
  • Products are disposable
    Disposable and toxic
    by design
  • POLICY ACTION
  • EXTENDENDED PRODUCER RESPONSIBILITY
    Benefits of EPR:
    • Less waste, less disposal
    • Products redesigned to be more durable,
    recylable and less toxic
    • More jobs
    • Costs savings for local governments
  • How can EPR support local business development
    and the reduce, reuse, recycle hierarchy?
    • EPR bill language
    • Local stakeholder input on legislation and producer plans
    • Local government Product Stewardship Council advocacy
  • PRODUCT STEWARDSHIP
    Producers have the most responsibility because they design and market the products.
  • DESIGNING WASTE AWAY
    Example: a component redesigned to be cleaned can be reused instead of discarded.
  • Package waste designed away
    Boxed tubes in U.S. store
    Unboxed tubes in Germany
  • MORE LOCAL JOBS
    Example from state of Washington: Goodwill Industries has been able to hire more people since EPR for electronics has been implemented.
  • EPR is the law in 30 countries
    • European Union requires Take Back for motor vehicles and electronic waste (WEEE directive)
    • EPR for packaging is the law in 30 countries – 24 European, 3 Asian, Australia, Peru & Quebec.
    • 21 states require Electronics Take Back
    • Canada has over 30 national & provincial take back programs.
    26
  • FRAMEWORK EPR
    Will allow the DEP to add additional
    product categories to a statewide EPR
    program.
    DEP will work with other states in the Northeast to develop harmonious bill language for Framework EPR in the region.
  • EPR actions for local governments
  • Start a Massachusetts Product Stewardship Council
  • © 2009 Product Policy Institute
    British Columbia
    Nova Scotia
    Midwest
    Northwest
    VT
    Washington
    New York
    Oregon
    CT
    California
    Texas
    Hawaii
    ~Local Government Product Stewardship Councils
    September 2009
    30
    30
    © 2009 Product Policy Institute
  • Three of our neighbors have already formed Councils
  • A statewide Product Stewardship CouncilMassachusetts cities and towns, speaking with one voice
  • MA Product Stewardship Council meeting
    Contact lpledger@cleanwater.org for pdf