I social network diventano il megafono che amplifica questa comunicazione
Queste parti di immaginazione collettiva sono quelle che rendono il nostro discorso “facile” e facilmente accettabile da altri
Youtube e blogger: how citizen journalism is reshaping our lives
Street JournalismHow blogs and Youtube are reshaping our lives and how should we read them Massimiliano Mesenasco Media Languages B.A. @MMesenasco Provincia di Alessandria - Servizio Protezione Civile Social Media Melting in Emergencies 2012
Citizen journalism is based on the prosumer, the key figure of the Web.The prosumer melts the figures of producer and comsumer to create a “superuser” who reads other users’ content and creates its own.
The Web prosumer was born together with thefirst BBS in the early 90’s but gained popularity with the proliferation of the first bloggers in 1997.Blog is a portmanteau for the words web log: this expression appeared in 1999.
This were the first blogging services:- Open Diary, 1998- LiveJournal, 1999- Blogger.com, 1999
Today blogging is almost overwhelmed by social media:- Youtube- Flickr- Ustream- Tumblr
With the widespread presence of mobile connections, citizen journalism hits the street: in some parts of the World (ex. China, Australia) wireless connections exceeded fixed lines and this trend will become global in a few years. 2007: cellular and Wi-Fi connectivity, 2Mp camera1983: just phonecallsover TACS network
Web 2.0, the “New Web”, is the hometown of the prosumer, thanks to the rise of social networks and social media.Every user is free to publish its own news on the social media and boost them through social networks.The users create a dimension of informal andunofficial news that spreads over the links and the nodes of the net.
Since the beginning of the 21st century, this massof unofficial informations started to leak into theworld of the traditional media and the prosumer has become a primary source for news covering.And what are the consequences of this process for the management of an emergency?
Official Unofficial Mass a Media a Peer a CommunicationCommand & a Control Let’s put it into practice...
Social Networks, TV, radio,Official statements, Official press... Unofficial Social Media, press releases Media websites Mass a Media a Peer a Communication Command & a ControlPosters, megaphone, bullettins, Social Networks, Social Media, Social Networks,Social Networks, Social Media e-government tools Social Media
Main controversies against citizen journalism: Objectivity Quality These two aspects are strictly related since anincomplete or partial piece of news could equally be partisan and/or of poor quality.
Controversy: ObjectivityCitizen journalists may be activists for the issues or within the communities they write about. This lack of trustworthiness may affect bothsocial media and the traditional media who use the citizens as a source.
Warning!Even photos and videos could easily be partisan Pics from 11/16/2012 student demonstration in Italy Pro Police Pro demonstrator s
Warning! Even photos and videos could easily be partisanEvery frame appeals to a specific image in our collective imagination that’s part of our cultural references. These references belongs to the cultural system we share with the other member of our generation, social class, political party, religion and so on...
Controversy: Quality Citizen journalists are not informationprofessionals so their product could not include some informations that are fundamental to understand the whole story.
Just one more reflection with no answer.With citizen journalism, the masses become a part of the Fourth Estate.
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