Sexual orientation


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Sexual orientation

  1. 1. Sex Orientation By Group 3Masitah . Hidayah . Nabihah . Iklil
  2. 2. Sex Orientation describes an enduring pattern of attraction:emotional, romantic, sexual, or some combination of these—to theopposite sex, the same sex, both, or neither, and the genders thataccompany them.Sexual orientation generally is divided into three categories:Heterosexual: attracted to individuals of the opposite sexBisexual: attracted to members of either sexHomosexual: attracted to individuals of ones own sexalso refers to a persons sense of "personal and social identity based onthose attractions, behaviors expressing them, and membership in acommunity of others who share them.
  3. 3. Sexual orientation involves a persons feelings and sense of identity; it may or may not be evident in the persons appearance or behavior. People may have attractions topeople of the same or opposite sex but may elect not to act on these feelings. For example, a bisexual may choose to have a monogamous (one partner) relationship with one gender and, therefore, elect not to act on the attraction to the other gender.
  4. 4. Why Are Some People Homosexual or Bisexual?Most scientists today agree that sexual orientation(including homosexuality and bisexuality) is the resultof a combination ofenvironmental, emotional, hormonal, and biologicalfactors. In other words, there are many factors thatcontribute to a persons sexual orientation, and thefactors may be different for different people.
  5. 5. However, homosexuality and bisexuality are notcaused by- the way a child was reared by his or herparents, or by having a sexual experience withsomeone of the same sex when the person wasyoung. Also, being homosexual or bisexual does notmean the person is mentally ill or abnormal in someway, although there may be social problems thatresult from prejudicial attitudes or misinformation.
  6. 6. How Does a Person Know Their Sexual Orientation?For many people, their sexual orientation becomesevident to them during adolescence or youngadulthood, and in many cases without any sexualexperience. For example, homosexuals become awarethat their sexual thoughts and activities focus onpeople of the same sex. It is possible, however, to havefantasies or to be curious about people of the samesex without being homosexual or bisexual, or choosingto act on these impulses/attractions.
  7. 7. Can a Persons Sexual Orientation Be Changed?Most experts agree that sexual orientation is not achoice and, therefore, cannot be changed. Somepeople who are homosexual or bisexual may hide theirsexual orientation and/or live as heterosexuals toavoid the prejudice that exists against people who arehomosexual and bisexual or to avoid their own moraldilemmas felt when their sexual orientation isincompatible with their personal beliefs.
  8. 8. Reference: