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Presentation seato and cento presentation (1)
Presentation seato and cento presentation (1)
Presentation seato and cento presentation (1)
Presentation seato and cento presentation (1)
Presentation seato and cento presentation (1)
Presentation seato and cento presentation (1)
Presentation seato and cento presentation (1)
Presentation seato and cento presentation (1)
Presentation seato and cento presentation (1)
Presentation seato and cento presentation (1)
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Presentation seato and cento presentation (1)

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Presented by BSEE Students as part of their assignment …

Presented by BSEE Students as part of their assignment
ahmad sheikh
IR: Resource Person

Published in: Travel, News & Politics
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  • 1. SEATO AND CENTOPresented to: M. Ahmad sheikh. (Resource person)International Relation, at UMTALI MEHBOOB 101519006MUHIB BIN JABAR 101519160HAROON RASHID 101519199HASEEB MUSHTAQ 101519212HAFIZ MOAZ AFZAL 101519198
  • 2. INTRODUCTION TO SEATO South East Asia Treaty Organizationis an defense treaty. Established on 19 February 1955 inBangkok ,Thailand. Eight members joined this organization. SEATO was a response to protect South East Asianarea against communist expansionism. Vietnam, Cambodia, and Laos (the successor states ofIndochina) were not considered for membership inSEATO .SEATO FLAG
  • 3.  In September of 1954, the United States, France,Great Britain, New Zealand, Australia, thePhilippines, Thailand and Pakistan formed theSoutheast Asia Treaty Organization, or SEATO. The formation of SEATO was a response to thedemand that the Southeast Asian area be protectedagainst communist expansionism. SEATO had no independent mechanism for obtainingintelligence or deploying military forces, so thepotential for collective action was necessarily limited.
  • 4.  The treaty defined its purposes as defensive only. SEATO had no standing forces but relied on themobile striking power. The organization had a number of weaknesses as well. SEATO had no independent mechanism for obtainingintelligence or deploying military forces.
  • 5. INTRODUCTION TO CENTO Baghdad Pact was a defensive organization forpromoting shared political, military andeconomic goals. Founded in 1955 by Turkey, Iraq, GreatBritain, Pakistan and Iran. It was renamed the Central TreatyOrganization, or CENTO, in 1959 after Iraqpulled out of the Pact. CENTO was created as a conventional militaryalliance in the Cold War climate of the 1950s .
  • 6.  CENTO had an elaborate organizational structure, ,including a council of ministers, a secretariat, and aneconomic committee, with subcommittees in the health,trade, and communications fields CENTO’s supreme source of authority , met alternatively inTehran, Islamabad, Ankara, London, and Washington. Throughout the 1970s “détente” dominated American andSoviet policies. The strategic reasons for creating CENTO in the 1950swere no longer pertinent in the 1970s. But for Mo ammad-Reżā Shah CENTO remained anḥimportant institution.
  • 7.  The main purpose of the Baghdad Pact was to preventcommunist incursions and foster peace in the Middle East. Although the fear of commu-nist expansion in the NorthernTier region (i.e., Turkey, Persia, and Afghanistan) was veryreal, it was unlikely that Persia, Iraq, Turkey, and Pakistanwould have come together on their own initiative withoutBritish and American assurances. CENTO’s supreme source of authority, met annually at theprime ministers’ or foreign ministers’ level, alternatively inTehran, Islamabad, Ankara, London, and Washington.
  • 8. CANCELLATION OF SEATO ANDCENTO By the early 1970s, members began to withdraw from theSEATO organization. Pakistan formally left SEATO in 1973. When the Vietnam War ended in 1975, the SEATOs existencedisappeared and it formally disbanded in 1977. The twenty-fifth and last CENTO meeting was held in 1978 inLondon. In 1979, after the fall of Mo ammad-Reżā Shah, theḥgovernment of the Islamic Republic canceled its mem-bershipin CENTO. Thereby the organization lost its central link and its raisond’être.
  • 9. CANCELLATION OF SEATO ANDCENTO By the early 1970s, members began to withdraw from theSEATO organization. Pakistan formally left SEATO in 1973. When the Vietnam War ended in 1975, the SEATOs existencedisappeared and it formally disbanded in 1977. The twenty-fifth and last CENTO meeting was held in 1978 inLondon. In 1979, after the fall of Mo ammad-Reżā Shah, theḥgovernment of the Islamic Republic canceled its mem-bershipin CENTO. Thereby the organization lost its central link and its raisond’être.

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