Presentation on paper umt jan 2013


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Presentation on paper umt jan 2013

  1. 1. Topic:
  2. 2. Presented to : Ahmad SheikhResource Person and e-mediaspecialist
  3. 3. Group members Sara akbar Sidra ashraf Misbah munir Ummama siddique Khadijha atriq Warda naveedTechnical support: Ahmad Sheikh
  4. 4. • Paper is knowledge• Paper is sustainable• Paper is purposeful• Paper is business• Paper is effective• Paper is efficient• Paper is targeted• Paper makes people happy• Paper makes people sad
  5. 5. History of paper Paper making is one of the inventions byChinese. 105 A.D. is often cited as the year inwhich papermaking was invented. The invention of paper was reported tothe Eastern Han Emperor Ho-di by TsaiLun. Recent archaeological investigations,however, place the actual invention ofpapermaking some 200 years earlier.
  6. 6. History of paper Tsai Lun broke the bark of a mulberrytree into fibres and pounded them into asheet. Later it was discovered that the qualityof paper could be much improved withthe addition of rags hemp and old fishnets to the pulp.
  7. 7. Official history In ancient times writing was generally onbamboo or on pieces of silk, which werethen called ji. But silk being expensive and bambooheavy, these twitch materials were notconvenient. From this time paper has been in useeverywhere and is called the "paper ofMarquis Tsai."
  8. 8. History of paper By 740 A.D., The first printednewspaper was seen in China.
  9. 9. History of paper To the east, papermaking moved toKorea, where production of paper beganas early as the 6th century AD. According to tradition, a Korean monknamed Don-cho brought papermaking toJapan by sharing his knowledge at theImperial Palace in approximately AD610.
  10. 10. History of paper We learned that paper was introduced toXinjiang area very early according to thearchaeological records. The paper found atKaochang,Loulan,Kusha,Kotan, andDunhuang sites
  11. 11. History of paper The technique eventually reached Tibetaround 650 A.D. and then to India after645 A.D. By the time Hsuan Tsang from Chinaarrived to India in 671 A.D., paper wasalready widely used there.
  12. 12. History of paper For a long time the Chinese closelyguarded the secret of papermanufacture. However in 751 A.D. the Tang armywas defeated by the Ottoman Turks at amighty battle at the Talas River. Some Chinese soldiers and papermakers were captured and brought toSamarkand.
  13. 13. Countries achievementsabout paper The Arabs learned the paper making fromthe Chinese prisoners and built the firstpaper industry in Baghdad in 793 A.D.They, too, kept it a secret Europeans did not learn how to makepaper until several centuries later. The Egyptians learned the paper makingfrom the Arabs during the early 10thcentury. Paper arrived in Northern Africa around1100 A.D.
  14. 14. Countries achievementsabout paper By 1150 A.D. it arrived to Spain as aresult of the crusades and establishedthe first paper industry in Europe. In 1453 A.D. Johann Gutenberg inventsthe printing press. The first paper industry in the NorthAmerica was built in Philadelphia in1690.
  15. 15. Importance of paper Paper holds a powerful and oftensacred place in the history of humaninteraction. We mark each milestonein life with birth certificates, marriagelicenses, high school diplomas,photographs, diaries and scrapbookspreserve our collective memories forfuture generations and leave apermanent record of our time onEarth.
  16. 16. Importance of paper Historic papers continue toinspire millions, centuries afterthey’ve been scribed. Paperignites controversy in the formof literature and politicalproclamations. Papercertificates help define who weare, where we live, what we’velearned and how we earn aliving.
  17. 17. Importance of paper Paper is our currency, representingtrillions of dollars in stocks, bondsand bank notes. It’s fascinating tothink that such a simple inventioncould have such a monumentalimpact upon civilization. Above all else, paper creates animmediate and enduringconnection between people andtheir past, present and futureambitions. That’s why we proudlycelebrate the importance of paper
  18. 18. Importance of paper Paper has reinvented the way wecommunicate, record history, andwrite down literature. It is portable, smaller, and thinner,and has triggered the inventions. It is also through paper that ourcapacity to communicate with ourfellowmen improves. It facilitates a clear communicationline among men.
  19. 19. Importance of paper We were able to hone ourmathematical skills in paper. it allows us to go beyondboundaries and reach greaterheights when it comes to theadvancement of moderncomputer and technology. Paper has been traditionallyused as a form of recordkeeping and to spreadknowledge through writing
  20. 20. Importance of paper Paper allows us to build upon theknowledge of our ancestors,making science and progresspossible. Paper also has more mundaneuses, of course, for hygiene, aspacking material, for wrappingobjects, as tinder preserving and disseminatinghuman knowledge
  21. 21. Paper is… Paper is knowledge Paper is sustainable Paper is purposeful Paper is business Paper is effective Paper is efficient Paper is targeted
  22. 22. Paper is…. Paper is measurable Paper is flexible Paper is comfortable Paper is central to economicgrowth Paper works with other medias Paper creates a strongercommunication
  23. 23. Invention of paper The invention of paper in ourhistory marks a milestone in everyother progress and improvementknown to man. It has been a factthat paper is commonly used forone as the blueprint of many of theworlds best invention. Had we notinvented paper then we might bestill trapped in the Stone Age wherewe will be forced to inscribe ouridea in tablets of stone and cavewalls.
  24. 24. Invention of paper It is through the advent ofpaper production anddistribution that we becomemore civilized. Without paperwe would not have scrolls orbooks, making the transfer ofknowledge not only from oneperson to another but from onegeneration to another verydifficult if not impossible
  25. 25.  It is in this light that we cansee the importance of paper inpromoting and developingpeace in our midst. Close youreyes for a moment andimagine a world without paper.It is then that you will trulyunderstand its value andimportance
  26. 26. The Birth of Papermaking Paper is a thin material mainly used for writing upon,printing upon, drawing or for packaging. AD 105 is often cited as the year in whichpapermaking was invented. Paper, and the pulp papermaking process, was saidto be developed in China during the early 2ndcentury AD by the Han court eunuch Cai Tun,although the earliest archaeological fragments ofpaper derive from the 2nd century BC in China. Whether or not Tsai Tun was the actual inventor ofpaper, he deserves the place of honor he has beengiven in Chinese history for his role in developing amaterial that revolutionized his country.
  27. 27. The Papermaker This life-size statue, which stands in thecenter of the Paper Museum, is anadaptation of an illustration entitled "ThePapermaker," which is believed to havefirst appeared in 1698 in the Book ofTrades by Christopher Weigel.
  28. 28. Paper Making Processes There are three main process ofpapermaking:1. chemical pulping processes2. Mechanical pulping3. Deinked pulp
  29. 29. Papermaking SpreadsThroughout Asia From China, papermaking moved to Korea, whereproduction of paper began as early as the 6thcentury AD. According to tradition, a Korean monk named Don-cho brought papermaking to Japan by sharing hisknowledge at the Imperial Palace in approximatelyAD 610. Taught by Chinese papermakers, Tibetans began tomake their own paper as a replacement for theirtraditional writing materials. Chinese papermakers also spread their craft intoCentral Asia and Persia, from which it was laterintroduced into India by traders.
  30. 30. The Spread of Papermaking inEurope From Samarkand, papermaking spread to Baghdadin the 8th century AD and into Damascus, Egypt,and Morocco by the 10th century. It took nearly 500 years for papermaking to reachEurope from Samarkand Although the export of paper from the Middle East toByzantium and other parts of Europe began in the10th and 11th centuries, the craft was apparently notestablished in Spain and Italy until the 12th century. Early paper was at first disfavored by the Christianworld as a manifestation of Moslem culture, and a1221 decree from Holy Roman Emperor Frederick IIdeclared all official documents written on paper to beinvalid
  31. 31. Paper Types Art PaperUsed For Brochures,calendars, magazinecovers, magazine text. Bible Paperused for printing bibles.Not suitable for pen andink.Fax Base PaperFor making Fax images
  32. 32.  Book Paperused for the book text paper but alsofor book cover paper. Cigarette SlideUsed for making of CigaretteSlides . Cinema PosterUsed For printing Cinema posters,Wall papers Diary PaperUsed for making of diaries andsometimes for book printing andother applications.
  33. 33.  Flexible Carton BoardUsed for making FlexibleCartons. Glassine PaperUsed for food packaging’s andother special wrappingapplications. Ice Cream CupUsed for making Ice CreamCups. Label PaperUsed for printing of labels inmulti color.
  34. 34.  Tea Bag PaperUsed for retail packing of tea. Textile Tubes and ConesUsed for Laminates, tubemaking Wall PaperCoated with multiple colors orfloral designs. Soap Wrapper PosterUsed for Wrapping of Soaps.
  35. 35. Advantages of Paper Used for writing and printing. Used as Packaging material used as food ingredient. Used in industrial and constructionprocesses Use as money, bank note, cheque,voucher and ticket.
  36. 36.  Used for storing information Written records are not destroyed whenhard drives crash. You can access them without power Originals can be maintained Inexpensive compared to some forms ofelectronic data storage
  37. 37. Environmental and financial advantagesof paper Saves forest Saves wildlife Saves money Saves water Reduces use of oil Saves electricity Reduces pollution Creates jobs
  38. 38.  AgricultureSacks, seed packets BuildingWallpaper, damp-proof courses,roofing, flooring, flame resistantpapers, plasterboard,decorative laminates forfurniture, abrasive base paper,decorative crepe paper, feltpaper for vinyl floor covering. BusinessComputer tapes, print-outsheets, advertisements,circulars, catalogues, filingsystems, sales and servicemanuals, brochures, shop-tillpaper,
  39. 39.  Money, Finance and SecurityMoney, insurance forms, chequebooks, travellers cheques, postalorders, cash bags, papers that containspecial markings which are only visiblewhen subjected to ultra-violet light,diazo paper, thermal paper Office paperPhotocopying paper, graph papers,paper twine and string, blotting paper,carbonless paper, box files, folders,envelopes, CarsFascia boards, door and roof liners,filters, the Highway Code
  40. 40.  CommunicationWriting, typing, printing, envelopes,publishing,accounts, receipts, stamps,newspapers, magazines, greeting cards,calendars, diaries, telephone directories,embossing paper, Domestic ProductsWrapping and boxes for cleaning materials,domestic tissues, paper plates and cups,kitchen towels, table napkins, lampshades. EducationBooks, exercise books, instruction books,maps, wall-charts, report cards, Braillepaper, stationery, stencil base paper, ricepaper, pyroxylin coated paper for bookcover, decorative,
  41. 41.  Entertainment and SportMenu cards, paper hats, crackers,fireworks, programmes, playing cards,board games, kites, model aircraft, footballcoupons, race cards Food PackagingWrapping for bread, flour, tea, sugar, butter,margarine, sweets, deep frozen food etc.,milk cartons, egg boxes, foil wrappings, teabags, sausage skins, cigarette paper,flexible packaging, twisting paper for candywrap, paper cup, lace paper, tableclothpaper, metallized paper, molded boxes foregg tray, apple tray, etc., IdentificationGummed labels, identity cards, tamper-proof labels for supermarkets, release basepaper
  42. 42.  IndustryPresentation, wrapping, packaging andprotection for all manufactured goods, transfersheets for decorating chinaware, flame retardantpaper, cores, paper tubes, fiber drum, compositecans, gypsum board liner, decalcomania paperfor ceramic/glass, electrical insulation paper,condenser tissue paper, glass fiber paper forfiltering process, ElectricalSpecial insulating boards, electrolytic condenserpaper, wrapping and identification for electricalcables, printed circuits, battery separators FiltrationFilters for water air, coffee, medicine, beer, oiland for mechanical uses. Impregnated PapersPolishing, waxing, cleaning.
  43. 43.  Protective PapersGrease proof and corrosion-resistantproducts, sleeves for compact discs. MedicalPackaging to keep instruments andequipment sterilized, bandages,plasters, clothing for nurses, facemasks, surgeons caps, disposablebed pans, sheets, pillowcases,medical packaging, PersonalFacial and toilet tissue, towels,sanitary products, tableware, sheets,disposable nappies, confetti, carrierbags, gift wrapping, diapers,
  44. 44.  PhotographicFilms, photographs, enlargements,mounts, lens cleaners, extrusionpaper for photographic purpose, Record keeping and otherdocumentationLegal documents, birth, marriageand death certificates, wills, history,scientific data TravelTickets, passports, maps, charts,luggage labels, timetables, fiber forsuitcases.