This Land Is My Land          “MANDATE FOR PALESTINE”                   THE LEGAL ASPECTS OF JEWISH RIGHTS                ...
The two most significant events leading to                       the creation of a Jewish National Home                   ...
Benjamin Zeev Herzl                         “Oppression and persecution cannot exterminate us. No nation                 ...
Balfour Declaration                          The Balfour Declaration                          The British Foreign Office, ...
Winston Churchill                                Jews are in Palestine                                  “as of right and n...
A Telling Terminology                         “Recognition … to the Historical                         Connection of the J...
League of Nations                       Came into force in Geneva on January 10, 1920 Established to: Avoid future wars. G...
July 24, 1922                       “Mandate for Palestine” 51 member countries – the           “Recognition Has Been Give...
Mandate for Palestine - The British Mandate                           A Trust – “Mandate for Palestine”  Confused   ?     ...
Mandate for Palestine – Front Cover                                                LEAGUE OF NATIONS                      ...
1920 – Original Mandate Territory   Assigned   to the   Jewish   National   HomeThis Land Is My Land   “MANDATE FOR PALEST...
Article 25 - “Mandate for Palestine”                          “In the territories lying between the                       ...
Article 25 of the “Mandate” Where Jews are not permitted to settle Iraq was given to Faisal bin Hussein, son of the sherif...
1922 - Final territory in which the Jewish                   National Home was to be reconstituted.This Land Is My Land   ...
Palestine is a geographical area                   Not a nationality                       Palestine lies on the western e...
Article 2 - Mandate for PalestineJust & Legal               The Mandatory shall be responsible forOccupation              ...
Article 6 - Mandate for Palestine Where                 “The Administration of Palestine …, shall encourage … Jews are    ...
Palestine                       Rights under the “Mandate”                                   Jews                         ...
Jewish rights to Palestine were                       internationally guaranteed                        “The [Balfour] Dec...
Jewish Palestine …In fact the term“Palestine” appliedalmost exclusively to                           • The Jerusalem Post,...
United States Congress June 30, 1922                        A joint resolution of both Houses of Congress of the United St...
U.S. Presidents                        Woodrow Wilson                        March 3, 1919                        Expresse...
The League of Nations Dissolved   April 18, 1946   The League   transfers all   its assets to   the United   Nations.     ...
The language of the UN Charter is                       approved and signed in San Francisco on                       June...
The “Lobbyists” that made it happen   Professor   Rostow:              “… [A] Strong Jewish delegations … attended the San...
United Nations  Came into  force on  October 24,  1945                         The UN General Assembly convenes its first ...
Jerusalem in “Mandate” time                            Two distinct issues exist in regard to                             ...
Article 2                       United Nations Charter - Benchmarks                          3. All Members shall settle t...
1947 UN Partition Plan                       UN Resolution 181, recommended to                       partition the remaini...
Arab Claim the Partition Plan is Unfair The Jewish                                                                    Area...
‫מגילת העצמאות של ישראל‬                                       ‫הכרזה על הקמת מדינת ישראל‬                       ‫בשנת תרנ...
The legal aspects of coming into                       possession of the territories                       About six month...
The legal aspects of coming into                       possession of the territories     1967              In June 1967, t...
Sources used in this study:      Professor,       (1929-) has served on the International Court since 15 January 1981. He ...
This Land is My Land                                       We are a people,                                       one peop...
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This Land is My Land

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Eli Hertz's easy to understand documented, undisputed historical account of why according to International laws and simple Justice, Israel is a homeland of the Jews, including the disputed territories of Judea and Samaria.

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This Land is My Land

  1. 1. This Land Is My Land “MANDATE FOR PALESTINE” THE LEGAL ASPECTS OF JEWISH RIGHTS ELI E. HERTZ 1920 - ORIGINAL TERRITORY ASSIGNED TO THE JEWISH NATIONAL HOME 1922-FINAL TERRITORY ASSIGNED TO THE JEWISH NATIONAL HOMEThis Land Is My Land “MANDATE FOR PALESTINE” THE LEGAL ASPECTS OF JEWISH RIGHTS ELI E. HERTZ
  2. 2. The two most significant events leading to the creation of a Jewish National Home Founding of modern Zionism Benjamin Zeev (Theodor) Herzl May 2, 1860 – July, 3 1904 Balfour Declaration The British Foreign Office, November 2, 1917This Land Is My Land “MANDATE FOR PALESTINE” THE LEGAL ASPECTS OF JEWISH RIGHTS ELI E. HERTZ
  3. 3. Benjamin Zeev Herzl  “Oppression and persecution cannot exterminate us. No nation on earth has survived such struggles and sufferings as we have gone through.  “Palestine is our ever-memorable historic home. The very name of Palestine would attract our people with a force of marvelous potency.  “The world will be freed by our liberty, enriched by our wealth, magnified by our greatness. And whatever we attempt there to accomplish for our own welfare, will react powerfully and beneficially for the good of humanity.  “The idea which I have developed in this pamphlet is a very old one: it is the restoration of the Jewish State. Pamphlet: "The Jewish State.” (1897)This Land Is My Land “MANDATE FOR PALESTINE” THE LEGAL ASPECTS OF JEWISH RIGHTS ELI E. HERTZ
  4. 4. Balfour Declaration The Balfour Declaration The British Foreign Office, November 2nd, 1917 Dear Lord Rothschild, I have much pleasure in conveying to you, on behalf of His Majesty’s Government, the following declaration of sympathy with Jewish Zionist aspirations which has been submitted to, and approved by, the Cabinet. “His Majesty’s Government view with favour the establishment in Palestine of a national home for the Jewish people, and will use their best endeavours to facilitate the achievement of this object, it being clearly understood that nothing shall be done which may prejudice the civil and religious rights of existing non-Jewish communities in Palestine, or the rights and political status enjoyed by Jews in any other country.” I should be grateful if you would bring this declaration to the knowledge of the Zionist Federation. Signed by Arthur James BalfourThis Land Is My Land “MANDATE FOR PALESTINE” THE LEGAL ASPECTS OF JEWISH RIGHTS ELI E. HERTZ
  5. 5. Winston Churchill Jews are in Palestine “as of right and not on sufferance...” “When it is asked what is meant by the development of the Jewish National Home in Palestine, it may be answered that it is not the imposition of a Jewish British nationality upon the inhabitants of Palestine as a Secretary of whole, but the further development of the existing State for the Jewish community, with the assistance of Jews in Colonies other parts of the world, in order that it may become June, 1922 a centre in which the Jewish people as a whole may take on grounds of religion and race, an interest and a pride.”This Land Is My Land “MANDATE FOR PALESTINE” THE LEGAL ASPECTS OF JEWISH RIGHTS ELI E. HERTZ
  6. 6. A Telling Terminology “Recognition … to the Historical Connection of the Jewish People with Palestine. (Preamble to the Mandate) “Reconstituting their National Home in that Country [Palestine] (Preamble to the Mandate) “Recreation of Palestine as the national home of the Jewish race.” (U.S. Congress 1922)This Land Is My Land “MANDATE FOR PALESTINE” THE LEGAL ASPECTS OF JEWISH RIGHTS ELI E. HERTZ
  7. 7. League of Nations Came into force in Geneva on January 10, 1920 Established to: Avoid future wars. Guarantee the nations peace & security.This Land Is My Land “MANDATE FOR PALESTINE” THE LEGAL ASPECTS OF JEWISH RIGHTS ELI E. HERTZ
  8. 8. July 24, 1922 “Mandate for Palestine” 51 member countries – the “Recognition Has Been Given to the Historical entire League Connection of the Jewish People with Palestine of Nations – and to the Grounds for Reconstituting their unanimously National Home in that Country.” declared: Albania, Argentina, Australia, Austria, Belgium, Bolivia, Brazil, British India, Bulgaria, Canada, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, El Salvador, Estonia, Finland, France, Greece, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, Italy, Japan, Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes, Latvia, Liberia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Norway, Panama, Paraguay, Persia, Peru, Poland, Portugal, Republic of China, Romania, Siam, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Union of South Africa, United Kingdom, Uruguay, Venezuela.This Land Is My Land “MANDATE FOR PALESTINE” THE LEGAL ASPECTS OF JEWISH RIGHTS ELI E. HERTZ
  9. 9. Mandate for Palestine - The British Mandate A Trust – “Mandate for Palestine” Confused ? “The Mandates of the League of Nations have a special status in international law. They are considered to be trusts, indeed ‘sacred trusts.’” Professor Rostow Trustee (Mandatory) – Great Britain Great Britain was entrusted by the League of Nations with the responsibility to administer the area delineated by the “Mandate for Palestine” in accordance with the provisions of the articles of the Mandate.This Land Is My Land “MANDATE FOR PALESTINE” THE LEGAL ASPECTS OF JEWISH RIGHTS ELI E. HERTZ
  10. 10. Mandate for Palestine – Front Cover LEAGUE OF NATIONS __________ MANDATE FOR PALESTINE, TOGETHER WITH A NOTE BY THE SECRETARY - GENERAL RELATING TO ITS APPLICATION TO THE TERRITORY KNOWN AS TRANS-JORDAN, under the provisions of Article 25. =============================== Presented to Parliament by Command of His Majesty, December, 1922. =============================== LONDON: PUBLISHED BY HIS MAJESTY’S STATIONARY OFFICE.This Land Is My Land “MANDATE FOR PALESTINE” THE LEGAL ASPECTS OF JEWISH RIGHTS ELI E. HERTZ
  11. 11. 1920 – Original Mandate Territory Assigned to the Jewish National HomeThis Land Is My Land “MANDATE FOR PALESTINE” THE LEGAL ASPECTS OF JEWISH RIGHTS ELI E. HERTZ
  12. 12. Article 25 - “Mandate for Palestine” “In the territories lying between the Jordan and the eastern boundary of Palestine as ultimately determined, the Mandatory shall be entitled, with the consent of the Council of the League of Nations, to postpone or withhold application of such provision of this Mandate as he may consider inapplicable to the existing local conditions...”This Land Is My Land “MANDATE FOR PALESTINE” THE LEGAL ASPECTS OF JEWISH RIGHTS ELI E. HERTZ
  13. 13. Article 25 of the “Mandate” Where Jews are not permitted to settle Iraq was given to Faisal bin Hussein, son of the sheriff of Mecca in 1918. To reward his younger brother Abdullah with an emirate, in 1922, Britain cut away 77 percent of its mandate over Palestine earmarked for the Jews and gave it to Abdullah, creating the new country of Trans-Jordan or Jordan, as it was later named.This Land Is My Land “MANDATE FOR PALESTINE” THE LEGAL ASPECTS OF JEWISH RIGHTS ELI E. HERTZ
  14. 14. 1922 - Final territory in which the Jewish National Home was to be reconstituted.This Land Is My Land “MANDATE FOR PALESTINE” THE LEGAL ASPECTS OF JEWISH RIGHTS ELI E. HERTZ
  15. 15. Palestine is a geographical area Not a nationality Palestine lies on the western edge of the continent of Asia between Latitude 30º N. and 33º N., Longitude 34º 30’ E. and 35º 30’ E. On the North it is bounded by the French Mandated Territories of Syria and Lebanon, on the East by Syria and Trans-Jordan, on the South-west by the Egyptian province of Sinai, on the South-east by the Gulf of Aqaba and on the West by the Mediterranean. The frontier with Syria was laid down by the Anglo-French Convention of the 23rd December, 1920, and its delimitation was ratified in 1923. Briefly stated, the boundaries are as follows: North. – From Ras en Naqura on the Mediterranean eastwards to a point west of Qadas, thence in a northerly direction to Metulla, thence east to a point west of Banias. East. – From Banias in a southerly direction east of Lake Hula to Jisr Banat Ya’pub, thence along a line east of the Jordan and the Lake of Tiberias and on to El Hamme station on the Samakh-Deraa railway line, thence along the centre of the river Yarmuq to its confluence with the Jordan, thence along the centres of the Jordan, the Dead Sea and the Wadi Araba to a point on the Gulf of Aqaba two miles west of the town of Aqaba, thence along the shore of the Gulf of Aqaba to Ras Jaba. South. – From Ras Jaba in a generally north-westerly direction to the junction of the Neki- Aqaba and Gaza Aqaba Roads, thence to a point west-north-west of Ain Maghara and thence to a point on the Mediterranean coast north-west of Rafa. West. – The Mediterranean Sea. Report by his Majesty’s G0vernment. 1938, page 439This Land Is My Land “MANDATE FOR PALESTINE” THE LEGAL ASPECTS OF JEWISH RIGHTS ELI E. HERTZ
  16. 16. Article 2 - Mandate for PalestineJust & Legal The Mandatory shall be responsible forOccupation placing the country under such political, administrative and economic conditions as will secure the establishment of the Jewish national home, as laid down in the preamble, and the development of self- governing institutions, and also for safeguarding the civil and religious rights of all the inhabitants of Palestine, irrespective of race and religion.This Land Is My Land “MANDATE FOR PALESTINE” THE LEGAL ASPECTS OF JEWISH RIGHTS ELI E. HERTZ
  17. 17. Article 6 - Mandate for Palestine Where “The Administration of Palestine …, shall encourage … Jews are close settlement by Jews on the land, including permitted State lands and waste lands not required for to settle public purposes.” Jewish Settlements are LegalThis Land Is My Land “MANDATE FOR PALESTINE” THE LEGAL ASPECTS OF JEWISH RIGHTS ELI E. HERTZ
  18. 18. Palestine Rights under the “Mandate” Jews Other Inhabitant Religious Rights Religious Rights Civil Rights & Civil Rights Political Rights At no point in the entire document is there any granting of political rights to non-Jewish entities (i.e., Arabs) because political rights to self-determination as a polity for Arabs, were guaranteed under the Mandate system to Lebanon, Syria, Iraq and JordanThis Land Is My Land “MANDATE FOR PALESTINE” THE LEGAL ASPECTS OF JEWISH RIGHTS ELI E. HERTZ
  19. 19. Jewish rights to Palestine were internationally guaranteed “The [Balfour] Declaration was endorsed at the time by several of the Allied Governments; it was reaffirmed by the Conference of the Principal Allied Powers at San Remo in 1920; it was subsequently endorsed by unanimous resolutions of both Houses of the Congress of the United States; it was embodied in the Mandate for Palestine approved by the League of Nations in 1922; it was declared, in a formal statement of policy issued by the Colonial Secretary in the same year, ‘not to be susceptible of change’; and it has been the guiding principle in their direction of the affairs of Palestine of four successive British Governments. The policy was fixed and internationally guaranteed.” Report of the High Commissioner 1920-1925This Land Is My Land “MANDATE FOR PALESTINE” THE LEGAL ASPECTS OF JEWISH RIGHTS ELI E. HERTZ
  20. 20. Jewish Palestine …In fact the term“Palestine” appliedalmost exclusively to • The Jerusalem Post, founded in 1932, was called TheJews and theinstitutions founded Palestine Post.by new Jewish • Bank Leumi L’Israel, incorporated in 1902, wasimmigrants in thefirst half of the 20th called the “Anglo-Palestine Company” until 1948.century, before the • The Jewish Agency –a an arm of the ZionistIsrael’sindependence. movement engaged in Jewish settlement since 1929 – was initially called the Jewish Agency for Palestine. • Today’s Israel Philharmonic Orchestra, founded in 1936, was originally called the “Palestine Symphony Orchestra,” composed of some 70 Palestinian Jews. • The United Jewish Appeal (UJA), established in 1939 as a merger of the United Palestine Appeal and the fund-raising arm of the Joint Distribution Committee.This Land Is My Land “MANDATE FOR PALESTINE” THE LEGAL ASPECTS OF JEWISH RIGHTS ELI E. HERTZ
  21. 21. United States Congress June 30, 1922 A joint resolution of both Houses of Congress of the United States unanimously endorsed the “Mandate for Palestine,” confirming the irrevocable right of Jews to settle in the area of Palestine – anywhere between the Jordan River and the Mediterranean Sea. “Favoring the establishment in Palestine of a national home for the Jewish people. “resolved by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United State of America in congress assembled, That the United States of America favors the establishment in Palestine of a national home for the Jewish people, it being clearly understood that nothing shall be done which may prejudice the civil and religious rights of Christian and all other non-Jewish communities in Palestine, and that the holy places and religious buildings and sites in Palestine shall be adequately protected.” Palestine Royal commission Report, Chapter II, page 31This Land Is My Land “MANDATE FOR PALESTINE” THE LEGAL ASPECTS OF JEWISH RIGHTS ELI E. HERTZ
  22. 22. U.S. Presidents Woodrow Wilson March 3, 1919 Expressed his deep belief in the eventuality of the creation of a Jewish State. Warren G. Harding September 21, 1922 Signed the joint resolution of approval to establish a Jewish homeland in Palestine.This Land Is My Land “MANDATE FOR PALESTINE” THE LEGAL ASPECTS OF JEWISH RIGHTS ELI E. HERTZ
  23. 23. The League of Nations Dissolved April 18, 1946 The League transfers all its assets to the United Nations. Tran-Jordan was made an independent and exclusively Arab State on 77% of the Mandate Territory by Great Britain with the consent of the League of Nations.This Land Is My Land “MANDATE FOR PALESTINE” THE LEGAL ASPECTS OF JEWISH RIGHTS ELI E. HERTZ
  24. 24. The language of the UN Charter is approved and signed in San Francisco on June 26, 1945. Article 80 of the UN Charter has been created to implicitly recognize the “Mandate for Palestine” of the League of Nations. “… The International Court of Justice has consistently recognized that the Mandate survived the demise of the League of Nations.” ICJ Advisory Opinion of June 21 1971This Land Is My Land “MANDATE FOR PALESTINE” THE LEGAL ASPECTS OF JEWISH RIGHTS ELI E. HERTZ
  25. 25. The “Lobbyists” that made it happen Professor Rostow: “… [A] Strong Jewish delegations … attended the San Francisco Conference, 25 April – 26 June 1945. “Rabbi Stephen S. Wise, Peter Bergson, Eliahu Elath, Professors Ben-Zion Netanayu and A. S. Yehuda, and Harry Selden were among the Jewish representatives. “Their mission was to protect the Jewish right of settlement in Palestine under the Mandate against erosion in a world of ambitious states.” Article 80 was the result of their efforts.”This Land Is My Land “MANDATE FOR PALESTINE” THE LEGAL ASPECTS OF JEWISH RIGHTS ELI E. HERTZ
  26. 26. United Nations Came into force on October 24, 1945 The UN General Assembly convenes its first meeting at Lake Success, Flushing Meadows, New York on November 19, 1946.This Land Is My Land “MANDATE FOR PALESTINE” THE LEGAL ASPECTS OF JEWISH RIGHTS ELI E. HERTZ
  27. 27. Jerusalem in “Mandate” time Two distinct issues exist in regard to Jerusalem I. “Holy Places … assuring respect for the existing interests of the three religions and of providing the necessary guarantees of freedom of access, worship, and religious administration. II. City of Jerusalem … establishing an effective administration of the City which can protect the rights of the various elements of its permanent population - Christian, Arab and Jewish” Internationalizing Jerusalem was never part of the “Mandate” Judge, Sir Elihu Lauterpacht, Jerusalem and the Holy Places (London: The Anglo- Israel Association, 1968).This Land Is My Land “MANDATE FOR PALESTINE” THE LEGAL ASPECTS OF JEWISH RIGHTS ELI E. HERTZ
  28. 28. Article 2 United Nations Charter - Benchmarks 3. All Members shall settle their international disputes by peaceful means in such a manner that international peace and security, and justice, are not endangered. 4. All Members shall refrain in their international relations from the threat or use of force against the territorial integrity or political independence of any state, or in any other manner inconsistent with the Purposes of the United Nations.This Land Is My Land “MANDATE FOR PALESTINE” THE LEGAL ASPECTS OF JEWISH RIGHTS ELI E. HERTZ
  29. 29. 1947 UN Partition Plan UN Resolution 181, recommended to partition the remaining 23% of the territory still subject to the Mandate into a Jewish state and an Arab state. Jews accepted the recommendation (1947). Both Palestinian Arabs and their Arab brethren in neighboring countries rejected it. Resolution 181’s validity hinged on acceptance of the General Assembly’s recommendation by both parties.This Land Is My Land “MANDATE FOR PALESTINE” THE LEGAL ASPECTS OF JEWISH RIGHTS ELI E. HERTZ
  30. 30. Arab Claim the Partition Plan is Unfair The Jewish Area representative “17,000,000 Arabs now Jews addressing the occupy an area of 1,290,000 UN in 1947: square miles, including all the Arabs principal Arab and Moslem centers. Population Jews 600,000 Jews now occupy an area of 10,000 square Arabs miles in Palestine. Yet the UN proposed to reduce it by one half and to eliminate Western Galilee from the Jewish State. That was an injustice and a grievous handicap to the development of the Jewish State.” Dr. Abba Hillel Silver, October 2, 1947This Land Is My Land “MANDATE FOR PALESTINE” THE LEGAL ASPECTS OF JEWISH RIGHTS ELI E. HERTZ
  31. 31. ‫מגילת העצמאות של ישראל‬ ‫הכרזה על הקמת מדינת ישראל‬ ‫בשנת תרנ"ז )7981( נתכנס הקונגרס הציוני לקול קריאתו‬ ‫של הוגה חזון המדינה היהודית תיאודור הרצל והכריז על‬ ‫זכות העם היהודי לתקומה לאומית בארצו.‬ ‫זכות זו הוכרה בהצהרת בלפור מיום ב בנובמבר 7191‬ ‫ואושרה במנדט מטעם חבר הלאומים, אשר נתן במיוחד‬ ‫תוקף בין-לאומי לקשר ההיסטורי שבין העם היהודי לבין‬ ‫ארץ-ישראל ולזכות העם היהודי להקים מחדש את ביתו‬ ‫הלאומי..‬ ‫עיתון רשמי: מס 1 תל-אביב ה באייר תש"ח 8491.5.41 עמ 1‬‫‪This Land Is My Land‬‬ ‫‪“MANDATE FOR PALESTINE” THE LEGAL ASPECTS OF JEWISH RIGHTS ELI E. HERTZ‬‬
  32. 32. The legal aspects of coming into possession of the territories About six months before the War of Independence in 1948 1948, Palestinian Arabs launched a series of riots and bloodletting. Then came the invasion of seven Arab armies from neighboring states (UNSC. S/928, 28 July 1948) attempting to prevent the establishment of a Jewish state in accordance with the UN’s 1947 recommendation to Partition Palestine, a plan the Arab rejected. The Jewish state not only survived: It came into possession of territories – land from which its adversaries launched their first attempt to destroy the newly created State of Israel.This Land Is My Land “MANDATE FOR PALESTINE” THE LEGAL ASPECTS OF JEWISH RIGHTS ELI E. HERTZ
  33. 33. The legal aspects of coming into possession of the territories 1967 In June 1967, the combined armies of Egypt, Syria, and Jordan attacked Israel with the clear purpose expressed by Egypt’s President Gamal Abdel Nasser: “Destruction of Israel.” Israel launched a surprised preemptive strike and at the end of what is now known as the 1967 Six- Day War, Israel, against all odds, was victorious and in possession of the territories of the West Bank, Gaza, Sinai, and the Golan Heights.This Land Is My Land “MANDATE FOR PALESTINE” THE LEGAL ASPECTS OF JEWISH RIGHTS ELI E. HERTZ
  34. 34. Sources used in this study: Professor, (1929-) has served on the International Court since 15 January 1981. He was Judge Stephen Vice-resident of the Court from 1994 to 1997 and has been President from 1997 M. Schwebel to 2000. A former Deputy Legal Adviser of the United States Department of State and Burling Professor of International Law at the School of Advanced International Studies of The Johns Hopkins University (Washington). Professor (1907-1985), was recognized as one of the twentieth century’s leading Julius Stone authorities on the Law of Nations. His work represents a detailed analysis of the central principles of international law governing the issues raised by the Arab-Israel conflict. He was one of a few scholars to gain outstanding recognition in more than one field. Professor Stone was one of the world’s best-known authorities in both Jurisprudence and International Law. (1928-) was the founder (1983) of the Lauterpacht Centre of International Law Sir Elihu at the University of Cambridge. Published Jerusalem and the Holy Places Lauterpacht (London: The Anglo-Israel Association, 1968). Sir Lauterpacht was also a Judge ad hoc of the International Court of Justice. Professor (1916-2003) was Sterling Professor of Law and Public Affairs Emeritus at Yale University and served as the Dean of Yale Law School (1955-66). In 1967, as Rostow U.S. Under-Secretary of State for Political Affairs he was a key draftee of UN Resolution 242. The Archives: Over 20,000 pages from the British and the League of Nations archive.This Land Is My Land “MANDATE FOR PALESTINE” THE LEGAL ASPECTS OF JEWISH RIGHTS ELI E. HERTZ
  35. 35. This Land is My Land We are a people, one people. Benjamin Zeev (Theodor) HerzlThis Land Is My Land “MANDATE FOR PALESTINE” THE LEGAL ASPECTS OF JEWISH RIGHTS ELI E. HERTZ

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