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Wt p 2.10


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  • 1. We the People 2.10 How Did the States Govern Themselves After the Revolution?
  • 2. Key Vocabulary
    • Legislative Supremacy
    • Petition
    • Popular Sovereignty
    • Veto
  • 3. Basic Ideas About Government in the State Constitutions
    • A. Natural rights and higher law
      • a. Purpose: to protect the people‚Äôs rights of life, liberty and pursuit of happiness
  • 4. Basic Ideas cont.
    • B. Social Contract
      • a. The people agree to government (consent to be governed)
      • b. People give power to government in return for protection
  • 5. Basic Ideas cont.
    • C. Popular Sovereignty
      • The people are the highest authority because they are the source of power
  • 6. Basic Ideas cont.
    • D. Representation
      • a. people are elected to office
      • b. White men who owned property could vote
  • 7. Basic Ideas cont.
    • E. Separation of Powers
      • a. Government was divided into branches: judicial, executive, legislative
  • 8. Basic Ideas cont.
    • F. Checks and Balances
      • a. None of the branches of government had all of the power
      • b. Branches checked each other
  • 9. Basic Ideas cont.
    • G. Legislative Supremacy
      • a. Majority of states set up their government so that the majority (most) power was controlled by the legislative branch
  • 10. Problems of Legislative Supremacy
    • A. State governments did not protect property rights of citizens
    • B. Factions formed seeking to promote own interests
  • 11. Problems cont.
    • C. State government taxed and controlled citizens (people) far more than British
    • D. State laws interfered with private lives of citizens
  • 12. Importance of Massachusetts Constitution
    • A. Last state to write its constitution
    • B. Distributed power more evenly among branches
  • 13. Importance cont.
    • C. Governor could veto (refuse to sign laws) proposed by the legislature
    • D. Governor could appoint officials in executive and judicial branches
  • 14. Importance cont.
    • E. Also divided into voting groups based on wealth
  • 15. All Constitutions had a Declaration of Rights of Citizens
    • Also known as a bill of rights and protected the natural rights of the people
  • 16. Important Ideas in Virginia Declaration of Rights
    • A. All power comes from and kept by the people
    • B. Men are created equal with basic rights
  • 17. Importance cont.
    • C. Government looks out for common good of people
    • (Relate back to Magna Carta and Declaration of Independence)
  • 18. Importance cont.
    • D. Listed individual rights
      • a. Trial by jury
      • b. Protection against self-incrimination
      • c. Protection against cruel and unusual punishment
      • d. freedom of press
      • e. Freedom of religion
  • 19. Rights Protected in Other States
    • A. Right to vote
    • B. Free elections
    • C. Freedom of speech and press
  • 20. Other States cont.
    • D. No taxation without representation
    • E. The right to petition (plead for change) to government