Unit 1   lesson 5
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Unit 1 lesson 5






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  • Separate the powers of government 1. Divide government branches (or parts) 2. Prevent abuse - each part (branch) has different power 2) Balance the powers among the branches 1. Divide branches so no branch controls the other 2. Each branch “checks” each other
  • Tension over issues because no one group has all the power
  • We will learn more about Executive and Judicial branches in later lessons.

Unit 1   lesson 5 Unit 1 lesson 5 Presentation Transcript

  • Organization of Government How to combat abuse of power.
  • Key Terms:
    • Bill
    • Checks and Balances
    • Executive Branch
    • Judicial Branch
    • Legislative Branch
    • Separation of Powers
  • Ways to Organize Government
    • Constitutional governments are organized so that one group or person cannot get enough power to dominate the government
    • There are two ways to organize government to prevent abuse of power
  • Cont.
    • 1) Separate the powers by dividing them into branches to distribute the power
    • 2) Balance the powers among the branches that “check” each other
  • Separation of Powers
    • Specific power is given to each branch of government
    • Our government is divided into three branches
      • Legislative Branch : power to make laws
      • Executive Branch : power to carry out and enforce laws
      • Judicial Branch : manages conflict and applies laws
  • Checks and Balances
    • The powers of different branches are balanced
    • No branch has so much power that it can dominate (control)
    • Each branch has own powers and some powers are shared between branches
  • Cont.
    • Legislative branch is also know as Congress
      • Main power is to make laws. A proposed law is knows as a bill .
      • Divided into two houses: the Senate and the House of Representatives
      • The Senate and House of Representatives check each other
  • Cont.
    • Executive and Judicial branches can check and control the power of Congress (Legislative Branch) to make laws
    • Executive branch (President) can refuse to sign a bill that has passed
    • Judicial branch (U.S. Supreme Court) can declare a law unconstitutional
  • Cont.
    • The system of separation of powers and checks and balances helps ensure that government power is limited and cannot be abused
    • The system works slowly which is an advantage because decisions are well thought out