Unit 1 lesson 5

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  • Separate the powers of government 1. Divide government branches (or parts) 2. Prevent abuse - each part (branch) has different power 2) Balance the powers among the branches 1. Divide branches so no branch controls the other 2. Each branch “checks” each other
  • Tension over issues because no one group has all the power
  • We will learn more about Executive and Judicial branches in later lessons.
  • Unit 1 lesson 5

    1. 1. Organization of Government How to combat abuse of power.
    2. 2. Key Terms: <ul><li>Bill </li></ul><ul><li>Checks and Balances </li></ul><ul><li>Executive Branch </li></ul><ul><li>Judicial Branch </li></ul><ul><li>Legislative Branch </li></ul><ul><li>Separation of Powers </li></ul>
    3. 3. Ways to Organize Government <ul><li>Constitutional governments are organized so that one group or person cannot get enough power to dominate the government </li></ul><ul><li>There are two ways to organize government to prevent abuse of power </li></ul>
    4. 4. Cont. <ul><li>1) Separate the powers by dividing them into branches to distribute the power </li></ul><ul><li>2) Balance the powers among the branches that “check” each other </li></ul>
    5. 5. Separation of Powers <ul><li>Specific power is given to each branch of government </li></ul><ul><li>Our government is divided into three branches </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Legislative Branch : power to make laws </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Executive Branch : power to carry out and enforce laws </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Judicial Branch : manages conflict and applies laws </li></ul></ul>
    6. 6. Checks and Balances <ul><li>The powers of different branches are balanced </li></ul><ul><li>No branch has so much power that it can dominate (control) </li></ul><ul><li>Each branch has own powers and some powers are shared between branches </li></ul>
    7. 7. Cont. <ul><li>Legislative branch is also know as Congress </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Main power is to make laws. A proposed law is knows as a bill . </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Divided into two houses: the Senate and the House of Representatives </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Senate and House of Representatives check each other </li></ul></ul>
    8. 9. Cont. <ul><li>Executive and Judicial branches can check and control the power of Congress (Legislative Branch) to make laws </li></ul><ul><li>Executive branch (President) can refuse to sign a bill that has passed </li></ul><ul><li>Judicial branch (U.S. Supreme Court) can declare a law unconstitutional </li></ul>
    9. 10. Cont. <ul><li>The system of separation of powers and checks and balances helps ensure that government power is limited and cannot be abused </li></ul><ul><li>The system works slowly which is an advantage because decisions are well thought out </li></ul>

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