TINA showcase: Introduction
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TINA showcase: Introduction

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This video introduces the showcase event held by the Intelligent Airport (TINA) project: http://intelligentairport.org.uk.

This video introduces the showcase event held by the Intelligent Airport (TINA) project: http://intelligentairport.org.uk.

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TINA showcase: Introduction TINA showcase: Introduction Presentation Transcript

  • The INtelligent Airport (TINA)
    Showcase Event
    Welcome
    Ian White
    8 January 2010, Cambridge
  • The Challenges of Airport Infrastructure
    • Have advanced greatly in recent years
    • Demand for IT infrastructure is immense View slide
    • Hard to remember what it used to be like!
    Source: African Capital Airport, 2008
    View slide
  • The Challenges of Airport Infrastructure
    • Now require a plethora of advanced services
  • The INtelligent Airport
    Project Aims
    To develop a next generation
    advanced wired and wireless network for future airport environments
  • The INtelligent Airport
    Project Aims
    To develop a next generation
    advanced wired and wireless network for future airport environments
  • The INtelligent Airport
    Project Aims
    To develop a next generation
    advanced wired and wireless network for future airport environments
  • The INtelligent Airport
    Project Aims
    To develop a next generation
    advanced wired and wireless network for future airport environments
  • The INtelligent Airport
    Project Aims:To develop a next generation advanced wired and wireless network for futureairport environments
    Project Objectives:
    To study the feasibility of a single multi-service infrastructure to replace the many independently installed systems characteristic of current installations
    2. To determine new system architectures which provide dynamic capacity allocation, wireless/wired interworking and device location
    3. To determine new algorithms for addressing and routeing, able to operate seamlessly in a combined wired and wireless environment
    4. To design a new form of wireless signal distribution network where multiservice antenna units cooperate, not only to provide communication, but also to provide identification and location services
    5. In collaboration with our industrial partners, to define and build small proof of principle demonstrators using the proposed architectures and technologies
  • The INtelligent Airport
    Project Aims:To develop a next generation advanced wired and wireless network for futureairport environments
    Project Objectives:
    To study the feasibility of a single multi-service infrastructure to replace the many independently installed systems characteristic of current installations
    2. To determine new system architectures which provide dynamic capacity allocation, wireless/wired interworking and device location
    3. To determine new algorithms for addressing and routeing, able to operate seamlessly in a combined wired and wireless environment
    4. To design a new form of wireless signal distribution network where multiservice antenna units cooperate, not only to provide communication, but also to provide identification and location services
    5. In collaboration with our industrial partners, to define and build small proof of principle demonstrators using the proposed architectures and technologies
  • The Applications Challenge
  • The Applications Challenge
    Services to be supported in airport environment (mean data rates):
    1,000 Fixed and 500 Mobile Video Cameras - 10 Gb/s
    500 Displays - 10 Gb/s
    500 Biometric Scanners - 10 Gb/s
    Private and Public Fixed and Wireless LAN - 20 Gb/s
    Cellular services - 10 Gb/s
    TETRA and private radio - 0.5 Gb/s
    Passive RFID - 0.2 Gb/s
    Active locatable RFID - 5 Gb/s
    Aggregate Mean Rate 65.7 Gb/s, assumed Aggregate Peak Rate 100 Gb/s
    and
    The system must be upgradeable, scalable, resilient and secure
  • Current Airport Installations
    Main Hub
    Hub
    Base Station
    Cellular/PCS/Pagers
    Tetra/PDAs/Private Radio
    Antenna
    Unit
    Antenna
    Unit
    Wireless Coverage Area
    Main Hub
    Hub
    Cellular
    Operator 2
    Base Station
    Cellular/PCS/Pagers
    Tetra/PDAs/Private Radio
    Antenna
    Unit
    Antenna
    Unit
    IT Closet
    X n
    Access
    Point
    Access
    Point
    Ethernet switch
    < 100m
    802.11
    WLAN
    Server
    Fixed Ethernet
    IT Equipment Room(s)
  • First Phase Airport Network
    IT Room
    RfID
    Antenna
    Unit
    Antenna
    Unit
    Single Wired/
    Wireless
    Infrastructure
    Central Units
    WLAN, Cellular RFID Coverage
    Cellular
    Operators
    Antenna
    Unit
    Antenna
    Unit
    WLAN, Cellular RFID Coverage
    Data
    Server
    Splitter/
    Combiner Unit
    Splitter/
    Combiner Unit
  • The INtelligent Airport
    Project Aims:To develop a next generation advanced wired and wireless network for futureairport environments
    Project Objectives:
    To study the feasibility of a single multi-service infrastructure to replace the many independently installed systems characteristic of current installations
    To determine new system architectures which provide dynamic capacity allocation, wireless/wired interworking and device location
    - To do this we need to understand how people use airports
    - And where their communication requirements are
    - The first aspect of the work is therefore to develop a flow model
  • System Architecture Studies
    Passenger flow and data traffic models leading to spatial distribution of bandwidth requirements in the terminal
    Genetic algorithm optimisation to identify optimum number, capacity and location of BS/AU given the highly variable traffic demand in this application
    Load balancing among BS using Relay Nodes
    Network design tool
  • The INtelligent Airport
    Project Aims:To develop a next generation advanced wired and wireless network for futureairport environments
    Project Objectives:
    To study the feasibility of a single multi-service infrastructure to replace the many independently installed systems characteristic of current installations
    2. To determine new system architectures which provide dynamic capacity allocation, wireless/wired interworking and device location
    3. To determine new algorithms for addressing and routeing, able to operate seamlessly in a combined wired and wireless environment
    4. To design a new form of wireless signal distribution network where multiservice antenna units cooperate, not only to provide communication, but also to provide identification and location services
    5. In collaboration with our industrial partners, to define and build small proof of principle demonstrators using the proposed architectures and technologies
  • The Network Scenario
    The Airport Network must be protocol agnostic
    Ethernet good base as it is ubiquitous, but
    Poor scalability
    RSTP makes inefficient use of the network resources
    Our solution - A Modified Ethernet which must:
    be compatible with standard Ethernet end nodes
    route more intelligently (shortest paths; failure avoidance)
    be more scalable
  • The solution: MOOSEMulti-layer Origin-Organised Scalable Ethernet
    Introduce hierarchy into MAC addresses
    switch ID : node ID
    Addresses rewritten by switches
    Switches only need track switch IDs not entire addresses
    Limit now ~8000 switches not ~8000 nodes
    Say 100 nodes connected to each switch
    => 100 fold scalability improvement
    Transparent to standard Ethernet end nodes
    Now being implemented
  • The INtelligent Airport
    Project Aims:To develop a next generation advanced wired and wireless network for futureairport environments
    Project Objectives:
    To study the feasibility of a single multi-service infrastructure to replace the many independently installed systems characteristic of current installations
    2. To determine new system architectures which provide dynamic capacity allocation, wireless/wired interworking and device location
    3. To determine new algorithms for addressing and routeing, able to operate seamlessly in a combined wired and wireless environment
    4. To design a new form of wireless signal distribution network where multiservice antenna units cooperate, not only to provide communication, but also to provide identification and location services
    5. In collaboration with our industrial partners, to define and build small proof of principle demonstrators using the proposed architectures and technologies
  • Multi-Service Radio Distribution Network
    First demonstration of communications
    and sensing functions over single DAS
  • Active RFID Tracking
    Measured output frequency variation with time.
    Battery powered Analog Devices AD9910 direct digital synthesizer (DDS) evaluation board.
    Programmed FM chirp from 216.5 MHz to 300 MHz with 900 MHz sampling clock.
    900 MHz
    Clock
    Bandpass filtered and amplified
    DDS output spectrum
    Frequency (Hz)
    Fundamental chirp
    Image chirps
  • Active Tag Location Results Summary
    30 measurements taken @ each of 30 chosen locations
    Mean error distance: 1.1 m or better @ 29 out of 30 locations
    Overall positional error: 0.72 m RMS
    Upper no.: Mean error distance (m)
    Lower no.: Standard deviation (m)
  • DAS system
    -64
    -66
    -60
    -68
    -70
    -80
    -70
    -90
    -100
    Received power (dBm)
    -72
    -110
    -120
    -74
    -130
    -140
    -76
    -150
    -78
    -160
    10
    -80
    8
    6
    4
    6
    2
    4
    -82
    0
    2
    -2
    0
    -4
    (m)
    (m)
    Passive Tag – 3 Antenna DAS
    for Coverage Extension
    Optimum DAS settings improves the read location success rate to 100% in a 100 m2 grid (room size limited)
  • AU3
    Rx
    Tx
    Zinwave Hub
    Intel R1000 Firmware
    DAS Processing
    Intel R1000
    Rx
    AU2
    Intel Transceiver R1000
    AU1
    AU3
    AU2
    Alien Tag
    Tag
    Alien Tag
    Tag
    Alien Tag
    Tag
    Alien Tag
    Tag
    Alien Tag
    Tag
    AU1
    Rx
    Tx
    DAS RFID System
    Tx
  • Demonstration of a Passive RFID Tracking/Location System
  • P R O G R A M M E
    1000 Welcome and Overview of the TINA Project: Ian White, Electrical Engineering, University of Cambridge
    1020 Project Advances (FW11)
    RF Bandwidth Mapping: An Airport Simulator: Jaafar Elmirghani
    MOOSE: A new scalable network infrastructure: Jon Crowcroft
    Tracking using Active RFID tags: Alwyn Seeds/Paul Brennan
    Passive RFID airport applications: Richard Penty
    Discussion
    1140 The Hong Kong TINA Project: Dr Henry Chan, Hong Kong Polytechnic University
    1200 Tour of Demonstrators Room (FW26)
    1300 Lunch and Close (FW09)
  • Thank You!