Peta Minda Sains Tahun 4,5,6

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Peta Minda Sains Tahun 4,5,6

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Peta Minda Sains Tahun 4,5,6

  1. 1. MENYIASAT ALAM KEHIDUPAN Year 4
  2. 2. 1.1 Understanding that humans have basic needs. Memahami bahawa manusia mempunyai keperluan asas. Give energy / Beri tenaga Grow / Membesar To breathe Stay healthy / Sihat Untuk bernafas Food / Air Makanan Udara Basic Needs of Human Keperluan Asas Manusia Water Shelter Air Tempat perlindungan Drinks / Minuman To protect from Grow / Membesar Untuk melindungi daripada Stay healthy / Sihat - danger bahaya - extreme weather cuaca melampau - sun & rain / matahari dan hujan
  3. 3. 1.2 Understanding that animals have basic needs. Memahami bahawa manusia mempunyai keperluan asas. Give energy / Beri tenaga To breathe / Grow / Bertumbuh @ Membesar Untuk bernafas Stay healthy / Sihat Food Air Makanan Udara Types / Jenis : Basic Needs of Animals Keperluan Asas Haiwan - holes / lubang - cave / gua - nest / sarang - beehive / sarang lebah Water Shelter / Tempat Air Perlindungan Drinks / Minuman Grow / Bertumbuh @ Membesar To protect from Untuk melindungi daripada Stay healthy / Sihat - danger Bahaya - extreme weather cuaca melampau - Sun & rain Matahari dan hujan
  4. 4. 1.3 Understanding that plants have basic needs. Memahami bahawa tumbuhan mempunyai keperluan asas. Plants Have Basic Needs Tumbuhan Mempunyai Keperluan Asas Air Water Sunlight Udara Air Cahaya matahari With water / Ada air : Without water / Tanpa air: - grow healthy / tumbuh dengan sihat - wilted / layu - grow well / tumbuh dengan baik - turn yellow / menjadi kuning - not wilted / tidak layu - die / mati
  5. 5. 2.1 Analysing life processes in humans. Menganalisa proses hidup manusia. Nose/Mouth Wind-pipe Lungs Inhale – take in air Hidung/Mulut Trakea Paru-paru Tarik nafas – ambil udara Organs Organ Exhale – give out air Hembus nafas - keluarkan udara Purpose / Tujuan : Breathing Rate of breath Pernafasan Kadar pernafasan - avoid danger elak bahaya - avoid getting hurt Number of chest movements in a elak dapat luka period of time - avoid getting injured Bilangan pergerakan dada dalam elak dapat cedera sesuatu masa - to survive untuk terus hidup Respond To Stimuli Life Processes of Reproduce Humans Membiak Bergerak balas Terhadap Proses Hidup Dilalui Manusia Ransangan A process to produce Organs their young or offspring Organ Proses untuk menghasilkan anak Eyes – Sight Excrete Mata - Melihat Berkumuh Nose – Smell Hidung - Menghidu Kidney ( urine + mineral salt ) Ginjal ( air kencing + garam mineral ) Defecate Tongue – Taste Bernyahtinja Lidah - Merasa Ears – Sound Lungs ( Carbon dioxide + water vapour ) Telinga - Mendengar Paru-paru ( Karbon dioksida + wap air ) Faeces bunyi Najis Skin – Touch Kulit - Sentuhan Skin ( Sweat + mineral salt ) Kulit ( peluh + garam mineral )
  6. 6. 2.2 Being aware that certain behaviour can disturb life processes. Menyedari bahawa sesetengah perlakuan mengganggu proses hidup. Behaviour That Can Disturb Life Processes Perlakuan yang boleh mengganggu proses hidup Smoking / Merokok Effects / Kesan Drinking Alcohol / Minum Taking Drug Alkohol Mengambil Dadah - Lung cancer Kanser paru-paru - Coughing Batuk Effects / Kesan - Delay respond to stimuli Lambatkan tindak balas terhadap ransangan How to avoid Bagaimana untuk hindari - Lose ability to walk in a straight line Hilang keupayaan berjalan dengan lurus Occupy time with beneficial activities - Can cause accidents Memenuhi masa dengan aktiviti Menyebabkan kemalangan berfaedah Participate in campaigns Ambil bahagian dalam kempen Advise from their peers Nasihat daripada rakan sebaya
  7. 7. 2.3 Analysing the life processes in animals. Menganalisa proses hidup haiwan. Animals Life Processes Proses Hidup Haiwan Excrete Breathe Reproduce / Berkumuh Bernafas Membiak Defecate / Bernyahtinja Lay Eggs / Give Birth Bertelur Lahirkan anak Organs Organ cat butterfly kucing rama-rama To get rid of waste product from their bodies tiger harimau Untuk menyingkirkan bahan buangan dari bird badan burung bat kelawar whale paus Lungs Gill Book Lungs Moist skin Trachea Structure Paru-paru Insang Kulit lembap Sistem Trakea - monkey - fish - frog - insects monyet - crab katak ikan serangga ketam - bird - prawn - earthworm burung udang cacing tanah - whale paus
  8. 8. 2.4 Understanding the life processes in plants. Memahami proses hidup tumbuhan.Various ways plants Plants respond to stimuli. the part of plant thatreproduce through…seeds, water, sunlight, touch, gravity. responds to water bahagian pokok yang bertindakspores, suckers, stem Tumbuhan bergerak balas balas terhadap ransangancutting, leaves, terhadap ransangan air,cahaya matahari,sentuhan,gravitiunderground stem.Berbagai cara tumbuhan membiakmelalui….bji benih, spora, anak rootspokok,keratan batang, daun,batang bawah tanah akar the part of plant that responds to gravity. bahagian pokok yang bertindak Life balas terhadap graviti processes plants roots undergo akar Plants reproduce. Proses hidup tumbuhan membiak tumbuhan Seeds – balsam, corn, durian the part of plant that responds Biji benih- keembung, jagung,durian to sunlight. bahagian pokok yang bertindak balas Spores – fern, mushroom terhadap cahaya matahari Spora - paku-pakis,cendawan Suckers – banana, shoot pineapple pucuk Anak pokok- pisang,nenas Stem cutting – hibiscus, rose, Permul Akhir tapioca aaan ekspe Keratan batang- bunga raya , eksperi rimen ubi kayu Leaves – bryophyllum, begonia men Daun - setawar,begonia Stem - potato, onion, ginger Batang - kentang,bawang,halia the part of plant that responds to touch. bahagian pokok yang bertindak Why plants need to reproduce balas terhadap sentuhan to ensure the survival of the species.? Mengapa tumbuhan perlu membiak? untuk memastikan kemandirian spesisnya?
  9. 9. 3.1 Understanding that animals have specific characteristics and behaviour to protect themselves from danger. Memahami bahawa haiwan mempunyai ciri dan perlakuan khas untuk melindungi diri mereka daripada bahaya. Specific characteristics and behaviour Sifat-sifat dan tingkah laku khas Special Special behaviour characteristics Tingkah-laku khas Ciri-ciri khas Sharp claws ( tiger, cat ) Pretend to be dead ( beetle, ) ) Kuku tajam ( harimau, kucing Berpura-pura mati ( kumbang ) Thick and hard skin Camouflage ( cameleon ) ( rhinoceros ) Menyamar ( sumpah-sumpah ) Kulit tebal dan keras ( badak sumbu ) Spray black ink ( squid ) Mengeluarkan dakwat hitam Hard shell ( tortoise, snails ) ( sotong ) Cangkerang keras ( kura-kura, siput ) Hard scales ( pangolin, Poisonous sting or fang crocodiles ) ( centipede, snake ) Sengat atau taring berbisa Sisik keras ( tenggiling,buaya ) ( kala jengking, ular ) Spines ( porcupine ) Berduri ( landak ) Horns ( buffalo, seladang ) Tanduk ( kerbau, seladang )
  10. 10. Specific characteristics and behavior Sifat-sifat dan tingkah laku khas Hot weather Cold weather Cuaca panas Cuaca sejuk Wrinkled Skin Thick Fur(Elephant ,hippopotamuses (Polar bears) and buffaloes) Kulit berkedut Berbulu tebal (Gajah. badak sumbu, kerbau) (Beruang kutub) Wallowing Fat Layers Under Their Skins(Elephant, hippopotamuses (Penguins, seals, and whales) and buffaloes) Berkubang Lapisan lemak di bawah kulit (Gajah, badak sumbu, kerbau) (Penguin, anjng laut, ikan paus) Humps Small Ears(Elephant, hippopotamuses (Seals and Walruses) and buffaloes) Telinga kecil Berkubang (Anjing laut, singa laut) (Gajah, badak sumbu, kerbau) Hibernate (Polar bears) Berhibenasi (Beruang kutub)
  11. 11. 3.4 Understanding that plants have specific characteristics to protect themselves from enemies. Memahami bahawa tumbuhan mempunyai ciri-ciri khas untuk melindungi diri mereka daripada musuh. The specific characteristics Sifat-sifat khas Produces latex Have thorns Keluarkan getah Berduri Poisonous Beracun Have fine hairs Berbulu halus Close leaflets when touch Daun tertutup bila disentuh
  12. 12. 3.5 Understanding that plants have specific characteristics to protect themselves from dry region and strong wind. Memahami bahawa tumbuhan mempunyai ciri-ciri khas untuk melindungi diri mereka daripada kawasan kering dan angin kuat. Specific characteristics of plants to protect themselves Sifat-sifat khas tumbuhan untuk melindungi diri dry region strong wind kawasan kering angin kuat Eg : cactus Eg: Coconut tree, bamboo tree, kaktus . pokok kelapa, pokok buluh • Long roots to absorb water Akar panjang untuk serap air • Succulent stems can store a. Have stems that bend easily Batang yang mudah bengkok water b. Have buttress roots Batang boleh menyimpan air Akar banir • Thorns can can prevent the c. Have separated leaves excessive loss of water Daun berbilah-bilah Duri boleh mencegah kehilangan d. Needle- shaped leaves banyak air Daun berbentuk jarum
  13. 13. The Basic Needs of Human and Animals Keperluan Asas Manusia dan Haiwan One evening, when Cik Ti crawled out from its shelter to search for food, it started to rainheavily. Cik Ti immediately crawled back to its shelter, a hole near a wooden house. Cik Tiwas tired. She also felt hungry. She tried to find some food but there was no food left in thehole. “ Oh no… I will die without food.” said Cik Ti frustrated. Cik Ti moved into the kitchen . “Arghh…… I am hungry!. Cik Ti screamed. “Wow, cheese…. Emmm…. Delicious.” After shehad her food, she was thirsty. She saw a cup of water on the table. Cik Ti drank the water.Tap! Tap! Tap! Without her knowing, Mamat was ready to trap her into a plastic bag. He tightenthe bag tightly. Help! Help! I can’t breath…… where is the air.” Shouted Cik Ti ….. Her voiceslowed down . Finally Cik Ti died without air….. Suatu petang ketika Cik Ti merangkak di luar rumahnya untuk mencari makanan, tiba-tibahujan turun dengan lebatnya. Cik Ti bergerak pantas untuk kembali semula ke kediamannya, sebuahlubang di tepi sebuah rumah kayu. Cik Ti penat. Dia mula rasa lapar. Cik Ti cuba mencari makanantetapi dia tidak menemuinya di lubang itu. “Matilah aku kalau tak ada makanan.” rungut Cik Ti . Cik Titerus ke dapur rumah itu. “Arghh….. laparnya.” Tiba-tiba Cik Ti menjerit, “wow, keju….. emmm…sedapnya.” Selepas makan Cik Ti terasa dahaga. Dia ternampak secawan air di atas meja tersebut. CikTi minum air tersebut dengan gelojohnya. Tap! Tap! Tap! Tanpa disedarinya Mamat telah bersediauntuk menangkap Cik Ti. Cik Ti terperangkap. Mamat memasukkan Cik Ti ke dalam sebuah beg plastikdan mengikat beg itu dengan kuatnya. “ Tolong! Tolong! Aku tak boleh bernafas….. mana udara ni.”Jerit Cik Ti….. Suaranya semakin perlahan...... akhirnya Cik Ti mati tanpa udara.....
  14. 14. What Plants Need to Stay Healthy?Thank you for giving meenough water. I can use it tomake my food. Oh, it is my pleasure. Hope youTerima kasih kerana memberikan grow healthy soon.saya air yang cukup. Saya akan Oh , itu sudah tanggungjawab saya.gunakannya untk membuat makanan. Harap awak akan hidup subur kelak. Oh, it is my pleasure. Hope you can grow healthy soon . Thank you for keeping me Oh , itu sudah tanggungjawab saya. Harap awak akan hidup under direct sunlight. Now I subur kelak. get enough light. I can use it to make my food. Terima kasih kerana meletakkan saya di bawah cahaya matahari. Kini saya telah mendapat cahaya yang mencukupi. Saya boleh gunakkanya untuk membuat makanan. Oh, it is my pleasure. Hope Thank you for giving me you can grow healthy enough fertilizer. Now I can get soon . enough minerals. I can use it Oh , itu sudah tanggungjawab saya. Harap awak akan hidup to make my food. subur kelak. Terima kasih kerana memberikan saya cukup baja. Kini saya telah mendapat baja yang mencukupi. Saya boleh gunakkanya untuk membuat makanan. Emmm… I feel fresh. I can breath easily. Thank you. Now Oh, it is my pleasure. Hope I can get enough air. I can use you can grow healthy it to make my food. soon . Oh , itu sudah tanggungjawab Emmm....saya rasa segar. Terima saya. Harap awak akan hidup kasih. Kini saya telah mendapat subur kelak. udara yang mencukupi. Saya boleh gunakkanya untuk membuat makanan.
  15. 15. THE EXCRETION PROCESS PROSES PERKUMUHANNo. Organs Diagram Waste Products Bil Gambarajah Organ Bahan Buangan1. Kidney / Buah Pinggang Kidney Urine + water vapour Air Kencing + wap air Ureter2. Lungs / Paru-Paru Carbon Dioxide + water vapour Karbon dioksida + wap air3. Skin / Kulit Sweat + Water Vapour + Mineral salt Peluh + wap air + garam mineral
  16. 16. Plants Respond To Stimuli Tumbuhan bergerakbalas terhadap ransangan (Pussy Cat Song) Oh Fresh Roots, Oh Fresh Roots where are going ? I want to go down to meet my gravity. Oh Fresh Roots, Oh Fresh Roots why are you here? I‟m going down to the soil to absorb water.Oh Green Shoot, Oh Green Shoot why are you going up? I can go up to search for sunlight. The shoot responds to sunlight Pucuk bergerakbalas terhadap cahaya matahari.. The roots respond to water. Akar bergerakbalas terhadap air.
  17. 17. The Breathing Structure of Animals Gill Insang Trachea Structure Struktur Trakea Trachea Structure Struktur Trakea Lung Paru-paru Nose Hidung Windpipe Salur Trakea Moist Skin Kulit Lembab Lung Paru-paru Air Passage Lung Peredaran Udara Paru-paruNose Wind Pipe LungsHidung Trakea Paru-paru
  18. 18. Animal Defense From Extreme Weather Wallowing In Mud - Rhinoceroses Thick Fat In Tails – Kangaroo Rats Thick Layers Of Fat – Penguins Rest – Desert Animals Thick Furs - Polar Long Ears – Desert Fox Hump - Camels Small Ears – Cold Region Animals Kangaroo Rat Camel Penguin
  19. 19. How I Survived – An Animal Which Live in a Pond My Story I am a _____________________ who lives in the pond. The pond that I live inis full of____________________ and _______________________. Some days it is using my wax and poisonous skin.hard to stay alive! I protect myself from other animals by _______________________. I also have to have four basic things in order to live. They are _________________________, ________________, and ____________________. I also catching my preys with my long tongue.stay alive by __________________________________. It‟s easy for me to catch andeat. Another animal that lives in the pond with me is the _______________. Helikes to eat _________________. Sometimes he hides from other animals by gliding quietly___________________.But sometimes he is seen by the ___________________ and is eaten! He has to be veryquick to stay alive. I like living in the pond.
  20. 20. NATURAL DEFENSE IN PLANTSPERLINDUNGAN SECARA SEMULAJADI OLEH TUMBUHAN I have sharp thorns. Don‟t come near me. Saya ada duri yang tajam.Jangan dekati saya. I am sensitive. I will fold my leaflets. Please don‟t touch me Saya sensitive.Saya akan menguncupkan daun-daun saya apabila disentuh. I have latex. I will stick on you. Saya ada getah. Saya akan melekat pada awak. My fine hairs will cause itchiness. Don‟t come near me. I will make you itchy. Bulu halus pada saya boleh menyebabkan kegatalan. Jangan dekati saya. Saya akan menggatalkan awak.
  21. 21. ADAPTATION TO NATURE PENYESUAIAN DIRI TERHADAP ALAM SEMULAJADI Cactus, how do you get water in this dry region?My thick stem can store more Kaktus, bagaimana awak mendapat air di kawasan keringwater for me. seperti ini?Batang tebal saya membolehkan menyimpanlebih banyak air untuk saya.I have long roots.So I can go deep in the soil to getwater. I have needle shaped leaves.Saya ada akar yang panjang. So I lose less water.Jadi saya boleh pergi jauh ke dalam tanah Saya mempunyai daun berbentukuntuk mendapatkan air jarum,jadi saya kurang hilang air. Coconut tree, how do you survive from strong winds? Pokok kelapa, bagaimana awak bertahan daripada angin kencang? My leaves are divided so that they do not break easily. Oh, I have strong buttress roots. The trunk helps them to sway with the It is easy for me to defend from wind. Daun-daun saya adalah berbilah-bilah jadi strong winds. mereka tidak terpecah dengan mudah. Oh, saya ada akar banir yang kuat. Batang pokok saya membantu mereka Ia memudahkan saya untuk menahan angin bergoyang bersama angin. yang kuat.
  22. 22. MENYIASAT DAYA DAN TENAGA Year 4
  23. 23. 1.1 Understanding the measurement of length Memahami ukuran panjang 1.3 Solid Pepejal 1.2 Area 1.3 Volume Luas Isipadu 1.4 Liquid Cecair 1.1 Length 1.5 Mass Panjang Measurement Berat Ukuran 1.7 Standard units 1.6 Time Unit seragam Masa
  24. 24. 1.1 Understanding the measurement of length Memahami ukuran panjang Measuring Arm tape String span Pita pengukur Tali Depa Terminology Cubit Istilah Ways to measure Hasta Cara menyukat-The distance between Rulertwo points/ place / PembarispositionJarak di antara duatitik/tempat/kedudukan Length Standard Tools Panjang Alat Piawai Correct technique Teknik yang betul -The eye must be Measuring directly above tape Ruler the end of object Pita pengukur Pembaris Mata mesti tepat pada bahagian bawah hujung benda Unit Unit mm cm m km mm sm m km
  25. 25. 1.2 Understanding how to calculate area Memahami cara mengira luas 1.2 Area Luas Standard unit Unit piawai Terminology Istilah -Square millimetres (mm2) Milimeter persegi (mm²) -Area is the amount of -Square centimetres (cm2) space taken up by the Sentimeter persegi (cm²) surface of an object. -Square metres (m2) Luas ialah jumlah ruang yang Meter persegi (m²) dipenuhi pada permukaan -Square kilometres (km2) sesuatu objek Kilometer persegi (km²) Different ways to measure area Cara- cara untuk menyukat luas - by placing uniform objects such as tiles, books and stamps on the surface of the objects dengan meletakkan objek -Using formula seperti jubin, buku dan setem Guna rumus pada permukaan objek 2c m 4c m Area = length X width -Using square card with a Luas = panjang X lebar sides of 1 centimetre = 4cm X 2 cm Menggunakan kad segi empat dengan = 8cm2 tepinya 1 sentimeter 3cm 1cm 3cm 1cm
  26. 26. 1.2/1.3 Understanding how measure the volume of solid and liquid Memahami cara mengira isipadu pepejal dan cecair The amount of space that something takes up Jumlah ruang yang dipenuhi oleh sesuatu Measuring cylinder Silinder penyukatLength x width x height Panjang x lebar x tinggi Terminology Istilah Tools Alat Formula Rumus 1.3 Solid Volume 1.4 Liquid Pepejal Isipadu Cecair Standard Units Standard Units Unit seragam Unit piawai Correct technique Teknik yang betul mm³, cm³, m³ ml, l mm³, sm³, m³ ml, l a) taking the reading at the lowest part of the meniscus. mengambil bacaan pada bahagian paling rendah pada meniskus b) eyes must be at the same level as the lowest part of the meniscus mata mesti sama pada aras paling rendah pada meniskus
  27. 27. 1.5 Understanding how measure mass Memahami cara menyukat berat Terminology Istilah Correct technique Teknik yang betul Amount of matter in an object Jumlah benda dalam objek Mass Berat Electronic balance Neraca elektronik Tools Alat Bathroom scale Standard unit Penimbang berat Unit piawai badan Lever balance Mg g kg Beam balance Neraca tuas mg g kg Neraca palang Kitchen scale Penimbang dapur
  28. 28. 1.6 Understanding how to measure time Memahami cara mengukur masa Standard unit Unit piawai Terminology Time Istilah Masa Second , minute , hour Saat, minit, jamDuration between two moment Tempoh antara dua ketika Way to measure Tool Cara untuk mengukur Alatan A process that repeats uniformly can be used to measure time -Digital clock, watch, wrist watch Proses yang berulang secara sekata boleh Jam digital, jam, jam tangan digunakan untuk menyukat masa Old clock Events that can be used measure time Jam lama Kejadian boleh digunakan untuk menyukat masa-Sundial , sand clock , candle clock-Jam bayang, jam pasir, jam lilin -swinging of a pendulum ayunan bandul -pulse rate denyutan nadi -water dripping titisan air -change day and night perubahan siang dan malam
  29. 29. 1.7 Realising importance of using standard units Menyedari kepentingan menggunakan unit yang piawai The Importance of Standard Units Kepentingan unit piawai for accuracy and consistency easy to communicate and understand untuk tepat dan konsisten mudah untuk berkomunikasi dan difahami
  30. 30. MEASUREMENT SONG ( Sing To : ‘ When I go to school ’ tune )When I want to measure the Bila nak mengukur panjanglength saya guna tangan 3xThen I use my hand -3x Bila nak mengukur panjangWhen I want to measure the saya guna tanganlength Semuanya anggota badanThen I use my handAll are in my body parts Depa, hasta,kaki dan jengkal Anggota yang (digunakan 3xThe arm span, cubit, foot and Semua anggota badanspanAre the measurement I use - 3xAll are my body partsWhen I want to measure the Bila nak mengukur panjanglength Saya guna pita 3x I use the tape - 3x Bila nak mengukur panjangWhen I want to measure the Saya guna pita 3xlength Inilah unitnya I use the tapeAll are the unit I use Milimeter, sentimeter, meter, dan kilometerThe milimetre, centimetre, metre, Unit yang (digunakan 3xand kilometre are the unit I use - Semua unit piawai3xAll are in standard unitsWhen I want to measure the mass Bila nak mengukur jisimThen I use the tools 3x Saya guna alat 3xThe milligram and gram and the Miligram dan gram dankilogram 3x kilogram 3xAll are the unit I use Inilah unitnyaThe beam and lever balance, The beam and lever balance,kitchen and the bathroom scale 3x kitchen and the bathroom scaleAll are used to measure mass 3x Semua ‘tuk mengukur berat Unit 4/Lesson 1 Measuring Length/Mass Defense Of Plants
  31. 31. THE STORY OF TIME CERITA TENTANG MASA Galileo Galilei was the first person to use events that repeat uniformlyto measure time such as the pendulum clock. From then onwards, the wall clockand modern clock were invented. Galileo Galilei merupakan orang pertama menggunakan peristiwa yang berulangsecara seragam untuk mengukur masa seperti jam bandul. Daripada situ, jam dinding dan jammoden telah dicipta. Ancient Clocks Sand Clock Sundial Clock Candle Clock Modern Clock Wall clock Stop Watch Watch
  32. 32. MENYIASAT ALAM BAHAN Year 4
  33. 33. 1.1 The properties of materials Sifat bahanmetal carbon glass plastics woodlogam karbon kaca plastik kayu Light to pass through Conduct electricity Cahaya boleh melaluinya Insulator Mengalirkan elektrik Penebat Cahaya melaluinya Mengalirkan arus Penebat elektrik Properties of materials Sifat bahan Float on water Sink in water Can be stretch Conduct heat Terapung atas air Tenggelam dalam Boleh diregangkan Mengalirkan haba air wood kayu rubber band gelang getah metal stone logam batu
  34. 34. 1.2 Applying knowledge of properties of materials in everyday life Mengaplikasi pengetahuan tentang sifat bahan dalam kehidupan seharian Applying knowledge properties of materials in everyday life Aplikasi pengetahuan sifat bahan dalam kehidupan seharian Suggest ways to keep things hot Suggest ways to keep things cold Cadangan untuk menyimpan benda Cadangan untuk menyimpan benda sejuk panas Covered with insulators Balut dengan bahan penebat hot thing cold thing benda panas benda sejuk to prevent heat loss prevent from absorbing heat untuk menghalang kehilangan haba halang daripada serap haba
  35. 35. 1.3 Synthesising the knowledge about uses of materials based on their properties Mensintesis pengetahuan mengenai penggunaan bahan berdasarkan kandungan Uses of materials based on their properties Penggunaan bahan berdasarkan kandungan List of object and Reasons why particular materials that they are materials are used made of to make an object Senarai objek dan bahan Keterangan mengapa bahan tertentu yang dibuat daripada: digunakan untuk membuat objek object materials properties objek bahan sifat spoon metal hard sudu logam keras cheap strength murah kuat tissue wood soft tisu kayu lembut easy to get good quality glasses glass transparent senang didapati kualiti baik gelas kaca lutsinar
  36. 36. 1.4 Knowing the importance of reusing, reducing and recycling. Memahami kepentingan guna semula, pengurangan dan kitar semula bahan The importance of reuse, reduce and recycle of materials Kepentingan guna semula, pengurangan dan kitar semula bahan Kepentingan guna semula, pengurangan dan kitar semula bahan wood cotton metal plastics synthetic cloth kayu kapas logam plastik kain sintetik Natural materials Man-made materials Bahan semulajadi rubber glass getah kaca Bahan buatan Bahan semulajadi Bahan buatan State that man-made materials are made by man from natural materials Nyatakan bahan buatan dibuat dari bahan semulajadi reducing reusing recycling mengurangkan guna semula kitar semula public transport plastic bag bottle plastics glass pengangkutan awam beg plastik botol plastik kaca
  37. 37. 1.5 Understanding that some materials can rust Memahami sesetengah bahan boleh perkarat Rusting can be prevented Pengaratan boleh dicegahDifferent ways to prevent objects from rusting The necessity to prevent rusting Cara berbeza untuk menghalang objek daripada Keperluan mencegah pengaratan berkarat Coating with non rusting *Longlasting Live materials Tahan lebih lama Menyadurkan dengan bahan tidak *Save natural resources berkarat Selamatkan bahan asal *paint cat *Save cost *minyak Jimat kos *Looks good Mencantikkan *grease gris *Conclusion; Rusting can be avoided by preventing iron contact with air and water. * Kesimpulan;Pengaratan boleh dihindarkan dengan menghalang ia bertindak balas dengan air dan udara
  38. 38. 1.6 Understanding the rusting can be prevented Memahami pengaratan boleh dicegah Rusting can be prevented Pengaratan boleh dicegah Rusty Non rusty objects objects Objek tidak berkarat Objek berkarat iron and Objects made of Object made of glass, plastic, steel wood, clay and silk Objek yang diperbuat daripada Objek yang diperbuat daripada besi kaca,plastik, kayu, tanah liat dan sutera dan keluli *Nail Paku *Glass Kaca *Spoon Sudu *Bottle Botol *Knife Pisau *Cup Cawan *Needle Jarum *Pencil Pensil
  39. 39. MATERIALS AROUND YOU MATERIALS GLASS COTTON WOOD METAL RUBBER PLASTIC -The Properties Of Materials--Floats -Can -Conducts -Allow -Can be Insulatoron water absorbs electricity light to stretched water -Conducts pass t -Insulator- -Insulator heat throughInsulator them -Conductor -Insulator -Boleh Penebat-Terapung -Boleh diregangdi atas air menyerap air -Penebat-Penebat -Penebat -Mengalirkan Membenarkan elektrik cahaya -Mengalirkan menembusinya haba -Penebat -Konduktor
  40. 40. Opaque, Translucent and TransparentLegap, Lutsinar dan Lutcahaya Wooden Door I can‟t see you. (opaque) Saya tak nampak awak. I can see you but not clear. Glass Door Saya nampak awak tapi kurang jelas. (Translucent) Clear glass Door I can see you clearly. (Transparent) Saya nampak awak dengan jelas. Unit 5/Lesson 4 Fantastic materials
  41. 41. NATURAL AND MAN MADE BAHAN SEMULAJADI DAN BUATAN MANUSIA METAL LOGAM RUBBER GETAH GLASS KACA COTTON SILK NATURAL KAPAS SUTERA MATERIALS CLAY TANAH LEATHER LIAT KULIT BAHAN WOOD SEMULAJADI FUR KAYU BULU SYNTHETC CLOTHRAYON MAN-MADE KAINRAYON MATERIALS SINTETIK BAHAN BUATAN MANUSIA NYLON PLASTIC NILON PLASTIK Unit 5/Lesson7 Natural and Man made
  42. 42. MENYIASAT BUMI & ALAM SEMESTA Year 4
  43. 43. WEEK : 19TOPIC : Investigating The Earth & Universe Year 4 Menyiasat & Alam Semesta Tahun 4 Mind Map / Mind Power Peta Minda / Kuasa MindaTIME : 3 hour / 3 jamListen and understand teacher’s explanation about the mind map and mindpower.Dengar dan fahamkan penerangan guru tentang peta minda dan kuasa minda. 1.1 Understanding the Solar System Memahami Sistem Solar -Nine Planets Sembilan planet Mercury – My Utarid -Natural satellites Satelit semulajadi Venus – Very Zuhrah -Meteors Earth – Excellent Meteor Bumi -Comets Mars – Mother Komet Marikh -Asteroids Jupiter – Just Asteroid Musytari Saturn – Served Zuhal Uranus – Us Uranus List of Neptune – Nine constituents Neptun Senarai ahli Pluto – Pudding Pluto The solar system Sistem Solar List of planets Senarai planet Planets move around the Sun Planet beredar mengelilingi matahari
  44. 44. 1.2 Understanding the relative size and distance between the Earth, the Moon and the Sun Memahami perbandingan saiz dan jarak antara Bumi, Bulan dan Matahari (4:1) (100:1) the Earth the Sun Bumi the Moon Matahari 100 the Earth Bulan Bumi 4 1 1Size of the Sun relative to the size Size of the Earth relative of the Earth. to the size Saiz Matahari relatif saiz The relative size of the Moon. Bumi and distance Saiz Bumi relatif saiz Bulan between the Earth, the Moon and the Sun Saiz dan jarak relatif di antara Bumi, Bulan dan Matahari The relative distance from the Earth to the Sun compared to the relative distance from the Earth to the Moon. Jarak relatif dari Bumi ke Matahari berbanding jarak relative dari Bumi ke Bulan the Earth Bumi the Moon Bulan the Sun Matahari 150 000 000 km 382 500 km 1 : 400
  45. 45. 1.3 Appreciating the perfect placement of the planet Earth in the Solar System Menghargai kedudukan yang sempurna planet Bumi dalam Sistem Solar Much nearer : Lebih dekat•The nearer a planet is to the Sun, •The temperature on Earth the hotter is the surface of the planet. rise. Suhu di bumi akan meningkat Planet yang dekat dengan matahari mempunyai permukaan yang paling panas •Water on Earth would•The further a planet is from the Sun, evaporate. the colder is the surface of the planet. Air di bumi akan tersejat Planet yang paling jauh dari matahari •No water and the temperature mempunyai perrmukaan yang paling be very hot. sejuk. Tiada air, suhu akan jadi lebih panas. Do not have enough air and water. Much further : Tidak mempunyai air dan udara yang mencukupi Lebih jauh •The temperature on Earth would drop. Suhu di bumi akan menurun •Water would freeze into ice. Air akan membeku menjadi ais. •All living things would die. Semua benda hidup akan mati. Earth in the Solar System Bumi dalam Sistem Solar EffectWhy certain planets are Kesannot conducive for living The Earth is the only things. planet in the Solar SystemMengapa sesetengah planet that has living things. tidak sesuai Hanya planet Bumi dalam untuk benda hidup Sistem Solar yang mempunyai benda hidup • Earth is the third planet from the Sun, it receives enough light and heat from the Sun. Bumi adalah planet ketuga dari matahari, ia menerima cahaya dan haba secukupnya • It is not too hot or too cold. Ia tidak terlalu sejuk atau panas. • The atmosphere of the Earth contains air and there is water on Earth. Atmosfera bumi mengandungi udara dan air di bumi
  46. 46. OUR SOLAR SYSTEM SISTEM SOLAR KITAMERCURY MAKAN MYVENUS VERY VITAMINEARTH EASY EMARS METHOD MULUTJUPITER JUST JADI STOPSATURN USING SENGETURANUS NINE URATNEPTUNE PLANET NAKPLUTO PUTUS The nine planets from the sun. Sembilan Planet daripada Matahari.
  47. 47. MENYIASAT DUNIA TEKNOLOGI Year 4
  48. 48. 1.2 Understanding the development of technology Memahami pembangunan teknologi Agriculture Pertanian e.g; Technology hoe plough tractor combine harvester Teknologi Lubang bajak traktor mesin penuai Construction Pembinaan Development Cave hut wooden house apartment Of Technology Pembangunan Gua pondok rumah kayu rumah pangsa teknologi Examples ContohTransportationPengangkutanLand/ Darat Animal bicycle car train Haiwan basikal kereta kereta apiAir/UdaraHot air balloon airship glider aeroplaneBelon panas kapal udara glider kapal terbangWater/AirCanoe raft sampan ferry shipKenu rakit sampan feri kapal Communication Komunikasi Drawing carrier pigeon telephone Lukisan pembawa utusan telefon
  49. 49. 1.1 Understanding the importance of technology in everyday life Memahami kepentingan teknologi dalam kehidupan seharian Importance of technology in everyday life Kepentingan teknologi dalam kehidupan seharian Limitation of human ability Had keupayaan manusia Examples of human limitations are Contoh had keupayaan manusia • Unable to see fine objects Tidak boleh melihat objek yang kecil Microscope Mikroskop •Unable to speak very loud Tidak boleh bercakap dengan kuat - The usage of lens to see fine features of objects and microbes •Unable to walk for long distances Penggunaan kanta untuk melihat benda dan Tidak boleh berjalan jauh mikrob yang halus Microphone •Unable to see far away objects Tidak boleh melihat objek yang jauh Mikrofon -To increase the voice volume Untuk meninggikan suara Telephone Telefon -To communicate from long distance Untuk berkomunikasi dari jarak yang jauh Devices to overcome human Bicycle, motorcycle, airplanes limitations Basikal,motosikal , kapal terbang Alat mengatasi had keupayaan manusia -Can travel long distance in a shorter time Boleh pergi ke tempat jauh dalam masa yang singkat Telescope, binoculars Teleskop, binocular -To see far away objects Untuk melihat objek yang jauh
  50. 50. 1.3 Synthesising how technology can be used to solve problem Sintesis bagaimana teknologi boleh digunakan untuk menyelesaikan masalah Cannot move and lift heavy things Problems encounter in our daily Tidak boleh beregerak dan angkat benda life berat Masalah yang dihadapi dalam kehidupan sehari Cannot move Tidak boleh bergerak jauh Brain storming Ideas to solve the problems Mencari idea identified Idea untuk menyelesaikan masalah Sketch the model dikenal pasti Lakar model Technology to solve problems Teknologi menyelesaikan masalah Wheel barrow Device to solve the problem Kereta sorong identified. Alat untuk menyelesaikan masalah dikenalpasti Lever Tuas Demonstrate that the device Wheel barrow – can move heavy things invented can be used to solve the easily problem identified Kereta sorong-boleh mengangkat benda berat Demontrasi bahawa alat yang dicipta dengan senang boleh digunakan untuk menyelesaikan masalah yang dikenal pasti Pulley – can lift anything Takal – boleh mengangkat apa sahaja
  51. 51. 1.4 Analysing that technology can benefit mankind if used wisely Menganalisa bahawa teknologi memberi manfaat jika digunakan secara bijaksana Advantages of Disadvantages of Technology Technology Kelebihan teknologi Kelemahan teknologi •Communication Environmental pollution from increase in Komunikasi waste materials Enable human to learn more about Pencemaran alam daripada penambahan sisa things happening around the world buangan Membolehkan manusia mengetahui benda yang berlaku di seluruh dunia Environmental destruction results from excessive usage of natural resources •Transportation Kemusnahan alam kesan daripada penggunaan Pengangkutan sumber semulajadi yang berleluasa Enable human to travel to far away places in a shorter time Social problem Membolehkan manusia pergi ke tempat yang jauh Masalah sosial dalam masa yang singkat Bad effects on health result from •Agriculture environmental pollution and excessive Pertanian use of chemicals Machines make it easier to plant and Kesan buruk kepada kesihatan kesan daripada harvest the crops pencemaran sekitar dan penggunaan bahan kimia Mesin memudahkan untuk menanam dan menuai secara berleluasa •Construction Pembinaan Roads, highways, bridges and Buildings are easier and faster to build Memudahkan pembinaan jalan, lebuh raya, jambatan dan bangunan
  52. 52. HUMAN LIMITATIONS AND WAYS TO OVERCOME KETIDAKUPAYAAN MANUSIA DAN CARA MENGATASINYA I can‟t contact I can‟t walk, We can‟t fly. Can we save the you. anymore. Kami tak boleh data? Saya tak dapat Saya tak boleh terbang. Boleh tak kita simpan menghubungi awak berjalan lagi. data ini? HOW TO OVERCOME THE PROBLEM? Bagaimana menyelesaikannya ?Use the phone Use the car Use the aeroplane Use the computerGuna telefon Guna kereta Guna kapal terbang Guna komputer
  53. 53. MENYIASAT ALAM KEHIDUPAN Year 5
  54. 54. 1.1 Understanding that microorganism is a living things. Memahami mikroorganisma adalah benda hidup. microganism Mikroorganisma Bakteria Fungi Protozoa Virus Kulat Virus Characteristics Ciri.Ciri Breathe Grow Bernafas Membesar Move Cannot be seen with Bergerak The naked eyes Tidak boleh dilihat dengan mata kasar Mengepam air,Cause the dough to rise Menyebabkan adunan tepung menaik. • Rotten oranges limau busuk • Mouldy rice • Nasi berkulat Halus
  55. 55. 1.2 Understanding that some microorganism are harmful and some are useful. Memahami beberapa mikroorganisma yang berbahaya dan berguna. Some Organisms Are Harmful And Some Are Useful Beberapa mikoorganisma yang berbahaya dan berguna Useful Harmful Prevention berguna Berbahaya Cara mencegah-In making food Disease Penyakit buat makanan Washing hands(bread/tapai/tempe/yogurt) Membasuh tangan ( roti,tapai,tempe, yogurt ) cause-In making fertilizer Menyebabkan ach upset buat baja Sakit perut Drinking boiled-In making medicine water buat ubat Minum air yang dimasak Cough batuk Covering mouth & nose when coughing &Penyakit Sumber- Tooth decay sneezing sumber Gigi mereput Menutup mulut dan TenagaFood hidung apabila PaksiFood batuk dan bersin Poisoning Conjunctivitis Keracunan to go bad Tooth Sakit mata makanan Makanan Decay basi Gigi mereput
  56. 56. 2.1 Understanding that different animals have their own ways to ensure the survival of their species. Memahami bahawa haiwan berlainan mempunyai cara sendiri untuk memastikan kemandirian spesisnya. HOW ANIMALS TAKE CARE OF Examples of animals that take THEIR EGGS AND YOUNG. Bagaimana haiwan menjaga telur dan anak care of their eggs and young. mereka . Contoh haiwan yang menjaga telur dan anak. bird, spider, fish,snake, Bird – have eggs with shell . burung,labah-labah,ikan,ular Burung – Telur disaluti oleh cangkerang turtle, kangaroo, elephant Frog – have thick and shiny eggs l penyu,kanggaru,gajah Katak – Telur tebal,berlendir Spider - kept their in a bag underneath thier bodies. Labah-labah –simpan dalam beg di bawah badan Fish - keep their young in their mouths Ikan - Memasukkan anaknya ke dalam mulut Snake, Tiger - attack in order to protect their eggs Ular,harimau – menyerang untuk menyelamatkan telur Survival of Turtle - hide their eggs Animal Penyu – Menyembunyikan telurnya Species Kangaroo - carry their young in their pouches Kemandirian Spesis Kanggaru – Membawa anaknya di dalam Haiwan kantung Elephant - stay in herds Gajah - Tinggal dalam kumpulan Why animals take care of their eggs and young? Mengapa haiwan melindungi telur dan anaknya? Kepentingan KiambangShortage of food To ensure the survival resources of their species Sumber makanan berkurangan Memastikan kemandirian spesisnya. Animal and plant species may face extinction. Spesis haiwan dan tumbuhan akan mengalami kepupusan.
  57. 57. 2.2 Understanding that different plants have their own ways to ensure the survival of their species. Memahami bahawa tumbuhan berlainan mempunyai cara sendiri untuk memastikan kemandirian spesisnya. Agents of Special characteristic Examples dispersal Contoh Agen Pencaran Ciri-ciri istimewa • Light / Ringan • Coconut Water • Air Space in the kelapa Air fruits • Water Lily Ruang udara di dalam buah - Not water absorbent Air tidak boleh diserap • Light / Ringan • Shorea Wind Angin • Small in size / • Angsana saiz kecil • Lalang • Winged / berkepakCan Survival of Plant Species Explosive • Dry when ripe • Rubber fruit Kemandirian mechanism Kering apabila buah getah spesies Mekanisme masak • Balsam fruit tumbuhanMicroo letupan • Explodes when keembong matured • okra Meletup apabila kacang bendi matang  Brightly Animal coloured • Rambutan haiwan Warna yang terang • Mango  Edible mangga Boleh dimakan • Love grass  Have pleasents kemuncup  mells • Mimosa berbau duri semalu  Have hooks bercangkuk
  58. 58. 3.1 Understanding food chains. Memahami rantai makanan. Food Chain Animals and the Rantai Makanan Consumer food they eat Pengguna Haiwan dan makanannya Animals that Producer eat plants All living things Pengeluar or other need food to animalssurvive.Green plant are calledcan make their own Classify animals consumers. Construct by a food chain food. However Pengkelasan haiwan Membina rantai makanan animals cannot Haiwan yang make their own makan make their own Herbivore : tumbuhan The food atau haiwan lain food. Animals that eat plants relationship dipanggil only. among living pengguna.Semua benda hidup e.g.: cow, goat, deer things perlu Herbivor can be shown by makanan untuk Haiwan makan hidup. a food chain. tumbuhan sahaja Tumbuhan hijau Cth: lembu,kambing,rusa boleh Hubungan antaramembuat makanan makanan sendiri. dan benda hidup Carnivore: ditunjukkan melalui Animals that eat other rantai makanan animals. e.g.: tiger, lionGreen plant obtain Karnivor energy from chain It must start Haiwan yang makan the sun to make with plant as haiwan lain food. Green Cth : harimau,singa a producer. Untuk membinaPlant are producers rantai makanan ia Omnivore: bermula daripada Tumbuhan hijau tumbuhan sebagai Memerlukan tenaga Animals that eat plants and other animals pengeluar. daripada Matahari untuk membuat e.g. chicken,cat makanan. Omnivor Tumbuhan Haiwan makan adalah pengeluar tumbuhan dan „eaten by‟ haiwan lain. Dalam rantai Cth; ayam,kucing makanan anak panah bermaksud dimakan oleh
  59. 59. 3.2 Synthesizing food chains to construct food web. Sintesis siratan makanan untuk membentuk rantai makanan. What will happen if thry They will face difficulty animals if they eat only to survive if the source one type of food? of food runs out Food web of different Apa akan berlaku kepada habitats Mereka akan mengalami haiwan yang hanya makan Siratan makanan daripada kesukaran jika sumber satu jenis makanan sahaja? berlainan habitat. makanan kehabisan. Protozoa Synthesizing food chains to construct food webs Sintesis siratan makanan untuk What will happen If there is membentuk rantai makanan a change in population of a certain species in a food web? Apa akan berlaku jika terdapat paddy plants mouse snakes perubahan spesies dalam tanaman padi tikus ular siratan makanan?Bacteria caterpillar birds ulat beluncas burung eagles helang A change in the population grasshoppers belalang of a certain species will effect the population of other species frogs katak Perubahan populasi beberapa haiwan memberi kesan kepada populasi haiwan lain. Paddy field Sawah padi Food web Siratan makanan caterpillar bird ulat beluncas burung spinach grasshopper frog snake bayam belalang katak ular snail eagle siput helang Garden Taman
  60. 60. MikroorganismaOne day, while reading a book, Ali comes across one word. The word is“microorganisms”. He doesn‟t understand what it is and he ask his motherimmediately. (Suatu hari, semasa Ali sedang membaca buku, dia ternampak satuperkataan. Perkataan itu ialah “mikroorganisma”. Dia tidak faham dan terus bertanya kepadaibunya.)Ali : Mother, what is a microorganism? ( Ibu, apa itu mikro organisma? )Mother : Microorganisms are tiny living things that can only be seen through a microscope. There are four types of microorganisms. (Mikro organisma adalah benda hidup yang sangat halus dan hanya boleh dilihat melalui mikroskop. Terdapat empat jenis mikro organisma.)Ali : What are they? ( Apa itu? )Mother : Bacteria, Protozoa, Fungi and Virus. (Bakteria, Protozoa, Fungus dan Virus.)Ali : What is that picture, mother? ( Gambar apa tu, ibu? )Mother : It is bacteria. It exists in different shapes, sizes and colours. ( Itu ialah bakteria. Ia wujud dalam berlainan bentu, saiz dan warna. )Ali : That picture is…… ( Gambar itu……)Mother : It is protozoa. It is found mainly in ponds, lakes and rivers. ( Itu ialah Protozoa. Kebanyakkan daripadanya dijumpai di kolam, tasik dan sungai. )Ali : That must be fungi. Isn‟t it,mother? ( Itu pasti fungus. Betul tak, ibu? )Mother : Yes, it is. I know you have seen it many times on mouldy bread, rotten food and trees. ( Ya. Ibu tahu kamu selalu lihatnya di atas roti yang berkulat, buah yang busuk dan pokok-pokok..)
  61. 61. Ali : And this picture, mother? ( Dan gambar ini, ibu? )Mother : It is a virus. Virus is the tiniest microorganism. ( Itu ialah virus. Virus ialah mikro organisma yang paling halus. )Ali : Wow, that‟s interesting. Tell me more, mother. ( Wow, menariknya. Ceritalah lagi ibu. )Mother : Okay. Yeast is an example of microorganisms. Since a microorganism is a living things, it can breathe, grow and move. ( Okay. Yis ialah satu contoh mikro organisma. Memandangkan mikroorganisma adalah benda hidup, ia boleh bernafas, membesar dan bergerak.)Ali : Thank you, mother. ( Terima kasih, ibu .)
  62. 62. Making tempe Making tapai Membuat tempe Membuat tapai USEFULNESS KEBAIKAN Making yogurt Membuat yogurtMaking cheese Membuat keju Producing antibiotics Making fertilizer Menghasilkan antibiotic Membuat baja THE USEFUL AND THE HARMFUL OF MICROORGANISMS KEBAIKAN DAN KEBURUKAN MIKROORGANISMA Tooth decay Kerosakan gigi Food poisoning Flu Keracunan makanan Selesema HARMFUL EFFECTS Mumps Keburukan Beguk Measles Demam Cacar Chicken pox Conjunctivitis Demam Campak Sakit mata
  63. 63. ANIMAL SURVIVAL KEMANDIRIAN HAIWAN Frog Bird Katak Penguin Burung Penguin We take care of our eggs Kami menjaga telur kami Snake Ular Sea horse Kuda laut Cockroach Crocodile Lipas Buaya Dolphin Ikan lumba-lumba Elephant Bat GajahKelawar Kangaroo Kanggaru Cow LembuTiger We take care of our youngsHarimau Kami menjaga anak kami

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