Turnpike and civil war


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Staunton-Parkersburg Turnpike of Virginia/West Virginia and the Civil War. By Mary Rayme/SPTA, © 2011-12.

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Turnpike and civil war

  1. 1. Claudius Crozet had beenan engineer in Napoleon’sArmy.
  2. 2. Claudius Crozet (1789-1864)
  3. 3. Crozet referred to Western Virginia as a “sea of mountains& valleys with little level land and rivers flowing in everydirection of the compass”
  4. 4. While the Turnpike was planned and laid out in the 1820s, it wasn’tstarted until the 1840s and notcomplete until 1848.
  5. 5. The Staunton-Parkersburg Turnpike was the super highwayof it’s day connecting eastern Virginia to the western Virginia border of the Ohio River.
  6. 6. The Turnpike also made the important connection to the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad.
  7. 7. The Turnpike was importantto industry. Coal, oil, and lumber all benefited from the new road.
  8. 8. The strategic location of the Turnpike made it extremely valuable to both the North South during the Civil War.
  9. 9. As a gateway to the BO Railroad, the Turnpike wasfought over for much of the Civil War and much of WestVirginia was the scene of divided loyalties.
  10. 10. July 1861The Battle of Rich Mountain
  11. 11. Mountain Journey to the Battle of Rich Mountain
  12. 12. Retreat From Rich Mountain
  13. 13. Battle at Laurel HillGeneral Robert Garnett
  14. 14. Slow Retreat to Corrick’s Ford
  15. 15. Battle at Corrick’s Ford
  16. 16. General Lee on the Turnpike
  17. 17. Camp Bartow and Battle of Greenbrier General Henry Jackson
  18. 18. Battle at Camp Allegheny General Robert Milroy
  19. 19. The Winter of 1861 1862
  20. 20. Stonewall Jackson The Shenandoah Campaign
  21. 21. Federal Troops Dominate Turnpike Colonel John Imboden
  22. 22. The Road to Statehood Many parts of the Turnpike were traded back and forth from Union to Confederate troops. Beverly was one of the mostfought over towns as it had a strategic position on the Staunton-Parkersburg Turnpike and the Beverly-Fairmont Turnpike.
  23. 23. Virginia and West Virginia Abraham Lincoln signs the bill to create West Virginia on June 20, 1863. The onlyUnited State created out of war, the Turnpike to this day is split between West Virginiaand its old counterpart Virginia. The reasons for West Virginia separating are numerous.
  24. 24. Camp Allegheny in Pocahontas County, West Virginia.
  25. 25. Cheat Summit Fort Earthworks
  26. 26. Traveller’s Repose, Bartow, WV
  27. 27. Mt. Iser Confederate Cemetery outside Beverly, WV
  28. 28. The Beverly Heritage Center
  29. 29. The Goff House, Beverly, WV
  30. 30. Visit the historic Staunton-Parkersburg Turnpikeand take a drive through history.
  31. 31. Visit us online at spturnpike.org and look for The Staunton-Parkersburg Turnpike on Facebook.